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One poor man was having a severe lez-vous ? mais que ferai-je ?”? “ Look wound in the stomach dressed.
after things ; scold the cook,” she rethe first time I had heard the deep plied. Still he only shrugged his hoarse scream of a man in great agony. shoulders, spread his hands, made illIt went through and through me. It used eyelids, and left her to scold the was evident that he tried to repress it, cook. Everybody is afraid of everybut could not. Yet they are wonder- body. Oh! for a little uncalculating fully cheerful, and are ready for smiles manliness! and jokes ; and, if they suffer and die, She one day went up to some of is it not for “ la Patria," and for “our the higher floors not under our care,
Oh! that word “Patria,” it and found a long gallery full of blankets, is like a trumpet call to new life for sheets, shirts and shoes, and a man each of them! What an elevating in- in it who, with many bows, protested fluence is the love of country! Even he was there to give out all that was the Neapolitans are stirred by it. Yet wanted. She then went to a higher there is a great difference between their sala, and found it in a horrible state."'!? characters and those of the northerns. The wall opposite to the long row of In hospital they come around you beg- beds was lined with thin old mattresging, or claw the air with ten hooked ses laid on the cold stone floor; and on fingers from their distant beds, to hasten them were rows of men tossing and your coming to listen to them, so little wasted with fever, with woollen covers dignity they have ; whereas the others —not a sheet or a pillow among them. ask you in the most beautiful Italian, She gave one of them a glass of lemonwhich is like a chime of sweet bells, to ade, and observed when he put out his allow them to pay for the letters you arm that he had no shirt; he told her have brought them from the post. Yet that, when their own red shirts were I am full of hope for the Neapolitans, taken to be washed they never got seeing that, after years of degrading them back again, and got no substitute. oppression, one month of liberty has She went back to the linen-room, and, already called out stray and far-apart behold, the door was locked, and the signs of nobleness.
key was said to be in the possession of Money has been given most liberally, the princess who had gone to Sorbut it gets shamefully thrown away, rento! She then told the head Sister through the incorrigible thieving pro- of Charity that she would stand by the pensities of the Neapolitan officials. man until they brought him a shirt; Baskets full of provisions come in at and presently they did so. Another one door and go out at the other, and man in that room had only a few days are re-sold; and the money goes into the to live, and was trying to pass the time, pockets of the hospital staff. The same while his strength lasted, by reading a with donations of linen. The meat for little dirty novel. Stheir broth is passed through hot water, new Testament, and his whole face which is given to the soldiers ; the meat brightened up. She showed him what itself being taken home by the cooks to parts to read, and told him it was about feed their families to the fourth and fifth Jesus Christ, who suffered for us, and generation. One day we went at an that it would comfort him in his sufferunusual hour, and found their brothings : he said, “ Ah, yes ; it may help just as if you had washed dinner-plates me in dying,” and immediately began in lukewarm water, and then sprinkled to devour it. Rejoice with me over a little grease on the top: the poor men this part of our newly-found freedom ! were leaving it. S- took a basin of If one had done such a thing six months it to the kitchen, called the governor, ago, the king, the ministry, the College and showed it him before the cook. He of Jesuits, and the Council of Cardinals just stood in the favourite attitude of would all have known, of it in half an
gave him a
the inside of a hospital again, even if that
have coffee?” The young man we had escaped prison.
answered, “Oh, lady, how could I trou
ble him with that, when he has so much EXTRACT 2.-SCENES IN HOSPITAL.
to see to, and when his very presence Sunday.—When my sister was dis- gives us new life?” I was glad my tributing her roast-beef to-day in her sister had this pleasure, for she works hospital, there was a cry outside. that with all her heart and soul ; and it Garibaldi was coming. People rushed was a better way of meeting Gariwith brooms and swept the floors; and baldi than that of some ladies who the governor sidled up and hoped she sought an interview with him later at had found the broth better the last the Hotel d'Angleterre, and asked him few days. Presently Garibaldi entered. for a kiss a-piece, and that each might A swarm of doctors and attendants im- cut off a lock of his hair. General Tirr mediately surrounded him, praising was with him, and looked somewhat themselves and craving his notice. She out of patience, standing guard over could not hear what he said, but ob- Garibaldi with a comb, and raking down served that he did not fail to speak to his head after each operation. each of the fifty-two men in her sala. On Monday, we went to inquire about She waited at the upper end, beside the fever cases-about three hundred. the handsome likeness of St. Michael, They are in the charge of the Princess whom I mentioned before. She felt it
and the “ladies of the commisprovoking that, when Garibaldi came sion," who have the spending of the up, the governor presented her to him money subscribed. The ladies do not with such a torrent of fulsome flattery visit every day, and sometimes do odd that simple dignified Garibaldi could things. There was a poor man, who had not possibly vie with it, and seemed at not a day to live, his lungs having been a loss what to say, but thanked her pierced. Some of them came running most heartily for the care of his men. up, exclaiming, “Oh, how ill he looks! Then she took the liberty to say Here, dear man—here are some bonbons !" that she wished she could do a great emptying a lot of almond sugar-plums deal more--that she would like to see into his bed, which he regarded with a that they had proper food, &c. Then kind of patient amusement, but, of the governor burst out with a declara- course, could not touch. The salas up tion that she was the mistress of the there are not so good. They have a whole hospital, and that he lay at her window at each end, and are nearly dark feet, and that everybody, cooks and all, in the midst, and look cheerless ; along lay at her feet, and that she had only behind them run rows of small rooms, to order to be obeyed, &c., &c. She with windows close up to a dead wallturned her back on him, and spoke to six men crowded into each of these little Garibaldi about the patience and courage
holes ! This was a barrack turned into of the men ; and he went to the St. a hospital; and the horrid arrangements, Michael and bent down and kissed him which satisfied the dirtiest of all animals on both cheeks, and told those around (Neapolitan soldiers), still exist. The how brave he had been ; and the big first of the row of rooms is the public tears rolled down his face on to that of place for the whole floor; but do not the dying man. He made him an officer imagine that it has any kind of arrangethere. All the men, when they heard ment whatever-any pipes or drains. It him coming, began to sit up in their has an immense doorway, without any beds and clap their hands, and shout door to shut; at the opposite end of it, “Papa nostro, papa nostro!”
a large window, which blows the draught long to be allowed coffee in the morn- of it all along the rooms, which have ing instead of their grease and water; their open doorways all in a line with it. so my sister said to one of them, “Now Accustomed as I am to the horrors of could you not ask the general to order the streets of Naples, I never imagined anything like this. It seemed as if it cold drops of perspiration. I wiped it would knock you down when you entered with my fine cambric handkerchief, and the sala ; and it was only with a great gave it to him. He tucked it so affeceffort of self-command that one could tionately into his neck, and added, very remain there. When I awoke in the anxiously, “Don't ask father or mother night, after being there, my throat was to send me money ; they are poor, and I sore from the effects of it; what must would not be an embarrassment to them.” it be to those poor creatures, wasted with One young fellow of eighteen was so comfever, with burning hollow cheeks and pletely paralysed with rheumatism as not glazed eyes, lying without beds--only a to be able to put his hand to his mouth. thin mattress between them and the Near" him was one with a finely cut stone flags—with their heads up to the face, but, without doubt, the most dreadvery door of this sink of putrefaction, ful thing we had seen ; it looked like some for thirty days, some for forty ? the face of a corpse many days dead How the human frame can withstand the blue lip stretched tight over the such a thing seems a miracle. We asked glittering teeth-the nostrils dilated, but a doctor how he had the conscience to quite stiff-the eyes wide open, but so undertake to cure people in such a room? turned up into the head, that nothing He replied, that it was very much against was seen but shining white, contrasting him—" Mais que voulez-vous ?” with the terribly with the dark, deadly clayusual rise of shoulders and eyebrows. colour of the skin- and a deep hollow
There are some of the worst cases in under each cheekbone, in which a walnut these rooms.
One young man squints might have lain. I could hardly suptill you scarcely see his eyes, and is so press a, moan of horror and pity when deaf, that the old man who attends him his attendant shouted into his ear, and is obliged to scream into his ears, and poked and shook hin--which he did gets a word or two of answer in a hoarse, rather roughly. He turned down his unnatural voice-all the effect of the eyes with an effort-great, brilliant, fever. He did not squint, nor was he brown eyes they were but I think they deaf, when brought in. S- asked saw nothing; and immediately they him if he should not like his friends to turned up again, till the brown disapbe written to ; and, with great difficulty, peared, without winking or closing. He he recalled and articulated his mother's had been taken prisoner by the Royalists name and address,-at which the others on the 1st, and rescued again the same were astonished, as he had been raving evening. They did not know if he had for several days. He opened his mouth been beaten on the head with their musgreedily to swallow the grapes which we kets, or had been shown the fire he was gave him, with an expression like that to be roasted at. He had received a of a famished beast. It was very sad to
shock to his nerves. I asked what he see. There was a pretty boy, with a got as nourishment; they said, a few complexion almost blue white, who spoonsful of lemonade squeezed between thought he was better, and had got up his teeth. A rather stupid young doctor in his flannel coat; but he swayed came by, and I asked him if it would not about, and then sank down again. His be good to give him something nourishhead was so weak that he could not re- ing, and if I might bring him some beef member where he lived, except “quattre tea? He said, “Yes, certainly; it would Piano," neither the street nor the town. be very good for him.” Now, I wonder, At last he remembered it was Turin. if the strengthening food was good, why Another very pretty blue-eyed, yellow- he had got nothing but spoonsful of haired boy of thirteen, from Lucca, wasted lemonade for three weeks. with low fever, begged S- to write to We next went to the Hospital Pellihis mother that he was getting better, and grino, to ask if a young man was still hoped to come home soon. His delicate alive, who was very ill from mortificahad begged to have his mother sent for them knew what chloride was : I begged from Florence, and S- had just been them not to eat it, and to ask the doctor able to write to her by the same day's to let it remain until I came again. boat; otherwise a week would have been Thursday.-I went with Dr. and Mrs. lost. She said it was touching to see Strange to the hospital of San Sebastian, him when she had written the letter- of the Jesuits, to see the English there. how he threw his head from side to side, It is under the direction of Madame crying, “ Subito, Subito! Madre !” in a Mario, formerly Miss Jessie White. kind of despairing, entreating voice. We The English are in four little airy rooms found him with a nice, gentle-mannered, very high up, with cheerful windows, elderly man by his side, who was his whence they can look over the housefather, just arrived, having set off the tops to the green hill-side. They are same day that be got the letter. In the attended by a Scotch doctor named next bed lay a man with blood flowing McKenzie, who took his degree in Gerfrom his breast, and face livid, and many, and by a nice little Irish Sister working in great agony: he was a of Mercy-such a blooming pretty little Neapolitan, just brought in, who had thing—who was very much delighted to been stabbed in a quarrel over cards and find I had been at the convent of St. money. The knife had touched his heart, Stephen's Green, whence she was sent and he had not half an hour to live : out to come here. Most of the men are two women stood wailing over him. Scotch, and very enthusiastic. Some of All quarrels and stabbing here are about the ladies tell them that they were fools money; it is the one thing that rouses to come out. I have it very much at the Neapolitans to energy and passion. heart that they should be a credit to us; Is it not well that, in fault of a still in fighting of course they will—but I higher object, they should learn even to wish that they should be well-behaved worship a character like Garibaldi's ? in every way; and I don't think it will This shocked me more than all else I encourage discipline and good behaviour had seen : the power to look on pain to teach them contempt for the service and death seemed suddenly to desert me, they had entered. I therefore said all I when the holy cause was no longer could, to show them what a noble cause there to sanctify them.
it is, and how proper for the English to Tuesday. We went at our usual hour. help the Italians to secure what God has Madame B accompanied me to the given them. I wish you could have seen fever labyrinth ; I went straight to the how the faces of those young Scots bed of the poor fellow who had fallen brightened up at my few words. I think into the hands of the enemy, with strong they had become, at the discouragebeef tea for him. Alas! the bed was ment of some of the English ladies, empty! I could have cried ; I had so a little ashamed of what they had done ; much longed to cherish him back to but now they came out quite eagerly consciousness; it seemed hard for the with what they had “thought"—that light to go out from a nameless unknown they must come out and lend a helping cause, and not even to know who he was. hand. I was very much pleased with He was not very young ; perhaps his wife the style of men they are ; not at all and children are waiting for him. He the “ne'er-do-well" adventurers that died in great agony at seven that morn- some here pretend. Most are of the welling; he seemed to be struggling hard to educated Presbyterian middle class, who utter some word, but could not.
use grand words when they talk. One I had brought a quantity of the was a watchmaker, another a « traveller strongest chloride of lime from the to a house;" one an Edinburgh man, English Pharmacy, and bought some another a tall fair Cumberland man. common plates ; and I set it all about the There were two well-mannered Lonworst rooins, and gave a lump of cam- doners-one a clerk in a merchant's phor in muslin to each bed. None of office, and a Sunday-school teacher.
Friday. We had a long day in the dishonesty is brought home to him hospitals—the first part with our own by disastrous proof. There must be a fifty-two patients. The only one of
The only one of want in his intellect, through which them who was worse was the nice young he has not yet learned this lesson ; fellow who had the great wine glass though it only adds to the perfection of shaped ball through his shoulders. He his heart, for which all love him so had been going on well ; but, dear silly much. A week ago he had a sad disfellow, he lost his head with joy on appointment about a wholesale robbery Sunday to see Garibaldi, and jumped which had been committed by a number out of bed-he who was never allowed of his Calabrian volunteers. He had to change his position—and the wounds just been told of it, and had dismissed broke out bleeding. He has gone back, them from his service, and was breaking and the doctor thought very badly of his honourable sensitive heart over it in him. Later we went to the Jesuits to his own little room, where a friend of see the English again.
I gave to each his who told us the story went to of the rooms a packet of tea and sugar, inform him that the ministry here had and to each a spoon to keep, as they put aside his measures and were about never have any; but the present at to substitute others. He told him rather which their faces brightened the most timidly, thinking how it would vex was a great lump of brown soap for each him, to whom they owed everything, little room ; they exclaimed, “Now, to have his authority set at nought: won't we have a wash ?” The first since but he was already so cut to the heart they came to Naples! I gave them about his men having been thieves, plenty of books.
that he threw himself into his friend's I must not forget to tell you my arms, and said, “Let all be done for triumph over the smells before leaving the good of Italy; do not give a thought the Apostoli. After finishing with our
to me. own sala we went up to the fever Most certainly he is not a diplomatist; wards. I ran along to find out how the if he were he would not be Garibaldi. smells were, and, behold, the rooms were I daresay there may be five or ten dipnot worse than ordinary fever rooms. I lomatists in the world, but there is went to see if the cause was removed; but only one Garibaldi. It is just his unthat was the same. S- had asked one diplomatic character which makes him of the men if anything had been done. the real hero, but which also unfortuHe answered, “No; only three days ago nately makes him have no sympathy a lady came and put white stuff in plates with, but rather a repulsion against, the about the floors (where it still was), and secret scheming, and long-laid halfsince then we have not been tormented.” avowed trains of Cavour. It is a pity He then broke out into an eloquent de- they are not friends ; but the nature of scription of their former sufferings. I had the two men precludes the possibility. no idea that chloride was so powerful Cavour, with his worldly wisdom, reto counteract an existing evil, and could gards Garibaldi as a fool, convenient to have danced for joy. There are still two be used as a tool at fitting times. Garimore floors higher up where we have baldi wants everything to be done never been. It dawns upon me that openly, from an avowed principle, and my true mission is to hunt up bad for an avowed end; and he believes that smells and try to cure them !
the right will be protected by heaven.
The one is the ideal of all that worldly EXTRACT 3.--GARIBALDI: HIS CHARACTER
wisdom and talent can effect; the other AND INFLUENCE.
the ideal of all that is morally exalted, all The one fault Garibaldi has is in that makes the beauty and soul of chibeing too guileless and pure-minded valry: and they cannot walk together, any for this world. He cannot disbelieve more than stars and gas-lamps—the latter