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These dexterously managed, so as not to be too plain and open to Discovery, are look'd upon by many as Signs of great Depth and Shrewdness, admirable Instruments of Business, and neceffary Means for the compassing our own Ends and Designs; and pass for great Policy, as if the very Skill of governing and managing humane Affairs did consist in these little. Tricks and Devices.

But he that fooks more narrowly, and will » have the Patience to observe the End of them, will find them to be the greateft Follies; and that it is only for want of true Wisdom and Understanding that Men turn afde: to Tricks, and make Disimulation and Lies their Refuge.

It is Solomon's Observation, that be that walk. eth uprightly walketh surely : but the Folly of Fools is Deteit. That is, the most egregious Piece of Folly that any Fool can be guilty of is to play the Knave. Sed ftultus divertit ad Dolos. To make use of these is a sign that the Man wants Understanding to see the plain and direct Way to. his End.

I will not deny but these little Arts may serve a prefent Turn, and perhaps successfully enough; but true Wisdom goes deep, and reacheth a great Way further, looking to the End of Things, and regarding the Future as well as the Present; and by judging upon the whole Matter and Sum of Affairs, doth clearly discern, that whereas Craft and Cunning are only useful for the present Occasion, Integrity is of a lasting Use, and will be serviceable to us upon all Occasions, and in the whole Course of our Lives.

And that Disimulation and Deceit, tho they may do some present Execution in Business, yet they recoil upon a Man terribly afterwards, so as to make him ftagger, and by Degrees to weaken, and at last destroy his Reputation, which is a much more useful and fubftantial, and lasting Instrument of Prosperity, and Suce cess in humane Affairs, than any Tricks and Deceits whatsoever. But to make out these clearer, I offer these following Confiderations.

Hypocrisy and Infincerity is a very vain and foolish Thing; it is designed to cheat others, but is in Truth a deceiving of ourselves. No Man would flatter or diffemble did he believe it were seen and discovered. An open Knave is a great Fool, who destroys at once both his De fign and his Reputation.

Truth and Reality have all the Advantages of Appearance, and many more. If the Shew of any Thing be good for any Thing, I am sure Sincerity is better; for why does any Man difsemble, or feem to be that which he is not, but “because he thinks it good to have such a Quae lity as he pretends to ? For to counterfeit and diffemble, is to put on the Appearance of some real Excellency: Now, the best Way in the World for a Man to seem to be any thing, is teally to be what he would seem to be.

Befides, that it is many Times as troublecome to make good the Pretence of a good Quality, as to have it, and if a Man have it not, it is ten to one but he is discovered to want it, and then all his Pains and Labour to feem to have it is loft. There is something unnatural in Painting, which a skilful Eye will


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easily discern from native Beauty and Complexion.

It is hard to personate and act a Part long; for where Truth is not at the Bottom, Nature will always be endeavouring to return, and will peep out, and betray herself one Time or other. Therefore if


Man think it convenient to feem good, let him be so indeed, and then his Goodness will appear to every Body's Satisfaction. For Truth is convincing, and carries its own Light and Evidence along with it, and will not enly commend us to every Man's Con-fcience but (which is much more) to God, who searcheth and seeth our Hearts, so that upon all Accounts Sincerity is true Wisdom.

Particularly, as to the Affairs of this World, Integrity hath many Advantages over all the fine and artificial Ways of Dissimulation and Deceit. It is much the plainer and easier, much the fafer and more secure Way of Dealing in the World: It hath less of Trouble and Difficulty, of Entanglement and Perplexity, of Danger and Hazard in it: It is the fhorteft and- nearest Way to our End, carrying us thither in a strait Line, and will hold out and laft longest.

The Arts of Deceit and Cunning do contimually grow weaker and less Effectual and Serviceable to them that use them : Whereas Integrity gains Strength by use, and the more and longer any Man practiseth it, the greater Service it does him/ by conhrming his Reputation, and encouraging those with whom he hath to do, to repose the greater Trust and Confidence in

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him, which is an unspeakable Advantage in the Business and Affairs of Life.

But'a Difilembler must always be upon his Guard, and watch himself carefully, that he do not contradict his own Pretence; for he acts an unnatural Part, and therefore must put a continual Force and Restraint upon himself.

Truth always lies appermost, and if a Man do not carefully attend, he will be apt to bolt it out; whereas he that acts fincerely hath the easiest Tafk in the World, because he follows Nature, and so is put to no Trouble and Care about his Words and Actions. He needs not invent any Pretences before-hand, nor make Excuses afterwards, for any Thing he hath said or done.

But Insincerity is very troublesome to manage. A Man hath fo many Things to attend to, so many Ends to bring together, as make his Life a very perplext and intricate Thing. A Liar had need of a good Memory, lest he contradict at one Time what he said at anOther.

But Truth is always consistent with itself, and needs nothing to help it out; it is always near at Hand, and fits upon our Lips, and is ready to drop out before we are aware ; whereas a Lie is troublesome, and sets a Man's Invention upon the Rack, and one Trick needs a great many more to make it good.

The crafty Man is always in Danger, and when he thinks he walks in the dark, all his Pretences are fo transparent, that he that runs may read them : He is the last Man that finds himself to be found out, and whilft he takes it


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for granted that he makes Fools of others, he renders himself ridiculous.

Add to all this, that Sincerity is the most scompendious Wisdom, and an excellent Inftrument for the speedy Dispatch of Business; it creates Confidence in those we have to deal with, saves the Labour of many Enquiries, and brings Things to an Iffue in few Words. It's like travelling in a plain beaten Road, which commonly brings a Man sooner to his Journey's End, than Byways, in which Men often lofe themfelves.

In a Word, whatsoever Convenience may be thought to be in Falfhood and Difimulation it is foon over, but the inconvenience of it is perpetual ; because it brings a Man under an everlasting Jealousy and Suspicion, so that he is not believed when he speaks Truth, nor trusted when perhaps he means honestly. When a Man hath once forfeited the Reputation of his Integrity, he is set fast, and nothing will then Serve his Turn, neither Truth nor Falfhood.

Your artful cunning Tricksters are so blinded by their Covetoufnefs and Ambition, that they cannot look beyond a present Advantage, nor forbear to seize upon it, tho' by ways never fo indirect.

They cannot fee so far as to the remote Consequences of a steddy Integrity, and the vast Benefit and Advantages which it will bring a Man at last.

Indeed if a Man were to deal in the World only for a Day, and should never have Occafion to converse more with Mankind, never more need their good Opinion, or good Word: It were then no great Matter (speaking as to


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