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facts from the original sources, but I have critically examined the witnesses to see what right they have to parade as experts; as in the cases, for instance, of Catlin, Schoolcraft, Chapman, and Stephens, who are responsible for many “false facts” that have misled philosophers.

In writing a book like this the author's function is comparable to that of an architect who gets his materials from various parts of the world and fashions them into a building of more or less artistic merit. The anthropologist has to gather his facts from a greater variety of sources than any other writer, and from the very nature of his subject he is obliged to quote incessantly. The following pages embody the results of more than twelve years' research in the libraries of America and Europe. In weaving my quotations into a .continuous fabric I have adopted a plan which I believe to be ingenious, and which certainly saves space and annoyance. Instead of citing the full titles of books every time they are referred to either in the text or in footnotes, I merely give the author's name and the page number, if only one of his books is referred to; and if there are several books, I give the initials-say Brinton, M. N. W., 130; which means Brinton's Myths of the New World, page 130. The key to the abbreviations will be found at the end of the volume in the bibliography, which also includes an author's index, separate from the index of subjects. This avoids the repetition of titles or of the customary useless loc. cit.,and spares the reader the annoyance of constant interruption of his reading to glance at the bottom of the page,

Not a few of the critics of my first book, ignoring the difference between a romantic love-story and a story of romantic love, fancied they could refute me by simply referring to some ancient romantic story. To prevent a repetition of that procedure I have adorned these pages with a number of lovestories, adding critical comments wherever called for. These stories, I believe, augment, not only the interest but the scientific value of the monograph. In gathering them I have often wondered why no one anticipated me, though, to be sure, it was not an easy task, as they are scattered in hundreds of books, and in scientific periodicals where few would look for them. At the same time I confess that to me the tracing of the plot of the evolution of love, with its diverse obstacles, is more fascinating than the plot of an individual love-story. At any rate, since we have thousands of such love-stories, I am perhaps not mistaken in assuming that the story of love itself will be welcomed as a pleasant change.

H. T. F. NEW YORK, October 27, 1899.

CONTENTS

IV. COYNESS......

Pages 109-133

Women Who Woo, 109–Were Hebrew and Greek Women

Coy? 114; Masculine Coyness, 116--Shy but not Coy, 117–

Militarism and Mediæval Women, 117–What Made Women
Coy ? 119–Capturing Women, 121—The Coinedy of Mock
Capture, 123— Why the Women Resist, 125–Quaint Cus-
toms, 127—Greek and Roman Mercenary Coyness, 129-Mod-
esty and Coyness, 130-Utility of Coyness, 131—How Women

Propose, 132.

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