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facts from the original sources, but I have critically examined the witnesses to see what right they have to parade as experts; as in the cases, for instance, of Catlin, Schoolcraft, Chapman, and Stephens, who are responsible for many "false facts" that have misled philosophers.
In writing a book like this the author's function is comparable to that of an architect who gets his materials from various parts of the world and fashions them into a building of more or less artistic merit. The anthropologist has to gather his facts from a greater variety of sources than any other writer, and from the very nature of his subject he is obliged to quote incessantly. The following pages embody the results of more than twelve years' research in the libraries of America and Europe. In weaving my quotations into a . continuous fabric I have adopted a plan which I believe to be ingenious, and which certainly saves space and annoyance. Instead of citing the full titles of books every time they are referred to either in the text or in footnotes, I merely give the author's name and the page number, if only one of his books is referred to; and if there are several books, I give the initials say Brinton, M. N. W., 130; which means Brinton's Myths of the New World, page 130. The key to the abbreviations will be found at the end of the volume in the bibliography, which also includes an author's index, separate from the index of subjects. This avoids the repetition of titles or of the customary useless "loc. cit.," and spares the reader the annoyance of constant interruption of his reading. to glance at the bottom of the page,
Not a few of the critics of my first book, ignoring the difference between a romantic love-story and a story of romantic love, fancied they could refute me by simply referring to some ancient romantic story. To prevent a repetition of that procedure I have adorned these pages with a number of lovestories, adding critical comments wherever called for. These stories, I believe, augment, not only the interest but the scientific value of the monograph. In gathering them I have often wondered why no one anticipated me, though, to be sure, it was not an easy task, as they are scattered in hun
dreds of books, and in scientific periodicals where few would look for them. At the same time I confess that to me the tracing of the plot of the evolution of love, with its diverse obstacles, is more fascinating than the plot of an individual love-story. At any rate, since we have thousands of such love-stories, I am perhaps not mistaken in assuming that the story of love itself will be welcomed as a pleasant change.
H. T. F.
NEW YORK, October 27, 1899.
HISTORY OF AN IDEA ...........
Origin of a Book, 1--Skeptical Critics, 2-Robert Burton, 3—
Hegel on Greek Love, 4-Shelley on Greek Love, 6--Macau-
lay, Bulwer-Lytton, Gautier, 8-Goldsmith and Rousseau,
8-Love a Compound Feeling, 9-Herbert Spencer's Analy-
sis, 11-Active Impulses Must be Added, 13-Sensuality the
Antipode of Love, 14-The Word Romantic, 15-Animals
Higher than Savages, 16-Love the Last, Not the First,
Product of Civilization, 16-Plan of this Volume, 17-Greek
Sentimentality, 18-Importance of Love, 18.
I. INDIVIDUAL PREFERENCE.....
All Girls Equally Attractive, 54-Shallow Predilection, 56-
Repression of Preference, 56-Utility versus Sentiment, 57--
A Story of African Love, 58-Similarity of Individuals and
Sexes, 59-Primary and Secondary Sexual Characters, 61-
Fastidious Sensuality is not Love, 61-Two Stories of In-
dian Love, 62-Feminine Ideals Superior to Masculine, 63—
Sex in Body and Mind, 64-True Femininity and its Female
Enemies, 65-Mysteries of Love, 67-An Oriental Love-Story,
Rage at Rivals, 83-Women as Private Property, 83-Horrible
Punishments, 84-Essence of True Jealousy, 85-Absence of
Masculine Jealousy, 87-Persian and Greek Jealousy, 93-
Primitive Feminine Jealousy, 97-Absence of Feminine Jeal-
ousy, 98-Jealousy Purged of Hate, 104-A Virtuous Sin,
105-Abnormal States, 106-Jealousy in Romantic Love,
Women Who Woo, 109-Were Hebrew and Greek Women
Coy? 114; Masculine Coyness, 116-Shy but not Coy, 117-
Militarism and Medieval Women, 117-What Made Women
Coy? 119-Capturing Women, 121-The Comedy of Mock
Capture, 123-Why the Women Resist, 125-Quaint Cus-
toms, 127-Greek and Roman Mercenary Coyness, 129-Mod-
esty and Coyness, 130-Utility of Coyness, 131-How Women
Egotism, Naked or Masked, 154—Delight in the Torture of
Others, 155-Indifference to Suffering, 158-Exposing the Sick
and Aged, 159-Birth of Sympathy, 160-Women Crueler
than Men, 161-Plato Denounces Sympathy, 162-Sham Al-
truism in India, 164-Evolution of Sympathy, 165-Amorous
X. UNSELFISH GALLANTRY..
The Gallant Rooster, 181-Ungallant Lower Races of Men,
181-Egyptian Love, 185-Arabian Love, 186-The Unchiv-
alrous Greeks, 188-Ovid's Sham Gallantry, 189-Mediæval
and Modern Gallantry, 190-" An Insult to Woman,” 192—
Summary, 193-A Sure Test of Love, 194.
XIII. MENTAL PURITY.......
German Testimony, 219-English Testimony, 220-Maiden
Fancies, 222-Pathologic Love, 223-A Modern Sentiment,
224-Persians, Turks, and Hindoos, 225-Love Despised in
Japan and China, 227-Greek Scorn for Woman-Love, 228–
Penetrative Virginity, 228.
XIV. ADMIRATION OF PERSONAL BEAUTY... Pages 229-287
Darwin's Unfortunate Mistake, 230-Decoration for Protec-
tion, 233-War" Decorations," 233-Amulets, Charms, Medi-
cines, 236-Mourning Language, 239—Indications of Tribe or
Rank, 241-Vain Desire to Attract Attention, 245-Objects of
Tattooing, 247-Tattooing on Pacific Islands, 248-Tattooing
in America, 251-Tattooing in Japan, 253-Scarification, 254
—Alleged Testimony of Natives, 255—Misleading Testimony
of Visitors, 257–“ Decoration" at the Age of Puberty, 261—
“Decoration" as a Test of Courage, 264-Mutilation, Fash-
ion, and Emulation, 265--Personal Beauty versus Personal
Decoration, 269–De Gustibus non est Disputandum? 272—
Indifference to Dirt, 274-Reasons for Bathing, 276--Corpu-
lence versus Beauty, 277-Fattening Girls for the Marriage
Market, 278-Oriental Ideals, 280 The Concupiscence The-
ory of Beauty, 281-Utility is not Beauty, 283–A New Sense
Easily Lost Again, 284-Moral Ugliness, 285-Beautifying
Intelligence, 285-The Strange Greek Attitude, 286.