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Hamilton at Albany–Visits Congress-Letter to Washington—Meade to Ham-

ilton-Reply—Commences study of the law-writes a manual of the
practice of the law—Murder of Huddy-Retaliatory proceedings—Ham-
ilton to Knox urging clemency–Reply-Washington to Duane-Interpo-
sition of Vergennes—Liberation of Asgyll-Hamilton appointed continen-
tal receiver- Visits Poughkeepsie-- Interview with Legislature-Proposes
resolutions for a National Convention—Passed by Legislature-Message of
Clinton-Letters to Morris as to finance-Hamilton elected to Congress
-Letter to Laurense Death of Laurens Hamilton frames plan of State

taxation Letter to Meade-Writes address to the public creditors. 316

Mission of Jay to Spain, and eventual commission to John Adams to treat with

England— Misstatement as to Jay corrected—Henry Laurens Minister to
Holland-La Luzerne-His connections-Marbois-La Luzerne's conference

with Congress-Urging energetic measures-Second conference as to terms
of alliance with Spain-Adams Rejoicings as to his appointment-Conduct
and opinions during his first mission—Disregarded by Vergennes-- His
extreme views submitted to Congress, as to France and England - His
submission to Vergennes on second arrival at Paris-Who urges conceal-
ment of his mission—Assured of being presented at Court-Complaint of
neglect-Letter to Lovell—to Vergennes—and to Congress_Writes for
Mercury-Checked by Vergennes—Defends breach of faith by Congress-
Rebuked by Vergennes Urges opening of his mission-Retort of Ver-
gennes—Inconsiderate reply of Adams-Rebuked by Vergennes, who com-
plains to Franklin—His letter to Congress as to Adams—Proceedings of
Congress-Adams flies to Amsterdam-Despatches of Jay-Resolute pro-
ceedings of Congress as to Mississippi—Instructions drawn by Madison-
Temper of Spain-Change of policy in Virginia-Cession of her public
lands—and altered policy as to Mississippi—Madison's Instructions to Jay
to recede-Injurious effect on Spain-Memorial by La Luzerne as to pro-
posed mediation of Russia—Urges restrictions upon Adams and Dana-Pre-
liminary acknowledgment of Independence abandoned—Instructions to
Adams as to a truce—Submission to councils of France-A plural com-
mission appointed— Instructions by Madison as to treaty with Great Brit-
ain-Commission to Adams revoked on resolution of Madison-Adams at
the Hague-France and Holland—Plan of treaty with United States
Remonstrance of England and hostilities-Adams urges his reception as
Minister-Vergennes interposes--His instructions limited - Invited to and
slighted at Paris—Negotiations as to peace-Adams returns to Holland
- Is received at Court—His opinion of his mission--and of policy of
France. . . . . . . . . . . . 456

CHAPTER XXXIV.
Vergennes as to Dana -Hamilton's policy as to Russia—Madison's view

Hamilton recommends a neutral policy-La Luzerne as to concessions by
Congress-Massachusetts as to fisheriesInstructions by Madison as to the
fisheries, and against restitution of confiscated property-Influence of France
-Despatch of Marbois-Overture by Hartley to Franklin, who writes to
Shelburne-Mission of Oswald-Overture to and reply of Adams-Mission
of Grenville-Shelburne Prime Minister-His declaration in Parliament-
Franklin and Adams approve their last instructions—Adams' opinions of
French policy-Jay's disapproval of instructions-He proceeds to Paris-
Jefferson declines mission to France-Madison to Randolph-Vergennes
urges negotiations be not opened in the United States—Confirming reso-
lution of Madison-Revocation of submission to French policy defeated-

Grant of half-pay opposed by opponents of Washington in Massachusetts-

Protest by Samuel Adams—Hamilton's public letter to Washington, as to
provisions for army–His private letter to Washington, as to feeling in
Congress-Reply of Washington-Feelings of army–Hamilton's answer-
Parties in Congress—Public credit, Vindication of Robert Morris - Provi-
sions for army-Washington to Hamilton-Sentiments of army-Gouverneur
Morris suspected—Justice to army-Preliminary articles of peace ratified
--Instructions as to prisoners --Hamilton to Washington, as to construction
of treaty—Policy as to prisoners—Hamilton proposes modification of in-
structions—Washington to Hamilton—Views of army—Hamilton recom-
mends a navy, and a national coinage-Writes a commentary on “Smith's
Wealth of Nations "-Madison's financial views-Hamilton's opposition-
Hamilton proposes a tax list-Condemns arbitrary assessments--Views of
Superintendent of Finance-Fiscal report to Congress-Assumption of State
debts Hamilton's report of a revenue system-Rule of contribution-Slave-
holding and nor-slave-holding States—Land valuation adopted— Numbers
substituted— Vote as to ratio-On Hamilton's motion three-fifths ratio of
slaves finally incorporated in plan-Revenue system passes-Address of
Madison-Hamilton's objections-His letter to Clinton-Advises concur-
rence of New York, in despite of his objections—Hamilton appointed to
confer with Superintendent of Finance-Seconds motion for open debate
in Congress-Rejected—Reports provision for corps of invalids—Pledges
Congress to fulfil their engagements to the army-Introduces resolution for
allowances of land-Introduces commendatory resolutions of army-Pro-
poses remonstrance to British Government as to deportation of negroes-
Introduces resolution for removing all obstructions to collection of debts by
British creditors, and for restitution of confiscated property–His single vote
-Resolutions of Virginia in violation of treaty condemned by Congress-

CHAPTER XXXVI.

Hamilton's report on reorganizing Quarter-Master General's department—His

report on conduct of Indian affairs Reports plan of department of foreign
affairs, of diplomatic agents, and consular system-Reports plan of a mili-
tary peace establishment—Exposes imperfections of articles of confederation
-Urges a federal establishment_Composition of army-Rule of promotion
-Land fortifications, Preparatory measures as to a navy-Establishment of
arsenals-Plan of engineer corps and of the army staff-Plans a general hos-
pital, and system of classing and disciplining militia-Board to revise army
regulations-Fragment of notes as to a navy-Resolution of New York as
to garrisoning her Western posts—Hamilton's report, directing the Com-
mander-in-Chief to garrison them-Letter of Clinton on this subject-Full
reply by Hamilton-Kind policy to Indians—Insult to Congress by a body
of mutineers—Hamilton's policy—Irresolution of executive of Pennsylvania

-Hamilton's letter vindicating Congress, and urging obligation to suppress
mutinies-Resumé of his political views--Invigoration of general govern-
ment—Opposite views of Madison and others—Important resolutions
framed by Hamilton, stating defects of the articles of confederation—Re-

quired new powers--A new organization- A separate executive—A federal

judicature-Power of general taxation-Of general defence-General su-

perintendence of trade-Conflicting provisions of those articles—Power to

pass general laws-Proposition for a general convention-Resolutions

abandoned for want of support—Contemplated address by Congress-Letter

to Washington-Retires from Congress. . . . . . 579

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