An Historical Account of the Origin and Progress of Astronomy: With Plates Illustrating, Chiefly, the Ancient Systems
Baldwin and Cradock, 1833 - 520 Seiten
Includes chapters on early constellation observations, ancient astronomers of China and more, €this volume details the history of astronomy from its beginning to the early 1800s.
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according ancient angle appear ascertained assigned astronomer attraction axis bodies called cause celestial bodies centre circle circumference coincide computed concerning consequently considered constellation contained correct described determined diameter direction discovery distance earth eccentric ecliptic Egyptians elements employed epicycle equal equator equinox error evident existence expressed fact figure fixed stars follow force formed former given Greeks heavens Hindus Hipparchus hypothesis imagined inequalities interval known latitude latter learned length light longitude lunar manner mean measured mentioned meridian moon moon's motion move movements nature nearly observations obtained opinion opposite orbit origin period phenomena philosopher planets points position present principal probably produced proportion Ptolemy reason relates remarkable represent respect retrograde revolve rising seems setting shew situated solar sphere stars sun's supposed surface tables theory tion true universe variations zodiac
Seite 498 - A prodigious number of physical phenomena are perceived to follow as necessary consequences from Newton's grand law, that bodies tend toward each other with a force varying inversely as the square of the distance and directly as the mass of the bodies. But we should reach a higher unity and obtain a deeper insight into nature did we know not merely the empirical fact that bodies do so, but the cause why they do so. It is this which incites in the rational physicist the desire to find out the cause...
Seite 28 - Who knows exactly, and who shall in this world declare, whence and why this creation took place ? The gods are subsequent to the production of this world: then who can know whence it proceeded ? or whence this varied world arose ? or whether it uphold [itself], or not ? He who, in the highest heaven, is the ruler of this universe, does indeed know; but not another can possess that knowledge.
Seite 510 - ¡mother, and so contrary to the ideas which had been formed respecting the figure of the terrestrial globe, would seem to indicate great irregularity ; and as there can be little doubt of the accuracy of...
Seite 100 - A solar day is the interval between two successive returns of the sun to the same meridian. The sun moves through 360 degrees of longitude in one tropical year, or 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 47 sec« onds. Hence the sun's mean daily motion in longitude is found by the proportion One year : one" day : : 360° : 59
Seite 98 - ... so far as we know, be independent of every other ; for it is only in virtue of each being supposed to be an ultimate property or to point to an ultimate property that it has any claim to be taken into the account. Thus, if any two of the properties are found to be joint effects of the same cause or to stand to each other in the relation of cause and effect, they furnish only one argument instead of two.
Seite 91 - Die iam illustri signum e tabernaculo regis bucina dabatur. Super tabernaculum, unde ab omnibus conspici posset, imago solis crystallo inclusa fulgebat.
Seite 18 - Heliadse, or children of the sun (that is, men from the East), excelled all other men in knowledge, particularly in the knowledge of the stars. One of this race, named Actis (a ray), built Heliopolis, and named it after his father, the sun. Thenceforward the Egyptians cultivated astrology with so much assiduity as to be considered its inventors. On the other hand Tatius says that the Egyptians taught the Chaldaeans astrology.
Seite 403 - The knowledge which man had acquired of the visible heavens received many important accessions from the discoveries which Galileo was enabled to make by means of the telescope. Except the sun and moon, not one of the celestial bodies had hitherto been observed to have any visible form or magnitude, and it was to the eye of reason alone that those appeared to be anything but plane surfaces : the fixed stars and the...
Seite 404 - ... of form ; while the fixed stars appeared unchanged, or only divested of the radiance with which they seem to be surrounded when seen by the naked eye ; and hence it became obvious that the former must constitute a distinct group of bodies infinitely nearer the earth than the others. The sun, from the spots observed on his surface, was found to revolve on its axis, and consequently was ascertained to be globular; and the light and dark spaces on the moon were distinctly perceived to be mountains...