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Notes and Sketches of New South Wales. During a Re- | as a place for their mistresses to visit ; the public streets

sidence in that Colony, from 1839 to 1844. By Mrs. being so much more select. CHARLES MEREDITH.—No. XIII, Murray's Colonial

Lady Macquarie had this Domain laid out after her

own plans ; walks and drives were cut through the and Home Library.

rocks ; and shrubs, but no other trees destroyed ; seats This is not, like the works of Dr. Lang, Mr. Hood, and placed at intervals, and lodges built at the entrances. others of more pretension, a book to be consulted for in- zontal rocks have been slightly assisted by art into the

On the high point of the promontory some large horiformation and guidance by those intending to become form of a great seat or throne, called Lady Macquarie's settlers in Australia ; but it forms very pleasant reading Chair, above which an inscription informs the visitor to to those who take an interest in the social condition and whose excellent taste and benevolent feeling he is inexternal aspects of that colony. Mrs Meredith describes debted for the improvement of this lovely spot. It whatever fell under her personal observation, and relates but is far more beautiful, inasmuch as, instead of the

always reminded me of Piercefield in Monmouthshire, her experiences in a sensible and lively style,-her black-banked Wye, here the bright blue waves of the vivacity having the rare merit of never bordering on bay wash the lower crags ; and in place of looking only flippancy. Far too much space, when the size of the at one opposite bank, here is a noble estuary with work is considered, is devoted to the outward voyage, -, dainty little islands, all bright, and clear, and sunny,

countless bays and inlets, pretty villas and cottages, and all voyages, whether prosperous or merely tedious, and with a cloudless sky above them. The trees are chiefly without some touch of danger to enliven them, being different species of Eucalyptus, or “gum-tree,” some of alike tiresome and monotonous to readers anxious to which bear large and handsome flowers, having a repush forward. We pass the events of the voyage, and markably sweet and luscious scent, like honey, with come to Mrs. Meredith’s description of Sydney, which which they abound. may, we think, be compared with advantage, with any

This unpretending volume offers' nothing more atof the accounts we have had of that gay capital.

tractive to readers, whether interested in the colony When we remember that Sydney has risen within

from having connexions there, or in pursuit of mere little more than fifty years from the first settlement of amusement, than our author's description of her own the colony, its size, appearance, and population are

residence. truly wonderful. It is a large busy town, reminding In January, 1840, we removed to " Homebush,” an me of portions of Liverpool or Bristol, with many good estate within eleven miles of Sydney, on the Parramatta, buildings, though few have any pretension to architec- river, where we proposed residing for a year or two ; tural beauty. The newer portions of the town are laid and rendered the ill-arranged and dilapidated old house out with regularity and advantage. One long street a tolerably comfortable home. It contained two good traverses its whole length, about a mile and a half, full rooms and five smaller ones ; the veranda in front was of good shops exhibiting every variety of merchandise ; one hundred feet long, by twelve in width, and was carand in the afternoon, when the ladies of the place drive ried round the ends of the house in the same proportion, out, whole strings of carriages may be seen rolling the whole neatly flagged ; at the back, the line was about or waiting near the more fashionable emporiums," broken by the two wings, leaving a shorter veranda in that being the term in which Australian shopkeepers the centre, with the garden (or rather wilderness) beespecially delight. The vehicles are sometimes motley fore it, commanding a beautiful view of the river (a enough in their equipment. Here and there appears a creek of which ran up towards the house,) the opposite real London-built chariot, brilliant in paint and varnish, shores, and several wooded jutting points on our own and complete in every luxury ; with a coachman, attired side. something like worthy Sam Weller, " as a compo of Homebush was a fair specimen of a New South footman, gardener, and groom,” sitting on a box innocent Wales settler's residence, possessing many of the Coloof hammereloth, and driving a pair of mean-looking, nial peculiarities. The house stood on the highest under-sized horses, terribly out of proportion with the ground in the estate, and for some hundreds of acres all handsome, aristocratic-looking carriage behind them. around not a native tree nor even a stump was visible, Sometimes, but very rarely, you see a consistent, well- so completely had the land been cleared, although not appointed equipage ; I think the tandem is more fre- worth cultivation. This desert bareness was a little quently turned out in good style than any other kind : relieved close to the house, by three magnificent Norand as no “lady” in Sydney (your grocers' and butchers' folk Island pines, which towered far above the roof ; wives included) believes in the possibility of walking, and by the then broken and ruined fruit-trees of what the various machines upon wheels, of all descriptions, had been two very large orchards, which were formerly are very numerous ; from the close carriage and showy well stocked with mulberry, plum, cherry, pear, apple, barouche or britzka, to the more humble four-wheeled peach, orange, and loquat trees : but at the time of our chaise and useful gig. Few ladies venture to risk their taking the place, after its being vacant some years, (or complexions to the exposure of an equestrian costume, only occupied by a drunkon overseer,) the cattle had and accordingly few appear on horseback.

free ingress through the broken fences, and the fine George Street seems to be by common consent con- orchards were utterly destroyed. sidered as the Pall-Mall, or rather as the “ Park” of A curving road, nearly half a mile long, and some Sydney; and up and down its hot, dusty, glaring, weary twenty yards wide, with a good four rail fence on either length go the fair wives and daughters of the “ citizens," side, led from the entrance gate, on the public road, to enjoying their daily airing ; whilst close to the town is the house; and this, being unadorned by a single tree, the beautiful Domain, a most picturesque rocky pro- was, according to a Colonial stretch of courtesy, termed montory, thickly wooded and laid out in fine smooth the “ Avenue ;” much to my mystification, when, on indrives and walks, all commanding most exquisite views quiring for Mr. Meredith one day, a servant told me, of Sydney and its environs, the opposite shore, and the “Master had just gone down the 'aveny.'" I pondered untiring, ever-beautiful estuary of Port Jackson. It this announcement some moments, and not being able to was our favourite spot ; even after driving elsewhere recollect any thing of the kind near the place, (for I out of town, (for, alas ! the splendour of George Street confess my thoughts were wandering in search of some had no charms for me) we generally made one circuit gum-tree likeness of the stately aisles of elms and limes round the Domain, and as generally found ourselves the that I loved so well at home,) I was compelled to inquire only visitors. It was unfashionable, in fact, not the where this “ terra incognita” lay ; and having once disproper thing at all, either to walk or drive in the covered that we had an avenue,” I never failed to reDomain. It was a notorious fact, that maid-servants member its style and title. and their sweethearts resorted thither on Sundays, and Proceeding, then, along the avenue towards the house, of course that shocking circumstance ruined its character | a stranger might be apt to fancy he had entered at a

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wrong gate, for he would find himself led into the Hilliard, (of the 86th or 28th, I forget which,) divided midst of all the farm buildings ; stock-yards, cow-sheds, his force, taking one route himself, accompanied by barn, stable, and piggeries ranging on his left hand, single trooper, and sent the rest in an opposite direction. whilst huts for the farm-servants lay on his right ; and He had not gone far before he found the gang of seven in front, commanding a full view of all these ornamental desperadoes comfortably bivouacking, with eleven stand edifices, the hall-door of the house! Such being the of arms, loaded, beside them; and by a sudden and gal. almost universal arrangement in the Colony ; and, as lant attack, secured them all, and brought them into compared with many other settlers' houses, this was Bathurst ; his prowess being duly appreciated by the rather aristocratic. Why the approach to a farm-house settlers, who presented him with a valnable token of here should be so much more dirty, unpleasant, and in their gratitude. trusive than in England, I know not ; but certain it is

This exploit of Lieut. Hilliard does savour a little of that in visiting a colonist you are generally obliged to the marvellous ; but probably the seven “ misbegotten inspect every other portion of the establishment before you can reach the apartments of the family.

knaves,” surrounded by him and his single trooper, were Another universal inconvenience is, that you never see asleep when thus surprised, and, at all events, the fact, a gate, or so rarely as only to be the exception to the which reflects little honour on the military talents of the rule. “ Slip-rails” are the substitute ; five or six heavy bush-rangers, seems to have been credited in the colony. long poles loosely inserted in sockets made in two A class of neighbours as annoying and mischievous to the upright posts. They may be stepped over by a horse if only lowered at one end, but to allow any vehicle to settlers as these depredators, were the dingoes, or native enter, each one has to be lifted out and put aside ; and dogs of the colony, whose daring attacks are thus deit often happens that four or five of these troublesome scribed:and slovenly contrivances occur in the approach to one house, with the invariable additional charm (in winter) tive dogs, or dingoes, evidently a species of wolf, or per

Another unpleasant class of neighbours were the naof a deep squashy pool of mud around each one ; yet

, haps the connecting link between the wolf and dog, most probably, when you do gain your destination, if a dinner-party be the occasion, you find a table spread their howling or yelling at night in the neighbouring

These creatures were very numerous around us, and with abundance of plate, glass, damask, and costly forests had a most disinal, unearthly kind of tone. They viands, and a profusion of expensive wines. Such inconsistencies perpetually struck me, showing the general any other I can think of as a comparison, but consider

are more the figure of a Scotch colly, or sheep-dog, than preference for glitter and show, rather than sterling ably larger, taller, and more gaunt-looking, with shaggy English comfort. A settler will perhaps keep two or three carriages, and furnish his house in a costly style, pearance'is altogether wolfish, and the expression of

wiry hair, and most often of a sandy colour. Their apyet grudge the labour of a carpenter to convert

some of the head especially so, nor do their ferocious habits by the useless wood around him into gates for his farm and

any means weaken the likeness. grounds. Homebush did possess a gate, but, as was re

We had a number of calves, which, for greater safety quisite, to be in proper Colonial “keeping," one half was off its hinges, and the companion-moiety never consented of the old orchards adjoining the house ; but several of

from these savage animals, were folded at night in one to open unless it was lifted ; therefore, on the whole, it the poor little ones fell victims to the dingoes. Shortly was remarkably convenient.

after our arrival at our new residence, we were one During nearly the whole time of our residence here, night alarmed by a fearful outcry among the calves, and the public road near us was infested by a gang of bush- Mr. Meredith, who instantly divined the cause, got up, rangers, or rather footpads, who committed many and found several dingoes dragging along one of the robberies on persons travelling past ; but although we and our servants constantly traversed the dreaded road, youngest of the herd. As they ran away he tired; but the

night being thickly dark, the brutes escaped. The cries we were never molested. Possibly the shelter and con

of terror among the poor calves had brought all the cealment they very probably found in some of the dense scrubs and thickets which skirted part of our ground bellowing they continued until morning showed their in

cows to the spot, and the indescribable moaning and near the scene of their exploits, induced them to adopt stinctive knowledge of the danger. The poor wounded the fox's policy, who rarely “robs near his own den;" calf was so much injured that it died the following dsy, but the constant depredations we heard of rendered our and its unhappy mother, after watching and comforting drives far less pleasant to me, although a double-bar- it as long as lite remained, never ceased her cries and relled gun usually accompanied us. One day we met the clergyman of Cook's River, who, on his way to dine I have rarely seen any thing more distressing than the

moans till she entirely lost her voice from hoarseness. with the Governor at Parramatta, had been stopped by poor animal's misery ; and, to prevent such an oceurthree of the party, who took his money and a very valuable watch. He had directly ridden to the nearest

rence again, the youngest calves were always locked in

the stable at night. public-house, not a quarter of a mile off, and, with some

The dingoes rarely kill their victim at once, but coolly of the inmates and an old musket, had diligently scoured the bush in pursuit , but without again seeing the gang, have first laid hold of; three or four often guawing at

commence eating it, at whatever part they chance to who within an hour robbed some persons in another the unfortunate animal together, whilst its agonized cries road. They one day took from a poor woman even her do not seem to disturb their horrible feast in the slightest wedding-ring, and for several months continued the same

degree ; and, unless by chance a vital part is destroyed, practices on this, the most frequented public road near Sydney, almost without an attempt being made for their the maimed creature probably lingers during hours of

protracted and unimaginable torture. capture ; for so constantly were they “ at work,” that had the police been desirous of taking them, they could

Their audacity, too, is quite equal to their other ennot have failed. In the case of the more formidable gaging qualities. Finding that our veal was not to be gangs of bush-rangers, who by their outrages often be obtained, a party of them made an onslaught on our come the terror of a wide rural district, the mounted pork, and very early one morning carried oti a nice fat police” is an excellent and efficient force. It consists pig, nearly full grown. Luckily pigs are not often disa of picked and well-paid volunteers from the regiments posed to be silent martyrs, and the one in question made in the Colony, and the officers are generally brave and reached Mr. Meredith, who immediately gave chase,

so resolute a protest against the abduction, that the noise intelligent young men, who, when they look for a bush- and soon met the main body of porkers trotting home at ranger, generally find him ; two terms by no means

a most unwonted speed, whilst the voice of woe consynonymous among the constabulary. During our stay at Bathurst, a party of the mounted tinued its wail in the distance. On coming to the spel

, police went in search of a very daring gang of bush- he found two dingoes dragging off the pig by the lind rangers, or, as they are sometimes called, a bolters.” legs towards a thick scrub; he fired, wounding one, After some search, the officer in command, Lieut. when both released their victim and made off, the pour

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pig trotting home, telling a long and emphatic story of leaves a magnificent Canadian property to his younger its wrongs and sufferings, from which it eventually re

sons; and the young ladies are as well married as if they covered. In about two hours after this, a lame white had never fallen from their original condition. dingo, the same which had been so lately shot at, boldly

As what is adapted to the young is in reality the best chased my two pet goats into the veranda !

part of the book, we select our specimens from that Although we have given as much of this work as its portion of it. What follows relates to the emigrant character and dimensions warrant, we cannot resist one of family leaving a fort, where they had been hospitably the many charming little sketches in Natural History entertained by the officers, to pitch their tents in the drawn by our authoress,- The Australian Robin.

wilderness. Very few birds came near our house, but among those

During the day, Henry and Alfred, assisted by Cape few was the robin, (Petroica phonicea ?) as much more beautiful in plumage as he is inferior in note to our win- tain Sinclair and Martin Super, were very busy in loadter darling in England, but with exactly the same jaunty trunks of linen and other necessaries which they had

ing the two bateaux with the stores, tents, and various air, and brisk, quick manner. His attire is, I really brought with them. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell

, with the think, the most exquisite of all the feathered creatures girls, were equally busy in selecting and putting on one here: the breast is the most vivid geranium colour, side 'articles for immediate use on their arrival at the softening to a paler shade towards the wings, which are allotment. As they were very tired, they went to bed glossy black, with clear white markings across them; early, that they might be ready for the next day's rethe back is also black, with a white spot on the crown embarkation; and, after breakfast, having taken leave of the head, and the tail-feathers are also barred with of the kind 'commandant and the other officers, they white. The colours are so clear and distinct as almost to convey the idea of different garments put on and fitted Captain Sinclair in the commandant's boat, which had

went down to the shore of the lake, and embarked with with the most exquisite taste; whilst the gay, frolicsome been prepared for them. Martin Super, Alfred, and air, and intelligent, bright black eyes of the little beau, Henry, with the five dogs, went on board of the two tell you that he is by no means unconscious of the very bateaux, which were manned by the corporal and twelve favourable impression his appearance must create. He soldiers, lent by the commandant to Mr. Campbell. hops about, sings a few notes of a soft, lively little song; The weather was beautifully fine, and they set off in Hies to a rail or low tree, and arranges some fancied im- high spirits. The distance by water was not more than propriety in a wing-feather ; then surveys the glossy three miles, although by land it was nearly five, and in spread of his tail as he peeps over his shoulder, and after half an hour they entered the cove adjoining to which a few more hops, and another small warble, very sweet the allotment lay. and very low --a passing glance, like the Hash of a tiny

“ There is the spot, Mrs. Campbell, which is to be flambeau, and he is gone!

your future residence,” said Captain Sinclair, pointing After remaining some years at Homebush, Mrs. Mere- with his hand; "you'observe where that brook runs dith and her husband went to Van Diemen's Land, of down into the lake; that is your eastern boundary; the which colony we may anticipate an account from her land on the other side is the property of the old hunter agreeable pen.

we have spoken of. You see his little log-hut, not much

bigger than an Indian lodge, and the patch of Indian The Settlers in Canada; Written for Young People. corn now sprung out of the ground which is enclosed by

the fence. This portion appears not to be of any use to By Captain Marryat. Two vols. post 8vo. pp. 730. him, as he has no cattle of any kind, unless indeed they London: Longman & Co.

have gone into the bush ; but I think some of our men We ought perhaps to have classed this story among said that he lived entirely by the chase, and that he has the new novels ; for, though professedly written for

an Indian wife.”

“Well,” said Emma Percival, laughing, “ female soyoung people, it is of a kind to tempt those of maturer ciety is what we never calculated upon. What is the age to take a peep into it. In “ The Settlers,” we ex- man's name?pected a Crusoe-like narrative; and something of this “ Malachi Bone,” replied Captain Sinclair. “I preis found, though Captain Marryat seems well aware that sume you expect Mrs. Bone to call first !" without a copious mixture of the commonplaces of Ro

“She ought to do so, if she knows the usage of somance, nothing will go down with the great body of the ciety,” replied Emma ; “but, if she does not, I think I

shall wave ceremony and go and see her. I have great reading public. He has taken his measures accordingly. curiosity to make acquaintance with an Indian squaw.” There was, however, a great deal of genuine romance “ You may be surprised to hear me say so, Miss Emabout the life of Canadian settlers, if persons of educa- ma; but I assure you, without having ever seen her, tion and refinement, at the period when the story is laid. that you will find her perfectly well bred. All the In

dian women are- - their characters are a compound of About the close of the last century, Mr. Campbell, a

simplicity and reserve. Keep the boat's head more to wealthy proprietor in the north of England, having lost the right, Selby; we will land close to that little knoll.” his large estates, resolved to emigrate to Canada with

The commandant's boat had pulled much faster, and his family, to begin the world anew. Besides his own was a long way ahead of the bateaur. In a few michildren, his family consisted of two young ladies, the nutes afterwards they had all disembarked, and were

standing on the knoll, surveying their new property. A daughters of a deceased relative,--the whole forming a delightful group, well contrasted and balanced in cha- portion of about thirty acres, running along the shore of

the lake, was what is termed natural prairie, or meadow racter, talents, and person. Their adventures, while of short fine grass ; the land immediately behind the settling, and mode of life in the wilderness, form the meadow was covered with brushwood for about three subject matter of a work in which the reader is not hundred yards, and then rose a dark and impervious much annoyed with the hardships, privations, and vulgar front of high timber, which completely confined the

landscape. The allotment, belonging to the old hunter cares of everyday emigrant life. There is just that

on the opposite side of the brook, contained about the touch of peril from the incidents of flood and field, and same portion of natural meadow, and was, in other rewild Indians, which awakens the reader's interest with spects, but a continuation of the portion belonging to out distressing him. Miracles are worked to smooth Mr. Campbell. difficulties in the path of the Campbells, and their life and Alfred took their axes, and followed Martin Super

In a quarter of an hour all were in motion. Henry in the bush is but a kind of silvan pastime. Finally, and half of the soldiers ; the others were busy landing the old gentleman recovers his English estates, and the stores and pitching the tents, while Captaiu Sinclair

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and Mr. Campbell were surveying the ground, that they you would put a spigot in a cask. The liquor runs out might choose a spot for the erection of the house. Mrs. into one of these trays that we have been digging out." Campbell remained sitting on the knoll, watching the “ Well, and then what do you do?" debarkation of the packages; and Percival, by her di

“ We collect all the liquor every morning till we have rections, brought to her those articles which were for enough to fill the coppers, and then we boil it down.” immediate use. Mary and Emma Percival, accompanied “What coppers will you use, then?” by John, as they had no task allotted for them, walked “ There are two large coppers in the store-room, not up by the side of the stream towards the wood.

yet put up, which will answer our purpose very well, “I wish I had my box,” said John, who had been Ma'am: they hold about a hogshead each. We shall watching the running water.

take them into the woods with us, and pour the liquor “Why do you want your box, John ?” said Mary. into them, and boil them down as soon as they are ; “ For my hooks are in my box," replied John. ready. You must come and see us on the boiling-day,

Why, do you see any fish in this small stream?” said and we can have a frolic in the woods.": Emma.

“ With all my heart,” replied Mrs. Campbell." How Yes,” replied John, walking on before them. much liquor do you get from one tree?" Mary and Emma followed him, now and then stop- “A matter of two or three gallons," replied Malachi; ping to pick a flower unknown to them ; when they over- sometimes more, and sometimes less. After we have took John, he was standing immovable, pointing to a tapped the trees and set our trays, we shall have nofigure on the other side of the stream, as fixed and mo- thing more to do for a fortnight. The Strawberry can tionless as himself.

attend to them all, and will let us know when she is The two girls started back as they beheld a tall, gaunt ready.” man, dressed in deer hides, who stood leaning upon a

“Do you tap the trees every year ?" long gun with his eyes fixed upon them. His face was Yes, Ma'am, and a good tree will bear it for fifteen browned and weather-beaten--indeed, so dark, that it or twenty years; but it kills them at last.” was difficult to say if he were of the Indian race or not. “So I should suppose, for you take away so much of

“It must be the hunter, Emma,” said Mary Percival; the sap of the tree.” “he is not dressed like the Indians we saw at Quebec.” Exactly, Ma'am ; but there's no want of sugar

“ It must be,” replied Emma; “won't he speak?” maples in these woods."

“We will wait and see,” replied Mary. They did “ You promised us some honey, Malachi,” said Emma, wait for a minute or more, but the man neither spoke nor “but we have not seen it yet. Can you get us some !" shifted his position.

“ We had no time to get it last autumn, Miss, but we “I will speak to him, Mary,” said Emma at last. will try this autumn what we can do. When John and My good man, you are Malachi Bone, are you not ?” I are out in the woods, we shall very probably find &

" That's my name,” replied the hunter in a deep voice; honey tree, without going very far. I did intend to have “and who on earth are you, and what are you doing looked out for some, if you had not mentioned it.” here? Is it a frolic from the fort, or what is it, that

“ I know one,” said Martin : “I marked it a fortnight causes all this disturbance ?"

ago, but I quite forgot all about it. Since the mill has “ Disturbance !- why, we don't make a great deal of been in hand, I have had little time for any thing else. noise ; no, it's no frolic; we are come to settle here, and The fact is, we have all plenty to do just now." shall be your neighbours.”

" That we certainly have,” replied Henry, laughing. “ To settle here !-why, what on earth do you mean, “I wish I could see the end of my work in the bar : 1 young woman? Settle here !--not you, surely.”

doubt if I shall be able to get out with my rifle this Yes, indeed, we are. Don't you know Martin Super, winter.” the trapper? He is with us, and now at work in the “No, Sir, you must leave the woods to John and me," woods, getting ready for raising the house, as you call replied Malachi. * Never mind; you shan't want for it. Do you know, Mary,” said Emma in a low tone to venison. Do you require the sledge to-morrow, Mr. her sister, “ I'm almost afraid of that man, although I Alfred ?". do speak so boldly.”

Malachi referred to a small sledge which they had “ Martin Super-yes, I know him," replied the hun. made in the winter, and which was now very useful, as ter, who, without any more ceremony, threw his gun they could, with one horse, transport things from place into the hollow of his arm, turned round, and walked to place. It was used by Alfred for bringing down to away in the direction of his own hut.

the store-house the sacks of flour as fast as they were Malachi Bone proves, of course, a most useful auxili- ground in the mill.

“I can do without it for a day. What do you want ary, and The Strawberry, his gentle Indian wife, an in- it for ?" teresting neighbour. That we may give one specimen “ To bring all the honey home,” said Emma, laughing. possessing entireness of character, we select the making “No, Miss; to take the coppers out into the woods," of maple sugar, still a common and pleasant occupation replied Malachi, “ that they may be ready for the liquor. in the Canadian woods.

As soon as we have tapped the trees, we will look for

the honey." It was now April, and for some days Malachi “ Did you send your skins down to Montreal by the and John had been very busy, assisted by the Straw- bateaux ?” inquired Mr. Campbell. berry; for the time had come for tapping the maple “ Yes, father," replied Alfred ; " Mr. Emmerson took trees, to make the maple sugar, and Mrs. Campbell had charge of them, and promised to deliver them to the expressed a wish that she could be so supplied with an agent; but we have not so many this year as we had article of such general consumption, and which they last. John has the largest package of all of us." could not obtain but by the batenux which went to Mont- “ Yes, he beats me this year,” said Malachi : " he al. real. In the evening, when Malachi and John were, as ways contrives to get the first shot. I knew that I usual, employed in cutting small trays out of the soft should make a hunter of the boy. He might go out by wood of the balsam fir, and of which they had already himself now, and do just as well as I do." prepared a large quantity, Mrs. Campbell asked Malachi The next morning, Malachi went out into the woods, how the sugar was procured.

taking with him the coppers and all the trays on the “ Very easily, Ma'am : we tap the trees."

sledge. During that day he was busy boring the trees, “ Yes'; so you said before. Bnt how do you do it? and fitting the reed pipes to the holes. Strawberry and Explain the whole affair to me.”

John accompanied him, and by sunset their work was “ Why, Ma'am, we pick out the maple trees which complete. are about a foot wide at the bottom of the trunk, as The next morning when they went out, only Malachi they yield most sugar. We then bore a hole in the and John took their axes with them, for John could use trunk of the tree, about two feet above the ground, and his very well for so young a lad. They first went to the into that hole we put a hollow reed, just the same as tree which Martin had discovered : he had given a de

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scription where to find it. They cut it down, but did / first presented to the world in an English dress ; though
not attempt to take the honey till the night, when they we are not sure that it would not as well have been kept
lighted a fire, and drove away the bees by throwing in its original state, so farasregards the peace of the whole
leaves on it, and making a great smoke; they then
opened the tree, and gained about two pails full of ho-Catholic Church. It is translated by Mr. Henry Beve-
ne ', which they brought in just as the family were ridge, advocate ; who considers no apology necessary for
about to go to bed. When they went out the next mor- presenting it to English readers at this particular crisis,
ning, they found a bear very busy at the remains of the when“weapons require to be drawn from the old armoury,
comb; but the animal made off before they could get a both offensive and defensive, to fight anew the battle of
shot at him.

Protestantism : assailed from without by its armed ene-
Every morning the Strawberry collected all the sap
which had run out of the trees, and poured it into the mies of the Popish church ; and betrayed from within”
coppers which had been fixed up by Malachi, ready for by, we presume, the Puseyites. The work appears to be
a fire to be lighted under them. They continued their well translated. The main idea which it suggests to
search, and found three more hives of bees, which they those not deeply interested in the argument, is, How
marked and allowed to remain till later in the season, little has the world advanced in genuine Christianity
when they could take them at their leisure. In a fort-
night, they had collected sufficient liquor from the trees during the last three centuries !-of how few corruptions
to fill both the coppers to the brim, besides several pails. got rid ! In one place, Calvin complains, that the
The fires were therefore lighted under the coppers, and power of excommunication, “ the best nerve of disci-
due notice given to Mrs. Campbell and the girls, that pline,” is asleep in the Roman Catholic Church ; that,
the next day they must go out into the woods and see
the operation ; as the liquor would, towards the after though an innoeuous anathema was sometimes, in á
noon, be turned into the coolers, which were some of the general way, employed,“ excommunication was asleep;”
large washing-tubs then in use, and which had been and he vindicates the Reformers, at least, from the
thoroughly cleansed for the purpose.

charge of having overthrown this formidable engine. As this was to be a holiday in the woods, they pre- As a small sample of the translation, we quote the pared a cold dinner in a large basket, and gave it in following passage, which is not wholly inapplicable at charge of Henry. Mr. Campbell joined the party, and they all set off to the spot, which was about two miles the present time :distant. On their arrival, they examined the trees and the trays into which the juice first ran, the boilers in

With similar effrontery, they clamour that we have which the liquor was now simmering over the fire; and seized upon the wealth of the Church, and applied it to asked questions of Malachi, so that they might, if neces

secular purposes. Were I to say that we have not sinsary, be able to make the sugar themselves; after which ned in this respect, I should lie. Indeed, changes of the first cooler was filled with the boiling liquor, that such magnitude are seldom made without bringing some they might see how the sugar crystallized as the liquor inconveniences along with them. If, herein, aught has became cold. They then sat down under a large tree

been done wrong, I excuse it not. But, with what face and dined. The tree was at some distance from the do our adversaries present this charge against us? They boilers, as there was no shade in the open spot where say, it is sacrilege to convert the wealth of the Church Malachi had placed them, and the afternoon was passed to secular uses. I admit it. They add, that we do so. very agreeably in listening to Malachi's and Martin's 1 reply, that we have not the least objection to answer stories of their adventures in the woods. While they for ourselves, provided they, too, in their turn, come prewere still at dinner, Oscar and the other dogs which had pared to plead their cause. We will immediately ataccompanied them, had strayed to about a hundred yards tend to our own case; meanwhile, let us see what they do. distant, and were soon very busy scraping and barking of bishops I say nothing, except what all see, that they at a large hole.

not only rival princes in the splendour of their dress, “ What are the dogs after ?” said Alfred.

the luxuries of their table, the number of their servants, " Just what the Strawberry wants, and told me to get the magnificence of their palaces, in short, every kind of for her,” replied Malachi : we will dig him out to- luxury ; but also that they dilapidate and squander ecmorrow."

clesiastical revenues, in expenditure of a much more “What is it, Strawberry ?” said Mary.

shameful description. I say nothing of field-sports, noThe Strawberry pointed to her mocassins, and then thing of gaming, nothing of the other pleasures which put her finger on the porcupine quills with which they absorb the greater portion of their incomes. But, to were embroidered.

take from the Church, in order to spend on pimps and “ I don't know the English name," said she, softly.

harlots, this surely, is too bad. Then how absurd, not “A porcupine you mean,” said Mary : “the animal only to plume themselves on pomp and show, but to those quills come from."

carry indulgence in them to the utmost excess. Time “ Yes," replied the Strawberry.

was, when poverty in priests was deemed glorious. So “ Is there a porcupine there, Malachi ?" said Mrs. it was in the Council of Aquila. On one occasion, too, Campbell.

it was decreed that a bishop should reside within a short “ Yes, Ma’am, that is certain : the dogs know that distance of his church in a humble dwelling, with a scanty well enough, or they would not make such a noise. If table and mean furniture, (Conc. Carth. iv. cap. iv. Con. you like, we will go for the shovels and dig him out." 14.) But, without going to that ancient rigour, after

Had Captain Marryat limited himself to scenes of numerous corruptions had crept in with the progress of this kind, we should have liked his work none the worse; wealth, even then the ancient law was again confirmed but then it must have been in only one volume, and an

which divided ecclesiastical revenues into four portions ; author's or publisher's reasons for preferring two volumes

one to go to the bishop for hospitality, and the relief of lie in most cases quite beyond the critic's province.

those in want, another to the clergy, a third to the
poor, and a fourth to the repairing of churches.

John Knox was a paragon of mildness and refinement
THEOLOGY.

when compared with the Reformer of Geneva, when he Calrin's Necessity of Reforming the Church : Presented to got a Fope to attack ; and so indeed was Pope Paul in

the Imperial Diet at Spires, A.D. 1544. To which is the paternal admonition which drew forth Calvin's fiery added, a Paternal Admonition by Pope Paul III.to reply. Yet the Head of the Church told the Emperor the Emperor Charles V. And Remarks on the Paternal pretty roundly to keep his own place ; and also of the Admonition. By John Calvin. London : Dalton. fearful retributive judgments that have fallen on those This work, after the lapse of three centuries, is now who have acted the part of Uzziah.

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VOL. XI.--NO. CXXXII.

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