Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

The Ramillies unfortunate.

383 ritual their due weight. The coincic and my first cousin are your chaplains dencies and correspondencies, I say, are is noi enough to seduce me to a softer fpiritual. Besides the Ramillies, every expression. In 1783, the year of Amefhip that bore the name, and, recurring rican peace, I paid my last visit to the to the first connexion of France and West Indies. Though East winds are England with the name, we will say known to prevail in March, we lay that every place that bore the name, was un- month wind-bound at the Mother-bank. der an active and visible dæmon of Though seamen expect Eait winds on mischief. Every ship of that name in the Atlantic near the tropics as surely the English service, has foundered and as day and night, we could hardly reach destroyed her crew; this shot her Ad- our destination for Weft winds. During miral- and I do not believe, that any three years that I staid in the islands, thing but the evil genius of that ship there was a frequency of West winds brought on his fate; nor will the his before unknown. Favoured by the tory of his conduct and trial furnish West winds, I made my passage to any other ground; it never has furnished England in 30 days in H. M. S. the it. The readers of Swedenborg have Mediator, Captain Collingwood, though a ground in the year 1757, which will the wind was seldoin more than would furnish more extensive contemplation. just fill the fails, and though we were

But there was also a fingular domes- opposed three days by a gale from the tic omen. During his paffage to Eng. Eastward. From this passage of mine, land in the Antelope, as his brother, exclusive of cuery concomitant circumMr. Edward Byng, was sitting in the fiance throughout the world, I augur room alone, their crest, which orna- conclusively to myself, that the new mented the top of a looking-glass, fell SUN; which has arisen in the West, into the middle of the floor and broke and whose course the winds follow as to pieces. This creit also is very near formerly the Eastern trades followed an Antelope.

the Eatern Sun, is mild, benignant, and All the vessels fitted out from Eng- peaceable, in his fupplantation of the land for beginning the settlement of old light,even on the bolom of the ocean, Sierra Leone have met miscarriages of and that all violences proceed from the fome kind or other. The Harpy (a old, and finally vanquished, system. name the Romans would not have suf. The Sierra Leone Company, I shall fered in an expedition intended to de- remark, have on their list of Directors a Atroy Harpies) their principal fhip, after very particular root of bitterness-a being out nearly two months, or twice man, who combines the augury drawn the time of the passage, had not got from my passage immediately with the half way, being opposed by WESTERLY Sierra Leone company, as he has prostiWINDS. Now I must speak a little tiitedly opposed himielf to the success seriously to the gentlemen concerned in of the pure object of my visit to Eng. that undertaking-Conciliate the ge- land. But let him remember, that the nius of the West! If ye do not, ye shall three days Eastern gale cannot longer all likewise perih! That my brother oppose the fweeping Welt.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

METALLURGY.

Cornwall, March 26, 1792. is entirely confined to this county, and MR. EDITOR,

afterwards make a few observations on THROUGH the medium of your F. Spilsbury's method of assaying gold entertaining Magazine, I beg leave to and filver. communicate to your readers the Every chymift knows, that the inmethod of aslaying copper ores, which tention of aslaying, is tó know what Vol. I,

quantity

Nn

[blocks in formation]

the large way

quantity of metal is to be found in a cer- the mouid, and when cold, the scoria tain quantity of ore, and whether it is separated, and set apart to dry; if the will pay the expences of smelting in bution of copper is not fine (which is

known by its colour, grain, and ducti. In the first place, the ore is pounded lity) this operation is repeated till it is. and passed through a fine wire fieve, In the above process for refining the and afterwards well mixed, fo that one copper, the flux always diffolves a part part may not be richer than another. of it; the dried flagg or scoria therefore A troy ounce* of this ore is weighed, is mixed with its weight of tartar, put and put into a large crucible, which is into a crucible, covered with a layer placed in the melting furnace, and a of salt, and melted as in the process for red heat kept up, and constantly firred, reducing the roasted ore. When the as long as it emits an arsenical or ful- whole is perfectly Auid, it is poured phurous smell; when it is well roalied, into the mould. it is removed from the furnace, ard left The reduced copper, which is called to cool; when cold, half an ounce of the prill, is found beneath the scoria, white tartar, half an ounce of red tartar, and is always impure; it is therefore half an ounce of borax, a quarter of an carefully refined, as above, with the ounce of nitre, and a quarter of an white flux. ounce of fluor spar are to be mixed The refined pri'l being added to with it in the crucible in which it was the button of copper, and weighed, a roaited, and the mixcure is afterwards calculation is made of the contents and covered one finger thick wiih common value of a ton of ore. falt. It is again placed in the furnace, Having ths briefly described the and the strongelt heat which it is capa- process for afsaying copper, I shall take ble of giving, is kept up for the space the liberty to say, that the greatest part of ten minutes or a quarter of an hour; of Mr. Spillbury's way for aslaying the tiine mult be regulated according gold and silver is taken from Macto the fufSility of the ore; when it quer's Chymical Dictionary, though is perfectly fuled, it is poured into a differently expressed. I am surprised round mould, and the metal separated that one who ftiles himself Chymift

, from the scoria. The copper is still should be at a loss for a menftruum very impure, and is melted a second, that would dissolve copper and not filand sometimes a third and fourth time, ver! Could he be ignorant that the before it is perfectly fine.

marine acid, when hot and concentraIn the second incluing, the crucible ted, dissolves copper, and has not the is firit placed in the furnace, and made lealt effect upon filver? Mr. S. should white hot; the copper is then put in, have given his readers a process for and when it begins to melt, one tenth separating the marine acid from of an ounce of white flux, which is the aqua-fortis, which he uses, as it is made by detonating together two pints always adulterated with it, and which of nitre, and one of tartar, is thrown would precipitate the filver as soon as on it, and as soon as possible after- it was dissolved, and consequently the wards a quarter of an ounce of salt assay would not be just. What does must be put into the crucible; when Mr. S. mean by the following senthe ebullition ceases, it is poured into tenee, speaking of the gold assay in the

cucurbite ? « but if otherwise it will be * The ounce is divided into an hundred {mall duft, from any acid falts the parts.

aqua-fortis leaves beind.”

[ocr errors]

R. E.

PHILOSOPHICAL

PHILOSOPHICAL AND INGENIOUS AMUSEMENTS.

(Continued from Page 354 )

THE DANCING CARD.

which the ashes of the card are mixed. Instead of a ball, a nail is put into the barrel, which is marked by

some of the company. ONE of the company is desired to

The pack of draw a card, which is afterwards mixed" cards is then thrown up in the air, the 'with the pack, and is commanded to

pistol is fired, and the burnt card apappear on the wall; it accordingly pears nailed against the wall; the bit obeys, advancing as it is ordered, and of the corner which was torn off, is then describes an inclined line from the right compared with it, and is found exactly to the left; it disappears at the top of to fit, and the nail which fastens it to the room, and appears in an instant the wall is recognized by the persons afterwards, moving in a horizontal di- who marked it. rection.

EXPLANATION.

EXPLANATION.

When the performer sees that a corThis trick is so simple, that it hardly

ner has been torn from the chosen card, merits an explanation: it first confists he retires, and makes a similar tear on in making a perfon draw a forced card, a like card. Returning on the theatre, which

you know by the touch, because he asks for the chosen card, and passes it is larger than the rest. After having it to the bottom of the pack, and subfuffled them, you withdraw it from stitutes expertly in the place, the card the pack, to sew the company that which he has prepared, which he burns it is not there, and when ycu order instead of the firit. it to appear on the wall, the confede- When the pistol is loaded, he takes rate dexterously draws a thread, at the it in his hand under pretence of thewend of which is fastened a limilar card, ing how to direct it, &c. He avails which comes from behind a glass, and himself of this opportunity to open a this card is faftened by very minute hole in the barrel near the touch bole, loops of lilk to another thread fully through which the nail falls by its own stretched, along which the card runs, weight into his hand; having shut this and performs its rout..-fi licet parva paffage carefully, he requests fome one componere magnis, it resembles the

of the company to put more powder rope across the Seine, by which the fer

and wadding into the pistol; whilst chat ry-boat of the Invalids is conducted.

is doing, he carries the nail and card to his confederate, who quickly nails the card to a piece of square wood which

stops, hermetically, a space left open in THE CARD NAILED TO THE WALL the partition, and in the tapestry, but BY A PISTOL SHOT. which is not perceived, as it is covered

by a piece of tapestry similar to the A Card is desired to be drawn, and rest of the room, and by which means the person who chose it requested to when the nailed card is put in, it is not tear off a corner, and to keep it, that perceived; the piece of tapestry which he may know the card; the card so covers it, is nicely fastened on the one torn, is then burnt to cinders, and a end with two pins, and to the other a pitol is charged with gunpowder, with thread is fastened, one end of which the

confederate

[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

confederate holds in his hand.

As tom; for by this, you may seem to soon as the report of the pistol is heard, work wonders; fince it is easy for you the confederate draws his thread, by to fee, or take notice of a card; which which means the piece of tapestry falls though you are perceived to do, it will behind a glass---the card appears the not be suspected if you shuffle them well sume that was marked---and with the together, afterwards, by the metbod nail that was put in the pistol. It is here to be taught, which is this: in not astonishing that this trick bring to huffling let the bottom card be always difficult by its complexity to be guessed kept a little before, or, which is best, a at, should have received such univer- little behind all the rest of the cards ; fal applause.

put it a little beyond the rest before, N. B. After the pistol has been right over your fore-finger, or else, charged with powder, a tin tube may which is the best, a little behind the be flipped upon the charge, into which reit, so as the little finger of the left the nail being rammed along with the hand may slip up, and meet with it at wadding, by inclining it a little in pre- the first; fhuffle as thick as you can, and senting it to one of the spectators to fire, at last throw upon the board the botthe tube and contents will fall into the tom card, with as many more as you performer's hand to convey to his con- would preserve for any purpose, a little federate. If any one suspects that the before or a little behind the rest: and nail has been stolen out of the pistol, be sure to let your fore-finger, (if the you persist in the contrary, and beg pack be laid before) or your little finthe company at the next exhibition to ger, (if the pack be laid behind) always be further convinced; you are then to creep up to meet with the bottom card, fhew a pistol which you take to pieces and when you feel it, you may there to Thew that all is fair without any pre- hold it till you have shuffled over again, paration--you charge it with a nail, which being done, the card which was which is marked by fonne perion in con-. first atthe bottom will come there again; federacy with you, or you shew it to thus you may shuffle them before their many people on purpose to avoid its be- faces, and yet leave your 'noted card at ing marked. In this case the card is the bottom; you must try to be very nailed with another nail, but to per-' perfect in your fhuffling; and having fuade the company that it is the same, once attained it, you may do almoit you boldly assert that the nail was mar- what you please ; for whatever pack ked by several perfons, and you request you make, though it is ten, twelve, or the spectators to view it and be convin- twenty cards, you may itill keep it next ced.

the bottom, and yet shuffle them often to please the curious.

TO SHUFFLE CARDS IN SUCH A

MANNER AS ALWAYS TO KEEP
ONE CERTAIN CARD AT THE
BOTTOM.

HOW TO MAKE A CARD JUMP OUT

OF THE PACK AND RUN ON THE

TABLE.

A PERSON with a hard hand and This is a wonderful fancy if it be ftiff joints should never think of playing well handled; as thus : deception with the cards, as clumsy fin. Take a pack of cards, and let any gers will not do. In shewing tricks one draw any card that they fancy best, with cards, the principal point confifts and afterwards take and put it into the in shuffling them nimbly, and yet pack, but so as you know where to find keeping one certain card, either at the it at pleasure; for by this time I sup. bottom or in some known place of the pose you know how to fhuffle the cards, pack, four or five cards from the bot- and where to find any card when it is

put

The Unfortunate. Visible.

387

THE VISIBLE INVISIBLE.

ences.

put into the pack; then take a piece of ratus was a large looking-glass, on which wax and put it under the thumb-nail of was displayed a variety of devices, and your right-hand, and there fasten a hair fome very pretty verses, descriptive and to your thumb, and the other end of applicable to his design: this was handthe hair to the card; then 1pread the ed round the company, who having pack of cards open on the table: then read it very plainly, he took his handsay, If you are a pure virgin the card kerchief and wiped it all out, and the will jump out of the pack; then by your glass appeared without the least mark words or charms seem to make it jump whatever ; but on his defiring any one on the table.

to breathe upon it, the writing and characters became as visible as ever.

This was really altonishing to many present; but some gentlemen, being

well acquainted with the manner it was Various are the tricks and fancies done, and knowing it was too trifling made use of to amuse and surprise by to pay half-a-crown for so simple a the nimble-fingered gentry, who exhi. thing, declared against the imposition, bit for a livelihood, and gain a conífort- and undeceived the audience, by shewable subsistence from their gaping audi- ing the deception was nothing more

than French chalk; this set the whole The astonishment of the spectators place in an uproar, and vengeance was encreases as their senses are impofed declared against the performer, who, upon : in fact, they themselves (though with the utmost precipitation, was enthey do not know it) aililt the deceit! deavouring to make his escape ont of for, being more attentive to the trick the window to avoid their furybut than to the performer of it, they can being prevented, he was brought back not see or comprehend how it is done; to the audience, where, having alked when, were they acquainted with the pardon on his knees, and returning the manner, a little practice would make money, he afterwards told them, and them capable of doing the same. told thein truiy, if he had got off with

But as people will be amused by the money, he should have been invisible; some means or other, according to their but, as it was, he was visible ; after different dispositions, fo those who breaking his glass, he was suffered to practise these diversions, are in the right depart. to vary their ļcenes as much as they The French chalk is a compound of can, and as often as poslible introduce a greasy but extraordinary nature, and something new. Novelty has a charm. has been often made use of to draw the most attractive imaginable; yet portraits upon looking-glasses, when the they should be careful, in these attempts, picture may be visible or invisible, as not ta promise too much, and well con- the possessor thinks proper, only by fider that what they have to offer will breathing or wiping of it, and it will bear the test of scrutiny, lest they be- continue so for many months. come the scoff and ridicule of their au- Mr. Conjuror declared he gave five ditors, instead of their admiration. guineas for the secret, and it must be

A certain gentleman, well known confessed he bought the bargain. for his talents in the deceptive arts, a few years back, brought together a great number of genteel people at the Lebeck's Head, in the Strand.

His bills set forth a wonderful new discovery, which was to surprize and These kinds of inks are very curious, altonish all the beholders; and he calm and may serve for a great number of led it the Visible Invisible: his appa- physical recreations, very furprising to

such

SYMFATHETIC INKS.

« ZurückWeiter »