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only taking care that there is a little You will then shew to the company hole at the mouth of each. Put in the that the ace of hearts is on the right mouth of one a few grains of bruised hand, and the ace of spades on the ganpowder, and a little bit of phospho- left; when every body is convinced of rus in the mouth of the other; taking it, you are to say, Ladies and gentlemen, care that these preparations are made I am going to command the ace of before hand.

hearts, which is in my right hand, to Then take a lighted wax candle and país to my left, and the ace of spades present it to the mouth of the figure to take its place. You may even propose with the gunpowder, which taking fire to have both your arms tied, to prevent will put the candle out: then present their joining and communicating. your candle, having the snuff till hot, All the secret consists only in making to the other figure, it will light again a movement and itamping of your foot, immediately, by means of the phospho- when you give your command; during

this movement and stamping of your You may propose the same effect to foot, you must slip with dexterity your be produced by two figures drawn on a little finger on each of the marks in wall with a pencil or coal, by applying, order to rub off and make the marks of with a little starch or wafer, å few spades and hearts, that were sticking on grains of bruised gunpowder to the the two cards by the means explained mouth of one, and a bit of phosphorus before, fall, without any body perceiv. to the mouth of the other.

ing it; then you will shew to the com. pany that the cards have obeyed your

command, by passing from the left to A curious Secret to make a Card pass

the right, and from the right to the from one Hand into the other. Perforned by the celebrated Mr. Lane.

Icft, without your hands communicat.

ing. TAKE two deuces, the one of This trick, done with dexterity and spades, the other of heart ; put subtilty, will appear very, singular, ada on that of spades the majo Fuerte, trough it is very fiinple. and on that of heut', those of which viu will do call, lys card of cach color, , you? COROU QUESTIONS ON CARDS AND cut out with dextciiti, in vrtazhe mark mar bivery na

tine!iem verlai, Page ;. on the back the line

tresu you have cult, a liu's , ci very white

pomatum; thea linals hearts on the ace of pani, ani te Titreyird to find the probamark of fjxdus on the ace of l. cars; biiy of drawing all the diamonds taking care to cover then quite hermca tically, and to make ail your prepara- In the folutina cf questions of this tions before you begin your experi- nature v here there is but one purcel or

fct of things concerned, it is cvident Divide your pack of cards in tho that the nur?er of them continually ppcels, an . under each parcel you mat durease by one at each drarving, and put one of your two acesibus prepareri ; are taken to as many torns as there are afterwards, take with your right hand number of drawings, and then the rethe parcel under which is the age of spective chances 'for the happening and hearts, and with your left thus where failing of the several events being mula the ace of fpades.

tiplied together, prokuce the probability

of

LOTTERIES.

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25 1998

of all the events happening: we shall both these events happening will be thus therefore for the future place the num- exprefled } }, now the product of 5 ber of chances for the happening of an by 5 is 25, and that of 2 by 2 is 4, event above a line, and those against it so the probability is as 25 to 4. below, when it must be observed to multiply all the numbers found above

QUESTION 8. the line into each other, and likewise all those below into each other, and the Suppose there is a lottery in which products will few the probability of are 100 tickets, containing 24 capital all the events happening : Thus in the prizes, what is the probability that, in present question the number of events taking three tickets, I shall have 3 of or drawings are 4, and it is required to thole prizes? draw all the diamonds out of the heap Solution. As the question requires of 10 cards at 4 drawings; now the three of those particular prizes, it is no probability of drawing a diamond the matter what other prizes are in the lotfirst time was found to be as 10 to 4, tery besides these principal ones; therewhich I express thus 4 ; the probabi- fore, all the rest of the tickets inay be lity of drawing a diamond the second esteemed as blanks, and the probability time was found to be as 9 to 3, which of having one of those 'prizes will be I express thus }; if tivo diamonds be as 100 to 24, which is the same as 25 so drawn, we shall have 8 cards left, 2 to 6; if one of those prizes be so of which are diamonds, and the proba- drawn, the probability of having anobility of drawing a diamond the next ther of them will be as 99 to 23, and time will be as 8 to 2, or }; if this be that of having a third as 98 to 22 ; effected, we shall have 7 cards left, i now collecting all these probabilities toof which is a diamond, therefore the gether, we have

23 22, and multiprobability of taking a diamond the plying the lower numbers together, fourth time will be as 7 to 1, expressed produces 242550, and the upper ones thus, į; now collecting all these pro- 3036, fo the required probability is as babilities together, we have to

242550 to 3036, or about 80 to i. then multiplying the lower numbers together, produce 5040, and multiply

QUESTION 9. ing the upper ones together, make 24, fo the required probability is as 5040 to Suppose there is a heap of iz cards, 24, or exactly as 210 to 1.

containing 8 clubs and 4 diamonds, re

quired the probability that in drawing QUESTION 7.

2 of them, one of the two shall be a

diamond ? Let there be 10 cards taken as be- The solution of this question differs fore, viz. 6 clubs and 4 diamonds, but from those of the foregoing ones, belet them be divided into two heaps, cause here we only require one of the each containing 3 clubs and 2 dia- several things drawn to answer the conmonds; required the probability of ditions of the question, and the readiest drawing a diamond from each heap? way to discover this, will be to find the

Solution. The probability of taking probability of the contrary happening, a diamond from one heap will be as 5 that is, to find the probability of drawto 2; now as the drawing or not draw- ing two clubs successively, and subing of a diamond from one heap does tracting that from the whole number of not affect the drawing one from the chances for the happening and failing other, therefore the probability of tak- of the event, the remainder will be the ing a diamond from the other heap will number of chances for drawing one be also as 5 to 2, and the probability of cialnond at leait. Thus the probability

of

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85

Tenets of the Rofycrucians. of drawing 2 clubs successively will be Solution. First find the probability air, the product of 12 by n being of the three tickets being all blanks 132, and that of 8 by 7, 56; fo we thus : consider all the tickets, except have 56 chances for drawing 2 clubs the 4 particular oncs, to be blanks, fucceffively, and 132 againit it; there- whole number will be 496, then the fore, fubtracting 56 from 132, there probability of these three tickets being remains 76, the number of chances for all blanks, will be 496 495 424 drawing one diamond, and the re- product of the upper numbers is quired probability as 132 to 76, or as 121286880; and that of the lower ones 33 to 19.

124251000, their difference 2,964,1 20,

is the number of chances for drawing QUESTION 10.,

one prize, and the probability will be

as 124,251,000 to 2,964,120, or nearLet there be a lottery of 500 tickets, ly as 42 to 1. in which there are 4 particular prizes, what is the probability that in taking 3

[ To be continued. ] tickets I shall have one of theie prizes ?

500 455 435; the

ROSY CRUCIAN PHILOSOPHY.

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The singular life and fate of Count Ca- Their chicf was a German gentleman, gliostro, we apprehend may render called Chriftian Rosencruz, educated in fome account of the philosophical sy- a monastery, where he learnt the lanstem of this illuminated Society an in- guages. About the close of the fourteresting article in our Magazine. teenth century, he went to the Holy

Land, where, falling sick at Damascus, IT is well known that this man was he consulted the Arabs, and other Eastern the friend and associate of a German philosophers, by whom he was supposed Count, who was a member of the Soci

to be initiated into this wonderful art. ety of Rosycrucians, of whose tenets the At his return into Germany, he formed following account is selected from the a society, to whom he communicated the best authorities.

secrets he had brought with him out of The Rolycrucians, of brothers of the the East, and finally died in 1484. The Rosycross, is a name a. Tumed by a fect whole of this account is generally rejected or cabal of hermetic philosophers, who

as fabulous. arose, as it has been said, or at least be

But the denomination evidently apcame first taken netice of in Germany, ' pears to be derived from the science of in the beginning of the fourteenth cen- Chemistry. It is not compounded, says tury.

Marsheim, as many imagine, of the two Thøy bound themselves together by a words, rosa and crux, which fignify Role folemn secret

, which they swore inviola- and Cross, but of the latter of these words, bly to preserve; and obliged themselves, and the Latin word, Ros, which fignifies at their admission into the order, to a Dew. Of all natural bodies, dew was ftrict observance of certain established deemed the most powerful diffolvent of rules.

gold; and the cross, in the chemical lanThey pretended to know all sciences, guage, is equivalent to light; because the and affected to be masters of abundance figure of a cross exhibits, at the same time, of important secrets ; and, among others, the three letters of which the word lux, that of the Philosopher's Stone; all which or light, is compounded. Now, lux is they affirmed to have received by tradi. called, by their feet, the seed, or mention from the ancient Egyptians, Chal- ftruum of the red dragon, or, in other deans, the Magi, and Gymnofophifts. words, that gross and corporal light,

which,

86

The Rofycrucians. which, when properly digested, and mo. ginal of Masonry, as traced by Mr. An. difed, produces gold. Hence it follows, derson, and that of Rofycrucianism, as if this etymology be admitted, that a Ro- fixed from Naudæus, who has written fvcrucian Philosopher is one, who, by expressly on the subject, confist, we leave the intervention and assistance of the others to judge. dew, seeks for light, or, in other words, Notwithitanding the pretended antithe fubitance called the Philofopher's quity of Rofycrucians, it is probable, Stone.

that the Alchemists, Paracelists, or FireThe true meaning and energy of this Philosophers, who spread themselves denomination did not escape the pene- throùgh all Europe, at the close of the tration and fagacity of Gaffer:di, as ap- fixteenth century, assumed, about this pears by his Examen Philofophiæ Flud- period, the ambiguous title of Rosycrudianæ, fect. 15. tom. iii. p. 261; and it cian Brethren, which commanded, at was more fully explained by Renaudot, first, fome e egree of respect, as it seemed in his Conferences Publiques, tom. iv. to be borrowed from the arms of Luther, P. 87.

which were, a Crofs placed upon a Rose. They have been distinguished by se- At the head of these characters was veral names, accommodated to the leve- Robert Fludd, an English physician, Jaral branches of their doctrine.

cob Behmen, and Michael Mayer. The Because they pretend to portrait the common principles, which serve as a period of human life, by means of cer- kind of centre of union to the Rosycru. tain noftrums, and even to restore youth, cian Society, are the following. They they were called, Immortales.

all maintain, that the diffolution of boAs they pretended to know all things, dies, by the power of fire, is the only they have been called, Illuminati. The way by which men can arrive at true fociety forming this branch of the feet, wisdom, and come to discern the first is now held at Avignon; and the two principles of things. They all acknowbrothers, who a few weeks ago desired ledge a certain analogy and harmony bethe French King to put himself at the tween the powers of Nature and the head of his army, at the command, as doctrines of Religion, and believe that they said, of certain spirits, and have been the Deity governs the Kingdom of very properly taken into custody for their Grace by the fame laws with which he temerity, were a brace of its members, rules the Kingdom of Nature; and

The Rofycrucians, because they have hence they are led to ufe chemical denomade no appearance for several years, minations to express the truths of relibut have kept together, incognito, have gion. They all hold, that there is a fort been called, The Invisible Brothers. of divine energy, or foul, diffused through

Their society is frequently signed by the frame of the universe, which some the letters, F. R. C. which some inter- call the Archeus; others, the Universal pret, fratres, roris cocti; it being pre- Spirit, and which others mention under tended, that the matter of the Philofo- different appellations. They all talk in pher's Stone is dew, concocted, ex-, the most fuperfluous manner of what alted, &c.

they call the signatures of things; of the Some, who are no friends to Free- power of the stars over all corporeal Masonry, make the present flourishing beings, and their particular influence Society of Free-Malons a branch of Ro- upon the human race, of the efficacy fycrucians; or, rather, the Rolycrucians of magic, and the various ranks and chemselves, under a new name, or rela- orders of demons. In fine, they all agree, cion, viz. as retainers to building. in throwing out the most crude, incom

And it is certain, there are some Free. prehensible notions, and ideas, in the Malons who have all the characters of most obscure, quaint, and unusual exRolycrucjans; but how the æra and ori. presions.

DÆDALUS, OR

MECHANICAL MOTION

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An historical Efsay on the various Attempts,
Improvemen's, and Kinds of Automatons, internal impulse.

move away to the given extent of their or self-moving Machines; with a Digrer

Various have been the means atfion on the P ilibility and great Uftfulness of impriving the Art of Flying

tempted to produce such mechanica!

motions. Aristotle, in his Book on the AMONGST the variety of artificial Sul, afñrms that this was performed by motions, those are the most curious in wheels, springs, and weights. Of this which, by the secret ap;lication of kind likewise were Vuican's Tripods fome continued strength, there is a re- celebrated by Homer, that were made gular and lasting motion. These self to move up and down the house and movers are only to be understood such fight one another. He might as well that receive their motion from some- have contrived them into joarneymen thing that belongs to their frame itself, blacksmiths, each of which, with a as clocks and watches, by weights, hammer in his hand, should have work{prings, and the like.

ed at the forge. Such engines as receive a regular and But amongst these fighting images, lasting motion from something belong- that in Cardan deserves a mention, ing to their frame, whether weights or which, bolding in its hand a golden apsprings, are usually distinguished into ple beautified with diamonds and other fixed and stationary, moveable and jewels, if any man offered to take it, transient,

the ftatue immediately shot him to The fixed are such as move only ac- death ; the touching of this artificial cording to their whole frame, in which, fruit moving some secret springs, which though each wheel hath a distinct ro- discharged several flort arrows from tation, yet the whole frame remains un- concealed bows lodged within the body moved: of this fort principally are of the image. By such treachery, acclocks and watches in ordinary use; the cording to Boethius, was a Lydian king mechanical contrivance, being so well put to death. known, may be passed over here ; but Amongst these inventions may be such as wish to inveitigate this sort of ranked the iron spider mentioned by a mechanism, we will refer to De: ham's Latin author as very remarkable, which Artificial Clockmaker, revived by Gra- being but of an ordinary bigress, bebam. The other kind we now inquire fides the outward fimilitude, yet had the after, are those that are moveable, fame kind of motions with a living spiwhich may be distinguished and de- der, and crept about as if it had been scribed as such engines as move not alive. It must be very curious to cononly according to their feveral parts, trive, with the necessáry exactness and but also according to their whole frames. precision, the pares requisite for such a These are again denominated into two motion in fo Imall a frame. There forts, viz. gradiant and volant. have been alio other motions contrived

The gradiant, or ambulatory, are from magnetical qualities, which ap: such

as require some bafis or bottom to peared very wonderful to those who did uphold them in their inotions : such not understand the secret reason of their were those curious inventions commoniy attributed to DÆDALUS. His Thus, according to Kircher, in his self-moving statues, which, unless de- Arte Magnetica; get a glass sphere, gained by a force fuperior to their own fill it with such liquors as may be clear internal înotive power, would of course of the same colour, but innmixable,

fuch

apparent motion.

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