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to be erroneous, his works will always be valuable, on account of the number

of ancient observations they contain: CLAUDIUS PTOLEMY, a cele. brated mathematician of Pelulium, near the city of Alexandria, flouriihed under the emperors Adrian and Marcus Au

PHILEMON Holland, commonly relius, towards the year A. C. 138. called “ The Txandator General of According to his theory in his fyftem the Age,” was educated in the uni. of the world, he places the earth'inversity of Cambridge. He was, for the coacre of the universe. He wrote

many years, a school-malter at Co. a treatise on geography, which is a

ventry, where he practifed phyfic and very necessary vzork to understand the aitro ogy. He translated Livy, Pliny's extent of the ancient world. The first Natural Historv; Plutarch's Morals, charts that Ger. Mercator drew were Suetonius, Ammianus Marcellinus, for this book. He wrote a prodigious Xenophon's Cyropædia, and Caiden's deal upon Astronomy and Chronology; Britannia, into English, and the geothe principal of which is his knagelle, graphical part of Speed's Theatre of or Compositio we gna, wherein is found Great Britain, into Latin. The Bria catalogue of : 022 stars, and of which tannia, to which he made many useful the latitude and longitude arc deter. 'additions, was the moit valuable of his mined. Ir, this work he demonfirates works. It is surprising that a man of the moti, o of the fixed stars. His

two professions could find time Harmor corum, or System of the World, translate so much; but it


from has been adopted by the learned, as the the date of the Cyropedia, that he con. true ineoryof mundane motion for many tinued to translate till he was eighty ages, and was only abandoned to intro

years of age. Ob. '1636, Æt. 85. duce the more rational and inore account- He made the following epigram able scheme of Copernicus. He is cele upon writing a large folio with a fingle brated in the science of Astral inspec

pen. tion, for his book intitled the Quadripartite, a work consisting of canons or

With one sole pen I writ this book,

Made of a grey grofe quill, rules for understanding the true fide

A pen it was when it I took, rial influx of the stars, This work has

And a pen I leave it still. been translated into English, but we cannot say in a manner to do ho- There were not wanting in his time nour either to the original and learn- people, who asserted, he was affited in ed author, or his translator, The these voluminous works by the devil; most correct and complete edition of but if that had been the case, Satan Ptolemy's works in Latin, is that of muft then have had but a very iinperBafil, in folio, in 1551. Little pro- fect knowledge of the French, from gress was made in aitronomy from the which all Holland's translations were time of Hipparchus to Ptolemy's, and made. However, he is placed in the though the principles on which his list of great men accused of magic, by system was founded, has been found Naudeus. Vol. I.






Marquis of Worcester. Philemond Holland was the most vo- to seize a hint, and sagacity to apply it, luminous translator that ever existed. might avail himself greatly of these It is true, he understood no language scantlings, though little more than a but English and French, and his style bare catalogue. Capt, Savery took is excessively poor, as well as his per- from the Marquis, very probably, his formance unfaithful; but it is incon, hint of the steam engine; that of Atopceivable of what service his perform- ping a carriage instantly by letting off ances were to the English language, the horses, may boast the fame origin, They gave his readers the sense and As a mechanical genius, he was the sentiments of the ancients; and though greatest perhaps in the world. In a I am far from thinking Shakespeare future number we mean to give his was deftitute of a competent know. Scantlings, ledge of the learned languages, yet it is impossible he could have acquired the amazing knowledge he discovers of the history and manners of antiquity, without the medium of translations,

GRANDIER Urban, curate and

canon of Loudun, was burnt for a ma. MARQUIS OF WORCESTER, gician. He was a good preacher,

which was the reason, some people EDWARD Somerset, Marquis of thought, that the monks of Loudun Worcester, was a zealous catholic, and had a pique against him, which after, a man of courage and enterprise; was wards improved into a strong aversion much in the favour of Charles, who dis- upon his pressing the obligation that patched him into Ireland to treat with people were under to confess to the the rebels of that kingdom, and engage parson of the parish at Easter,

In them in his service, in opposition to 1629, this Grandier was charged with the parliament. The powers which keeping a scandalous correspondence were granted him were of so extraor- with some women ; on this score he dinary a nature, as to strike many of was deprived by the official of Poictiers, the royalists with astonishment. No- and put under penance, but appealing thing but the desperate situation of the from this sentence, he was, by arrest king's affairs could justify such a strange of the parliament of Paris, remitted to step. In 1663, he published a small the presidial of Poictiers, where he was book, intitled, “ A Century of the acquitted. Three years after the Ur: “ Names and Scantlings of such In- suline nuns of Loudun were supposed “ ventions as I can at present call to to be poífefied. Upon this, Grandier's “ mind to have tried and perfected, enemies laid the possession at his door, " which (my former notes being loft) and informed against him for a wizzard. “ I have, at the instance of a powerful Now this conduct seems mighty odd to “ friend, endeavoured now, in the year Monsieur Bayle; for, says he, if they " 1655, to set these down in such a believed him capable of sending the

way as may fufficiently instruct me Devil into human bodies, they ought

to put any of them in practice.” At to have been afraid to provoke him, for the concļusion he says, “ meaning to fear, left, instead of one devil, he should " leave posterity a book, wherein, un, have sent them twenty ; but, under fa, « der each of these heads, the means your, this supposition of Monsieur " to put in execution, and visible trial, Bayle seems to infer, that the power « all and every of these inventions, of ill men is as great as their malice, " with the lhape and form of all these and that the range of the devils is unli" things by brass plates." A practi- mitted and without controul, which çal mathematician, who has quickness are both mistakes,


Sir George Wharton.

163 To return, the capuchins of Loudan particularly that of astrology; his went on with their information; and progress in this art was suitable to his to make it pass the better, they endea- passion for it. He was author of al. voured to fortify themselves with the manacs, mercuries, and several astroauthority of Cardinal Richlieu ; to this logical pieces : we are indebted to him purpose they wrote to Father Joseph, for a chronological account of all the one of their fraternity, who had an in- remarkable occurrences in the civil tereft with his Eminence, giving him war, fince printed under the title of to understand that Grandier was the the Histtorian's Guide, and much imauthor of a libel entitled La Cordon- proved of late by Mr. Salmon in the niere de Loudon, which was very re- Chronological Historian. He had a flecting on the birth and person of the knack of versifying, which he used Cardinal : this great minister, amongst much in his astrological works; these abundance of good qualities, had, as were well suited to the enthusiasm of Bayle reports, the infirmity of profe- the times. Upon the Restoration he cuting those that wrote libels against was appointed paymaster of the ord. him with too much rigour; and thus nance, and created a baronet, which being persuaded that Grandier wrote set him above the profession of an au. the pamphlet above-mentioned, he got thor. Died Auguft, 1681. His him brought to his trial in August, works were published by Gadbury, 1634, and upon the deposition of the 8vo. 1683. nuns, who named what devils they were possessed by, he was condemned by the court to make une amende ho

ASTRONOMÉR. nourable, and to be burnt at the stake, with magical characters about him, to- HEVELIUS, or Hevelke, was a gether with a manuscript written by senator of the city of Dantzick, and for him against the celibacy of prieits. fome time held the honorable office of Grandier suffered with great resolution, Echevin or conservator of the public and with the behaviour of a christian. edifices, &c. He was born in that The poffeffion or pretended pofleffion city in 1611, and died in 1687. He of the nuns of Loudun continued a pursued the Itudy of atronomy with year after the death of Grandier. Me- the greateit success. He was the first • nagius is clearly of opinion, that Gran- that observed a kind of libration in the dier had hard measure, and that the motion of the moon. He discovered possession of these nuns was nothing also several fixed stars, which he named but imposture and pretence; which is “ the firmament of Sobiesky” in ho« likewise confirmed by a book printed in nour of John Sobiesky, King of PoHolland in 1693, called Histoire des land. His

was celebrated Diables de Loudun.

throughout Europe. In the list of his friends he numbered Gafsendus, Bouilland, Mersenne, Wallis, and

Hock; but his friendship with the SIR George Wharton, a soldier latter was broke of by a controversy,

poet, famous for his loy- in which his antagonist conducted alty to Charles I. in whose cause he himself with little moderation and posuffered much and was long imprison- hiteness.. He was particularly honoured ed; was

born in Westmoreland with the patronage of Lewis XIV. and He spent the greatest part of his patri- of the great Colbert. The munificent mony in the service of Charles I. for monarch sent him a considerable prewhom he raised a fine troop of horse, sent, and, in the sequel, granted him which he commanded in person, a penfion. . Medals were struck to his When he could no longer keep the honour, and two kings of Poland ho field, he retired to his studies, which he noured his observatory with their prepursued with uncommon application, fence.




and a


Conflict between two Devils.






THE following interesting particulars of a singular apparition is related A CERTAIN gentleman about thirby Mr. Lackington, in his Life, lately ty years ago or more, being to travel published. In the workhouse belong- from Londen to Essex, and to pass ing to the parish of St. James's, at through Bow; at the request of a friend Taunton in Somersetihire, there lived he called at a houfe there, which bea young woman, who was naturally an gan then to be a little disquieted. But ideot; this poor creature had somehow not any thing much remarkable yet, a great aversion to sleeping in a bed, unless about a young girl who was and at the usual hour of reft, would pluckt by the thigh by a cold hand in often slip away to a field in the neigh- her bed, who died within a few days bourhood, called the Priory, where the after. slept in the cow sheds.

Some weeks after this, his occasions In order to break her of this bad calling him back, he passed by the same custom, two men agreed to endeavour house again, but had no design to give if they could to frighten her out of it. them a new visit, he having done that Accordingly one night, when they not long before. But it happening that knew that she was there, they took a the woman of the house itood at the white sheet with them, and coming to door, he thought himself engaged to the place, one of the men concealed ride to her, and ask how she did. To himself, to see the event, while the whom she answered, with a sorrowful other wrapped himself up in the sheet, countenance, that though she was in and walked backwards and forwards tolerable health, yet things went very close before the cow-lhed in which she ill with them, their house being ex. was laid. It was foine time before tremely haunted, especially above stairs, Molly paid any attention to the appari- so that they were forced to keep in the tion, but at last she got up, and looking low rooms, there was such a flinging of out, exclaimed, “ Ah! Ah !" said ine, things up and down, of stones and “ A white devil!” And by her man- bricks through the windows, and putner of exprefling herielf, the thought. ting all in disorder. But he could it was very strange to see a white de. fcarce forbear laughing at her, giving vil.–And soon after she exclaimed a- so little credit to fuch stories himself, gain in surprise, “ A black devil too" - and thought it was the tricks only of With that the man who had the sheet some unhappy wags to make sport to on, looking over his shoulder, faw fairly themselves, and trouble their neighthe image of a person all over black, bours. behind him, the light of which made Well

, said the, if you will but stay him take to his heels. Molly then a while you may chance to see fomeclapped her hands as fast as she could, thing with you: own eyes. And, in. crying out at the same time, "? Run, deed, he had not stayed any confiderarun, black devil, and catch white de- ble time with her in the ftreet, but a vil !” and was highly diverted. But window of an upper room opened of this proved a serious adventure to the itself, (for they of the family took it for white devil, as he expired within a few granted, nobody was abdve stairs), and minutes after he had reached his own out comes a piece of an old wheel house; and from that time poor Molly through it. Whereupon it presently was left to sleep unmolested in peace. Clapt to again. A little while after, it



Freaks of Apparitions, fuddenly few open again, and out came pipe rise from a side-table, nobody bea brick bat, which inflamed the gentle- ing nigh, and fly to the other fide of man with a more eager desire to see the room, and break itself against the what the matter was, and to discover wall, for his further confirmation, that the knavery

And therefore, he boldly it was neither the tricks of wags, nor resolved, if any one would go up with the fancy of a woman, but the mad him, he would enter the chainber. frolics of witches and dæmons. Which But none present durit accompany him. they of the house being fully persuaded Yet, the keen defi:e of discovering the of, roasted a bed-Itaff, upon which an cheat, made him adventure by himself cld woman, a suspected witch, came to alone into that room. Intó which, the house, and was apprehended, but when he was come, he saw the bed escaped the law. But the house was ding, chairs, and stoo's, and candle- after so ill haunted in all the rooms, Iticks, and bed itaves, and all the furni- upper and lower, that it stood empty tune rulely scattered on the foor, but for a long time. upon search, found no mortal in the






Well! he stays there a while to try conclusions ; anon a bed-tait begins to move, and turn it:eif round a good while together upon its toe, and at last

AN officer in the 104th regiment fairly to lay itself down again. The

had, in 1783, a house at Birmingham curious spectator, when he had obferv. ed it talye still awhile , iteps out to it, living in it

. The report was, that

from Mr. An, on condition of views whether any final ftring or hair were tied to it, or whether there spectres frequented it. For several

months while he was there, strange were any hole or button to tàiten any stuch ftring to, or hole or itring in the maifes ivere often heard. A great ditcieling above; but after iech, he turbance over head at last alarned him,

where he and his servant inmediately found not the lealt su!picion of any luch There they found the appear- . thing. He retires to the window again, and

ance of a lady—they bolied the door,

and endeavoured to secure her, but observes a little longer what may tu

without chect, for he immediatels vaAnon, another bed-stair riies cff

nithed.--This the fficer made afaidafrom the ground, of its own accord, hi her into the air, and seems to make vit to before a Justice, and spoke of it towards him. He now begins to think

as a thing he had never before repeated. there was something more than oidi

If required, the names of the parties

will be given. nary in the busincis, and presently.nakes to the door with all ipeed, and for beiter caution, shuts it after hiin. Whicha las presently opened again, and such a clatter of chairs and tools, and candle- CAPTAIN Henry Bell, in his narfticks, and bed-staves, fent after him rative prenxed to Luther's Table Talk, down stairs, as it they intended to have printed in England in 1652: after maimed hin; but their motion was fo having mentioned the mystery and promoderated, that he received no harm: yidence of the discovery of it under but by this, he was abundantly ailured ground in Germany, where it had lain that it was not mere woinanith fear or

hid fifty-two years, relates the followsuperstition that to affrighted the mil. ing altonishing admonition relating to tress of the house. And while in a low the translation of it into English. roon he was talking with the family Captain Van Spar, a Gerinan genabout these things, he saw a tobacco- tleman, having, as before observed, re




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