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An Example of Augurg.

153

THE AUGUR. NO IV.

manner

at

So far as a man is spiritual, so far It is an old faying, or remark, that he is an Augur. Every thing he fees, for a wolf to cross your path withous does, speaks, is applied to knowledge: attacking you, is a good omen; bue for he knovs from experience and for a hare io cross and go away is bad. found philofophy, that every thing vi- An author juitly observes, that the fible has a'y invifible part or corelative; reason of these seems to be this—it is that is, is governed by some principle: happy to escape a foe, but unfortunate and he further knows, that this prin- to let a benefit escape: and these are ciple will manisest itself in a more cx- prototypes, first received figurations tensive

a future time. or earliest inanifestations *, of this or Hence the apostolic caution, that " for that principle having root in your life, every idle word a man all speak, he and gradually proceeding to repullulamult give an account;” because this tion, efffreience, and fruit. word is not without iis caule and its But circun lances, either of the ob.

consegkence--it is a link in the chain ject or person, or of circumjacent of life, of his life too, who speaks it- things, will materially affect the omen. it is a seed fown; and the soil, which To instance---if the person have more receives the seed muit sustain the tree. hares than he want, it may be a wise “ Every man mall bear his own bur- rejection of superfluities, or a merely den. Be noi deceived: God is not indifferent diurnal occurrence. If he be mocked; for whatioever a man forveth, on the other hand, an unqualified peaa that shali he also reap.” - Gal. vi. 5,7. funt, very fond of hares, this pregnant So allo Solomon-" For God” (and if and beloved wife longing for one, his his philosophical charzeter, ile order fick child demanding a delicacy, living of existence and unifience, be conf. under a tenacious landlord, watched by dered, the position is a truim) “hall a brutal game-keeper, and the hare bring every work into judgment" for liave been feeding for nights on his regulation) “ with every it crer thing, uncovered candges and scanty turnips, whether good or evil."--Eccies. lait and he bc woboiden from killing it, verle.

having raid within his reach, imply N. B. I have condescended to sa by the fear of a gaol -- the cmen thus philosophical idea, to meet the wildan complicated freaks, as truly as a therm of the day; but fcripture very pro- moneter thens the degree of heatperly concludes, that if the ordering that the Englif, pealdit is the dispirited principle of being had no more than flave of a wretched, puny, cyrant; the pysical life, it is not very lidely that coward of rapacious wealth ---the filent the animalcula ORDERED would have victim of injutt legislation a higher class, and therefore is fuper- trary in equity io that which declared sitious cnough to spetk of God as the to poor multitudes, “ that they wcie ORDERER—5 the Fountain even of of ino: e value than many spárrovis," moral life, and therefore, in all proba- and boldly challenging to proof that, bility, poliefing as lirge a portion of which went forth in a fiery law, it, and as much intellect, as he be- and said to Moses, “if the opprefied ftowed upon Mr. Gibbon.

cver jo little unto me, I will But, to exemplify what I mean by bear.” looking through a circu nitance to the principles, which lie concealed under

A perlon ha'ituated to mind, will it; this being the pure and genuine probably have percived ihe principle in a fenfe of Augury.

wuch warlier and finer forin,

CON

Crv

154

Singular Mechanical Animals.

But those who are foolish in their without force, in learning without academies, do well to be wicked in common sense, in laws without justice, their houses, tyrants in their legisla- in charity without humanity, and in tion, and contemptible to the nations religion without christianity. around. It is well to shine in arms This is an exmple of Augury.

DÆDALUS, OR MECHANICAL MOTION.

(Continued from Page 89.]

auto

one.

A CITIZEN of London hav- eativ g, drinking, and imitating the ing improved the Chyrcpedial Machine voice of the natural one. And what of the ancients, we shall proceed with is fill more surprising, the food it the notice of some of the most curious swallowed was evacuated in a digested mechanical inventions of the fort, com- ftate ; not that it was really in a state mencing with the history of automa- of natural excrement, but only confi. tons of modern date.

derably altered from what it was when These are self-moving machines, firit swallowed; and this digestion was constructed by mechanical art upon performed on the principles of solution, principles to overcome the laws of not of trituration. The wings, viscera, gravity by a contrived innate exertion, and bones, of this artificial duck, were produced by springs and weights, le- also formed fo as very Itrongly to revers, pullies, and wheels, fo adapted femble those of a living one. Even in to each other as to move a considerable the actions of eating and drinking, this time, according to the design of the resemblance was preserved; the artiartificer, imitating animal action and ficial duck swallowed with avidity and functions. Ard according to this vastly quick motions of the head and description, clocks, watches, and ail throat ; and likewise maddled the wa. machines of that kind, are ter with his bill, exactly like a natural mata.

In a former paper on this subject we M. Le Droz, of La Chaux de Fonds, Thewed the antiquity of self-moving in the county of Neuf Chate), hari machinery, having mentioned Archytas also exccuted some very curious pieces of Tarentum, who made a wooden of mechanism, which well deferve to pigeon that could Ay, 400 years before be ranked with those already inention, Christ. In our time have seen as ed. One was a clock, which was precurious things executed by the mecha- sented to his Spanish majesty ; and nics of the day; nor will this appear had, among other curiosities, a Mheep, at all incredible, when we consider the which imitated the bleating of a natuflute-player made by ivir. Vaucanson, ral one; and a dog watching a basket and the chess-player by Mr. Kempello of fruit : when any one attempted to Dr. Hook is allo said to have made the purloin the fruit, he gnafhed his teeth, model of a flying chariot, capable of and barked; and if it was actually supporting itself in the air. But Mr. taken away, he never ceased barking Vaucanson, above mentioned, hath dif- till it was restored. Besides this, he tinguished himself ftill more eminently made a variety of human figures, which That gentleman, encouraged by the exhibited motions truly surprising ; favourable reception of his ilute-player, but all inferior to Mr. Kempell's chessmade a duck, which was capable of player, which may justly be looked

upon

History of Alchemy.

155 upon as the greatest master-piece in writing figure, which performed any mechanics that ever appeared. line of writing with a pen, though

Mechanism of this kind has been of upon the plan of the pentagraph, can; late

years exhibited in London and the not be adduced here, because it could country; we have been entertained by not act without the assiitance of a con. a speaking figure, which rendered ref- cealed person who was the first mover. ponses to any question put by the vi- In our next Paper we shall consider the sitor ; but, as this was performed by nature and utility of the ærostatic exconfederacy more than mechanical periment. principle, we must pass it by. The

L.

ALCHEMY.

HISTORY OF THE ART.

THIS is a branch of Chemistry, times it is done by dexterously dropwhich has for its principal objects the ping in a piece of gold concealed betransmutation of metals into gold ; the tween the fingers, sometimos by cast. panacea,

or universal remedy ; an ing in a little of the dust of gold or alkalist, or universal diffolving men- filver disguised under the appearance ftruum, an universal ferment, and salt, of some elixir, or other indifferent and other changes cqually important matter; sometimes a crucible has been and difficult. Kircher, who was an introduced which had a double bot. adept in all the artifices of the Spagy- tom, and gold put between the two; rilts, has severely exposed the practices sometimes the rod used to stir it has and juggling arts of alchemical impof- been hollow, and filled with the dust ture, but we think he has gone too far of the metal desired ; at other times, in his ridicule, for the alchemists are gold that has been mixed with the certainly, with all their errors, the fa- charcoal, the ashes of the furnace, and thers of useful chemistry, for most of the like. Mr. Harris very properly the principal inventions have been distinguishes Alchemy from Chemistry, brought about by their aid and at- when he denominates the foriner to be tempts to resolve metals and discover

ars fine arte, and the Italians have a the Philosopher's Stone. Notwith- proverb, non ti fidiare al Alchimista standing we have had very respectable povero o medico amalato. The ruin witnesses to Mr. Price's experiment, which has often attended this delusion we itill may entertain a doubt, whether has occafioned several States to make he ever went through the process him- severe laws against pretences to Alself in forming the first matter. Father chemy. The Romans, much too igo Kircher above mentioned, who was norant, banished all such as professed deep in the mystery of the hermetical it, as Vigerius reports, and the sacred science, took much pains to ascertain canons likewise directed the thunder of the certainty thereof. An alchemist, their censure againk it. Cæsar, Dio. he says, puts into a crucible the matter clesian, and Justinian, directed all which is to be converted into gold, this books which treated of this subject to he sets on the fire, blows it, itirs it be burnt. Rymer furnishes us with with rods; and, after divers operations a licence for practising Alchemy, with gold is found at the bottom of the cru- all kinds of metals and minerals, grantcible, instead of the matter first put in: ed to one Richard Carter, in 1476; this there are a thousand ways of effect- vide Rymer's Fædera, vol. xii. Sucing, without any transmutation. Some- cessive times have, however, cnacted

fevere

U 2

156

Art of Writing secret Letters.

severe laws againit Alchemy and mul- fome anecdotes of ancient and modern tiplying of metals, as much to as profeflors; but thus much we have againit ccining itself.

premiled of the history of this art, at In a future Number we shall give the earnest request of a correspondthe nature and process of the art, with ent,

[blocks in formation]

TO MAKE STEEL OF IRON.

it all over

make it
warm,

and

pour

the blade, this will take off the blue TAKE small iron bars of the finest colour ; then wet your oil-colour with sort, powdered willow or beech-coals, fresh water, and it will come off eafithe shavings of horn, and the foot of a ly, and the letters drawn therewith baker's chimney; stratify tliese in an remain blue. carthen pan, made for that purpole, with a cover to it. Firit make a laver of the mixture, about an inch thick; TO MAKE GLASS MELT EASILY, then a laver of iron bars, and then again the mixture, and so proceed till PUT into the melting pot a little the pan is full. Note, the top muit of aslenick that has been fixed with be of the mixture; then put the cover ricre, this will make the glass mellow upon it, lute it, and put it in a wind- and easy to ilux. furnace for twenty-four hours, and give it a reverberatory fire.

AN ARTIFICIAL WATER FOR WRI.

TING LETTERS OF SECRECY.

A POWDER

FOR

POLISHING

SOFT

STONES.

TAKE vitriol, finely powdered,

put a litile thereof into a new ink-horn, TAKE iron scales, mix ihem with pour clean water on it, and after it has vinegar and filt, and let them itand food a little, write therewith, either thus intulec, for three or four days, on vellum or paper, and the writing the longer the better; then grind the cannot be fen any other way, than by misture very fine, dry it, and put it drawing the letter through a water, in an erthen pot ivell luted ; give it which is thus prepared : take a pint of a good fire and it will be fit for use. water, put into it one ounce of pow.

de.ed gulls, temper it together, and

strain it through a cloth; put the wa. TO MAKE BLUE LETTERSON SWORD: ter into a dith that is wide cnough, and

draw your writing through it, and you

will read it as you do çther writings: TAKE the blade, hold it over a and to make the secret contents less liable el arcoal fire will it is blue, then with to avoid suspicion, you may write on oil colours wiite what letters

you

will the contrary side of the paper, or upon the blade, and let them dry; parchment, with black ink any matter when dry, take good itrong vinegar, of lels consequence.

BLADES.

MEMENTO

The English Fortune-Teller.

157

MEMENTO TO THE LOVERS of FRENCH WINES,

From Dr. Watson's (the Fithop of Landaft) Chemical Efrays.

NEITHER cerule, nor litharge, negar merchants, bought these four nor minjum nive any taite, but any wines, which were stili rendered more of these fubitance: being boilet in dil- four by the cultom of pouring into each tilled vinegir, which has an acid caite, hogshead fix pints of vinegar before it will be didelved in it; and the folu- was fold, and afterwards by means of tion being criitalized, will give one litharge, rendered them palatable, and of the fiveerelt fubitinces in nature, fold them as genuine wires. Our called S.ccharu'n Saturni, or Sugar of English vintners, there is reason to Lead. It is this property which lead fear, are not less fcrupulous in the use has of acquiring a sweet taste by iolu of this poison than the French wine tion in acid, that has rendered it so merchants; for it not only corrects serviceable to thoie wi.e merchants, the acidity of lour wines, but it gives who, respecting their own profit more a richneis to meagre ones, and by this than the lives of their cuítimers, have property the teinptation to use it is not scrapled to attempt rec.vering much encreased. wines which had turned four, by put- 'The reader may soon furnish himting into them large quantities of ce- self with the means of detecting lead ruse or litharge. I believe this adul- wherr diffolved in wine. Let him teration is punithed with death in some boil together in a pint of water, an parts of Gerinany; and it is to be ounce of quick-lime, and half an ounce wished that it met with that punish- of flour of brimstone, and when the ment every where. In 1750, the liquor, which will be of a yellow cofariners general in France being altın- lour, is cold, let him pour it into a ished at the great quantities du vin bottle, and corking it up, reserve it gaté which were brought into Paris, for use. A felv drops of this liquor in order to be made into viregar, re- being let fall into a glass of wine or doubled their researches to find out the cyder containing lead, will change the cause of the great increase in that ar- whole into a colour more or less brown, ticle: for near 30,000 hogsheads had according to the quantity of lead been annually brought in for a few which it contains; if the wine be wholyears preceding the year 1757, where- ly free from lead, it will be rendered as the quantity annually loit in 40 years turbid by the liquor, but the colour before, did not exceed 1,200 hogtheads. will be rather a dirty white, than They discovered, that several wine blackish brown. merchants, affuming the name of vi

THE ENGLISH FORTUNE-TELLER.

No IV.

.

IT may with great veracity be said, The foul of man being a spark of that Fortune telling was never carried immortality, infused by its Almighty on upon such eaiy terins before, and Maker, itill retains a relict of its orito which we may add (ive hope with ginal, and- covets after knowledge modeity) in a more profitable manner above all other things; not confining to the curious inquirers after future its speculation to the earth, but aspires

towards heaven; and leaving the prelent,

wandera

happiness

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