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148

Answers to Queries in No. 3.

not prevent it from opening, because others, know many things of this kind, only part of the bottom opens, and -In order to make this trick appear surrounds the box, does not prevent it more surprising to those who suspect the from opening, because only part of the smuggling of the ring, you may do it bottom opens, and care is taken not to two ways; that is to say, when you give the ribbon a second turn round have employed the artifice we have the box, which by crossing the first, pointed out, -you may cause a second might impede the introduction of the pistol to be charged by one of the comdove.

pany, which you first take to pieces, to We shall not here describe the con- Înew that there is no means of smugstruction of such a box, first, because it ling the ring out of the barrel-in this would require many words to explain second pistol, you put a ring furnished the simple effects of a groove, and se- you by one of the company who is in condly, because there is no cabinet- confederacy, and has already supplied maker of any ingenuity who does not, your confederate with a similar one to of his own, or of the invention of put in the dove's bill in case of need.

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IN the darker ages of the world, The spiral twisting of those plants, there were but few writers ; and mentioned in the query, welt by south, when one of those writers had pro. (and which they never deviate from) mulged an opinion of almost any kind, I believe is a property implanted by the world in general was apt to be- the great Author of nature, which lieve it, without giving themselves the eludes our most inquisitive researches, trouble to enquire into the truth or fal- but their inclination to find their way lacy thereof.

through holes, &c. I thus elucidate. Give me leave, Sir, to think, that The sun, the great fountain of light the question before us is of such a na- and life, has a powerful attraction over ture; and that the lion is no more the trees of the forest and the herbs of afraid at the light of a cock, than he is the field; this very property of the at the fight of a goofe. But Pliny plants creeping through the chasms tells us (and all our moderns from him) and filures of walls abundantly con, that he trembles at his very crowing. firms it, for by whatsoever ineans

It brings to my mind a question put they are debarred of the solar rays, to a club of connoilieurs, i.e. “ What they endeavour to avoid chat difficulty, is the reason that a bowl of water is and to insinuate themselves into the no heavier, after a live fish is put into chcaring rays of his enlivening beams. it than it was before ?” This paradox Many flowers open their petals at gravelled the whole company, and fun-rile, and close them again at lun. they were about to give for answer set; fome follow the sun in his diur. " that they did not know," when one nal course throughout the day, and of the fages proposed making the expe- meet him again in the morning, as riment, and lo! the mass of water was the fun flower ; and when the sun is heavier than it was before by the withdrawn from our parallel, they whole weight of the fish!

murually incline their heads towards I am inclined, fir, to think, that the south, and there fix. the fear of a lion at the sight of a eock, Light is impregnated with this would be a similar experiment. inherent property of attraction; as

many

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many self-evident truths might be water, will not diftil without a very brought forward to demonstrate it, let strong fire. If the fire is raised too one fuffice; potatoes, strewed over a hastily in the distillation of vinegar, cellar, and there suffered to sprout, some of the oily parts will arise and notwithstanding the flap or opening render the product empyrumatic, is directly facing the north, will all approach in a direction fo as to gain the light.

ANSWER TO QUERY V.

BY R. DAVENPORT AND T. H.

BY

ANSWERED
SAME.

manner.

Ipecacuanha is an inodorous substance, QUERY 111.

THE compounded of resinous and gummy faline

parts ; the first part being a

Itrong irritating emetic, the gummy I account for the sensation of cold at faline being entirely free from that fun-rise and fun-fet, in the following quality, and only mitigating the ope

First, when bodies depart ration of the resin. Now as the reout of a warmer air int a colder, sinous part, wh

is emetic, does they seem to experience a greater

de- not arise in diftillation, it does not gree of cold than there really is, 1 say give over any of its qualities : the seem, for it is not so in fact ; thie is the infufion of it, containing only about exact case with us at sun-set, by the half the relinous part, does not operate sun's withdrawing himself from us and fo powerfully as when taken in subleaving us in a colder medium ; and stance. it is farther exemplified at every com- H. T.'s answer, we beg leave to mencing of a frost, for the cold at that

append by way of note to this corretime being thirty-two, or freezing spondent's ingenious solution. point, seems to pinch as inuch as it does after a long continuance, at twen

* The emetic quality of ipecaty or twelve degrees below freezing.

cuanha, and some other plants, are deIn the morning, when the fun has ftroyed by the heat neceffary for evapobeen absent the whole night, it really ration, consequently nothing of that is colder than at any other time in the quality is to be found in the distilled twenty-four hours, as the thermometers

The heat feems to annihilate the plainly indicate; and therefore no wonder we should perceive it colder emetic powers of the plant, as nothing then : especially if Sol's refulgent rays

of that nature is dispersed in fumes. dissipates the concretion, and give the air a genial warmth.

QUERIES,

**

*

water.

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Vinegar, however fine and pure

AS it is a received opinion, the it may appear, always contains a viscid propriety is requetted, that Juno's oily faponaceous part, which is what favourite birds never copulate, but insubjects it to rope, and which in distil. trinsically differ propagatively from lation clogs and keeps down the lighter every other specie in the creation ? parts, and lets the heavier, which are more easily separable from it, arise. This oily' part itself, though much QUERY 11. BY THEODORIC. lighter than what distils, requires a greater heat to bring it over ; for What is the difference between ab. olive oil

folute and specifir gryity ?

though much

lichter than

150

Great Bodily Strength.

ACCOUNT OF TOPHAM, THE STRONG MAN.

WE learn from private accounts; twenty hundred weight, lifted an cak well attested, that Thomas Topham, à table fix feet long with his teeth, man who kept a public house at Illing- though half an hundred weight was ton, performed surprising feats of hung to the extremity; a piece of leastrength: as breaking a broomstick, of ther was fixed to one end for his teeth the first magnitude, by striking it a- to hold, two of the feet food

upon

his gainit his bare arm; lifting two hogs- knees, and he raised the end with the heads of water ; hcaving his horse over weight higher than that in his mouth the turnpike-gate ; carrying the beam he took Mr. Chambers, vicar of of a house, as a soldier his firelock, &c. All Saints, who weighed 27 stone, But, however Belief inight stagger, she and raised him with one hand, his head foon recovered herself when this second being laid on one chair, and his feet oli Sampson appeared at Derby, as a per- another, four people, 14 stone each, sát former in public, at a shilling each. , upon his body, which he heaved at Upon application to Alderman Cooper, pleasure-he struck a round bar of iron, for leave to exhibit, the magistrate was one ineh diameter, againit his naked furprised at the feats he proposed; and, arın, and at one stroke bent it like a his appearance was like that of other bow.

Weakness and feeling seemed men, he requested him to strip, that fled together. he might examine whether he was Being a master of mufic, he entermade like them; but he was found to tained the company with Mad Tom. I be extremely muscular. What were heard him sing a solo to the organ in hollows under the arms and hams of St. Werburgh's Church, then the only orhers, were filled up with ligaments onc in Derby; but though he might in him.

perform with judgment, yet the voice, He appeared near five feet ten, more terrible than fiveet, scarcely turned of thirty, well-made, but no- seemed human. Though of a pacific thing singular; he walked with a small temper, and with the appearance of a limp. He had formerly laid a wager, gentleman, yet he was liable to the inthe usual decider of disputes, that three

sults of the rude. The holiler at the horses could not draw him from a poft, Virgin's Inn, where he rehded, havwhich he should clasp with his feet; but ins given him disgust, he took one of the driver giving them a sudden laih, the kitchen-spits from the mantle-piece, turned them aside, and the unexpected and bent it round his neck like a handjerk had broke his thigh.

kerchief; but as he did not chuse to The performances of this wonderful tuck the end in the hostler's bofom, the man, in whom were united the strength cumbrous ornament excited the laugh of twelve, were rolling up a pewter of the company, till he condecended to difh of seven pounds, as a man rolls untye his iron cravat. Had he not up a iheet of paper. -Holding a pew- abounded with good-nature, the men ter quart at arm's length, and squeez- might have been in fear for the safety ing the fides together like an egg-hell, of their persons, and the women for listing two hundred weight with his that of their pewter shelves, as he could little finger, and moving it gently over instantly roll up both. One blow with pis · head. The bodies he touched his fift would for ever have silenced feemed to have loit their powers of gra- those herces of the bear-garden, Johncitation. He also broke a rope, fait- son and Mendoza. ened to the floor that would sustain

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TO

DRAW CATS

FASCINATE THEM.

TAKE the skin off the forehead of a hyæni, a beast so called, which

YOU must take a piece of a wolf's

may be bad at the furrier's shops, boil it in skin, the hair on, the breadth of the the urine of a young itone colt, and palm of your hand, or somewhat more, smoak it over the burnt hoof of a cow, prick a great many holes in it with a two or three times, till it is dry, and bodkin, in the three corners, but leave fo carry it about

the middle entire, scrape the middle and so long as

you ; you do this, wherever you come in part on the fleshy fide, so that it may the night, the dogs will not only be be {mooth enough to write on, then filent, but run away from you as fait write these characters 2 3 4 7 5 as they can : for if once the scent is this done, write the

AQ ALL got to their noftrits, they will lie and guardian tremble, from the great averfion they

name underneath them, viz. Azineros, have to it, and avoid the bearer of this then burn the wool of a fox's tail, composition, not being able to open at

with some featherfew, and the feed of

henbane, lay the powder on the chayou.

racters, that it may cover them pretty well, then fold the corners, and fitch

them up close with the powder in TOGETHER, AND it, and this done, sprinkle it with

the juice of hysop, and hang it up with

a couple of horse hairs drawn cut of the IN the new moon, gather the herb middle of the tail of a live itone horse, Nepe, and dry it in the heat of the and hang it up in your hen-house, sun, when i; 'is temperately hot: ga- dove cot; or for a warren, on a pole, ther vervain in the hour $, and only or a tree, as niear as you can in the expofe it to the air while is under middle of the coney burrows, and the the earth. Hang these together in a

vermin will either fear to approach, net in a convenient place, and then fcenting it at a distance, or being come one of them has scented it, her

cry

near it, will continue fuffing, and will soon call those about her that are endeavouring to get at it, then

you within hcaring, and they will rant may come and destroy them with a and run about, leading and capering gun, cross-bow, or otherways, as you to get at the net, which must be hung find most practicable : instead of a wolf's or placed so that they cannct eafily skin, you may use a badger's, if the accomplish it; for they will certainly other cannot be had. tear it to picces. Near Bristol there is a field that goes by the appellation of the Field of Cats, irom a large number of these animals being drawn to- MARCELLUS Donatus, Hist. Mer gether there by this contrivance. dic. Mirab. Lib. 6, relates tha: Alber

SPIDERS EATEN WITHOUT INCON

VENIENCY.

tus

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152

Useful Hints. tus Magnus was very confident of hav- be, in the middle of the house ing feen a young woman of Cologn, buildings. who, as long as the lived, had eaten The means used to allure them to Spiders without the least accident. Dr. one place are various; one of those Simon Scholzius, the author of this most easily and efficaciously practised observation, says that he knew a young is the trailing some piece of their most Scotchman, a student at Leyden, who favourite food, which should be of the frequently hunted for spiders in all the kind that has the strongest scent, such corners of the apartments, eat them as toasted cheese, or broiled red herup greedily, and assured him that no- ring, from the holes or entrances to their thing could be more delicious food to recesies in every part of the house, him. This young man, however, en- or contiguous buildings, whence it is joyed a pretty good state of health ; intended to allure them. At the exhis face was only a little pale, and there tremities, and in different parts of the was usually some swelling about his course of this trailed tract, small quan eyes.

tities of meal, or any other kind of Borellus, Cent. III. Obf. 19, has their food, should be laid, tu bring observed that there is no danger in eat- the greater number into the tracts, and ing spiders. There was a fool at Pa

to encourage them pursue it to the duà that eat both spiders and scorpions centre place, where they are intended without finding the least inconveniency to be taken ; at that place, where thereby; and Offredus had seen at Or- time admits of it, a more plentiful releans a beggar, who besides spiders eat past is laid for them, and the trailing the m it loathsome infects, without any repeated for two or three nights. fentible alteration in his health.

Belides this trailing and way-baiting, It is a noted empirical remedy, and some of the most expert of the ratfaid to be a never failing one for the catchers have a shorter, and perhaps agile, to make use of an electuary of more effectual method of bringing thein bruised spiders and honey.

together; which is, by calling them,

by making such a kind of whistling Some Hints of the principal Means by which noise as refeibles their own call; and Rat-catchers are able, in threc or four by this means, with the aslistance of days time, or sometimes less, to clear a house, and even the out-buidings of the the way-baits, they call thein out of greatest part of the Rats fiequenting it. their holes, and lead them to the re

pait prepared for them at the place deTHE first step taken is to allure the : figned for taking them. But this I rațs all together to one proper place, apprehend much more difficult to be before they attempt to destroy them"; practiled than the art of trailing; for for there is such an instinctive caution the learning the exact notes, or cries, in these animals, accompanied with a of any kind of beasts, or birds, so as to surprising sagacity in discovering any deceive them, is a peculiar talent, cause of danger, that, if any of them which I have seldom sech attained to be hurt or pursued, in an unusual in other cases; though I have known manner, the rest take the alarm, and some few persons who could call togebecome foshy and wary, that they ther a great number of cats; and there elude all the devices and stratagems of is now one man in London, who can their pursuers for some time after. This bring nightingales, when they are place, where the rats are to be assem- within hearing, about him, and even bled, should be some closet, or small allure them to perch on his hand, so as room, into which all the openings, to be taken. but one or two, may be secured ; and this place should be, as near as may

(To be concluded in our next.)

ACCOUNT

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