Animal Products: Their Preparation, Commercial Uses, and Value

Committee of Council on education, 1877 - 416 Seiten
This work ... is intended to serve, in the first instance, as a descriptive guide to the collection of Animal products at the Bethnal Green Branch of the South Kensington Museum.

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Seite xiv - Arranged to meet the requirements of the Syllabus of the Science and Art Department of the Committee of Council on Education, South Kensington.
Seite 276 - Some twenty or thirty years ago, there was a most wasteful destruction of the fur seal, when young and old, male and female, were indiscriminately knocked on the head. This imprudence, as any one might have expected, proved detrimental in two ways. The race was almost extirpated ; and the market was glutted to such a degree, at the rate for some time of two hundred thousand skins a year, that the prices did not even pay the expenses of carriage.
Seite 186 - In the deer the cells are so numerous as to occupy the whole of the body of the hair, and so irregular that no particular place of subdivision can be traced ;" and his figure quite corresponds with this, the cells being there shown as amorphous ; but it will be seen from the above figure that they are truly polygonal — for the most part hexagonal, and there are very distinct septa and lines of separation. In fact, as Dr...
Seite 81 - A small saddle of plaited rushes is laid on him, when sacks made of goats'-skins, and filled with corn, are lashed on his broad and able back. A leather thong is passed through the cartilage of his nose, and serves as a bridle, while on the top of the load is mounted, the owner, his wife, or his slave.
Seite 185 - It has already been made known by Professor Busk, that the hair of the deer tribe is peculiar, being almost entirely cellular ; and the hair has been described and figured by Dr Inman, in an able paper " On the Natural History and Microscopic Character of Hair," published in the " Proceedings of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool,
Seite 356 - After bleeding for a minute or two, they are slid off this platform directly into the scaldingvat, -which is about twenty feet long, six wide, and three deep, kept full of water heated by steam, and so arranged that the temperature is easily regulated. The hogs being slid into one end of this vat, are pushed slowly along by men standing on each side with short poles, turning them over, so as to secure uniform scalding, and moving them onward, so that each one will reach the opposite end of the vat...
Seite 189 - The uses to which the various parts of the Moose are put are many. The hide supplies parchment, leather, lines, and cords ; the sinews yield thread and glue ; the horns serve for handles to knives and awls, as well as to make spoons of ; the shank bones are employed as tools to dress leather with ; and with a particular portion of the hair, when dyed, the Indian women embroider garments.
Seite 377 - So sweet and palatable is the oil procured from the Dugong, that in its pure state it may be taken without disagreeing with the most sensitive stomach, and also used in a variety of ways in the process of cooking ; so that this potent restorative remedy may be taken as food, and many ounces consumed almost imperceptibly every day, and thus furnish the system with the requisite amount of carbon for its daily oxidation.
Seite 200 - Both in grain and colour it resembles beef, but it is far better tasted and more delicate, possessing a pure game flavour and exhibiting the most tempting looking layers of fat and lean, the surprising quantity of the former ingredient with which it is interlarded, exceeding that of any other game quadruped with which I am acquainted. The venison fairly melts in the mouth, and as for the brisket, that is absolutely a cut for a monarch.
Seite 343 - Eleplias indicus ; some have been found which describe a circle, but the curve being oblique, they thus clear the head, and point outward, downward, and backward. The numerous fossil tusks of the Mammoth which have been discovered and recorded, may be ranged under two averages of size — the larger ones at nine feet and a half, the smaller at five feet and a half in length. The writer has elsewhere assigned reasons for the probability of the latter belonging to the female Mammoth, which must accordingly...

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