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This department will include descriptive notes, with or without brief
comment, about all books received by The Outlook. Many of the
important books will have more extended and critical treatment later
FICTION

HISTORY, POLITICAL ECONOMY, AND POLITICS Bonnie May. By Louis Dodge. Charles Scribner's American Plan of Government (The). The ConSons, New York. $1.35.

stitution of the United States Interpreted by Accepted The story of an exceedingly (and a bit excess

Authorities. By Charles W. Bacon, A.B., Assisted by

Franklyn S. Morse, A.B., A.M. Introduction by George ively) precocious little girl brought up on the Gordon Battle, M.A. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. stage.Found in a box at a theater, alone and $2.50. without visible friends, she is taken by a young This book covers much the same ground as the man into his mother's home, with somewhat pecu- more elaborate works, in two volumes each, one by liar consequences.

David K. Watson, the other by W. W. Willoughby, Johnstone of the Border. By Harold Bindloss. not take their place, but it can be read and under

on the Constitution. For the legal student it will The Frederick A. Stokes Company, New York. $1.35. A stirring tale of the North Sea and the Solway stood by the non-professional student, and will find coast in war times. A Canadian and an American a very useful place for ready reference in the library join forces in thwarting the enemy, and carry a of the editor. strange adventure through to a satisfactory conclu- Modernizing the Monroe Doctrine. By Charles H. sion.

Sherrill. Introduction by Nicholas Murray Butler.

Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. $1.25. Witte Arrives. By Elias Tobenkin. The Fred

“ Modernizing the Monroe Doctrine" is a wellerick A. Stokes Company, New York. $1.25. The story is of a family of Jewish immigrants, national problems, including the administration of

written and intelligent discussion of various interespecially of the youngest, Emil, who works his the Panama Canal, the Mexican situation, the purway through hardship and suffering and—at last-chase of West India islands, the Open Door in “arrives."

Professor Phelps, of Yale, points out China, and the abandonment of the Philippines. that it really is a companion book to Mary An. The writer seems to us to assume that we have no tin's “ The Promised Land,” and one that every interest in or concern for the affairs of the civilAmerican should read.

ized world outside of the two American continents. BIOGRAPHY

To those who wish to get this view ably presented Joseph Fels: His Life-Work. By Mary Fels. we commend the book. It is not our view. B. W. Huebsch, New York. $1.

TRAVEL AND DESCRIPTION The story of Joseph Fels is thus told by the publishers, of this biography: “Joseph Fels was a

Texas the Marvelous. By Nevin O. Winter. The shrewd and keen business man. He recognized

Page Company, Boston. $3.50. opportunities, seized them, and made the most of A finely printed and illustrated narrative of the them. But as soon as he realized that there was romantic history of Texas, from its Spanish settlesomething bigger than merely accumulating money ment, during the short-lived Republic of Texas, and redistributing it planlessly he made for the and in its marvelous development since it became bigger thing: He experimented with farm colo- a State. This is an excellent work, eminently nies ; small holdings for workingmen; he sought attractive in form, and in every way a credit to to improve conditions by political means and he author and publisher. turned to charitable palliatives; he fought monopoly and privilege with any weapon that came to Michael Cassidy, Sergeant. By “Sapper.” The his hand, until through experiments and failures George H. Doran Company, New York. $1.25. he emerged to a consciousness of the fundamental “ Plain tales of the great war told by a British importance of the taxation of land values. So for sergeant with vigor, Irish fluency, and wit. the rest of his life he devoted himself to carrying Woman's Diary of the War (A). By S. Macnaughon the work of Henry George, applying to the tan. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. '$1. single tax his business experience and knowledge

Many Americans have read Miss Macnaughtan's of human psychology.”

“A Lame Dog's Diary” and other stories of humor Nearing Jordan. By Sir Henry Lucy. E. P. Dut- and character. They will be sorry to hear of her ton & Co., New York.

death after a term of Red Cross service in the war, A capital book of reminiscences, political, lit. and, as we understand it, as a result of the tension erary, and personal, by the author of “ Punch's" of the work. This diary tells what she saw, heard, famous “ Toby, M.P." department.

and did in Belgium.

WAR BOOKS

ול

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SPECIAL OFFER-EASY LESSONS FREE-Piano, Organ, Violin, Banjo, Mandolin, Guitar, Cornet, Harp, Cello Clarinet, Piccolo, Trombone, Flute or to sing. You pay, only for music and postage-which is small. No extras. Beginners or advanced pupils. Plain, simple, systematic. 16 years' success. Start at once. Send your name and get

free booklet by return mail. Address U. S. School of Music, Box 279, 225 5th Ave., N. Y. City.

For 36 years we have been paying our customers the highest returns consistent with conservative methods. First mortgage loans of $200 and up which

we can recommend after the most thorough per0

sonal investigation. Please ask for Loan List No.711.

$25 Certificates of Deposit also for saving investor. PERKINS & CO. Lawrence.kans

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FAMILIES who are fond of FISH can be supplied DIRECT from GLOUCESTER, MASS., by the FRANK E. DAVIS COMPANY, with newly caught, KEEPABLE OCEAN FISH, choicer than any inland dealer could possibly furnish.

We sell ONLY TO THE CONSUMER DIRECT sending by EXPRESS RIGHT TO YOUR HOME. We PREPAY express on all orders east of Kansas. Our fish are pure, appetizing and economical and we want YOU to try some, payment subject to your approval.

SALT MACKEREL, fat, meaty, juicy fish, are delicious for breakfast. They are freshly packed in brine and will not spoil on your hands.

CODFISH, as we salt it, is white, boneless and ready for Instant use. It makes a substantial meal, a fine change from meat, at a much lower cost.

FRESH LOBSTER is the best thing known for salads. Right fresh from the water, our lobsters simply are boiled and packed in PARCHMENT-LINED CANS. They come to you as the purest and safest lobsters you can buy and the meat is as crisp and natural as if you took it from the shell yourself.

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FRESH MACKEREL, perfect for frying. SHRIMP to cream on toast, CRABMEAT for Newburg or deviled, SALMON ready to serve, SARDINES of all kinds, TUNNY for salad, SANDWICH FILLINGS and every good thing packed here or abroad you can get direct from us and keep right on your pantry shelf for regular or emergency use.

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Contents of The Outlook

Copyright, 1916, by the Outlook Company

VOLUME 114

SEPTEMBER 6, 1916

NUMBER 1

PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY

THE

OUTLOOK COMPANY, 381 FOURTH AVENIE. NEW YORK, LAWRENCE F. ABBOTT, PRESIDENT N. T. PULSIFIR VICE-PRESIDENT. FRANK C. HOYT, TREASURER. ERNEST H. ABBOTT, SECRETARY. ARTHU'R M. MORSE, ASSISTANT TREASURER. TRAVERS D. CARMAN, ADVERTISING MANAGER. YEARLY SUBSCRIPTIONS-FIFTY-TWO ISSUES THREE DOLLARS IN ADVANCE. ENTERED AS SECOND-CLASS MATTER AT THE NEW YORK POST-OFFICE

The Story of the War:
Rumania Joins the Allies...

1 Why Peace Seems Distant.

3 Warring Against Children..

4 Congress and Politics ..

5 Secretary Daniels and the History of the Navy.....

5 Cartoons of the Week.

7 Japan and Russia...

9 The Church in Mexico..

10 A Great French Painter..

11 William Hayes Ward..

12 Archbishop Spalding..

12 The Sisal Hemp Monopoly ..

12 The Russian Immigrant and His Savings. 13 The Loss of the Memphis.

13 Theodore Roosevelt's Maine Speech...... 14 The Railway Problem...

15 By Lyman Abbott

An Attack on the Moon .....

18 “ His Superfluous Excellency.

19 The Railway Controversy : Its Progress.. 20 Current Events Pictorially Treated.. 21 Commission Government-II. Public Util. ity Regulation in California..

31
By Paul A. Sinsheimer
Idabo's Twenty Years of Woman Suffrage 35

By Pearl Tyer
The Buying Club Movement....

39
By John R. Colter
The Nations at War: A Town “ Shot
Dead”

on the Austro-Italian Front.... 42
By Gino C. Speranza
How to Make Play Out of Work—III.
Co-operation ...

44
By Ellen Chattle
By the Way....

46 The New Books. . Sixth page after Cover

BY SUBSCRIPTION $3.00 A YEAR. Single copies 10 cents. For foreign subscriptions to countries in the Postal Union, $4.56.

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THE OUTLOOK COMPANY, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York City

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reliable weekly demands. The sales of The Outlook are growing week by week, and newsdealers may not always have the copy that you

desire. The best way is to subscribe, to leave a standing order with

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THE STORY OF THE WAR:

again a glance at the map shows how danRUMANIA JOINS THE ALLIES

gerous to Bulgaria's safety is the threatened The long-expected entrance of Rumania attack by Rumania from the north, at the into the world war became an actuality on very time when the five nations represented August 27, on which date formal declaration in the armies north of Salonika threaten of war against Austria-Hungary was made at Bulgaria on the south. the Rumanian capital, Bucharest.

It was

Austria-Hungary, and particularly Hunfollowed immediately by counter-declarations gary, are now in what seems to be almost a of war both from Germany and Austria- precarious state. Austria has to fight eneHungary. The reasons officially assigned mies on several fronts ; Italy's recent capture are as follows:

of Gorizia and repulse of the Austrian offenFirst-The Rumanian population in Austrian

sive from Trent shows that heavy forces must territories, Transylvania and the Bukowina, is be used to hold that part of the Austrian exposed to the hazards of war and of invasion. line; the Austro-German armies which swept

Second-Rumania believes that by interven- through Servia are facing the impending ing she can shorten the world war.

advance from the Allies now in Greece; on Third-Rumania places herself on the side of

the Rumanian border the third battle-line is of those Powers which she believes can assist her

no little importance ; farther north the Rusmost efficaciously in realizing her national

sian attack in Galicia and the other Russian ideals.

attack in the vicinity of Lemberg are still to Fighting of an unimportant character be stopped or held in check. It is no wonder instantly followed-if it did not, as that great agitation and discontent exist in say, precede—the actual issue of the declara- Hungary, nor that there are again rumors tion of war. It was well known in advance that Bulgaria may withdraw from her alliance that Rumania had her forces fully mobilized with the Central Powers, while the situation both along that portion of her border which of Turkey is hardly less desperate. One lies south of Transylvania in Hungary and recent serious blow to Turkey has been the that portion which lies directly north from reoccupation of Bitlis, in Asia Minor, by the Bulgaria. The clash of arms took place near Russian troops operating in that vicinity the Transylvanian frontier.

under the general command of the Grand The importance of Rumania's final decision Duke Nicholas, as also the recapture of is great both from the military and the political Mush ; both of these places have changed point of view. It is a diplomatic victory for hands twice. A general advance of Russia the Allies which atones for former blunders in along its Asian front is supposed to be in their Balkan diplomacy. A glance at the map progress. on the next page will show how the new sit- The political and moral significance of uation involves a combined attack by Russia Rumania's participation in the war, combined and Rumania in the Bukowina region. with the declaration of war made by Italy on Russia already holds Czernowitz, which is all Germany on August 27, are evident. The but on the border of Rumania. There are mere fact that a new body of troops of perindications that Russia is gathering large haps half a million men enters the field on forces in this vicinity ; and without difficulty the side of the Allies must have an effect on she can here act in unison with Rumania, the situation. That Greece, after its long while the latter nation can push forward an period of hesitation and uncertainty, may army from the south over the mountains into declare war is probable, and the more so Transylvania, thus leaving that province, because of Bulgaria's recent invasion of which it is Rumania's ambition to possess Greek territory. Venizelos, speaking in Athafter the war, in an angle between two dan- ens to an enormous demonstration in favor gerous enemies.

As to Bulgaria's position, of the Allies at which fifty thousand persons

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ALESSIO OUSKUB

MIDIA

ADRIANOPLE
EVELEZ
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MONASTIRO
DRAMAS

TURKEY
DOIRANG

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KAVALA

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SALONIKA AEGEA NO

TURKEY
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IN

AS LA
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RUMANIA AND HER NEIGHBORS

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