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Gray's bridge over the Schuylkill was, with much taste, embellished on the occasion. At each end arch es were erected composed of laurel, in imitation of a Roman triumphal arch; and on each side was a laurel shrubbery. As the General passed, a youth by the aid of machinery (unperceived by him) let down upon his head a civick crown. Through avenues and streets thronged with people, he passed from the Schuylkill into Philadelphia, and at night the city was illuminated.

At Trenton, the ladies presented him with a tribute of gratitude for the protection which, twelve years before, he gave them, worthy of the taste and refinement of the sex. On the bridge over the creek which runs through this place, a triumphal arch was erected on thirteen pillars; these were entwined with laurel and decorated with flowers. On the front of the arch was the following inscription, in large gilt letters, THE DEFENDER OF THE MOTHERS

WILL BE THE PROTECTOR OF THE DAUGHTERS. On the centre of the arch above the inscription was a dome of flowers and evergreens encircling the dates of two events particularly interesting to the inhabitarts of New Jersey, viz. the successful assault on the Hessian post in Trenton, and the gallant stand made by General Washington at the same creek on the evening preceding the battle of Princeton. A numerous party of matrons, holding their daughters in their hands, who were dressed in white and held on their arms baskets of flowers, assembled at this place, and on his approach the daughters sung the following ode,

Welcome, Mighty Chief, once more
Welcome to inis grateful shore;
Now no mercenary foe
Aims again the fatal blow,

Aims at THEE the fatal blow.
VOL. II.

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Virgins fair and matrons grave
Those thy conquering arms did save,
Build for THEE triumphal bowers;
Strew ye fair his way with flowers,

Strew your HERO's way with flowers. At the last line the flowers were strewed before him.

On the eastern shore of New Jersey, he was met by a Committee of Congress, and accompanied over the river in an elegant barge, of thirteen oars, and manned by thirteen branch pilots.

“ The display of boats,” observes the General in his diary," which attended and joined on this occasion, some wit: vocal and others with instrumental musick on board, the decorations of the ships, the roar of cannon, and the loud acclamations of the people which rent the sky as I passed along the wharves, filled my mind with sensations as painful (contemplating the revorse of this scene, which may be the case after all my endeavours to do good) as they were pleasing.”

He landed on the 23d of April at the stairs on Murray's wharf, which were highiy ornamented for the purpose. At this place the Governour of New York received him, and with military honours, and amidst an immense concourse of people, conducted him to his apartments in the city. At the close of the day, Foreign Ministers and other characters of distinction, made him congratulatory visits, and the publick exhibi tion was at night closed by a brilliant illumination.

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CHAPTER XI.

Inaugurat lon of the President-His Address to Congress—Answers

of the two Houses--The Arrangements of his Household His Regulations for Visitors-The Reasons of their adoption--The Relations of the United States with Foreign Powers-Congress establishes the Departments of the Government-The President fills them—He visits New-England-His Reception-Addresses to him-His Answers—Negotiations with the Indians-Treaty with the Creeks-War with the Wabash and Miamis Tribes -General Harmar's Expedition-St. Clair defeated-General Wayne victorious and makes a Treaty with them-Second Session of Congress-Fiscal Arrangements of the Secretary of the Treasury-Indisposition of the President-He visits Mount Vernon-Meets Congress at Philadelphia-His Tour to the Southern States- Second Congress-The President refuses his signature to the Representative Bill Contemplates retiring to Private Life - Consents to be a Candidate for the Second Presidency.

1789. In adjusting the ceremonies of the inauguration of the President, Congress determined that tho oath of office should be administered to him in an open gallery adjoining the Hall of the Senate. Accordingly on the 30th of April, General WASHINGTON attended, and, in a view of a vast assemblage of people, was constitutionally qualified for the administration of the government. On his being proclaimed President of the United States, reiterated acclamations testified the interest and the pleasure which the at. tending multitude felt in the transaction.

The President immediately entered the Senate chamber and made the following Speech to the two branches of the Legislature. “FELLOW CITIZENS OF THE SENATE, AND

OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, “ Among the vicissitudes incident to life, no event could have filled me with greater anxieties than that of which the notification was transmitted by your ora der, and received on the 14th day of the present month, On the one hand, I was summoned by my country, whose voice I can never hear but with veneration and

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