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Ninthly, you demand, that every preacher in his sermon, and every priest at the mass, pray espe

marvellous child grew up a perfect Hohenlohe, and all sorts of people, but especially sailors, by calling upon him, were delivered from alarming difficulties. St. Lucia, having determined upon a life of celibacy, was brutally ordered away to a brothel by a heathen magistrate. Of course she resisted ; and displaying no common degree of strength, ropes were fastened to her hands and feet, which many men pulled at once most lustily. But it was all of no use. She stood like a mountain. (Quasi mons immobilis permanebat.) Many pairs of oxen then were brought, but they could not move her. Enraged at this, her heathen persecutor caused her to be enveloped in a blaze of burning oil, pitch, and rosin. She told him, however, that he would again be foiled, and so it proved. He then ran her through with a sword. Still she did not stir a step, nor did she die, until a priest came and administered the Eucharist to her. At the close of this celebration, as the people said Amen, she resigned her breath. A similar resolution to live in celibacy was made by St. Agnes, a young Roman lady, then in her thirteenth year. Unfortunately a youth, who was son to the prefect of the city, saw her in her way from school, and fell desperately in love with her. In the course of an illness, originating in the violence of his passion, he disclosed his charmer's name to the physician. Proposals were then immediately made to Agnes in form, These she resolutely declined. As a punishment, an immense fire was made, and she was flung into the midst of it. The flames, however, parted and left her unhurt; so that, until they thought of cutting her throat, it was found impossible to kill her. The parents of St. Bridget having determined upon marrying her, she went before the bishop, and vowed celibacy. While uttering this vow, she touched a piece of wood which served as a foundation to the altar. The said wood continues green to the present day, just as if it were still nourished from a root, and it effects cures upon sick people. (Quod lignum in commemorationem pristinæ virtutis, usque ad præsens tempus, viride ac si non esset decorticatum et excisum sed in radicibus fixum, ri

cially by name for the souls in purgatory. To this it may be answered, that Scripture enjoins us to feed the hungry, clothe the naked, and comfort the afflicted, but of praying for souls in purgatory it says not a single word. For all that is said about purgatory, there is, in fact, not the slightest foundation. The whole is evidently nothing more than a fiction invented for the sake of filthy lucre. My counsel to you, therefore, is,

rescit, et languidos curat usque in hodiernum diem.) St. Blaise,

hen cut down, after being hanged, for the purpose of being capitated, prayed that for his sake, pious persons alarmed by a bone or a thorn sticking in their throats, might be relieved. This petition, of course, was granted audibly, to the great comfort of Romish fish-eaters. St. David was baptised by a priest who was blind, and disfigured by some deformity of the nose. This ecclesiastic, aware of the infant's sanctity, thrice sprinkled his face with water from the font, after the ceremony was over. Immediately sight gladdened his eyes, and his nose became like other people's. A monk was once chopping bushes with a bill in a manner so vigorous, that the metallic portion of his instrument was hurled in an adjoining pond, the wooden handle remaining still in his grasp. St. Benedict tossed the said handle into the pond ; up jumped the iron from the bottom forthwith, and took its proper place in the handle. (Vir autem Domini, Benedictus, tulit manubrium et misit in lacum, moxque ferrum de profundo rediit, et in manubrium intravit. Breviar. Sarisb.) These are a few specimens of matters appearing in that prayer-book which so many warlike admirers desired to see restored to the churches. This venerated volume is indeed abundantly stored with such relations, for even upon days dedicated to the Apostles, it was not thought necessary to consult Scripture only for a Gospel. Tradition was, according to custom, put into requisition, and she has favoured us with many wonderful particulars respecting those admirable men whom all Christians revere, but of which mere readers of the Bible are wholly ignorant.

turn aside from the Bishop of Rome's decrees which you think will lead you to purgatory, and keep God's commandments which will fit you for heaven. Your tenth demand is, “ We will have the Bible, and all books of Scripture in English, to be called in again. For we be informed, that otherwise the clergy shall not of long time confound the heretics. Alas! it grieveth me to hear your articles ; and much I rue and lament your ignorance : praying God most earnestly once to lighten your eyes, that you may see the truth. What Christian heart would not be grieved to see you so ignorant, for willingly, wittingly, I trust you do it not. The Bible has been used by all nations in their native tongues; and without it, we cannot prevail against subtle heretics, powerful devils, the deceitful world, or our own sinful flesh. Until God's word came to light, the Bishop of Rome reigned quietly under the prince of darkness, and his heresies were received as the Catholic faith. Nor will heresies ever cease to reign unless .the light of God's word drive away our darkness. You desire, in the eleventh place, to have Crispin and Moreman, two clergymen who hold your opinions, despatched to you and preferred by the crown". These men are so head

: “Of Crispin I find little, but that he was once proctor of the University of Oxon, and doctor of the faculty of physic, and of Oriel College. Moreman was beneficed in Cornwall in King Henry's time, and seemed to go along with that King in his steps of reformation, and was observed to be the first that taught his parishoners the Lord's Prayer, the Creed, and the Ten Com

strong that they will not learn, and so ignorant, that they are not fit to teach; to ask, therefore, for them, and to refuse God's word in your own tongue, is like the Jews when they clamoured to have Christ crucified, and Barabbas delivered unto them. You next desire that Cardinal Pole should be pardoned and restored to his country. Now, as no Cardinal or legate has ever done any good in England, no such person can be expected to do any for the future. As for Pole, I have read a book of his, which no one, well affected to our late Sovereign's memory, and to England, can peruse, without esteeming that Cardinal unworthy not only of pardon, but also of life.” Of the last three demands made by the insurgents, the first required, that for every hundred marks of annual income gentlemen should keep one servant, and no more ; the second, that one half of the monastic property should be restored to its former uses; and the third, that Arundel and Bray, the two principal rebels, should receive a safe conduct to court. The first two of these demands, are shewn to be unreasonable in themselves, and injurious to the community. Much notice of the last was rendered unnecessary, be

mandments in English; yet shewing himself in the next King's reign a zealot for the old superstitions. Hence we see the reason why the Archbishop charged him to be a man full of craft and hypocrisy. In Queen Mary's time he was, for his Popish merits, preferred to be Dean of Exeter, and was coadjutor to the Bishop of that diocese, probably then superannuated, and he died in that Queen's reign." Strype, Mem. Cranm. 265.


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cause when the Archbishop wrote his answers, the rebellion was crushed, and the two leading rebels were lying under sentence of death. He, therefore, concludes his labours by praying for these unhappy criminals, that God may so be gracious as to cause “them to die well, who have lived ill."

While the flames of rebellion were raging thus extensively, the leading Romanists naturally became objects of anxious observation to the government. Among them, no one conducted himself more suspiciously than Bishop Boner. Outwardly that prelate had complied with recent changes, but his obedience was contrived in such a manner as to give very little satisfaction to the friends of scriptural Christianity. At the high altar of his cathedral the old Latin mass was, indeed, superseded by the new English Communion-service; but in the chapels attached to that church celebrations upon the former plan yet continued. In these less conspicuous places, adherents to Romish abuses were enabled, as they had been wont, to gaze upon a priest while receiving the Eucharist; his ministration passing under the name of our Lady's Communion, that of the Apostles, or the like. The encouragement thus given by their prelate was not lost upon those individuals in his iocese who were disaffected to the government, or who half-for


Ibid. Appendix, 799.

Letter of the council to the Bishop of London, dated June 24. Heylin, Hist. Ref. 74.

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