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THE

HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION

DURING THE

REIGN OF KING EDWARD THE SIXTH.

CHAPTER I.

Accession of King Edward VI.--King Henry's will-A Protec

tor chosenThe prelates renew their licences-King Henry's funeral-A creation of peersThe King's coronation-A general amnestyDisgrace of the Lord Chancellor-Lent sermons in opposition to Romanism-Ridley-Bishop Gardiner's defence of images and lustral water Images removed in one of the London churches--and at Portsmouth-Correspondence between Gardiner and the Protector --Recantation of some eminent RomanistsA royal visitation orderedThe first book of HomiliesThe Paraphrase of Erasmus circulated by authority, Protestant works published by individuals Invasion of Scotland-The royal visitation carried into effect-Bishop Boner resists it-and Bishop Gardiner--The Lady Mary's interferenceAttacks upon Transubstantiation.

When Edward, the sixth English king of that name since the Conquest, was called by his father's death to the throne of his ancestors, he was in the tenth year of his age". The first part of his life being spent under female superintendence, he was transferred in his sixth year to the able tui

He was born on the 12th of October, 1537, VOL. III.

B

tion of Dr. Richard Coxe, and Mr John Cheke"; of whom the former was dean of Christchurch, in Oxford, the latter was professor of Greek, at Cambridge. It was Coxe's business to instruct his royal pupil in divinity and philosophy, Cheke was employed to ground him in the learned languages, and in the mathematics. These eminent men found themselves entrusted with a very satisfactory charge, for the young prince evinced great docility, and excellent natural parts; so that on his accession he was far better informed than are the generality of boys at an age so tender. In religious opinions Edward's instructors agreed with the Reformers, and they found it easy to train their pupil's mind in the principles of scriptural Christianity. So powerful, indeed, was reverence imbibed by the royal youth for God's recorded Word, that when a play-fellow once laid a Bible on the floor, in order to give him the means of reaching something above his head, he not only refused to avail himself of such a help, but also expressed his displeasure at being thought capable of using the Book of Life for an end so triflingo

At the time of his father's death, Edward was residing at Hertford Castle', to which place the Earl of Hertford, and Sir Anthony Brown, master of the horse, immediately repaired, by order of the privy council. These messengers however

King Edward's journal. Burnet, Hist. Ref. Records. II. i. • Strype. Eccl. Mem. II. 14. Cheke was afterwards knighted. Burnet, Hist. Ref. II, 2.

e Heylin, Hist. Ref. 14. f Ibid. 30.

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left London with no unusual retinue, and on their arrival at Hertford, they abstained from acquainting their youthful sovereign with the change that had taken place in his condition. On the following day, he was removed to Enfield ; where then resided the Lady Elizabeth, and there was communicated to the royal pair the intelligence of their father's demise. The news drew from them both a flood of tears, and they remained during the rest of the day secluded in decent privacy. On the last day of January, the King was conducted to London, and was received, according to ancient custom, with due solemnity, in the Tower; apartments in which he continued to occupy during the three following weeks.

One of the council's earliest cares was the inspection of King Henry's will. This instrument, which was dated on the 30th day of the last December, directed the interment of the royal corpse in the collegiate church at Windsor, by the side of Jane Seymour's remains, and with notable inconsistency, made a liberal provision for the celebration of posthumous masses". It devised the

6 Life of King Edward VI. by Sir John Hayward. Bp. Kennet's Engl. Hist. II. 275.

* Foxe (1175, 6.) insinuates, that King Henry's will ordered the performance of soul-masses because it was drawn before his expedition to Boulogne, when his mind was less completely informed upon religious subjects than it ultimately became. The venerable martyrologist appears to have believed that the last royal will only differed from the former one in the erasure of Bishop Gardiner's name from the list of executors; there not being time, and perhaps in the dying King, scarcely sufficient energy, for the preparation of an instrument completely new.

crown, in case of Prince Edward's death without heirs of his own body, to the two Princesses Mary and Elizabeth successively, upon condition that they should not marry without the consent of the council. In the event of no issue being left by any of his own children, Henry bequeathed the throne to his two nieces successively, Frances Grey, Marchioness of Dorset, and Eleanor Clifford, Countess of Cumberland, the daughters of his younger sister Mary, Dowager Queen of France, and of Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk. The posterity of his elder sister, Margaret, Queen of Scotland, was not mentioned in the will, but probably, it was intended, by the direction that should all the parties named die without issue, the crown was to descend to his Majesty's lawful heirs. Sixteen executors were named for the purpose of carrying into effect these testamentary provisions, and for that of acting as counsellors to the young King during his minority'. Besides these counsellors twelve individuals were named whose advice might be asked in cases of emergencyk. Since, however, there is little hope of

1 Viz. Archbishop Cranmer, the Lord Chancellor Wriothesley, the Lord St. John, the Earl of Hertford, the Lord Russell, the Viscount Lisle, Bishop Tunstall, Sir Anthony Brown, the Lord Chief Justice Montague, Mr. Justice Bromley, Sir Edward North, chancellor of the court of augmentations, Mr. Secretary Paget, Sir Anthony Denny, and Sir William Herbert, chief gentlemen of the privy chamber, Sir William Wotton, and Dr. Wotton his brother.

Viz. The Earls of Arundel and Essex, Sir Thomas Cheney, Sir John Gage, Sir Anthony Wingfield, Sir William Petre, Sir

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