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THE

2682

OR,

!N MA
PIECES İN PROSE AND VERSE,

FROM THE
BEST WRITERS; ..

DESIGNED TO ASSIST YOUNG PERSONS
TO READ WİTH PROPRIETY AND EFFECT;
İMPROVE THEIR LANGUAGE AND SENTIMENTS; AND
TO INCULCATE THE MOST IMPORTANT

PRINCIPLES OF
PIETY AND VIRTUE:

WITH A FEW PRELIMINARY
OBSERVATIONS ON THE PRINCIPLES

OF

GOOD READİNG.

BY LINDLEY PİURRAY, F
AUTHOR OF AN ENGLISH GRAMMAR, &c. &c.

New-York:
Stedeotyped by Hammond Wallis.
PUBLISHED BY COLLINS AND HANNAY,

230 Pearl-Street.

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O L', te PREFACE.

26817B

AUTA, LEMAK AND TRIA FOUNDATIONS

MAM elections of excellent matter have been made for the benefit o. young persons. Performances of this kind are of so great utility, that fresh productions of them, and new attempts to improve the young mind

o improve the young mind, will scarcely be deemed superfluous, if the writer makes his coinpilation instrucuyo and interesting, and sufficiently distinct from others.

The present work, as the title expresses, aiins at the attainment of three objects: to improve youth in the art of reading; 10 meliorate their language and sentiments; and to inculcate some of the most important principles of piety and virtue.

The pieces selected, not only give exercise to a great variety of emotions, and the correspondent tones and variations of voice, but contain sentences and niembers of sentences, which are diversified, proportioned, and pointed with accuracy. Exercises of this nature are, it is presumed, well calculated to teach youth to read with propriety and effect." A selection of sentences, in which variety and proportion, with exact punctuation, have been carefully observed, in all their parts as well as with respect to one another, will pro. bably have a much greater effect, in properly teaching the art of reading, than is commonly imagined. In such constructions, every thing is accommodated to the understanding and the voice; and the common difficulties in learning to read well are obviated. When the learner has acquired a babit of reading such sentences, with justness and facility, he will readily apply that habit, and the improvements he has made, to sentences more complicated and irregular, and of a construction entirely different.

The language of the pieces chosen for this collection has been carefully regarded. Purity, propriety, perspicuity, and, in many instances, elegance of diction, distinguish them. They are extracted froin the works of the most correct and elegant writers. From the sources whence the sentimients are drawn, the reader may expect to find them connected and regular, sufii. ciently important and impressive, and divested of every thing that is either trite or eccentric. The frequent perosal of such composition naturally lends 10 infuse a taste for tbis species of excellence, and to produce a habit of thinking, and of composing, with judgment and accuracy.*

That this collection may also serve the purpose of promoting piety and vir: tue, the Compiler has introduced many extracts, which place religion in the most amiable light: and which recommend a great variety of moral duties, by the excellence of their pature, and the happy effects they produce. These subjects are exhibited in a style and manner which are calculated to arrest the attention of youth ; and to make strong and durable impressions on their minds.+

The Compiler has been careful to avoid every expression and sentiment, that might gratify a corrupt mind, or, in the least degree, offend the eye or ear of innocence. This he conceives to be peculiarly incumbent on every person

* The learner, in his progress through this volume and the Sequel to it, will meet with numerous instances of composition, in strict conforinity to the rules for promuer ting perspicuous and elegant writing, containel in the Appendix to the Author's English Grammar. By occasionally examining this conformity, he will be confirmed in the utility of those rules; and be enabled to apply them with case and dexterity.

It is proper further to observe, that the Reader and the Sequel, besides teaching 10 rrad accurately, and inculcating many important sentiments, niay be considered as a wiliaries to the Author's English Grammar; as practical illustrations of the princi. In and rules contained in that work.

sitne of the pieces, the Compiler has made a few alterations, chiefly verbal te

di the better to the design of his work.

who writes for the benefit of youth. It would indeed be a great and happy improvement in education, if no writings were allowed to come under their notice, but such as are perfectly innocent; and if on all proper occasions, they were encouraged to peruse those which tend to inspire a due reverence for virtue, and an abhorrence of vice, as well as to animate them with sentiments of piety and goodness. Such impressions deeply engraven on their minds, and connected with all their attainments, could scarcely fail of attend ing them through life, and of producing a solidity of principle and charac: ter, that would be able to resist the danger arising from future intercourse with the world,

The Author has endeavoured to relieve the grave and serious parts of his collection, by the occasional admission of pieces which amuse as well a3 instruct. If, bowever, any of his readers should think it contains too great a portion of the former, it may be some apology to observe, that in the existing publications designed for the perusal of young persons, the preponderance is greatly on the side of gay and amusing productions. Too much attention may be paid to this medium of improvement. When the imagination, of youth especially, is much entertained, the sober dictates of the understanding are regarded with indifference; and the influence of good affections is either feeble, or transient. À temperate use of such entertainment seems therefore requisite, to afford proper scope for the operations of the understanding and the heart * The reader will perceive, that the Compiler has been solicitious to recommend to young persons, the perusal of the sacred Scriptures, by interspersing through his work some of the most beautiful and interesting passages of those invaluable writings. To excite an early taste and veneration for this great rule of life, is a point of so high importance, as to warrant the attempt to promote it on every proper occasion.

To improve the young mind, and to afford some assistance to tutors, in the arduous and important work of education, were the motives which led to this production. If the Author should be so successful as to accomplish these ends, even in a small degree, he will think that his time and pains have been well employed, and will deem himself amply rewarded.

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