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BRITISH EMIGRANT SOCIETY,
The British Emigrant Society, established in Susquehanna county, have read with much attention the following letters, from one of their menibors. They have carefully examined the statements contained in them, and fully concuria opinion as to their correctness.
The object of the Society has beer. to usecure an eligible situation for their countrymen ? and.by obtaining a large tract of land, to enable them to settle together, and, at the same time, to procure the land at a low price. In this, they have been met by the liberality of the proprietor, who was pleased with their intentions, and desirous of promoting them. As the Society disclaim all speculations, they invite their countrymen to the spot, which they have selected, on the terms of their contract; requiring only as a claim to the privileges which it
offers, that those who come, shall bring with them a good moral character.
From the following work, it will be seen, that in Susquehanna county the first crop usually pays more than all the expenses of clearing and fencing the land, and of sowing, harvesting and threshing the grain. Consequently, the clearing of land is a profitable business. That land encreases rapidly in value. That the difference, or saving of expense of a family of seven persons, young and old, which together with the sundry articles taken with them, should weigh a ton and an half, going to Susquehanna county ; and the same family going to the state of Illinois, in the western part of the United States, is sufficient to purchase one hundred and twenty.acres of land in Susquehanna county, under the Societyos contract.* 3.0
That tife, Saving of a: mechanic, with a family of commonasjes.be luren: the expense of maintaining it in Philadelphia, e in Susquehanna county, will in one year, purchase an Tindeed acres of land.
That the produce of the farmer in Susquehanna county, would sell for double the amount it will bring in the Western states.
That the work of the mechanic is proportionally more valuable.
That all imported articles, are cheaper than in the Western states.
That the settlement is removed from all danger, in case of war.
That it has the advantage of provisions, already raised within itself.
That materials for building, and for furniture, are abundant and cheap.
That taxes are scarcely worth naming, and that there are no poor.
That the situation is particularly eligible, from its vicinity to good markets; the soil of a good quality, the water excellent, and the climate healthy.
The Society have laid off ground for a town, on one of the turnpikes, which pass through their purchase. A half acre lot on the turnpike, cleared, will be given free of all expense, to each of the first fifty mechanics, who shall build a house on the same, and commerce his trade. Every person in the town, is at liberty to build his house or shop on such a plan, and of such a size, as may best suit his convenience or his purse ; but as a handsome house may be built at as small an expense as an homely one, the Society require that the fronts of all the houses and shops, &c. erected in the town, shall be built on the designs furnished by their architect, who will be careful to accommodate them to the sum which each person may be desirous of investing in his buildings. The front must be painted. The sides, back and interior, may be finished, or not, as the person concerned shall desire. By this regulation, the Society hope to unite utility and beauty in their establishments. Ground has been given for the situation of public buildings, and a
fund appropriated for them, which it is believed will be sufficient for their erection.
It is the wish of the Society to introduce a sufficient number of good farmers, to cultivate the ground, in the manner which English farmers are accustomed to, and to settle iudustrious mechanics in towns, in numbers sufficient to consume the farmer's produce. Factors will be established in the cities of Philadelphia and New-York, to whom wagons will be regularly sent with such of the manufactured articles, as it may be desirable to sell in those places; and for the purpose of bringing back such imported articles as shall be necessary for their consumption. The advantages of such an arrangement for both farmers and mechanics, must be very apparent. Many of those articles of light carriage, on which thousands of mechanics and manufacturers are employed in the metropolis, can be made at the Society's establishment, sent to the city, and sold at a less price than they can be afforded by those who make them there. The superior comforts of the mechanic, who has his own house, his own garden, pasture and wood lots, over him who is pent up in the city, throughout the year, and lives at great expense for house rent, fuel, &c. are very obvious. The manufactured articles disposed of in the country, are generally sold at a higher price than they bring in the city. But in case of the country being overstocked, the Society contemplate an arrangement with their factors, which will ena
ble them to make advances, if the articles sent to them shall arrive at any time when the markets are dull, so that the members of the Society will have a further advantage in their sales, over those who manufacture the same articles in the city.
It will be readily seen, that the result of this arrangement must be a good market in the farmer's neighbourhood for all his produce, and the profitable sale of all the results of the mechanic's labour. Instead, therefore, of the necessity of taking to the cities such heavy articles as flour, beef, butter and cheese ; they will appear there, metamorphosed into some of the light effects of the mechanic's skill.
If the affairs of the Society shall be conducted with a well ordered exactness; and if the spirit of harmony shall preside over the conduct of their members, as there is good reason to hope, the Society may look forward with confident expectation to a British settlement of unexampled prosperity, where the farmer's industry, stimulated by an exemption from his former burthen of taxes and tythes, shall be rewarded by encreasing comforts, and the consciousness of being able to bring up his children with a good education, and to leave them with ample possessions; and where each mechanic, surrounded by his garden, his pasture and wood lots, may rival the prosperity and ease of the farmer.
The Society wish sedulously to guard their countrymen from coming to them with the absurd hope