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Since the modern Volunteer move- and footsore, out of the ranks; in ment began, these words of com- a word, be less liable to commit, mand have been made very familiar and go on committing, those innuto us in the mouth of the drill- merable blunders which have lost sergeant. No one other sentence us so many battles. For we are which he has to use in the discharge aware the battle of life, as well as of his duty in setting us up as citi the battle of the sword, consists of zen soldiers is so constantly on his a succession of blunders, he only lips; for of course we all know it winning who commits the fewest. is the first means he adopts to cor- However, as Sergeant Time never rect our mistakes, to recall us to a utters this useful command aloud, simple attitude, from which we may and only seems to hint at its adstart fresh in our attempt at new visability in our private communes · movements, combinations, and for- with him, it is well for us, perhaps, mations. They are to bring us sometimes to give it out to ourback, so to speak, to a sense of our selves in a good clear ringing voice, position and what we have before and imagine ourselves occasionally us, and to inculcate the habit of re- 'as we were.' Then we may be trospective examination ofour train- able at least to check a too great ing. Now, if that mightier and more complacency or inappreciativeness inexorable drill-master, Sergeant of the value of our present condiTime' of the Royal First, World's tion. For instance, let us parade Own,' regiment, would more fre- ourselves on any one of the old faquently pull us up, and put us back miliar drill-grounds, where we may a few years, with the same com- have taken our earliest marches, mand, and for the same purpose, spots familiar to us all as connected it is not too much to say that we with our goose-step or extension might occasionally turn out better movements, and saying to ourselves soldiers. We should be better able 'As you were!' look at ourselves as to fight the battle of life, or at least we then appeared. be better able to understand what One of these aspects particularly advance we may have made in our occurs to us, closely associated march along the dusty high-road with our early training. To give before us, leading towards that un the word, “As you were ! to any known country, the future. We amongst us who first went through should at least be able to under- their goose-step in the ancient barstand if we were steadier, and if the rack where Clive Newcome got his way had really been made easier drill, will beget a picture of ourby the pioneers. If Sergeant-major selves as a people as we were, after

Time could only now and then put the fashion of what we mean. The · us back to the goose-step, or, as great school of Charterhouse, now

the red book has it, the balance that it has just been removed from step without gaining ground,' we its old demesne to the stately pile should be less likely to trip than at Godalming, affords a splendid we have been, and when the gradi. opportunity for considering ourents were steep and rugged, be less selves 'as we were in respect of likely to stumble and fall, weary such matters, and there are plenty

of us who will obey the self-given presented painful exhibitions of cruorder. But while they are doing so, elty, consequent upon the unusual it will not be inappropriate to look exercise the beasts were called upat a certain adjacent neighbour- on to take. With all the advantages hood of which we are now think- of sweet country air, fresh grass, ing, and of which we see a sort of water, and smooth roads, it was dissolving view, that we would try often pitiable to see their suffering for a moment to perpetuate. Let when urged beyond their strength Sergeant Time put us back a few by the long whips of their pony. years, and let us see if it be not mounted bucolic drovers. But the useful as an index of what we are, real distress, the real agony of these as compared with what we were poor creatures' last days com

Let us, as we behold that hand- menced when the crowded streets somely designed and executed were reached, and they were inscene supplied by the great meat trusted to the guardianship of the market of the metropolis, try and greasy, brutal, foul-mouthed Lonremember some of the characteris- don drover and his savage dog. tics of the spot, when commerce This functionary, freely using his was there carried on in live instead heavy and often sharp-pointed stick of dead stock. Let us try and re- on their besmirched and sweltercall the general effect of Smithfield ing sides, twisting their tails, and as we first knew it, if for no other fiercely hurling forth imprecatory reason, at least that we may not yells, as he guided his suffering forget in the present advantages charges amongst vehicles and footand benefits enjoyed that there was passengers, was not a pleasant adonce a state of barbarism and cru- dition to the City population; but elty existing within our time, so the sight of the cattle themselves monstrous as nearly to equal, only was the thing to call up a real in a different way, the stake-and. shudder, especially when we repile doings which gave to the loca membered they were to become lity its infamous historic interest, our food. It was not appetising to and that we may not lapse into per- see a poor exhausted bullock or fect complacency without a whole- sheep fairly beaten and done up some recollection of the evils from lying in the gutter, his tongue and which we have been freed.

eyes protruding, the big round First, then, there was the in- tears coursing one another down tolerable nuisance occasioned by his innocent nose,' his nostrils dithe passage of huge droves of sheep lated, and emitting jets of steaming and oxen on their way to sale and breath with a sound equal to a slaughter through every thorough- small locomotive engine, whilst the fare converging on the market. street boys and a knot of idlers Beginning far away on every coun- congregated round him, watching try high-road leading to town, not with complacent interest the tailably of course from the northern wrenching, the prodding, beating, pasturages, these herds were to be and the pulling efforts of the infuseen periodically throughout the riate drover to bring the poor beast week dragging their weary march, once more to his legs, and then stage by stage, until they reached get out of him another half-mile or the suburban cattle-lairs, even by so of weary plodding. Failing sucthat time sadly tried by their jour- cess in these highly humane efforts, ney, footsore, weary, and water however, the arrival of the slaughcraving.

terer, the despatch by poleaxe, and The scenes up to this point often eventual transfer of the carcass by

cart to the enterprising butcher same nature for the getting of it who had stepped in to purchase, away again; for the driving of it in circumstances considered, at a re- little lots of twos and threes and duced rate, did not altogether serve fours and sixes to the butchers' to stimulate the cravings of one's shops, and for the repetition in stomach. It was just as well not detail of the horrors and cruelties to remember these ordinary street just described as the poor brutes exhibitions when we sat down to were finally hustled and cudgelled our next sirloin, or to remember through narrow courts and yards, the unhealthy fevered state such a low entrances, and 'shop-doors to preparation for the table as this the slaughter-houses. would induce in the meat.

Yes, to the slaughter - houses; Unfortunate sheep as frequently for, be it remembered, the picture supplied the same entertainment of ourselves as we were' recalls to for street passengers, which was mind the fact that every fairly wellonly the less terrible on account of to-do butcher possessed such an adthe smaller bulk of the animal ren- junct to his trade, quite handy, in dering him more easy to deal with. our very midst; and not less reThe filial distress of calves and markable was it, that at that time lambs on their inevitable separa members of corporations were found tion from their mothers as the drove to advocate the perpetuation of such was broken up into a thousand establishments under our noses, and straggling items by wheels and often within sight from our back winhorses'legs; the occasional success dows. ful attempt of a recalcitrant bullock Let us, however, as we have said, to disengage himself from his fel- try to recall the look of the market lows, and go off down a side-street itself; that great irregular oblong full tilt, followed by shouts of ‘Mad open space of over six acres, with bull!' from the excited multitude, the surrounding mean sordid dwelland his eventual lodgment in the ings, nearly every other one a pubdoorway of a china or butter shop, lic-house or tavern, and against lashed by yells and fear into a state which the noble hospital of St. bordering finally indeed upon mad- Bartholomew vainly seemed to be ness—were familiar episodes upon setting its face in calm and dignimarket-days, witnessable on every fied protest. On Mondays and highway and byway within the Fridays the scene almost beggared metropolitan district. Naturally, description. On Mondays particuthe nearer one got to the rendez- larly, every feature was a little exvous, the more inevitable became . aggerated. From dark on Sunday such sights, whilst the ordinary night, all through the small hours, traffic was brought constantly to a up to the following midday, the dead-lock in consequence ; for als saturnalia began and culminated. though there were distinct regula From Islington and the north down tions against driving the beasts St. John-street, narrow and dingy; through the streets during certain from the east by Barbican, equally daylight hours, they were never car narrow and dingy; from the west ried out, and the night was only and south by Cow-cross, Skinnerpartly utilised and 'made hideous' street, Snow-hill, and Giltspurfor the filling of the great Smithfield street, more narrow and more dingy, pens.

came the panting, steaming, lowing, So much, and a great deal more, bellowing, bleating throngs, as the for the getting the live-stock thither, live-stock, generally to the number and still a great deal more of the of four thousand bullocks and thirty

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thousand sheep, were driven, hus- ing in the neighbourhood, the state tled, and crowded into the narrow of things was only one degree less pens, slimy and evil - smelling.. bad. The smell of the fresh-dried These, by their inconvenient struc- grass partially courteracted the ture, afforded no room for rest to otherwise perpetual evil odour of the poor brutes. They could not the place, the supply of which was lie down, or recover from the fa- admirably kept up by the refuse of tigue to which they had been sub- the previous day's market, and by jected. There was but a scant sup- the proximity of innumerable slaugh

ply of water or straw ; of food they ter-houses, the establishments of - had none.

the skinner, the fat - boiler, the If rain was or had been falling, dealer in bone and offal, and the it helped the general filthiness, and rest of the callings indigenous to made the narrow pathways between the commerce in cattle. the pens intersecting the open space “Impassable' was morally writat all sorts of angles more slippery ten up at every approach to this and abominable to traverse; whilst plague-spot, lying within a stone'sif any elements of the London fog throw of the great channels of Lonwere hanging about, as they gene- don traffic east and west, and yet rally were, they mingled with the for years every effort for its aboliheavy masses of steam sent up from tion was successfully frustrated by the reeking animals, and created a that fiend of selfishness called louring noxious atmosphere; the 'vested interests.' only řtting canopy, perhaps, for A nice place this, too, for a fair such a mingling of man and beast. to be held ! Yet, if we would look

The hustling, chaffering, greasy upon ourselves as we really were, crowd of drovers, farmers, meat we must not omit to make record salesmen, butchers'-men and but- of a saturnalia so entitled, and chers, and the hangers-on; the un bearing the distinguished appellalovely following in the shape , of tion of the patron saint of the ad. porters, refreshment stall-keepers, jacent hospital; and which, taking and nondescript houseless idlers; place annually in Smithfield, prethe going to and fro from public- sented a culmination of ribaldry house to public-house, the drunken- and blackguardism which the norness, the oaths—were all items in- mal condition of the neighbourhood separable maybe from such traffic, only required to make unique. but quite well for us to be rid of, Giants, dwarfs, pig-headed ladies, and quite well for any civilised Richardson's shows, menageries, community to be rid of from its and the minor attractions of fairs, very centre.

when patronised by a Smithfield poOn the off-days, when hay was pulation, have only to be thought the commodity dealt in, and it of to be understood. If any of stood in rows of unhorsed wag- us think that a retrospective examions and carts on such parts of the nation of ourselves after this sort grounds as were freest of pens, and will occasionally do us good, there when such as were movable of these are a host of similar pictures of the latter were piled up and crowded to- past at hand, and for the summongether, like the skeletons of mis- ing-up of which it is only necessary shapen dwarfs, or stores of minia- to remember the drill- sergeant's turegibbets, gallows and guillotines, oft-repeated command, and imme forming a wonderful gymnastic ap- diately to obey it. paratus for the street arabs abound




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“Yes, we will. I didn't know

what sort of a piece this was, or I LIZZIE DEEMS IT NECESSARY TO

shouldn't have brought you to see CALL CUNNING TO HER AID.

it.' The first thing Lily saw when she ‘But Mr. Sheldrake knew,' rerecovered consciousness was Liz marked Lizzie, with a sharp glance zie's face bending down to hers. in the direction of that gentleman. In that instant Lizzie began to act “I assure you I did not,' was Mr. as all women do, upon every pos Sheldrake's reply. You do me sible occasion. If those who en great injustice, and not for the list in the ranks of the drama would first time to-night. I have too high but act on the stage as they act a regard for Miss Lily to cause her off it, there would be no talk of pain. She knows that, I am sure; the decadence of dramatic art and so does Alfred.' Every trace of anxiety vanished 'I know it well,' interposed Alfrom Lizzie's face as Lily's eyes fred eagerly; "and Lily knows it looked into hers, and she smiled too. How can you be so unjust, so brightly and nodded so encour- Liz?' agingly as to infuse strength into “This is the first time I have seen the heart of her friend.

the play,'continued Mr. Sheldrake, “Where am I, Lizzie?'

and I had no idea it was anything With friends, my dear. The of this kind.' theatre was so hot that I almost He spoke the untruth with a fainted myself.'

perfect air of injured innocence. ‘Did I faint, then? How fool. During the passage at arms, Lily ish of me! A look of joy filled had regarded Alfred with anxious her eyes as they lighted on her solicitude, and now he asked, brother. 'O Alfred !

“Isn't Liz mistaken and unjust, He knelt by her side, and she Lily? To put the blame on Mr. took his hand and retained it. By Sheldrake ! this time the theatre was fast being Lily turned to her friend. 'I am emptied.

sure you are mistaken, dear Lizzie,' 'I remember now what it was she said. “I'm so sorry for all that overcame me. The horrible this. I am the only one to blame sight of that man dying!

for being so weak and foolish.' She shuddered, and Lizzie said This brought Mr. Sheldrake out briskly,

in full force; he was almost tender Never mind; we're not going in his expressions of sympathy for to think of that any more. It was Lily, and he even relented so far only a piece of acting, after all. towards Lizzie as to hold up a warnWe'll go to see something more ing finger to her as a caution not lively next time.'

to be unjust to her friends for the And Lizzie nodded emphatic- future. ally at Alfred, who answered, * And now,' he said, when Lily VOL. XI.


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