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The learned Monsieur du Bosc, on seeing the print of his friend Moses when it came out, wrote under it this distich: “ A Mose ad Mosem par Mosi non fuit ullus;

More, ore, et calamo mirus uterque fuit." These lines the English biographer, who has noticed the life of Moses Amyrault, has translated thus:

From Moses down to Moses none,

Among the sons of men,
With equal lustre ever shone

In manners, tongue, and pen. Under a man so conspicuous William Penn renewed his studies. He read the Fathers; he turned over the pages of the ology: he applied himself to the rudiments of the French language, so as to become a proficient in the knowledge of it. // His residence here I beg the reader to remember, because it will throw light upon a circumstance which will require development in the course of the present work.

It appears when he left Saumur that he directed his course towards Italy, and that he had reached Turin in his way thither; for, while there, a letter reached him from his father desiring his return home. His, father had then received notice that he was to command the fleet against the Dutch, and wished his son to take care of the family in his absence. William in consequence returned. This was in 1664. During the few opportunities he had with his father, he is said to have given satisfaction ; for though he had not gone back (as indeed it would seem impossible under the care of Moses Amyrault) in his regard and concern for religion, he was yet more lively in his manners than before. He had contracted also a sort of polished or courtly demeanour, which he had insensibly taken from the customs of the people among whom he had lately lived.


It was thought advisable, as he had now returned from the continent, that he should know something of the laws of his own country; and accordingly, on the suggestion of his father, he became a student of Lincoln's Inn. He remained there for about a year, when the great plague making its appearance in London, le quitted it, with many others, on the reasonable precaution of self-preservation. This took place in the year 1665, in which year he became of age.


CHAPTER III. 2. 1666-1667---is sent to Ireland-attends the court of the Duke of Ormondi-meets again with Thomas Locais impression again nade ly the sermon of the latter is put into gaol for being at a Quakers' meetingwrites to Lord Orréry-is discharged from prison-is reported lo be a Quaker-ordered home on that account by his falher--interesting interview between them and conditions offered him ly his father-is again turned out of doors

It is not probable, where men have pursued a path in conformity with their belief of divine truths; that any ordinary measures taken to divert them from it will be successful. The fire kindled in their minds may indeed be smothered for a time, but it will eventually break forth. Such was the state of the mind of William Fenn at this period. He had come from the continent with an air of gaiety and the show of polite manners, which the Admiral had mistaken for a great change in his mind. But now, in 1666, all volatile appearances had died away. The grave and sedate habits of his countrymen, the religious controversies then afloat, these and other circumstances of a similar ten· VOL. I.

dency dency had caused the spark which had apis peared in him to revive in its wonted strength. He became again a serious person. He mixed again only with grave and religious people. His father, when he returned from sea, could not but notice this change. It was the more visible on account of the length of his absence. He saw it with all his former feelings; with the same fear for the consequences, and the same determination to oppose it. Not easily to be van, quished, he determined a second time to endeavour to break up his son's connections; and to effect this, he sent him to Ireland.

One reason which induced him to make choice of Ireland for this purpose, was his acquaintance with the Duke of Ormond, (who was then lord lieutenant of that country,) as well as with several others who attended his court. The Duke himself was a man of a graceful appearance, lively wit, and cheerful temper; and his court. had the reputation of great gaiety and splendour. The Admiral conceived, therefore, if his son were properly introduced among his friends there, that he might even yet receive a new bias, and acquire a new taste.


But this scheme of the Admiral did not an

swer. Nothing which William saw there could shake his religious notions, or his determination to a serious life. Everything, on the other hand, which he saw, tended to

confirm them. He considered the court,

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with its pomp and vanity, its parade and ceremonies, as a direct nursery for vice; and as to its routine of pleasures, it became to him only a routine of disgust. t Thus disappointed again in his expecta

tions, but not yet overcome, the Admiral

had recourse to another expedient, an exp 2 pedient, indeed, which he had always con

templated in case of the failure of the other.

He had large estates in Ireland, one of which, comprehending Shannigary Castle, lay in the barony of Imokelly, and the others in the baronies of Ibaune and Barryroe, all of them in the county of Cork. He determined therefore to give his son the sole management of these, knowing at least, while he re. sided upon them, that he would be far from his English connections, and at any rate that he would have ample employment for his time. William received his new comi

mission. He was happy in the execution

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