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and their Faith and Worship,) Matthew Hide, attested by Ear-and Eye-Witnesses; whereof his Widow was one :- published in Honour to God, for' a Warning to Gainsayers, and a Çonfirmation to the Honest-hearted.”

He wrote also a Letter to a Roman Catholic, but the occasion of it is net mentioned. “ The Church of Rome, he said, had lost her chastity, having taken in discipline and principles which were neither of Christ, nor to be found in the holy Scriptures. She had departed from the simplicity, purity, meekness, patience, and self-denial of the first churches. They only were Christ's who took up their cross against the glory and spirit of this world. It was a mistake to think that to be a church of Christ, which had lost its heavenly qualifications, because it once was ; for what was become of Antioch and Jerusalem, both churches of Christ, and before Rome?" He then called his (the Roman Catholic's) attention to the New Dispensation, which he and his friends were promoting, and exhorted him “to build no more upon the fancies and traditions of men, but upon Christ the-sure foundation as he appeared in the consciences of men."


After this he was engaged in an arbitration between John Fenwick and Edward Byllinge, two members of his own religious society, who had purchased of Lord Berkeley his half share of New Jersey in North America. Having well considered the case, he had made his award; but Fenwick refused to abide by it. This gave him great uneasiness, and produced from him the following friendly letter :

“ John FENWICK! “ The present difference betwixt thee and Edward Byllinge fills the hearts of Friends with grief, and with a resolution to take it in two days into their consideration to make a public denial of the person that offers violence to the award made, or that will not end it without bringing it upon the public stage. God, the righteous judge, will visit him that stands off. Edward Byllinge will refer the matter to me again, if thou wilt do the like. Send me word; and, as opprest as I am with business, I will find an afternoon to-morrow or next day to determine, and so prevent the mischief that will certainly follow divulging it in Westminsterhall. Let me know by the bearer thy mind. M 2

O John!

O John! let Truth and the honour of it in this day prevail! Woe to him that causeth offences! I am an impartial man.

« WILLIAM Penn.” This letter in about ten days was followed by a second, in which he could not help rebuking Fenwick on account of his conduct. ' He stated, however, that the original of the dispute reflected, upon both parties, and, what was worse, upon Truth, that is, upon their religious profession as Quakers. It was to hide this their high profession from shame, that he undertook the office of an arbitrator; and he was willing to continue his mediation for the same reason.

In thirteen days he wrote another letter to Fenwick, which, as it shows the openness of his mind, and is withal full of good sense or rather true wisdom, I submit to the perusal of the reader.

“-JOHN FENWICK! “I have upon serious consideration of the present difference (to end it with benefit to you both, and as much quiet as may be, thought my counsel's opinion very reasonable : indeed, thy own desire to have the eight parts added, was not so pleasant to the other party that it should now be shrunk from by thee as injurious ; and when thou hast once thought a proposal reasonable, and given power to another to fix it, 'tis not in thy power, nor indeed a discreet or civil thing, to alter or warp from it, and call it a being forced. O John! I am sorry that a toy, a trifle, should thus robímen of their time, quiet, and a more profitable emptıy. I have had a good conscience in what I have done in this affair ; and if thou reposest confidence in me, and believest me to be a good and just man, as thou hast said, thou shouldst not be upon such nicety and uncertainty. Away with vain fancies, I beseech thee, and fall closely to thy business. Thy days spend on, and make the best of what thou hast. Thy grandchildren may be in the other world, before the land thou bast allotted will be employed. My counsel, I will answer for it, shall do thee all right and service in the affair that becomes him, who, I told thee at first, should draw it up as for myself. If this cannot scatter thy fears, thou art unhappy, and I am sorry.


“ Thy Friend, William Penn.”


CHAPTER XII. A. 1676-writes The Skirmisher defeated-also ta · two Protestant Ladies of Quality in Germany-be

comes a manager of proprietary concerns in New Jersey --divides it into East and West---draws up a Constitu

tion, and invites Settlers in the latter. In the year 1676 John Cheney, who lived near Warrington, and who had written frequently against the religious principles of the Quakers, brought out a work which he called " A Skirmish upon Quakerism." He took occasion in this to lay hold of a passage in one of the books which William Penn had written in the course of his controversy with Faldo. This coming to the knowledge of the latter, he produced by way of reply “The Skirmisher defeated and Truth defended,” in which he was so successful that Cheney never ventured to proyoke him again.

There is extant a letter, which he wrote in the present year to two Protestant women of quality in Germany. The one was the Princess Elizabeth, daughter of the deceased Frederic the Fifth, Prince Palatine of the Rhine and King of Bohemia, and granddaụghter of King James the First. The


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