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the King's indulgence, thought they could not use their liberty better than by trying to crush the Quakers. Hence many public cations appeared against the latter, which had been otherwise unknown. Placed then as William Penn was in one or other of the occupations which have been mentioned, that is, either in that of a public preacher or a controversial writer in behalf of his own society, he had but little time left him for repose during the present year.

The first instance of industry which we find in him as a minister of the Gospel after his marriage, was on the Midsummer following, when he traversed three counties in that capacity, Kent, Sussex, and Surry, and this with such rapidity, that he preached to no less than twenty-one different congregations of people, and some of these at considerable distances the one from the other, in twenty-one days. This must have been no easy performance, considering the comparative paucity and state of the roads at this period.

As an author we find him equally indefam tigable. An anonymous writer had pub. lished “ The Spirit of the Quakers tried.”

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This was one of the works alluded to which first roused him, and he answered it by “ The Spirit of Truth vindicated.”

John Morse, a preacher at Watford, having written against him in particular, and the Quakers in general, he repelled the attack by “ Plain Dealing with a traducing Anabaptist.” ..“ Controversy Ended” soon followed, which was the production of Henry Hedworth, another preacher, and which was of a similar stamp with the former. His answer to this paper was contained in “ A Winding Sheet for Controversy Ended.” i John Faldo, an Independent preacher near Barnet, finding that some of his hearers had gone over to the Quakers, was greatly incensed, and gave vent to his anger by writing a book, which he called “ Quakerism no Christianity.” This very soon attracted the notice of William Penn, and, as a reply to it, “ Quakerism a new Nickname for old Christianity" followed.

About this time Reeve and Muggleton made a great noise in the religious world by pretending to wonderful revelations received immediately from Heaven. Reeve,


who compared himself to Moses, asserted that he was ordered to communicate his new system to Muggleton, whom he likened to Aaron. William Penn, to expose the doctrines of these, published “The new Witnesses proved old Heretics.”

There is a letter extant, which he wrote this year to Dr. Hasbert, a physician at Embden in Germany, whom he had found, on his late tour to the Continent, ready to embrace the religious principles of the Qua. kers. This letter was merely to encourage and strengthen him to pursue the path he had thus taken.


CHAPTER IX. A. 1673-travels as a minister-writes The Christian

Quaker "-- also Reason against Railing and Truth against Fiction"--also The Counterfeit Christian detected-holds a public controversy with the Baptists at Barbican-his account of it to G. Fox-writes The Invalidity of John Fal:lo's Vindication-also " A Retrirn to J. Faldo's Reply-also A just Rebuke to one-and-twenty learned and reverend Divines"--Encomium of Dr. Moore on the lotter--writes " Wisdom justified of her Children,and Urim and Thummim_and against John Perrot--and " On the general Rule of Faith," and on 6 The proposed Comprehension-also sic Letters-extract from that to Justice


William Penn continued to be employed as in the preceding year. As the spring advanced he undertook a journey to the western parts of the kingdom, in which he was joined by George Whitehead. Travel. ling as ministers of the Gospel, they spread their principles as they went along. Gulielma Maria Penn accompanied her husband on this occasion. When they came to Bristol, it was the time of the great fair. It happene ed unexpectedly, that they were joined by George Fox, the founder of their religious society. He had just landed from a vessels which had brought him from Maryland in America, whither he had gone some months before on a religious errand. All the parties staid at Bristol during the fair, and, uniting their religious labours, they brought over many to their persuasion.

As a writer, there was no end of his employment this year. The first who called him forth was Thomas Hicks, a Baptist preacher in London. Alarmed, like those mentioned in the preceding chapter, at the defection of many of his congregation, this person began his attack upon the Quakers by writing a Dialogue between a Christian and a Quaker, which he forged so well, that many considered it not as a fiction, but as a discourse which had actually taken place between the parties described. By making, too, his Quaker say every thing that was weak and silly, he paved the way for such answers from his Christian as ensured the victory on his own side. This publication being such, William Penn could not but notice it; and he brought out accordingly “The Christian Quaker and his divine Testimony vindicated,” by way of reply.

This work contained an explicit statement


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