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A NOBLE REPLY.

(Thurlow)

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HE Duke of Grafton had taunted Lord Thurlow on his plebeian extraction. The latter rose from the Woolsack and advanced slowly to the place from

which the Chancellor generally addresses the House; then, fixing on the duke the look of Jove when he grasped the thunder, “I am amazed,” he said, in a loud tone of voice, “at the attack the noble duke has made

Yes, my lords, considerably raising his voice, “I am amazed at his grace's speech. The noble duke cannot look before him, behind him, or on cither side of him, without seeing some noble peer who owes his seat in this House to successful exertions in the profession to which I belong. Does he not feel that it is as honourable to owe it to these as to being the accident of an accident? To all these noble lords, the language of the noble duke is as applicable and as insulting as it is to myself. But I don't fear to meet it single and alone. No one venerates the Peerage more than I do; but, my lords, I must say that the Peerage solicited me, not I the Peerage. Nay, more, I can say, and will say, that, as a Peer of Parliament, as Speaker of this Right Honourable House, as Keeper of the Great Seal, as Guardian of His Majesty's Conscience, as Lord High Chancellor of England; nay, even in that character alone in which the noble duke would think it an affront to be considered—as a man-I am at this moment as respectable-I beg leave to add, I am at this moment as much respected—as the proudest peer I now look down upon."

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ERE lies our good Edmund, whose genius was such,
We scarcely can praise it, or blame it too much ;
Who, born for the universe, narrow'd his mind,
And to party gave up what was meant for mankind;
Though fraught with all learning, yet straining his throat
To persuade Tommy Townshend to lend him a vote ;
Who, too deep for his hearers, still went on refining,
And thought of convincing, while they thought of dining ;
Though equal to all things, for all things unfit;
Too nice for a statesman, too proud for a wit ;
For a patriot too cool ; for a drudge disobedient;
And too fond of the right to pursue the expedient.
In short, 'twas his fate, unemploy'd, or in place, sir,
To eat mutton cold, and cut blocks with a razor.

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THE INTRODUCTION OF GUNPOWDER.

(Gibbon.) HE chemists of China or Europe had found, by casual

or elaborate experiments, that a mixture of saltpetre, sulphur, and charcoal, produces, with a spark of fire, a tremendous explosion. It was soon observed, that if

the expansive force were compressed in a strong tube, a ball of stone or iron might be expelled with irresistible and destructive velocity. The precise era of the invention and application of gunpowder is involved in doubtful traditions and equivocal language ; yet we may clearly discern that it was known before the middle of the fourteenth century, and that before the end of the same the use of artillery in battles and seiges, by sea and land, was familiar to the states of Germany, Italy, Spain, France, and England. The priority of nations is of small account; none could derive any exclusive benefit from their previous or superior knowledge, and, in the common improvement, they stood on the same level of relative power and military science. Nor was it possible to circumscribe the secret within the pale of the Church; it was disclosed to the Turks by the treachery of apostates and the selfish policy of rivals, and the sultans had sense to adopt, and wealth to reward, the talents of a Christian engineer. The Genoese, who transported Amurath into Europe, must be accused as his preceptors; and it was probably by their hands that his cannon was cast and directed at the siege of Constantinople. By the Venetians, the use of gunpowder was communicated without reproach to the sultans of Egypt and Persia, their allies against the Ottoman power; the secret was soon propagated to the extremities of Asia ; and the advantage of the European was confined to his casy victories over the savages of the New World. If we contrast the rapid progress of this mischievous discovery with the slow and laborious advances of reason, science, and the arts of peace, a philosopher, according to his temper, will laugh or wecp at the folly of mankind.

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(Smollett.) 'S we stood at the window of an inn that fronted the public

prison, a person arrived on horseback, genteelly though plainly dressed in a blue frock, with his own hair cut short, and a gold-laced hat upon his head. Alighting, and

giving his horse to the landlord, he advanced to an old man who was at work in paving the street, and accosted him in these words: “This is hard work for such an old man as you.” So saying, he took the instrument out of his hand, and began to thump the pavement. After a few strokes, “Had you never a son,” said he, “to ease you of this labour?" "Yes, an' please your honour,” replied the senior, “ I have three hopeful lads, but at present they are out of the way.” “Honour not me,” cried the stranger; “it more becomes me to honour your grey hairs. Where are those sons you talk of?” The ancient paviour said, his eldest son was a captain in the East Indies, and the

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