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TO THE READER.

If thou do'st
As this instructs thee, thou do'st make thy way
To noble fortune.

SHAKSPEARE.

The aim of this Twenty-fourth Edition is to Record the PROGRESS OF TRADE in every part of the World—so as to show, at one view, as far as practicable, its precise State and Bearings.

This no other Work-Domestic or Foreign-even attempts.

“ Destitute of this Elementary Instruction”—as expressed by the Edinburgh Rerier — "the wonder is, not that Merchants should sometimes calculate wrong ; but that they should ever calculate right.”

By preserving Copies of the RNAL, they will, it is trusted, become a valuable Record of the State of Trade in by-gone times ; and thus every year will increase their value.

The reception of the last Edition, in particular, has outstripped even the Editor's own expectation. In truth, it has penetrated to the utmost confines of the World.

That this high and honourable support will continue to increase, both at Home and Abroad, the Editor cannot suffer himself for one moment to doubt when he considers that he acts as the humble DRODGE—the PIONEER-to clear the Path through which Merchants and others may extend their COMMEROR and increase their WEALTH.

Hampstead Heath, near London,

August 9, 1854.

NOTICE AS TO PERSONS GOING ABROAD.

Merchants and Ship-owners will find it to their interest to supply their Agents, Supercargoes, Factors, and Masters of Vessels with “POPE'S YEARLY JOURNAL OF TRADE," as a Guide for them when Abroad.

CONTENTS.

GENERAL INDEX, p. 533.

viii

6

Page

Page

DEDICATION

111

PART I.

AUTOGRAPH PATRONS AND SUB- NAVIGATION

1

SCRIBERS

iv Opening of the Coasting Trade 1

To the Reader

vii VESSELS AND BOATS

4

Notice as to Piracy

ii Progress of Shipbuilding.

4

Notice as to Persons going

Privateers

4

Abroad

Registry and Measurement 5

Contents

ix Mortgage

Abbreviations

xvii The Compass

Clipper

Ocean Steamers

7

River Steamers

7

MISCELLANEOUS INFORMA-

Deserters

9

TION, viz. :-

Want of Funds

10

Possession

11-15

The Revenue

xxi

SEAMEN-Masters of Ships .

:

15

The Balance Sheet

xxi

Number of Sailors .

15

Shipping Raturns

xxiii CHARTER PARTY

17

An Account of tbe Number and

Custom as to Brokers' Com-

Tonnage of Vessels Entered

mission

18

Inwards and Cleared Out-

Regular Turns

20

wards

xxiv

Bottomry and Respondentia . 21

An Account of the Imports of

Bill of Sale

22

the Articles of Foreign and

Seaworthiness

23

Colonial Merchandise, and of

Liability of Owners

24

the Consumption of such

Ships' Provisions

25

Articles

xxvi

Freight

26

An Account of the Exports of

Demurrage

27

Foreign and Colonial Mer-

Bill of Lading

27

chandise

xxxiii

Collision

28

An Account of the Exports of

Marine Insurance

30

the Articles of British and

Salvage

31

Irish Produce and Manufac-

Assistance by Queen's Ships 33

tures

Xxxvii

Seaworthiness

34

An Account of the Number of

Derelict

35

Gallons of British Spirits Ex-

ported

xxxix

Origin of Money and Nature of

PART II.

xli

SMUGGLING

Exchange

36

A Table of Foreign Moneys,

compared with the Currency

PART III.

of England and the Continent xliii United Kingdom of Great Britain

Rise and Progress of THE

and Ireland,

YEARLY JOURNAL OF TRADE xliv IMPORTS, viz:-

Authorities as to the JOURNAL xlvi Gibraltar, Malta, and Heligo-

Character of the JOURNAL xlvii land

42

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IMPORTS—continued.
Page

Page

Prohibitions and Restrictions. 43

PART VIII.

Damaged Goods, Derelict, &c. 45 United Kingdom of Great Britain

Over-Payment

46

and Ireland.

Surplus Stores

46

British Goods

46 WAREHOUSING

149

Foreign Goods

46

Reciprocity

47

Reciprocity Treaties

48

PART IX.

Ready Reckoning

48

United Kingdom of Great Britain

CUSTOMS TARIFF, &c.

50

Prohibitions, &c.

98

and Ireland.

Aliens

160

PART IV.

Agents, Brokers, and Factors 165

Co-Partnership

167

United Kingdom of Great Britain Holidays

168

and Ireland.

Contract

168

Consuls

101

169

EXPORTS

Our Customers in Australia 101

169

Complaints and Disputes

The Year

101

Duties on Ale and Porter into

PART X.

various Countries

103

EUROPE.

PART V.

UNITED KINGDOM

173

Greatness

173

United Kingdom of Great Britain

Population

173

and Ireland.

British Subjects in Foreign

COASTWISE

111 States

174

Financial Statement

174

Aspect of Trade

175

PART VI.

Crystal Palace

. 176

War with Russia

177

United Kingdom of Great Britain

War, British Property

177

and Ireland.

War, Protection from Russian

Tonnage Rates

112 Aggression

177

Light Dues

113 War, Goods from Neutral Ports 178

Heaving-River Thames

113 War, Russian in England-

Pilotage

114 Licenses and Neutral Ports 179

DANGERS OF THE SEAS

115 War, Russian Produce vid

Wrecks and Shipping Disas-

Prussia

179

ters

115 War, General Reprisals 179

Competency

of Masters and War, Declaration as to Neu-

Mates.

115 trals

180

War, British Ships not to Enter

and Clear Out

181

PART VII.

War, General Embargo . 181

War, Respite

181

United Kingdom of Great Britain

War, Conjunction with France 182

and Ireland.

War, Convention between

COUNTERVAILING DUTIES–Eng-

France and England

182

land, Scotland and Ireland 128 War proclaimed at THE ROYAL

Inland Excise Duties

129 EXCHANGE

183

Stamp Duties

132 War, Sale of Russian Ships to

A Table of Days

136 Neutrals

183

Post OFFICE :-

War, British Property, Contra-

Penny Postage

137 band of War and Blockade. 183

General Regulations from TAE

War, Sale of a Russian Vessel 184

GENERAL WEEKLY SHIPPING

War, East Indies and Foreign

LIST

137 or Colonial Possessions. 184

Rates

144 War, Overland Trade with

Bills of Exchange

147 Russia

185

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UNITED KINGDOM-War, Neu- SWEDEN AND NORWAY_TARIFF

trals

185 of Norway

228

War, Extension of Time 186 Moneys, Weights, and Mea-

War, Russian Consular Officers 186 sures of Norway.

234

War, Coal and Hay as Con- DENMARK

235

traband of War

186 Secretary, Consuls, &c.

235

War, Effect on Trade

187 War with Russia

235

War, Treaty between England,

Deserters

236

France, and Turkey

187 Lights, &c.

236

War Prizes

188 TARIFF

241

Workmen going to France 189 Moneys

242

Manchester a City.

189 Legalizing Russian Documents 242

Ireland-New Consular Juris-

Progress of Railway

242

diction

189 Submarine Telegraph

242

Coinage

189 PRUSSIA

243

Florins

189 Consuls, &c.

243

Trade of each Port.

190 War with Russia

243

Railways--Beginning and Pro- Treaty with Austria

244

gress

193 Buoys

245

Traffic Returns

194 International Copyright 246

Cattle Traffic

194 German Confederation

248

Electric Telegraph

194 Navigation

249

Submarine Cables

195 Memel

249

British Possessions Abroad 195 Zollverein

249

ISLE OF MAN

197 Grain, &c.

250

JERSEY, GUERNSEY, &c.

199

Harvest

250

CHANNEL ISLANDS

200 Duty on Rice .

250

Russia--Area and Population 202 Foreign Syrup

250

Power and Influence

202 Moneys and Weights

251

Trade with the United King- NETHERLANDS

252

dom

203 Province of North Holland 252

War with England and France 203 Province of South Holland 252

Consuls

203 Province of Zealand

252

Embargo on Turkish Vessels . 203 Province of Friesland

252

Neutrals

204 Province of Overyssel

252

English and French Property 204 Province of Groningen

252

TARIFF

205 Consuls

252

Reduction of Duties

207 War with Russia

: 253

Esport of Gold

207 Privateers

253

Shipments and Stock of Wheat 207 Deserters

253

Revel --Helps to Navigation : 207 Lights, Buoys, &c.

253

Moneys, Weights and Mea- Submarine Cable

259

sures

209 Progress of Commerce and

Blockade

209 Navigation

259

Finnland

210 TARIFF

259

Gulfs of Finnland and Bothnia 210 HOLLAND

260

Island of Seskar

211 Food, &c.

260

SWEDEN AND NORWAY

212 Herring Fishery

261

Separate Governments

212 Moneys, Weights, and Mea-

War, Trade, and Navigation 212

261

Slitohavn a Free Port

213 BELGIUM

263

Pilot Station

214 Separation from Holland

263

Blockade

214 War with Russia-Privateers 263

Lighthouses, &c.

214

Treaty of Commerce and Na-

Stranded Vessel

217 vigation

264

Consuls, &c.

217 Treaty with France

268

Explanatory Remarks

218 TARIFF

269

Tonnage and Light Dues. 218 Moneys, Weights, and Measures 275

Articles of Export

219 | AUSTRIA

276

TARIFF of Sweden

219 Ambassador, &c.

276

Moneys, Weights, and Mea- Passports

276

sures of Sweden.

227 War with Russia

276

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