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PREFACE.

PREFACE.

The following Tour is a faithful Copy of a Gentleman's Journal, written to assist his memory, respecting the Events of one of the most interesting of the numerous Expeditions he made through various parts of the United States of America, during a residence of seven years in that Country, at intervals from 1793 to 1803.

Europeans, who have visited America, and published their Travels, are very numerous; their Works voluminous, embellished with maps and engravings, piquant anecdotes, political disquisitions, statistical tables, commercial and agricultural information; and in a word, nothing onnitted which Author or Publisher thought likely to prove agreeable to the Public.

There is, however, evidently wanting in the greater part of these Works, that more correct information which their Authors might have attained from longer Residence in, and a less hasty passage through, the Country,

The Travellers, for the most part, were conveyed from place to place in the public Stages, and returned to Europe after short Visits without having had much, if any, personal intercourse with the resident Gentry; consequently their Narratives betray but little acquaintance with the best Society.

The author of this Tour had better opportunities than most of his Countrymen of knowing both America and the Americans. He traversed the old thirteen United States from the District of Maine to Charleston, in South Carolina. With Jefferson's “ Notes on Virginia” in his hand, he crossed the series of Mountains which compose the Blue Ridge, and visited those objects, some of which Jefferson so vividly describes as the most sublime of Nature's Works" — the SWEET SPRINGS:—the NATURAL BRIDGE :-the BERKLEY SPRINGS:- MADISON'S CAVE :and the JUNCTION OF THE SHENANDOAH WITH THE PATOWMAC. This last Scene alone, Jefferson says, is a "Scene worth a Voyage across the Atlantic.

At various times and seasons he traversed Virginia and Maryland; New York and the Eastern States; and when resident at Boston, Rhode Island, New York, Philadelphia, Washington, Richmond, Norfolk, Charleston, and more especially Baltimore, associated with the Inhabitants upon a footing the most flattering to a Stranger.

Numerous Journals, written by one whose early life was spent in Travel, and now clothed in handsome Bindings have for many years quietly occupied their places on the well-filled and splendid shelves of the Moor-House Library. After the lapse of one-fourth of a century, ont of these Volumes has been withdrawn from its repose, and without transcribing, has been printed at the press of his native Town.

The Author, having with much pleasure observed, that a superior and distinguished class of English Travellers have recently turned their attention from "la belle France” and “classic Italyto the hitherto neglected shores of North America, bas ventured to publish this “ Journal of a visit to the Falls of Niagara,” in the hope that it may induce others of high rank to visit a country, through which they cannot journey without great and lasting benefit to both Nations. As yet the English and the Anglo-Americans are in a manner, unknown to each other. As yet there has not been any “reciprocity” of feeling. Two unfortunate wars have alienated the affections of the child from the parent; and the Author of this Book must avow, which he does with much pain, but without the most distant intention of being personal, that the class of English Travellers have hitherto had too great a proportion of individuals among them, who by their arrogant bearing and illiberal remarks, have fostered and kept alive a spirit of crimination and recrimination, which the friendly intercourse this work is intended to promote, would, most certainly soften and allay. The Americans, it is hoped, will accept the Book as a testimonial of the Author's good will towards a people by whom he was received more as :a Relative and a Brother, than as a Stranger; and among whom he formed friendships that have been the solace of his life, and, to this moment, gladden his existence.

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