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conviction of their guiltiness ; and ere lacerated throat, from which so often the hand of death sball cast them down proceeded the accents of depravity, and into the lowest depths of perdition, I the oath of execration ; but from which would pluck them back from the edge not a syllable even of prayer, can now of that precipice which even now find utterance! See how the activity moulders beneath their feet

of my whole frame is dissolved in morGive ear,ye careless ones; your very tal lethargy, which must inevitably, and next step may be into eternity !--that within the short space of a few lingering infinite duration of retribution in which minutes, close my eyes in the leaden you will no more hear the laugh of slumbers of premature dissolution. You your companions in iniquity, and your cannot hear, you cannot feel, the last shouts of mad applause, with which ye groan, the last embrace of a brokenechoed their blasphemous outrages of hearted father, who even with his exthe forbearance of Heaven will be con- piring sigh breathed forgiveness to an verted into groans of torment increasing unnatural parricide. You cannot imand undiminishing in its everlasting age to your view the blasting sight of suffering. O fools and blind, if ye pay her who hushed your infant cries in her po heed but that of profane mockery to maternal bosom, now bereaved of intelthe work of your God; if ye ridicule, lect, maddened by the grievous disapwith contemptuous scorn, the certainty pointment of her fondest hopes, by the of a future state, hear one who soon impious insensibility of an ungrateful must realize those fearful forebodings child ;-no! your dissipated sense of of it which your own hearts cannot filial obligation cannot picture to your avoid shrinking from, even now; now perverted minds images so frightful yet that ye are drinking down the poisons so true, and all instanced in the reof your unhallowed delights, and steep- morseful reminiscence of him who now ing in the cup of intemperance your addresses you with the pen of a suicide! burthened souls, Ah! miserable beings Check, then, your sacrilegious steps at that ye are ! know that not a single the call of one who now reflects with drop of water will ye find in the gulph horror upon his former associations of of fiery wrath that is closing upon your iniquity, and their terror-striking issues steps, to cool your tongues which have of pain and misery. You have parents, been employed in the abominations of you have friends, you yet may be rewanton converse and infidel profana- conciled to them, you may retrace your

tion. O could you repair bither and degraded character, and wash out, by . behold me, whom once ye hailed as the the tears of penitence, the polluting

joyous leader of your insensate crowds, spots of sin that stain it. You yet may as the iospiring spirit of your licentious return to the peaceful paths of virtuous boards.- could you contemplate me, life ; the years that ye have squandered bleeding by that very hand with which in transgression may yet be redeemed you have so often seen me lifting high by amendment. Seek then the counthe goblet of a sparkling delusion that sels of prudence and experience in the hand which has murdered my bosom admonition of some compassionate friend in compliance with your ensan- friend who laments your errors, and guined code of honour—that hand now would reclaim you from your dangerous addresses these words of contrite coun- wanderings. Be your father that friend; sel to your startled ears.

and in the tenderness of a mother be Behold me sunk in character, lost to blest with the healing balm of her formy own esteem, and that of all who giving embrace. No longer press to knew me : contemplate my pallid and your breast the roses of guilty pleasure, dejected counteoance. Ye do not now for their fragrance is the odour of death, perceive that dauntless brow on wbich their charms are the decay of life, and sate the daring effrontery of the liber- their thorns will sooner or later pierce tine, and the contemptuous sneer of the your heart with wounds for which there apostate from every religious, moral, can be found no hope but in a late and and social tie ; look on this wounded uocertain repentance. I go to the tri

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VOL. 4.]

:: Tour in England. bunal of an omniscient Judge ; my has worked its last deed, that it opens to soul vibrates upon the tremendous bal- seek the celestial ray, Ah! pray for ance of fears which it cannot suppress, me; that, culprit as I am, I may be and hopes which it dares not indulge, enabled to appear at the bar of Divine Yet I call to mind, and let the thought justice, not without the hope of some be fixed in yours, that my Judge is a mitigation of that sentence of rejection God of Mercy, and a Saviour of par, which awaits the wicked. One last redooing grace!

quest I have to make. Let my sinful Farewell, deluded partners of my body be consigned to its native dust by crimes—receive the prayer of my dying the side of my dear, my ill-treated lath. words. May this God and Saviour er, if you think the mingling of our touch your hearts with relenting con- mortal clay will not add to the injuries viction of the eternal sorrows which you I heaped upon him while living. And are so rashly heaping up to yourselves. should the overwhelmed brain of my May deep contrition, unfeigned and poor distracted mother resume its seat, not to be repented of, lift up those take her in your benevolent hand, and hearts to your Almighty Father ; and conduct her to the stone that will mark may the Mediator's merits plead for its the spot where my wretched remaios acceptances at His mercy-seat. I can shall be laid, and point out to her the no more-the dark shades of death only inscription which I desire it may hang heavy upon my mortal vision : bear : decide instantly between Hell and Ho repented.Heaven, never-ending punishment and everlasting blessedness--again farewell! Then accompanying her home, bid her

My generous, my beloved friend ! ponder on those gracious words of the thou that hast been the counsellor and Redeemer : • In the world ye shall have the comforter of my desponding soul, tribulation ; but be of good cheer, I accept the sincere acknowledgements of have overcome the world.' Blend your my gratitude. I have seen a light prayers with hers, that God of his infispring up in darkness.-O that I had in nite goodness, may turn ber mourning early life walked in that light, against into joy; and that the blessed prospects the bright illumination of which I shut with which you have cheered my dying the eye of my soul! and now it is only moments may be realised unto jn that perilous bour of night, when sin

The Penitent, T. G."



From the New Monthly Magazine, August, 1818.. LDINBURGH.-On the 3d of De- rates the New Town from the Old

V cember, being Saturday, we could Town. This latter rises upon a bill see nothing in the town, and, not quite twards the castle, which lies on the to lose the day, we determined on a yis- right. An earthen mound is made ait to the castle. There was a thick fog cross the ditch, about the centre, to in the forenoon, but it afterwards dis- form a communication between the iwo persed, and permitted us to enjoy the towns; to the left is a bridge. The prospect. The King's Hotel, in which Catholic church in the New Town is we lived lies in the New Town, in large,and newly built in the gothic style. Princes'-street, opposite the Old Town. The New Town is handsome ; its The appearance of it is very singular, straight and regular streets, as well as as is the situation of Edinburgh in gen- many fine buildings, distinguish it aderal. Io front of us was a broad street, vantageously ; among the latter, the and beyond it a ditcb,* which sepa- Registry office is built entirely in the

cera Italian style, only it is rather disfigured So do their Imperial Highnesses denominate the bed of the Nor-loch!

by two little towers.

The Lord Provost and General W. reach the top they are taken off, and met us at half past twelve, and accom- the ropes let down again, panied us to the castle, where the Gov- The grain is ground in six or eight ernor, and several officers of the staff scuttles, and the malt then conveyed live ; it is also used as barracks, arsen- with the necessary quantity of water al, &c. Here they shew the room in into four great coppers : here it is stir. which the crown of Scotland was for- red round with a mash fork, the handle merly preserved. The Lord Provost of which passes through the lid of the and two other persons have the keys copper : from these first coppers the to the chamber ; which has not been fluid is conveyed by pipes into two opened for many years, for fear of not others to be boiled, from which it is meeting with every thing which should conducted by a pipe into another copbe found there. It is believed that the per. In the last pipe there is a kind of crown has been taken to Eugland, lest sieve, which only admits through it the the sight of it should make the Scotch quite clear liquid, and the malt is afterrepent of their union.* It is supposed wards taken out with shovels. Several that their removal took place at the time pumps raise the liquid up to the roof of of one of the rebellions in the years another building, which is open oo one 1715 or 1745 ; and this supposition side, where it is received in two large seems pretty well founded, as since that reservoirs, and stirred round with a time no more has beeq said of it. mash fork. For the purpose of fer

From a terrace which is equal to the mentation, the fluid is conveyed into height of the roof, we enjoyed the pan- great vats, one of which is an iron one: oramic view of Edinburgh; and here these vats fill two very large rooms. the singular situation of the city is very The distillation is made in four very striking. You have a view over the large retorts, or rather kettles; they are double town united by a bridge. The not above three or four inches deep, landscape which the eye commands is and have lids which afford an easy isvery fruitful, and adorned with gardens sue to the smoke. The malt which bas and country seats. You see to the already fermented is put into the two North the harbor and the town of largest ; to prevent its burning it is Leith; to the East the bill, which bears kept in constant motion by means of the paine of Arthur's Seat, has the form metal chains, which are stirred about at of a flatted cone, eight hundred feet the bottom of the kettle. high; on the South and SE. the pros. Each of these retorts contains from pect is bounded by the unfruitful chain 9 to 10,000 gallons. The instrument to of the Pentland Hills.

stir the malt is set in motion, like the On the 4th we began our visits, ac- mills, by the steam engine. The greatcompanied by the Lord Provost, at the est care must be taken that the retort whiskey distillery of Messrs. Younger does not remain dry a moment, it is and Co. a remarkable and very exten- therefore constantly filled up. A great sive manufactory. The motion re. fire is kept up under it. A retort quired in it, is produced by a steam en- which contains 43 gallons, distils in two gine made in Edinburgh itself upon minutes and three quarters, without Watt's principles. We saw it at work; hurting the brandy, which Aows in a it is of 50 or 60 borse power. It puts large and rapid steam. The coolers a malt mill in motion, which occupies a are of wood; and stand out of the building of four stories. The same house. The brandy, after being once engine raises the sacks to the roof, distilled, is raised hy pumps, worked by through square openings which are men, into two other retorts, where it is closed by trap doors : two sacks are distilled a second time. The distillery raised together and open the trap doors, furoishes daily 3000 gallops of rectified which close after then ; when they brandy. Barley and Spelt * are the

species of coro used. The brandy is • It has since been found with the old Regalia of

: • Spelt is not a species of corn, but any species of rors with common travellers -Ed.

Scotland in the Castle : so that it is camous toolsserve, that even Princes fail into the same vulgar er

grain spot,

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put into large casks, which are gauged the establishment till their fourteenth by an excise officer, for the levying of year. The children look cheerful and the duties. An idea may be formed of healthy; and their rooms are kept the extent of this distillery, when we clean and in good order. are told that the duties paid by the pro- Opposite to this establishment stands prietors amount to 600,0001. † sterling a smaller one, founded by George Watper annum. The produce of this distil son, for the sons of merchants and lery is entirely coosumed in England. tradesmen. The city contains alsotwo

The same distillery is not allowed to establishments of the same kind for girls, work for two kingdoms, but must cbuse besides many hospitable and benevobetween them : those which work for lent institutions. In one of these, England, pay here in Scotland) but patients whose cases do not require small duties ; but on the other hand them to be admitted into the hospital, they bear all the English duties. The can receive advice and medicines gratis Scotch distillers are distinguished for four times a week. their skilfulness in the rapid boiling The New College, in which is the and evaporation of the fluid; and they University, lies in the Old Town. The effect this by the use of broad and old building being too small, they are shallow vessels. In proportion as the erecting a new one which will be very government raise the duty on the kettles, handsome and extensive, and for which they are made of larger dimensions, so Parliament has granted the annual sum that more brandy is distilled without of 12,000l. sterling for six years. paying a higher duty. This distillery This University was founded in the is the property of itvo brothers, who reign of James the Sixth, in the year have employed a very large capital in it. 1581. At the beginning, the number

From the manufactory of Messrs. of professors was sinall; but the city Younger and Co. we went to the build- magistrates took great pains to procure ing called Heriot's Hospital; which distinguished men, and the flourishing however in fact is not an hospital, but state of the University was the happy an establishment for the education of result of their exertions. In the year the sons of poor citizens, where the 1789, the number of the students achildren are maintained, clothed and mounted to 1100; it has since annually taught. This establishment was increased, and at the time of our visit it founded in the reign of James the was 1708. Doctors Black, Cullen, Sixth, by a goldsmith, who bequeathed Blair, and Robertson, have done honhis whole property, amounting to our to this University. At present it 23,6251. sterl. for the purpose. This has among its professors of the mathecapital, which then brought in 10 per matics Mr. Leslie, celebrated for his ceot. increased in twenty years to fine experiment on the freezing of 70,5851. and has greatly augmented water, by evaporation in a vacuum ; Mr. since that time,

• Jainieson, professor of natural pbilosoThe building is of considerable ex- phy, is a pupil of our celebrated Wertent and resembles an old castle : a ner; Mr. Hope, professor of chemistry, hundred and seventy boys are educated has always between five and six hunin it; who are taught reading, writing, dred hearers. Mr. Dugald Stewart, arithmetic, and latin. Those who are the professor of philosophy, was in the to prosecute their studies at the Univer- country: we heard a great deal in praise sily receive 101, a year for four years, of him, and also of Mr. Coventry, the and those who learn a business receive professor of agriculture. 301, when they leave the house. They The medical lecture room is very are received from the age of seven to handsome, and is lighted from above. that of ten years, and they remain on In an adjoining cabinet there is an in

+ The German editor of the Princes' notes, thinks that the 10,000 gallons mentioned as the contents of a retort or copper shouid be 1000; and in the sum that a sinilar addition of a cipher nine feet long: the animal is said to by the transcriber has caused 300,000l. to be men. tioned as the duty paid instead of 30,0001, which he have been very young. thinks more likely,



OCTOBER, 1818.

From the London Time's Telescope, for Oct. 1818. Karewel ye wild hills, scattered o'er with spring! air, and are carried ostentimes, by the

Sweet solitude, where Flora smiled unseen! wind, to great distances from the plant Farewel each breeze of balmy-burdened wing!

, which produced them. It is the swellThe violet's blue bank and the tall wood green!

ing, also, of this downy tuft within the THE groves now lose their leafy seed-vessel, that seems to overcome the

I honours; but, before they are eo- resistance of its coats, and to open a tirely tarnished, an adventitious beauty, passage for the seed to escape. arising from that gradual decay which

ecay which Some seeds which are furnished with

Somes loosens the withering leaf, gilds the au- books or spines, attach themselves to tumnal landscape with a temporary the rough coats of animals, and thus spleodour, superior to the verdure of promote their dispersion.* Others are spring, or the luxuriance of summer. contained in berries, and, being swal. The infinitely various and ever-changing lowed by birds, are again committed, hues of the leaves at this season, melting without injury, to the earth, in various into every soft gradation of tint and places. shades, will long continue to engage the. It is a curious circumstance, and not imitation of the painter, and the con- generally known, that most of those templation of the pout and the philoso- Oaks which are called spontaneous, are pher.

planted by the squirrel. This little aniArise, ye winds, 'tis now your time to blow, mal has performed the most essential And aid the work of Nature. On your wings service to the British navy. A gentleThe pregnant seeds conveyed shall plant a race Far from their native soil.

man, walking one day in the woods beNature having perfected her seeds, Troy House, in the county of Mon

longing to the Duke of Beaufort, near be: next care is to disperse them ; the mouth'

mouth, his attention was diverted by a seed cannot answer its purpose while it

squirrel, which sat very composedly upremains confined in the capsule. After the sceds, therefore, are ripened, the ni

on the ground. He stopped to observe

i his motions. In a few minutes, the pericarpium opens to let them out; and

squirrel darted like lightning to the top the opening is not like an accidental

of a tree, beneath which he had been bursting, but, for the most part, is ac.

sitting. In an instant, he was down cording to a certain rule in each plant.

ht. with an acord in his mouth, and began What I have always thought very ex- to burrow in the earth with his hands. traordinary-outs and shells, which we

After digging a small hole, he stooped

fier can hardly crack with our teeth, divide i

down, and deposited the acorn ; ihen and make way for the little tender

covering it, he darled up the tree again. sprout, which proceeds from the kernel.

· Io a moment he was down with anothHandling the out, I could hardly con

er, which he buried in the same manner. ceive how the plantule was ever to get this he continued to do as long as the out. There are cases, it is said, in observer thought proper to watch him. which the seed-vessel, by an elastic jerk, The industry of this little animal is diat the moment of its explosion, casts rected to

asts rected to the purpose of securing himself the seeds to a distance.* We all, how

; against want in the winter ; and, as it ever, know that many seeds (those of

is probable that his memory is not suithe most composite flowers, as of the 6

ficiently retentive to enable him to rethistle, dandelion, &c.) are endowed

member the spots in which he deposits with, what are not improperly called, every acorn, the industrious little fellow. wings ; that is, downy appendages, by no doubt, loses a few every year. These which they are enabled to float in the row anrino un and are destined to sun

* This is particularly instanced in the touch-menot (impatiens), and the cuckoo flower (cardamine).

The common bur belongs to this class.,

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