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tory of man, composes the main story tam lubricus aspici," as when she comes in that of woman, and by forming one before us arrayed with the decorations of the constant objects of her solicitude, of sentiment. For then, without any heightens and refines her sensibilities to metaphor,grace does indeed sit upon her such a degree, that the most languid lips, and eloquence issue from her frame of mind would be preferable to tongue : then indeed do the effusions their intensity, and, in many cases, of her simple and ingenuous nature would be considered as a welcome re. steal over our ravished senses, like "the fuge from it. The pleasing cares, first breathings of morning in the uni. wybich flock around her on becoining a verse's sweetest climate, carrying along wife and a mother, instead of diminish- with thein the freshoess of untainted air, ing, increase and auginent them : they the mild moisture of the dew, and the may indeed be changed in the points to resistless charm of a thousand odours which they are directed, and limited, in and perfumes.” the objects on which they are bestowed; Nor is it merely in what is called but all that you effect by narrowing the sentimental style that the ascendthe channel, is to make the side flow in ency of female talent is displayed; it is the space, over wbich it does flow, with seen also in the representation of the a richer, a deeper, and a stronger cur- more deep and grave, and tragic pas. rent. To sensibility, sentiment is near: sions of our common nature. This ly allied; they are children of the same has been denied by some writers, who, house, and cannot well exist apart from though willing to allow the superior each other. The original elements, of acuteness, with which woman discerns, which woman is composed, render her and the superior fidelity, with which the creature of sensibility ; and sensi- she depicts, the ever-varying shades of bility soon transforms her into the slave transient emotions, are by no means of sentiment, wbilst that slavery, by inclined to concede to her similar praise giving to her thoughts that constant for the delineation of those feelings, employment, which is not to be found which are more permanent in their du. in the samenes:s, and quietude and frive ration, and more important in their reolous inanity of her usual occupations, sults. They assert, first of all, that, as appears of so seductive a nature, that she is not accustomed to watch the its tramels are preferred to the most ab- movements of the inind, when agitated solute and unconditional freedom.-- by the vexing disquietudes of business, " Amaguen didi axT46." She gives her- or ploughed into frighiful inequalities self up to it without deliberation and by the tempests of public life, she can without reserve; she makes it the sub- know but little of its stern and violent ject of her daily thoughts and of her and rugged affections; and then add, nightly dreams; and indulges in it, not that, as she has not an intimate aaccording to ber usual systein, by fits quaintance with the object to be copied, and starts, but with such a regular and it is morally impossible, that she should continued ardour, that her perception produce a correct resemblance of it. of it gradually ripens into instinct, and Grant the major of the syllogism, and her habitual felicity in expressing it the ininor is undeniable-to use the seems the effect of inspiration. What. language of the schools, “ cadit quæsever be the occasion on which she in- tio ;” but prove the premises to be detroduces it, she is always original and void of all foundation, and the reason) creative, imitating no one, and herself ing built upon them is so weak and erinimitable. Indeed so indisputable is roneous, as to need no refutation. W. female merit in this department of lit- shall pursue this latter course, and shall erature, that even the countrymen of shew the fact to be directly the reverse Rousseau are apt to recommend their of what is here stated. Instead of bee fair writers as the best models of the ing unaccustomed to witness the tisentimental style ; and the most deter- multuous passions of the soul in action, mined nisugainist must confess, that woman sees them more frequently in a beauty is dever so beautiful “nunquam state of excitement than man do: s

himself; and from this circumstance, un- severance amidst difficulty, resignation derstands more distinctly their different amid distress, hope amid despair, and causes, gradations, and symptoms. In- unconquered resolution and fortitude deed man, in the presence of man, from in torment and anguish, have emanated various motives, sometimes of shame, from the pen of women, have only to sometimes of terror, sometimes of dig. refer to the O'Donnell of Lady Mornity, and sometimes of a combination gan, the Agrippina of Miss Hamilton, of them all, checks the impetuosity and the Thaddeus of Miss Porter, and the restrains the agitation of his feelings, Corinna of Madame de Stael, to proeven when they convulse him most duce irrefragable conviction of the stapowerfully ; to society, he exhibits bility of their position. their movements, not in natural, but There is also another kind of merit artificial colours ; and it is only when in works of fiction, which female writhe has retired within the circle of his ers have attained in a much higher deown family, that he indulges, without gree than those of the male creation : control their genuine impulses, and and the cause, to which also this is owdisplays thein without disguise. It is ing, lies in the nature of their domestic there, that he uoveils his most secret employments. We allude to their insentiments, and unbosoms his most tinate acquaintance with the fire-side hidden determinations: and it is there, habits of life, and their exquisite disthat woinan, with curiosity all awake, crimination of those smaller peculiariand sensibility all alive, is called in ties of character, which throw so much to aid, direct, and participate them. light and shade over the surface of orWhen under the influence and do- dinary society. We shall not endeaminion of these powerful masters, man vour to account for this circumstance, by is too proud an animal to disclose their stating, that, as they are themselves the real workings to his fellow men, and most sensitive thermometers of the too much interested in them to be able slightest change in the manners and to investigate their characteristics him: customs of the world, it is not at all self. Wonan, and woman alone, wonderful, that they dive into the very views them naked and unmasked ; and elements from which such change oriupon the same principle that a looker- ginates ; nor shall we adopt the axiom on sees more of the game than the of Diderot, that they are reading in the ga mester himself, obtains a clearer in- great book of mankind, whilst we are sight into their peculiarities, thao those reading in books of ethics and pbilo. individuals can, who are personally sophy. Such remarks are merely speactuated by them. It is therefore un- culative, and made for no other purtrue, that the tenor of her occupations pose, than to shine as pithy, and epiand her duties renders her only ac- grammatic sentences; and such speculaquainted with human nature in a caiin, tions may be neglected without loss, or at most with human nature ruffled when the stronger testimony of positive into mere gentle undulation ; neither is experience can be appealed to. The it more correct, that she is led only to true reason why woman traces with study the light restlessness of the minut- more truth and nature, and less exager passions, and the ininor particulari. geration and mannerism, the lineaments ties of ordinary character. No- he of living characters, arises from that takes a wider range, and, extending her class of her domestic engagements, observation to the most exalted, the which concerns the care of children. most complicated and the most heroic There can be no question, that, either as sensations, embodies them into shape mothers, or elder sisters, the female sex and substance with the utmost truth, are infinitely more conversant with accuracy, and exactness. This is a fact, children than we are: and the effects which, whether our method of accouni- naturally prodliced on their minds by ing for it be satisfactory or not, cannot this sort of society (for surely it may be be disputed: and those, who assert that honored with this sort of appellation), the most powerful delineations, of per- are just such as are required to generale

VOL. 4.]

Novel-Reading-Signs of Inns.

* 63

the qualifications which we are now Random ; the society, which must be discussing. For, as an elegant author frequented, in order to become familiar has truly remarked, in touching inci- with the low-lived blackguardism of a dentally on this topic,

Strap or a Partridge; and the total “ What habits of quick and intelli- eradication of every modest and degent observation must be formed by the cent idea, which must be accomplished, employment of watching over interest- before we can describe in their paked ing helplessness, and construing ill- colours the adventures of a brothel or a explained wants ! How must the per- prison-house, are all circumstances so petual contemplation of unsophisticated discordant to the constitution of the feDature reflect back on the disposition of male mind, as to form an insurmountthe observer a kind of simplicity and able barrier to its success in this deingenuousness! What an insight into partment of fiction. We are glad that the pativé constitution of the human they are so ; because, if they were not, mind must it give to inspect it in the we should have the sex deprived of that very act of concoction ! It is, as if a vestal purity, which constitutes its chief chymist should examine young dia- orpament, and which gives us a fore. monds in their native dew. Not that taste upon earth of celestial enjoyment. mothers will be apt to indulge in delu- Woman has so many attractions alsive dreams of the perfection of human ready, that she need not seek to obtain dature. They see too much of the more at the expense of decency : she waywardness of infants to imagine has so many realms of the imagination them perfect. They neither find them yet unexplored and yet uncontaminated, nor tbiok them angels, though they often in which she can expatiate with ease call them so."

and innocence ; that she has no occaAll this must in some degree contri- sion to enter those which are polluted bute to form that species of merit in fe- and corrupt ; and she has gained such male authors which we have here honorable renown in every other provthought proper to point out.

ince of literature ; that she has not the It is only fair, before we conclude, to slightest reason to mourn, that it is destate, that there is one class of novels, nied her in this alone. Since then, in which our sex, beyond all dispute, custom, and inodesty, and honor, and bears away the palm from its female religion, each and all, imperiously forcompetitors : but, when we say that it bid her to engage in a combat for such is in that coarse delineation of men and distinction, let her retire from the field manners, in which Fielding and Smol- without discontent or murinuring ; or lett so lavishly indulged, no on ewill re- rather let her exult with joy and thankgret that they have neither sought nor fulness, that she is debarred from enohtained so guilty a pre-eminence.- tering into that arena, in which to win

T'he vicious excesses, which must not the highest prize of victory is scarcely only be witnessed, but shared, in order glory, and where to meet with only the to acquire a perfect knowledge of such second, is disgrace indeed.--Brit. Crit. characters as Tom Jones or Roderick June 1818.

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ORIGIN OF SIGNS OF INNS, &c. CONTINUED.

From the Gentleman's Magazine, June, 1818. QAT AND FIDDLE. CAT AND BAGPIPEs, to iny friend Simplex that I knew an old PUSS IN BOOTS,

man who at the age of sixty had cut a TT may perbaps be quite as prudent complete new set of teeth, and he immeI always to ascertain the existence of diately wrote an essay of fourteen sheets a presumed fact, prior to reasoning upon upon the subject, wbich he read with it. I copy the following extract from the infinite applause at the Royal Society, portfolio of a punster in the European It was an erudite production, heginning Magazine: “I happened to mention with Marcus Curius Dentatus and Coe

ius Papyrius Carbo, who were born with ton, obedient to the sound, returned to all their teeth ; quoting the cases of Pyr- bis master's house, and reluctantly parted rhus, King of Epirus, and Prussias, son with his sole possession, a favourite Cat, of the King of Bithynia, who had only on an adventure in his master's vessel :-one continued tooth, reaching the whole how the ship arrived in a strange counlength of the jaw ; noticing the assertions try, where the King and Queep had their of Mentzalius a German physician, and meat snatched from table as soon as it our English Dr. Stare, who state instan- was put on by innumerable rats and ces of a new set of teeth being cut at the mice :-how Puss killed or drove them ages of 80 and 110; and embracing in all away :-how the King sent immense the progress of the discussion, all the opi- presents to Whittington in lieu of bis Cat, nions that had been expressed upon the which, being fortunately in the family subject from Galen down to Peyer, Dr. way, stocked the whole country :-how Quincey, M. de la Harpe, Dr. Derham, Whittington married his master's daughRiolanus, and others. I omitted at the ter—and finally, time to mention one circumstance which “ How London city, thrice beneath his sway might have saved Simplex a deal of trou- Confirm'd the presage of that happy day, ble, and the Society a deal of time: the

tha When echoing beils their greeting thus begun,

Return thrice Mayor, return, o Whittington." man to whom I alluded was a comb

BISHOP. culter.

Foot, in his Comedy of the Nabob, It was Dean Swift, who, when a lady makes Sir Matthew Mite thus address had thrown down a Cremona fiddle the Society of Antiquaries : “ That with a frisk of her Mantua, made the Whittington lived, no doubt can be happy quotation :

made ; that he was Lord Mayor of * Mantua væ miseræ nimium vicina Cremonæ !" London, is equally true ; but as to his

Hardly, if at all inferior, was the ex- Cat, that, Gentlemen, is the Gordian clamation of Warton, when he snuffed knot to untie. And here, Gentlemen, be out a candle :

it permitted me to define what a Cat is. “ Brevis esse laboro:

A Cat is a domestic, whiskered, fourObscurus fio."

footed animal, whose employment is I shall not enter into the surprizing catching of mice : but let Puss have been history of puss in boots, as I think there ever so subtle, let Puss have been ever so are very few above six years old who successful, to wbat could Puss's captures are not thoroughly acquainted with the amount? No tanner can curry the skin great services she rendered to her Mas- of a mouse, no family make a meal of the ter, “ My Lord the Marquess of Cara- meat

ara- meat ; consequently no Cat could give bas," and who do not know that, aster Whittington his wealth. he had married the King's daughter, « Froin whence then does this error Puss lived in great pomp, and only proceed ? Be that my care to point out. caught mice now and then, just for The commerce this wortby merchant amusement.

carried on was chiefly confined to our WITTINGTON AND HIS ÇAr. coasts : for this purpose he constructed Another Cat of equal celebrity claims a vessel, which from its agility and lightsome commemoration, though I am not ness. he aptly christened a Cat. Nay. aware that her whiskers have ever fig- to this our day, Gentlemen, all our coals ured on a sign-board. At Islington from Newcastle are imported in nothing stands an upright stone, inscribed, bui Cats : from hence it appears that it 5* Whittington-stone,” which marks the was not the whiskered, four-footed, spot where tradition says Whittington mouse-killing cat, that was the source of sat down when he had run away from the magistrate's wealth, but the coasting, the cruelty of the cook-maid, and where sailing, coal-carrying cat : that, Gentlehe thought that be heard the bells of Bow

men, was Whittington's Cat." church, then in full peal, ring merrily in Sir Richard Whittington was Lord bis ears,

Mayor in 1397, 1406, and 1419. In * Turn again, Whittington, Thrice Lord Mayor of London."

1413 he founded a College (now conEvery child will tell, how Whitting- verted into an alms-house for 13 poor

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VOL. 4.)
Origin of Signs on Inns, &c.

65 men, and vested in the Mercers' com- the rise of the phrase is very intricate, pany) on the hill, thence called College- alt owing to a corruption of speech, for hill; and lies buried in the church of the word no doubt is cate, which is an St. Michael Pater Noster Royal, which old word for a cake, or aumalette, which he had rebuilt.

being usually fried, and consequently THE CAT AND HECATE.

turned in the pan, does therefore very When Typhon forced all the gods aptly express the changing of sides in and goddesses to conceal themselves in politics or religion, or, as we otherwise the form of animals, Diana assumed the say, the turning of one's coat.” shape of a Cat, as Ovid informs us : Sbakspeare frequently uses the now "Fele soror phoebi latuit.” Hence the obsolete word cate. In the“Comedy of the Cat was considered as sacred to her, Errors," “ Though my cates be mean, and as the characters of Cynthia or take them in good part.” In the first Luna, and Proserpine or Hecate, are part of Hepry VI.“ That we may taste appropriated by mythologists to this your wine and see what cates you have;" goddess, whose triple name and office and in the Taming of the Shrew, Peis described in the memorial lines,

truchio addresses Katharine:

“ Kate of Kate-hall, my superdainty Kate, * Terret, lustrat, agit, Proserpina, Luna, Diana, For dainties are all' cates." Ima, superna, feras, sceptro, fulgore, sagittis.” The Vicar of Bray in Berkshire, " Earth, Heaven, Hell, is hunted, lighted, awd whose name was Simon Aleyn, and By Dian's, Luna's, Hecate's, dart, ray, rod." who died in 1588, was alternately ro

And as Hecate peculiarly presided man catholic and protestant in the over witchcraft, we may with great reigns of Henry VIII. Edward VI. probability conjecture, that hence arose Mary, and Elizabeth ; but the unknown the invariable association of a Cat as author of the celebrated ballad, above the agent and favourite of witches, quoted, has modernized the vicar, and Thus Mr. Brand says,“ Cats were an- brought down his versatility to latertimes. tiently revered as the emblems of the Epigram addressed to the Landlord Moon, and among the Egyptians were of the Oakly Arms, near Bray: on that account so higbly honoured as “Friend Isaac, 'tis strange,you that live so near Bray,

Should not set up the sign of the Vicar ; to receive sacrifices and devotions, and though it may be an odd one, you cannot but say had stately temples erected to their honhad stately templea erected to their hon. It must needs be a sign of good liquor." our. It is said that is whatever house a “ Indeed, Master Poct. your reason's but no

For the Vicar would think it a sin, cat died, all the family shared their eye. To stay, like a booby, and lounge at the doorco brows. Herodotus and Diodorus Sicu

'Twere a cigu 'twas bad liquor within." lus relate that a Roman happening ac

"THE CAT LOVES Fish.' cidentally to kill a Cat, the mob imme

e There is another old adage, the Cai. diately gathered about the house where loves fish, but dures not wel her feet ;" he was: and neither the entreaties of which is alluded to by Lady Macbeth, some principal men sent by the King. In that exquisitely fine speech to re-excite nor the fear of the Romans, with whom

ith whom in ber husband a determination to murthey were then negociating a peace,

ce der Duncan :

" Art thou afraid could save the man's life.”

To be the same in thine own act and valour THE CAT IN THE PAN.'

As thou art in desire ? Wouldst thou have that There is a common adage, “ to turn And live a coward in thy own esteem;

Letting I dare not wait upon I would, Cat in the pan," to forsake your prin- Like the poor cat i the adage." ciples for advantage, tergiversation; Gray has written a pleasing Ode on and it is thus used in the well known a Cat drowned in a lub of gold fishes. song of “ the Vicar of Bray," a man Iuddegford, in his Salmagundi, bas a whose conduct eminently exemplified humorous quibbling monody on Dick, its meaning :

an Academical Cai, to which he has pre4 When George in pudding-time came o'er,

And moderate men look'd big, Sir,
I turn'da Cat in pan once more,

« Micat inter omnes ;”
And so became a whig, Sir.

and pathetically deplores his' want of « There being no connexion," says medical assistance :

“ No Doctor feed, no regimen advis'd, Dr. Pegge, “between a cat and a pan, Unnilld. umpoultic'd, unphlebotomizéd !"

ATAEYEOM. Vol. 4.

Which thou esteem'st the ornament of lite,

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