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at the altar of history; they heard not of the presumption of Prometheus, we have that lever, whose pressure is the present, called down fire from Heaven...with the whose power is the past, whose fulcrum is the wing of Dædalus we have traversed the are future: they thought not on the ruins of bient oceans of air...but is the happiness o Rome; they looked not to the example of social man extended? Have we improved in Athens; they thought not on that fallen na- the art of Legislation 1... Those questions yog tion, whose merchants were the princes of the have heard admirably answered by my hoeearth. No! they were chaunting their idle ourable friend, to whose eloqueot espositions pæans of praise ; they were parading through you have listeord with such deep delight the palaces of Paris, they were visiting the [hear ! hear !] let it be my task to point out vallies of Waterloo ! Basking in the delightful less observable evils...look to the Univerdelusion, they were lulled into a dull and sity of Ireland! She weeps for her cbildren, dreamy repose by the courtly lays of the and will not be comforted, for they are tot laureat, or sublimated to a frantic enthu- ... The voice of the . HISTORICAL SOCIETT siasm by the inebriate inspiration of another silent...dust hath defiled the volumes that re prophet of the lakes, a very Montorio of cord the glorious and gigantic march of madness, a lay preacher, one who dreams Genius... the book worm hath battened on the dreams, and sees visions, forsooth.--- Well... treasures of thought...the triumphs and the no matter---his fantastic feats of German trophies of Literature... Solitude sits in ti jugglery are applauded !---I strove to break chambers, where Age gazed in mute admirathe slumber of death, but mine was the voice tion, while Youth hastened to decide...where of one crying in the wilderness--- Wo to those Wisdom watched with wonder the wild and who bow down at the altars of National In- wanton wing of Eloquence, as it rose in orsolvency----their deity is a demon----their imaginable right, above the calculating ken shrine is the table of the money-changer- of minds, corrupted by the cold contagions of the incense of their adoration is wafted on the self-vaunting Pride,....clouded by coarse tainted sighs of an injured and insulted peo- communion with self-sufficient preiudice. ple; the bread of their impious communion [Hear! hear !] Pass where the hurricane is moistened with sweat, and leaveped with hath past !...visit the vale whicb the eart the blood of indigence :--the minister----but quake hath visited !... where the bank bloom need I name the ministers of the accursed ed with beauty, where the flower flourished, sacrifice! [Name ! name ! no ! no !] Oh! where the river rolled and reflecte i the I loathe the sickening scene of senatorial · lovely and luxuriant landscape, wbere the sergility---of Plebeian prostration ---if we wild bird caunted bis carols of thoughtles must have a Parliament, why are its num praise...behold the rifted rock...rugged and bers limited? Why is its sphere of action ragged...black with lightning and barres of confoed ---in this æra of universal genius, vegetation...behold the putrid and offensive wheo mind at length asserts its inherent om- spots, poisoned and polluted by pestilential nipotence over the essential grossness, and pools, where the liquid loveliness, tbat now the accidental fluctuations of matter, why is Jiogers in loathsome stagnation, once cbeer. not the intellectual strength of the kingdom ed and charmed the sense of musing meditarepresented !---but mark, for a moment, the tion. Such is that theatre of thought !...soch wretched policy of these borough-mongering that circus of competition !...that focus of sinecurists---they deify Wealth---they despise fancy, to which all the rays of genius conWisdom---like the mechanic---whose eye verged, in which all the gleams of poetry

torns hastily from the hill of Howth, from the and all the glow of oratory, the in passioned -harbour of Dunleary, and rests in delighted emphasis...the articulate alliteration... Were repose on the tin tube---the whirling wheels, collected and concentred. Oh I could dwell and all the mean and miserable inachinery on the radiant retrospect for a measureless of the steam-boat!

eternity! I could console myself for the

contemptuous contumely of the critic, by “ Better, far better were the slavery of the reverting to those days...of rapture, which African, than the boasted birthright of the dullness could not depress T...of reputation, Briton.... What though he toils beneath a tor- which awoke the envy of no enemy! These, rid Son....what though he shrinks under the my friends, are the rich recollections, that scourge of the taskmaster, what though for shed a long line of lustre on the laws of life ages be has vainly waited for the Avatar of ... these are the charming associations, that spirit, whose fiat shall burst the fetters that, cherisbed" in cbildhood, mingle with of his political thraldom....what though the the memory of man. .that make the heart & chains of a tyrant gall his dusky arms, cau habitation of delightful images...a spirit that the pangs of bodily torture rival in intensity raises the sout above the clouds and cares of

the agonjes of the mind ?....Our slavery is sublunary seenery, a pillar of glory, whose - the slavery of the soul !....Our chains are the pedestal is earth, whose pinnacle is eternity,

chains of the heart! Listen not to the ...[Bursts of unsophisticated admiration.]" schemes of these black and bloated Vampires, that rise from the vaults of Corruption The Printer's Devil has just binted and Rottenness, to feast upon the heart and the hopes, upon the blessings and the blood

to us, that this is not a Speech of Mr. of their country !.... Vears have glided by.... Phillips' at all and that we bave been generations have passed away....even centu. imposed upon. If so, we beg Mr. ries.... those va t segments of the circle of 1 time, have waned and wasted.... Literature Phillips' pardon for our stupidity, and hath advanced... Poetry bath extended her return thanks to the author of the reigo... Eloquence is the attribute of universal man... Science hath spread her conquests

• Speech, whoever he is, for the amuse

pe from the University to the Universe j... with ment he has afforded us. .

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VOL. 4.]

Venice-Rome-- TivoliAncient Buildings.

427

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ITALY AND SICILY.
TRAVELS IN ITALY AND SICILY. BY Augustus William KEPAALIDES.

From the Literary Gazette.
THESE Travels, from which, wbile The three great halls on the via sacra,

1 they were still in the press, we gave whether they belonged to the Temple the interesting account of the author's of Peace which Vespasian, according “Visit to Mount Etna," (see Atheneum to the testimony of ancient writers, vol. 3. p. 91,) are now published. We made the largest and most magoificent shall make some further extracts from in Rome, or to some other public buildthis well-written and entertaining work. ing, form one of the greatest ruins of

Venice. The ignorance of the their kiod; and yet they are scarcely as Italians in geography already begins to

large as one of the chapels attached to shew itself here. When we shewed to

St. Peter's in the Vatican. The church

of St. Lorenzo, in Miranda, one of the the police officers, who are very polite,

smallest and most inconsiderable in our passports to Padua, they first took the name of our native city, Breslau,

Rome, is, however, fully as large as the

celebrated Temple of Faustina: the for our names, and registered it as such, "and then mistook the capital of Silesia

great effect which all ancient buildings

produce upon the mind and the eye, for Barcelona in Spain.

has most likely been the cause that a Rome. In many parts you cannot

far too high idea has been given of their take a step without treading on anti

size. The Temple of the Olympian quities a thousand years old. We once

Jupiter at Girgenti (Agrigentum,) was saw an antique pedestal, with the half

the most colossal of antiquity, and so broken feet of the figure, fixed in a large, that it was indeed never finished, wall as a corner stone; in the square

yet people flocked from all quarters to Pescaria, lie unsavoury fish troughs on

see it: and bow diminutive is it, comthe broken pillars of a Temple of Juno;

pared to the largest churches of Euin the Forum of Nerva, between the

rope ! not to mention St. Peter's. The magnificent colonade of a Temple of

dwelling-houses must have been still Minerva, is a miserable dram shop;

dram shop; more confined, which is most clearly to . and in the golden house of Nero, asses be seen at Pompeii. The ancients in * are red with thistles. In the Colosseum, their houses must bave crowded one where formerly men and beasts com- upon another like swine. People, bebated, sacred processions are made with

fore they examine the remains of anbells and censers; and, but a short time tiquity, should carefully clip the wings ago, flowers blossomed against the of all

of all extravagant ideas. house of a poor family, which had fixed itself between the pillars of the Trenu_We wonld advise no trayTemple of Concord, where Cicero eller, particularly if he bas seen Sicily, poured forth the thunders his elo- or the environs of Naples, to make the quence against the wretched Catiline.

little journey from Rome to Tivoli with A paltry traffic is carried on in the

great hopes of fioding remarkable antheatre of Marcellus; and we could

tiquities, as there is nothing to be seen not enter the sepulchre of the virtuous besides some pillars of the Villa of Caius Publius, the inside of it being Maecenas, except the very picturesque, bung full of hams and sausages.

se indeed, but extremely confused ruins of THE PUBLIC BUILDINGS OF THE AN- the immense Villa of Adrian :-of all CIENTS. - It is highly probable that they the other villas, of wbich Tivoli was were all built on a very small scale. the centre, there are scarcely any traces. This is proved by the existing remains On the other hand, how inconceivabiy of Roman temples and similar edifices. charming and delightful, in this loveliest

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spot of Italy, is Nature. Never did

THE LAZZARONI. the fancy of a Poussin or of a Claude After the army of Murat had beea Lorraine, dream of a landscape, so com- entirely disorganized in the immense plete in itself, so soft, diversified, and race from the Po to Naples, and the wondrously sweet, as Nature really Imperial army, in spite of all its efforts, paiots at Tivoli before our eyes. Where had been unable to overtake it, the gov. are the olive trees so fresh and green, eroment of Joachim naturally began to the pines and cypresses so slender and be dreadfuliy shaken in the city itself; lofty, the mountains so beautifully and as it was really odious to the maTounded, and so wildly torn ?' Where jority (since the Italians seek relief, and do the crystal-walers so rush in milk- at least find amusement in every white streams down the rocks, the brows change,) and of course hateful to those of which are crowned with ruins two of the opposite party, the Lazzaroni, thousand years old ? Where is the sky during ibis intervening period wles so blue and golden, the air so balsamic, Murat was already hurled from the and the evening red so glowing? No throne, though the Austrians had not Idyl of Theocritus equals the poetic entered the city, took advantage of the charm of this delicions Paradise. opportunity, under the pretext of replaThe Mušeum of KIRCHER, AT

cing the Bourbons on the throne, to set ROME.-Here, among other raritjes, we

* Naples on fire and to plunder wbatever saw an old skait hanging up. Upon

they could. They therefore assembled our expressing our surprise at it, we

under their chiefs, for each separate were told that it was an instrument the

quarter of the city has its Capolazzarone Turks inade use of. Thus, in the Va

over it, bired, beforehand, warehouses tican, a volume of German poems, in

in which to lodge the fruits of their pilthe title-page of which there were some

lage, and regularly portioned out the asterisks, was set down in the cata

the city for the purpose of plunder. They logue as a Treatise on Astronomy.

also combined, by a secret conspiracy,

with the many thousand prisoners who The Colosseum— The aspect of the are collected from all parts of the king. Amphitheatre of Flavius Vespasianus, dom in the Castle del Carmine; and if is beyond every thing colossal, and al- these wretches had got loose, they mo-t oppressive. The rent walls tower would as it were have torn the unhappy into the evening sky, and the moon city to pieces. The citizens, however, shines through the compartments of the immediately formed out of their own upper story, as if it were a lantern sus. body a numerous guard, which was pended in the midst of the vast edifice, joined by a great many officers belonge This awe-inspiring sight, shews at once ing to the broken up regiments; and the character and the energy of all the these were at that time the deliverers of ages of Rome together, for the Colos- the city. The prisoners in the Castle seum rises with such commanding ma. del Carmine had by the treachery of a jesty and savage gloom, from its pro- gaoler, freed themselves from their found sepulchre to the skies, that it chains, and bad already got into the first seems to threaten to crush the whole court yard, when the city guard in the world like a dwarf. After the Ave greatest haste, planted some bowitzers Maria you may not enter into it; and on the roof of the nearest house, and that it may not become the abode of fired at these banditti, partly from the robbers, guards are stationed at the en- house with grenades, and partly through trances. Nay, even when we approach- the grates of the windows with small ed it a little too near, the Popish sol- arms, till those who were not killed or diers, thinking undoubtedly po good of wounded fled back into their dens. us, called to us, alarmed, “Remain a An equally active and successful war stone's throw from me, or else I sball was made upon the Lazzaroni ; wherefire!" In reality these guards have their ever any of these poor devils were arms generally loaded with ball. found together, they were shot without

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cereinony and it is very probable that descension does not allow any person
many of them fell the innocent victims to be refused admittance to him, was
of private revenge, though they, on previously informed how difficult it
their side defended themselves with would be to have any conversation
stones, pistols, and daggers, and sent with this Bohemian. When the audi.
many of the city guard into the other ence commenced, therefore, His Holi-
world. Al length, afier a week's pain- ness, with embarrassment, merely said
ful anxiety, the Austriaus marched into to the lieutenant, at the same time clap-
the city, in a column that filled the ping him on the shoulder, “ Bravo
whole breadth of the Toledo, at once guerriere, bravo guerriere." The true-
drove all the vagrants out of ibat im- bearted Bohemian, hastily seized the
portant street, and tben placed piquets hand of His Holiness, shook it beartily,
of Hungarian dragoons at the corners and said, “Bravo Papa, bravo Papa,"
of the streets, who also cut down a con• at which the Pope could not help
siderable number ol tbe Lazzaroni, af- laughing heartily, and so they parted.
ter which the city was more tranquil. THE CATHOLIC SÁRVICE.
Yot still nothing but the Sicilian or The more we have bad occasion to
Austrian cockade could afford protec- be edified by the dignity and the sub-
tion from their savage fury; for instance, lime solemnity of the Catholic service in
they tore off from the uniforms of the our own country, the greater was our
military their French Orders, and ma- surprise at finding it so disfigured in It-
ny of them atoned for these disorders aly—its true country: way, the soul is
with their lives; the chief leader was a not even elevated by tolerable music in
faparical priest.

the Italian churches; they trumpet and THE POPE.

pipe without reason as if for an Opera, At this time there was a great pum- and play the orgaà as for a dance. In ber of Austrian officers at Rome, so tbat San Luigi di Francesi, at Rome, we' scarcely a day passed on which several beard the complete music of an Opera strangers did not get introduced to the performed, in honour of the Bourbons; Pope. Among the rest, a Bohemian and whereas we had expected to have lieutenant, wbo understood not a word in Italy the finest sacred music, we had of any language besides his owo native this pleasure only once, but then indeed dialect, wished to have an audience of io almost divine perfection, in the Sex.. His Holiness. The Pope, whose con- tine Chapel.

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BARROW'S HISTORY OF POLAR VOYAGES.

From the Literary Gazette.
* CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY OF TOTAGES of northern expeditions, we can scarce-

INTO THE ARCTIC REGIONS, &C. FROM ly conceive that a work of greater merit
THE EARLIEST PERIODS OF SCANDINAVIAN could have been executed. An excel-
KAVIGATION. BY JOHN BARROW, F. R. s. lent map of the Polar regions is prefix.

ed, and within the compass of one enterTHIS is a well-timed publication, taining volume, the reader agreeably

1 when the attention of Europe is obtains full and accurate intelligence of fixed upon the discovery of a Northern all that has been achieved in this imporcommunication between the Atlantic tant investigation, The work indeed and Pacific Oceans; and the name of may be considered not only as useful its author is a sufficient guarantee for in itself, but as forming a necessary preits possessing much to gratify the io lude to those narratives which may be terest excited by this grand geographi- expected from the recent voyages of cal problem. A few passages betray Captains Ross and Buchan. haste in composition, but as a curious • Io the compilation (says Mr. Barand faithful abridgment of the histories row) no pretensions are set up to au

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thorship the collecting of the materi- fess it still is with ourselves; but it has als, though widely scattered through induced him to undervalue some of the many large and some few scarce vol- journals which militated against his umes, employed no great share either opinion more than we should have been of the writer's time or researcb ; in their inclined to do, considering the veracity present form they may be the means and intelligence of their writers in other of saving both, to those who feel dispo- respects. Even Baffin, the accuracy of sed to acquire a general knowledge of whose observations Captain Ross bas what has been and what yet remains so amply corroborated, appears to be to be accomplished."

rather unjustly depreciated on this de

count. Of the voyage of Bylot and The discoveries of Iceland, Green- Baffin in the little bark, the Discovery, land, Labrador, and Newfoundland, in 1616, the following is stated :by the ancient Scandinavians, in their piratical excursions, though extremely “On the 26th March, the Discovery, amusing, can afford but little informa- with seventeen persons on board,set sai tion ia an abridgment suited to our from Gravesend ; but the weather be limits. We shall therefore merely state ing boisterous, they were compelled to that these matters are treated of in the seek shelter, first in Dartmouth aod beginning of the volume; the voyages then in Plymouth. They got away of the 16th century, including that of from the latter place on the 19th April, Davis, are contained in the second and, “ after a good passage, the first chapter; while the third is occupied land we saw was in Fretum Daris, os with those of the century succeeding, the coast of Greenland, in the lautude and embraces, among others, Hall's of 65° 20'.” They proceeded portbere (four,) Hudson's, Button's, and Baffin's ly, without obstruction, to latitude 70° expeditions. The attempts during the 29', and anchored in a fair soand last century are described in Chapter near the London Coast of Davis. The IV. and include the Russian discove- natives all ran away, leaving their dogs ries on the Northern Coast of Siberia; behind them. Here the small rise of and the fifth and last chapter is a con- the tide being only eight or nine seet, cise account of the equipment, objects, gave Baffin some dislike of the pas and earlier proceedings of Captains sage. Buchan and Ross. There are two “On the 30th May they reached Hope papers in an Appendix, the first rela. Sanderson, the extreme point of Dating to a journey into the interior of vis's progress, lying between 720 and Newfoundland, and the latter a relation 73°, and fell in with much ice, which of the discovery of the Strait of Anian, on the 1st June they got clear of, and, by Maldonado, in 1588.

the wind being contrary, put in among Such are the contents of this publica- a cluster of islands; but on the natives tion ; and when we look back on the seeing their ship they filed away, leasing difficulties, adventures, perils, and often their tents behind. They found sere. fatal consequences which attended the ral women, however, who had hidden exploits of former navigators of the hy- themselves among the rocks, some of perborean seas, we feel a strong degree them young and others old, one of the of satisfaction at the safe return of the latter being from her appearance little late Expeditions. It is true that they less than fourscore. To this group have, especially that under Captain Bu- they gave the name of Women's Islands, chan, disappointed the hopes formed of the latitude of that nearest which they their ultimate success, and we imagine lay being 72° 45', the tide still small, by no one more sanguinely than by the and the food coming from the southauthor of this History. That a passage ward. The inhabitants are described froin Baffin's Bay to Behring's Straits as very poor, living on seal's flesh, was to be found, was evidently a fa- which they eat raw, and clothing themFoured hypothesis with him, as we con- selves with their skins. The faces of

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