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VOL. 4.]

Historical Particulars of Aix-la-Chapelle.


to the splendid notoriety of such an another expressive glance, she hoped achievement. If it should be success. the Moon contained an infirmary for ful, what intelligence she would bring fools, and was told that a larger planet to the philosophic world, what importa- seemed to be kept for their accommotions of gossamer gauze aud spider-nets dation. In the eagerness of her enterfrom the milliners of a lighter element, prising spirit, she insisted upon shewing and what instructions to the Whip Club, our Arctic philosopher a machine conand Almanac des Gourmands, respecta structed by her father, my learned ing the newest flourish of a comet's friend, Dr. Blinkensop. This machine, drive, and the flavour of carp in the which for certain reasons he had placed Moon's lakes! To construct a balloon on the root of the house, resembled a of sufficient diameter, I proposed to canoe in shape; and Lady Townly buy the canvas used in making the having conducted Neonous to view it, Temple of Concord a few years ago, or suggested that it might be attached to to form a collection of all the old silk their balloon, to serve as the car or parparasols in the kingdom. Neonous re- achute. They seated themselves in it marked, that no cargo would be requir- to consider and ascertain its fitness pered, except a few phials of that celebra- fectly ; but at that unfortunate moment, ted German elixir which is said to an- Dr. Blinkensop being mentally agitated swer all the purposes of meat and drink, by the philosophical questions connectas no inos can be found in the air; cork ed with the Arctic expedition, dreamed hats, coats of Indian rubber, and head- that the Isabella was split on an icedresses of spun-glass, or a little Trico- rock. Starting up in his sleep, he ran sian fluid, as artificial appendages might to the roof, cut the ropes which held he apt to change colour by the way. bis new-invented life-boat, and the two This bint alarmed the lady, and indu- projectors descended in it to the ground, ced her to ask what kind of hair dis- as a Dutch philosopher once did in tinguished the Moon's people." Ma- a boat which he had prepared for dain,” replied Neonous, very gravely, a second deluge. Sir Pertinax was “in some of the lunar provinces they rather surprised to find his wife had have no heads. The Moon is a kind rolled from the roof to the area as safeof workshop, from whence Nature sends ly in her canoe as a celebrated antiquamen like bundles of canes, to be headed rian is said to have fallen down stairs in with brass, gold,or tortoise-shell, in this a vase of true Pompeiian clay. But our world."--Lady Townly cast a melan. Arctic Islander's skull seems incurably choly glance at her husband, which fractured, though the Professor endeaseemed to imply tbat she ccosidered voured to arrange the fragments accordherself a twig of myrtle tied to a crab- ing to the art of French cbirurgery, and stick; while Sir Pertinax drily enquir. to cement them with Vancouver's iron ed if any trees ornamented the Moon, glue. My only consolation is to preand how they grew.-" With their serve this history of the week he spent roots upwards, no doubt !” interposed in London, and to translate the brief bis wife, “if they live upon air ; and record of his colony's origin, which I if, as Fontenelle says, the atmosphere received from him, and shall trausmit to atfords no rain, they are probably nurs- you as the last memorial of his existed by a steam-engine. Then, with ence,



From the New Monthly Magazine, November 1918. (Concluded frona p. 319.] . IN 806, Charlemagne caused (for he ter these Princes' deaths, of choosing I could not write) a will to be made, their own sovereign, provided he were and signed by all the French qobility of the blood royal. and the Pope, I which he divided his In 1097 and 1101, the Emperor dominions among bis three sons; and Henry IV. made to the Assembly of what is very singular, he, in this testa- States, at Aix, a pathetic speech on the ment, left to his people the liberty, af- rebellion of his eldest son, Conrad, and engaged them to transfer bis right of of sepulture. At length, his son, disasuccession to his younger brother, Hen- greeing in his turo with the sovereiga ry. This Prince, in consequence, bound pontiff, thought proper, in defiance of himself to forbear, during the life-lime his Holiness's power, to have the body of his father, from ever doing any thing of his father intombed in the vault of against bis authority, or interfering in the Emperors at Spires. the affairs of his government, whether This city fell into the disgrace of in the empire, the Duchy of Franconia, being put under the ban of the empire or the bereditary dominions of bis house. in 1598. This sentence was execuBut as Coorad was seduced by the ted by the Electors of Cologne and wily caresses of the celebrated Countess Treves, with the Bishop of Liege. All Matilda to forfeit his oath of allegiance the Protestant magistrates were displacto his father and his king, so was Hen- ed, and condemned to pay the expenry tempted by ambition to do the same. ses attending it, which not being able When this rebellion took place, the Em- to perform, all the inhabitants proíes. peror was under the excommunication sing that religion were driven from the of the Pope, Pascal II. who absolved city in 1605. young Henry from his oaths of never As the readers of Jourdals are as undertaking any thing against the au- miscellaneous in character, taste, and thority and interest of his father. That mental acquirements, as the subjects of father endeavoured to recal him to his which those works are composed, this duty by the most toucbing remonstran- article may fall under the eye of oce ces; but they made no impression on who may not have given much attenhis unnatural son, who merely answer- tion to the historic branch of literature ed, that he could neither consider a per- to such a person, a few more particson who was excommunicated as a ulars relative to the mighty patron of father por a sovereigo. In a conference the city of which we have treated, will which afterwards took place between therefore not be unacceptable. them, the son agreed to submit to his It has been already observed that king, and to obtain for him the Pope's this celebrated hero was ignorant of absolution ; on which the Emperor dis- the art of writing, yet he loved and culbanded his troops, when his treacherous tivated the arts and sciences, and made son arrested him at Ingelheim, and af- the most strenuous efforts to spread ter despoiling him of all his royal insig. them through bis wide dominions. Be. nia, forced him to renounce all right to sides a school at Paris, he established the empire. This miserable father one in every Cathedral Church: at made many attempts to regain it, but Rome also he founded a seminary, all after some few successes his army was which under bis auspices and liberal finally beaten by that of his son. In care could not fail to prove the pursethis extremity, he supplicated the Bish- ries of learaing. op of Spires to give him a prebendal His comprehensive mind and wakestallin bis cathedral, representing to hiin ful eye embraced all that could tend to that, having studied, he was adequate enlighten, polish, and benefit his people; to filling the office of lecturer, or that, and even the church music came within as he had a good voice, he might per- bis influence; for it was this Prince form as a sub-chanter, if he would al- who introduced into France and low him; but even these humble re- Germany the Gregorian Chant ; for quests were refused : and thus abandon- the teaching of wbich he founded a ed by all the world, he died in great school at Metz. distress at Liege, after having sent to He gave German names to the his son his sword and his crown. At months and the winds; devised ecclesi. Liege he was buried; but even there astical, as well as civil laws; among he was not allowed to rest, for the some of the latter is one which decrees Pope's enmity followed him to that that all the weights and measures last asylum of the wretched, and he throughout the Empire should be alike, was by his orders disinterred and de- The present mode of reckoning by die prived, during five years, of the rights vres, sols, and deniers, was invented by

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Madame d'Arblaz-Politeness-Dr. Watts-Woman.


him, with difference, that the weight of dress, as described by Eginhard (his bis livre was real, while at this period it supposed son-in-law) must have exhibis merely nominal

ited a singular kind of savage grandeur. The sumptuary laws which regulated It consisted of a doublet made of otthe price of stuffs, and distinguished the ter skins, over a tunic of cloth emrank and situation of individuals, by ob- broidered with silk; on his shoulders he liging them to wear a particular dress, wore a blue cloak of an inferior cloth, also originated in him, and be wisely and for stockiogs, bands of different and leniently decreed that every soldier colours crossed over each other. There found drunk on duty should, for the is little doubt but his cloak and tunic future, drink nothing but water. were made from wool of his daughters'

In the middle of the market-place at spinning, to which employment be Aix-la-Chapelle, which is very spa- kept them most strictly. A statue of cious, and surrounded by handsome Charlemagne guards also one of the buildings, is a fountain built of blue two springs which are in the lower part stone, which from six pipes, throws of the city of Aix; and over the other water into a noble bason of marble, there is a statue of the Virgin Mary : thirty feet in circumference. This soun- these are for drinking; near which are tain is surmounted by a fine statue of several piazzas to walk in, between Charlemagne, of brass gilt, which repre: taking the different glasses. We now sents bim with a sceptre in one hand, take leave of this gay place, which ofand a globe in the other. The figure sers every accommodation for the inva. of this Emperor, it is said, surpassed in lid, and every amusement for those who height and strength that of any person are well. of his day, and wben clad in his winter

CORNUCOPIA. From the New Monthly Magazine, December, 1818. MADAME D'ARBLAY. make a bow to the shark, the accident M ADAME D'ARBLAY's productions would never have happened." V have, there is little doubt, been

DR. WATTS. considerably over-rated. That they con- · Dr. Watts was of so extremely mild tain many beauties no one will pretend a disposition, and so averse from dissento deny,and to the erroneous idea which sion, that when reproached by a friend she appears to entertain of human na- for not having severely reprimanded a ture, must we alone ascribe the numer- map who had done him a serious injuous vulgarisms which pervade them. ry, he exclaimed, “ I wish, my dear sir,

It is no less remarkable than true, you would do it for me." that a piece full of marked characters

WOMAN. will always be void of nature. The error Carcinnus, in Semele says, “ Oh Juinto which Madame D'Arblay has fall- piter, what evil thing is it proper 10 call en is that of dedicating too much of her woman ?" Reply. It will be suffitime to making all her personages al- cient if you merely say uoman! Hamways talk in character ; whereas in the let exclains, “ Frailty, thy name is wo. present refined or depraved state of so- man !” and Sbakspeare elsewhere says, ciety, most people endeavour to conceal “ She is the devil.” Otway's Castalio, their defects rather than display them. like a blubbering school-boy, who has POLITeness.

been disappointed of his plaything, also Sir Brooke Watsoo was an extreme- bursts into the following splenetic recaly polite man ; and one who knew hiin pitulation. well, upon hearing that he had lost a .

I'd leave the world for him that hates a woman ! Jeg by the bite of a shark while bathing Woman, the fountain of all huinan frailty ! in the sea, exclaimed, “ Ah! I can see what mighey v'is have not been done by woman! how that was ; if he had not staid to

Who was't betrayed the Capitol I-a womau ! SB ATHENEOM. Vol. 4.

Who iost Mark Antony the world / a woman !

Who was the cause of a long ton years war, at one time, we are told, in a lodging That laid at last old Troy in ashes ? woman !

at Somers' Town, in the following most Destructive, damnable, deceitful woman! Woman to man at first as a blessing given ;

extraordinary circumstances :-His inHappy awhile in paradise they ley,

fant child, that had been dead nearly But quickly woman longed to go astray; three weeks, Jay in its coffin in one Some foolish new adventure needs must prove,

corner of the room ; an ass and foal And the first devil she saw she changed her love! To his temptations lewdly she inclined

stood munching barley-straw out of the Her soul ; and for an apple damned mankind.” cradle ; a sow and pigs were solaciog

How often does man, with a strange in the recess of an old cupboard ; and and almost unaccountable perversity, himself whistling over a beautiful picabuse that in which be mosi delights. ture that he was finishing at his easel, and mar the blessings which his Creas with a bottle of gin hung up on one tor has provided for him! As the gern side, and a live mouse sitting (or rather will commonly sink in our estimation kicking) for bis portrait, on the other ! when possessed, so the amiable quali- INTRODUCTION OF THE UMBRELLA ties of woman dwindle into comparative To Jonas Hanway, we owe the first nothingness when ungrateful man be- introduction of this most useful article. comes inore habituated to them. Who He had seen it in bis travels in Persia will deny that

used as a defence against the burning The world was sad--the garden was a wild, rays of the sun ; and converting it into And man the hermit mourned till woman smiled! a protection from the rain, was generally

Campbell. mobbed as he walked on a wet day thro' Let us, then, believe that

the streets of London. Now the poorAll ill stories of the sex are false ;

est cottager frequently boasts the pca: That woman, lovely woman ! nature made session of a convenience, at that time To temper man--we had been brutes without her. an object of universal curiosity and Angels are painted fair to look like her ; There's in her all that we conceive of Heaven,

wonder—a lesson this, not to be deterAmazing brightness, purity, and truth, red from the introduction or adoption Eternal joy and everlasting love! .

of a thing really useful, by the idle ANECDOTE OF MORLAND.

laugh of the ignorant and thoughtless. His conduct was irregular beyond all LITERARY SHOEMAKERS ! calculation, and all powers of descrip. The fraternity of shoemakers bare, tion; and while the vigour of his ge- unquestionably, given rise to some nius and the soundness of his judginent characters of great worth and genius. never forsook him in a picture, they The late Mr. Holcroft was originally a scarcely ever accompanied bim in any shoemaker, and thougb he was, unhapother employment, action, or sentiment pily, at the begioning of the French of his life. Capable of the most regu- revolution, infected wiib French prislar and profound reflection on every ciples, yet he was certainly a man of thing connected with his art, capable great genius, and, on the whole, a moral even of the clearest distinctions of mo- writer. His dramatic pieces must rank ral rectitude he never appears to have among the best of those on the English dedicated a single leisure hour to sober stage. Robert Bloomfield wrote bais conversation or innocent pleasantry, to poem of the “ The Farmer's Boy, any of the endearing intercourses of while employed at this business, and domestic or social life, or to apy ration- Dr. William Carey, Professor of Saral purpose whatever. He is generally scrit and Bengalee, at the college of acknowledged to have spent all the tinie Fort William, Calcutta, and the able in which be did not paint, io drinking, and indefatigable translator of the and in the meanest dissipations, with Scriptures into many of the eastern lanpersons the most eminent he could ge- guages, was in early life a shoemaker lect for ignorance or brutality; and a in Northamptonshire. The present rabble of carters, ostlers, butchers' men, Mr. Gifford, the translator of Juvenal, smugglers, poachers, and postillions, and the supposed editor of the Quarter. were constantly in his company, and ly Review, spent some of his early days frequently in his pay. He was found in learning the “ craft and mystery" at

vol. 4.] ConvivialityCowperT. Sheridan-English Etymology. 395 a shoemaker, as he tells us, in one of than unravelled the Gordian knots to the most interesting pieces of auto-bio- be met within his original. graphy ever penned, and prefixed to his

HOPE. nervous and elegant version of the Though Hope is a Batterer, she is Great Roman Satirist.

the most uninterested of all parasites, CONVIVIALITY.

for she visits the poor man's hụt, as It was said by the ancients, that to well as the palace of his superior. enjoy the “ feast of reason, and the flow of soul,” the party should never be more

ANECDOTE OF THOMAS SHERIDAN, than the Muses or less than the Graces.

The only son of the celebrated RichThe “deliciæ amantiom” must surely ard Brinsley Sheridan. He early enthen have been either unknown or una tered the army, and Lord Moira, then fasbionable, for what two lovers in an commander-in-chiel in Scotland, ap. agreeable lete-a-tete would be anxious pointed him one of his aides-de-camp. for an augmentation of their pumber ? Having contracted the habit of keeping

bad bours, the noble Earl exposed the DIFIDENCE IN CONVERSATION ACCOUN- impropriety of such conduct in the folTeD FOR.

lowing very gentle, but most effectual That excessive diffidence, that insure way. In the capacity of aide-de-camp, mountable shyness, which is so apt to the young man resided in the splendid . freeze the current of conversation in mansion of his patron ; and one evenEngland, has been very correctly ac- iog his lordship, purposely sending all counted for by Cowper, who says, the servants to bed, sat up himself till Our sensibilities are so acute,

four or five in the morning, when Mr. The fear of being silent makes us mute. Sheridan, who happened to be the ju

Cowper's TRANSLATION. nior officer on his staff, returned in high Though Cowper in his translation of spirils, from a ball. He was not perHomer has been too literal, and inat- mitted to koock long, for his illustrious tentive to the melody of his versifica- commander obeyed the first summons tion, he has infused much more of the with the utmost promptitude, and gosimple majesty of the divine Bard than ing down with a couple of candles, cerhis predecessor Pope, who appears to emoniously lighted the astonished subhave wielded the sword of Alexander altern to his bed-chamber.- Pan. throughout, and to have cut, rather


From the Literary Gazette. OBSERVATIONS INTRODUCTORY TO A WORK The publication before us is a mark

ON ENGLISH ETYMOLOGY. BY JOHN THOM- ed exceptio i to the rule. The Diver. SON, M.A.S. LONDON 1818.

sions of Purley proved that Etymology REVIEWERS are very often sadly might be rendered an entertaining sub

Il baulted in taking up books with ject, but we had no conception of the captivating titles, and, though anony- quantity of amusement which it was mous, hinted to bave been written by capable of having mixed up with its such or such a popular author, which, curious information till we read these 52 on perusal, they find to be very dull pages. and vapid stuff. And it is seldom that Strictly speaking, we do not consider they are compensated for these annoy- the production to be what it purports ; ances by reverse cases :- What are at least, it is not a regular introduction called familiarly “ agreeable disappoint- to any work on Etymology, since we ments” rarely fail to their lot, and are so little introduced to the plan in works with ominously beavy names, contemplation as to be unable to tell generally true to promise, preserve the our readers (further than our first excharacter most faithfully throughout tract conveys) what are its outlines, their contents.

extent, or precise nature. Mr. Thom

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