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In the “ Second Part of Henry VI." ridiculous to be omitted, “ Castra dicShakspeare, who closely follows the re- ta sunt a custitute, quia ibi omnes casle lations of our old chroniclers, tells us, vivere debent.” that a spirit, raised by the witch Jourdajo, said of the Duke of Somerset,


" Let him shun Castles

I have read in comedies and ludicrous
Safer shall he be upon the sandy plains
Than where castles mounted stand.”

essays, of public-houses called the Cat And in the same Piay, in the scene

and Fiddle, and the Cat and Bagpipes ; of the first battle of St. Alban's, fought

's fought but I own that I never saw either of May 23, 1455, Richard, after killing

these odd combinations; nor, indeed, do Somerset, exclains :

I recollect any sigo in which a Cat bas

been introduced, excepting a Civet-cat " So lie thou thereFor underneath an ale-house paltry sign,

over the door of a perfumer's, and a The Castle in St. Alban's, Somerset

public-house called “ Puss in Boots." Hath made the wizard famous by his death." However, I believe that the above-men

The plays of our immortal Drama- tioned signs have been exhibited in or tist, derived from our credulous histo- near London, and probably are so still. riads, have embalmed several instances Between the Cat and Fiddle there of similar prophetic accomplishments. may indeed appear some connexion, as Thus of Henry IV. it was predicted the entrails of the one are supposed to that he should die at Jerusalem: and furnish the strings of the other ; or the accordingly he expires in a room in the sign might originate in the ambiguity of palace of the Abbot of Westminster. the word kit, at once the abbreviation that was called the Jerusalem Chamber of kitten, and a small violin. If the

It was foretold of William de la Pole. house became popular, a rival landlord first Duke of Suffolk :

might perhaps be induced to adopt a “ By water shall he die and take his end.” sign somewhat similar; and if a Scotch

And consequently the name of his man, he was not unlikely to chuse the murderer proves to be Walter, pro, national bagpipe as the adjunct to his nounced Water, Whitmore. But more cat. But altho' my attempted explana. especially in Macbeth, where the witch- tion of signs altogether is merely“ desies assure him of safety, excepting in the pere in loco," yet perhaps, if they had occurrence of events apparently impose their origin in mere caprice, the very sible, but which being accomplished, be dissimilitude and incongruity of the exclaims just before bis fall :

objects was the sole reason for coupling “ And be those juggling fiends no more believ'd them together, which appears to have

That palter with us in a double sense ; been the case at the village city of Llan-
That keep the word of promise to our car, daff in Glamorganshire, where is a pub-
And break it to our hope."

lic-house denominated “ The Cow and Julius Ferrettus, as quoted by Grose, the Sauffers.” has given an etymology of castrum too

To be continued.


From the Literary Gazette, Augast 1818. causes been separated from Mrs. I..

for a considerable period preceding that M ATTHEW Gregory Lewiz was event. M. G. Lewis, his son, received IV. born in the year 1773, his father his education at Westminster School, being at that time deputy Secretary at and on coming of age was elected into War, which office be held for many Parliament for the borough of Hindon. years, and finally retired on a pension. In the years 1793 and 4 he made a His death happened within these few tour of the Continent, and to amuse his years, having through some family leisure hours wbilst travelling, he wrote

VOL. 4.]

M. G. Lewis, author of the Monk,&c.


a romance called the Monk, which was logical order, but simply notice some published in three volumes in 1795. of the most important of his producIt has been stated to us that this novel tions. In 1799 “ The Twins, or Is it was written at an earlier age, when the he or his Brother," for Bavpister's benauthor was only sixteen, but though efit, was something like the “ Three this assurance came from the best au- and Deuce ;” but as it was never repeatthority, we are inclined to consider it ed, we take it for granted not so sucrather as an apology for what was cessful. Mr. Lewis immediately afthought morally injurious in the publi. ter produced a comedy called the East cation, tban as a fact to be entirely de. Indian, which met with little approbapended upon. The Monk, as a work tion. Banvister spoke a curious epilogue of imagination and a literary produc- in the character of Queen Elizabeth, tion, displayed great genius and talent, ascending through a trap-door. Its and some of the poetry was exquisite- extravagance was worthy of the age asly touching ; though it must be con- cribed to the author--for this piece alfessed, that while its beauties acquired so was said to be written when he was for it the highest degree of deserved sixteen. “ Alfonso, King of Castile," popularity, the censures which its li- a tragedy, (1802) was one of the chief centiousness, immorality, and mockery dramatic productions of Mr. Lewis's of religion called down upon it, were pen. It was originally brought out at also but too justly merited. These ob- Covent Garden. The wildnes of the servations apply to the first edition, the fable was too much for regular tragedy, author having been induced by the se- and the situations too terribly romantic, verity of criticism, and probably by a and the catastrophe too horrid, for a more mature sense of propriety, to re- judicious, tribunal. The play failed, move some of the most offensive passa- was allerede played again, and tried at ges in the second and subsequent edi. Drury Lime, but wever, to use a theat. tions. The success Mr. Lewis expe- rical phrase, could obtain a run. His rienced in his first literary undertaking, tragedy-of Adelgitha, in 1806, was encouraged him to apply more assidu- rather better received, though, like most ously to those pursuits, for we find him of the author's other productions, the from about this time constantly before moral is so abominable, as to annihilate the public as an author. In December any coiniendation which could be be1797 he produced his musical drama stowed on interesting situation and of the Castle Spectre, at Drury Lane, good dialogue. In 1809 “ Venoni, or which met with extraordinary success. the Novice of St. Marks," a powerfulDuring the rehearsals the second ap- ly captivating drama in three acts, taken pearance of the Spectre was objected from the French Victime Clôtrée, issued to by Mr. Sheridan, but the author in- from the same fertile source, and though sisted that the piece should conclude as violently opposed for some nights, bebe bad written it; and the applause of ing withdrawn, and (as in the case of the audience proved him right, whatev- Alfonso) a new last act substituted, it er impartial criticism may allege against became a favourite for the season. it as a violation of dramatic order. Temper, a farce translated from the The drama, like the novel we have al- Grondeur, whence Sir Charles Sedley ready mentioned, abounds in well-con- took his Grumbler, was rather disgusi.. trived thougtrroipantic incidents; and ingly than laughably broad, and conse'the language is always elegant and vig- quently failed. The only other dramas orous, often sublime and appalling. It from Mr. L.'s pen, of which we are awas published in 1798, and has been ware, though Raymond and Agnes and much read and played ever since. many others have been constructed on

It is not our intention to follow mi- his productions, are the Harper's nutely the appearances of Mr. L-wis's Daughter, from Schiller's Minister, at translation and adaptations of foreign Covent Garden in 1803, which did not plays to the English stage in chrono- excite more than a mediocre sensation

the well-known melo-dramas of Ru- powerful descriptions, bis charms of gantino (1805) founded on his own composition, and his agitating situaBravo of Venice from the German, and lions, have a wonderful bold upon the Timour the Tartar with the real hors- mind, which cannot resist their effects. es ; Rich und Poor, a very affecting Undoubtedly he was more likely to piece, and a mono-drama, which we re- corrupt the stage, than to enrich it with member being performed once, in 1803, drainas, within the licence which our in which Mrs. Litcbfield filled the cha- freedom in that respect admits. But racter of a Maniac, deliriously repeat- bis inuse knew no bounds. His tales ing the author's horrible imaginings are excellent of their kind, admiwith so much force as to throw not a rably written, and generally replete few of the audience, whose nerves were with pathos. Of the same oature are not proof against the dreadful truth of many of his minor poems. Alonzo the language and scene, into hysterics, the Brave, Bonny Jane,&c.are exquisiteand this piece was never again offered ly wrought; and it should be noticed, to the public. But the genius of Lew- that as he was aware of the ridicule is was not exhausted by the numerous that might be attached to that class of productions we have mentioned. In poems to which the first of these be1801 be published two volumes of Po- longs, and which he may be said to ems, under the title of Tales of Won- have introduced, he at once blunted der ; these merit their title, and abound the shafts of ridicule by anticipating pawith sufficient of the marvellous, which rody, and evinced his own versatile talseemed to be a favourite theine with ent by writing the humourous imitahim. They also possess great beauty. tion • Giles Joliup the Grave.” The Bravo ot' Venice was published in On the death of his father, Mr. Lewis 1801, and Feudal Tyrants, a romance succeeded to a handsome patrimony, in 4 vols. in 1806. Besides these, be part of which consisted in West India has publisbed Tales of Terror, 3 vols, property. He resided in the Albany Romantic Tales, 4 vols, and a collec- when in London, and lived in a rather tion of Poems in one volume.

retired manger. But the latter years of The prominent tone of all these bis life were principally passed in travworks is the horrible--their prevailing elling. He had visited the Continent, character the s!ipernatural. With a and twice made the voyage to the West fine and strong imagination, Mr. Lew. Indies, in returning from whence he is addicted himself to the demonology died on slipboard about 2 months ago. of belles lettres, if we may bestow that In person Mr. L'wis was small and appellation upon the darkest German well-formed; bis countenance was exfictions, and the wildest conceptions of pressive ; his manners gentlemanly ; romance. But for the revolting excess and his conversation agreeable.- He to which he was so apt to carry his fa- has left, we are in formed, one daughvourite theme, he must have been in 6i- ter; and unfortunately was never marnitely popular, since even in spite of ried. this blemish, his animated pictures, bis


From the London Literary Gazette. July, 1818. TT was thought at one time that Nu- for the prisoner at Valençai (Ferdinand Ipoleon himself intended to marry VII.) Her father, however, still resobis niece, the eldest daughter of Lu- lutely opposed these nuptials, and thus cien ; but the Austrian match put an wrote to his ambitious brother :end to this speculation. The young “ No, I will never consent to sacrilady however appeared at the Tuileries, fice my children to your policy. God was received with due honour as an knows your designs upon Ferdinand, Imperial relative, and again destined but I myself know that you have al

VOL. 4.]

Original Anecdotes of the Buonapartes.

ready done too much against this un- pose Lucien on Napoleon's first accesfortunate Prince to admit of my ever sion to power. So unexpected a change calling him my son-in-law.” The could only be accounted for, by the Graad Duke of Wurtzburg was next the fact of Fouché's knowing that he proposed, but the young lady refused had no real support with the emperor this alliance, and her father wrote per- since Josephine's divorce. The minernptorily insisting on her return : ister looked every where for a counter

“ Seod her to me (said he) or, brav- poise to balance the power of Napoleing my proscription and your orders, I on, which he began to find insupportawill seek her in the very saloons of the ble, since it weighed so heavily on himTuileries.” The furious Emperor or- self and the revolutionists. He had dered her to be dismissed from Paris in just been appointed to govern the two 24 hours.

Roman provinces instead of Miollis ; The rupture between Lucien and his and got as far as Florence on his way, brother was never marked by such mu- when fresh orders induced him to retrotually excessive enmity as at this peri- grade. Although Fouché's nomination od. Neither Madame Letitia or the was not revoked, the above orders, rest of the family, dared now attempt added to the former governor continuto pronounce the former's name in Na- iog to exercise his functions, rendered poleon's hearing, while the senator him- it perfectly useless to him. This postself expected every species of violence ponement was a great disappointment from the emperor's anger. In one of to Lucien, it having been settled that those epistles which were exchanged his furniture, horses, equipages, and during this state of exasperation, Lucien servants, should be transferred to the told the usurper, “I am aware that your Ex-minister of Police : there was also fury is capable of making you commit another motive, which made Lucien fratricide - This was something wish to see Fouché, and secretly conlike an invitation : Lucien was not- verse with him: he was particularly withstanding supplied with the pass- anxious to have several mysteries exports he had previously demanded for plained, which bis remoteness from the United States; these were addresy- Paris had concealed from him, but beed to him from the Minister of the lo- ing once discovered, must have been of terior, by order. At the very moment the greatest use in directing his future of receiving them, the senator prepared movements. for bis departure with all possible dis- Foiled in his wishes with respect to patch ; statues, pictures, and effects, Fouché, Lucien now only thought of were immediately packed up, and sent embarking : there was, however, but off to Civita Vecchia with the utmost one ship at Civita Vecchia fit to make haste,

a long voyage: this was accordingly It was towards this period that hired: but it was soon after discovered Fouché was removed from the inioistry that she would not hold all the luggage, of police. Although we do not pre- or afford the accommodation which so tend to know all the circumstances large a fainily as that of the senator rewhich led to this disgrace, we have quired. In this dilemma, Lucien, who particular reasons for asserting, that one had long broken off all communication of the principal cause arose from the with Murat, and having something to minister's pertinaciously maintaining, demand, a few months before wrote 10 that it was of the greatest consequence his sister Caroline, in a style of the to the existence of Napoleon's dynasty, greatest coldness, pow addressed him.that every member of his fainily should self directly to the king of Naples, begbe closely uoited.

ging that the latter would let him bave Fouché seemed on this occasion as one of the American ships in that port, anxious to ingratiate himself with the and which had been lately sequestered senator, by promoting a reconciliation pursuant to the direction of Napoleon between the brothers, as he was to op- to his vassal of Naples. Tu tbis short communication, Joachim returned a vanced him considerable sums; as by very obliging and friendly answer, in this arrangement he hoped the gallery which he complained of the emperor would escape the rapacity of Napoleon. himself in the bitterest terms, who, he To give some idea of their value, it observed in one part of his letter, adopt- will be sufficient to state, that when the ed a most perfidious policy with re- first notion of going to America occurgard to him, forcing him to undertake red to Lucien, bis brother Louis offerruinous armaments under the pretext of ed one million five hundred thousand conquering Sicily, while he was certain francs for all the pictures, and a few the emperor had promised not to dis- statues : of the former, there were possess the family that reigned in that about a huodred and twenty. In the island : in fact he regretted that it was event of this offer's being acceptnot in his own power also to escape ed, these fine specimens were intended from tyranny, as the persecuted brother for a gallery, which the above named was. In other respects, Murat fully personage was desirous of forming in acceded to the wishes of Lucien : and Holland. Since the period alluded to, the Hercules, a fine American ship, the collection had been augmented by was restored to her captain, on the sole a regular set of the most classical epcondition, that he should receive the gravings extant, together with some of family and effects of the senator. The the best pictures in the Ricardi collecking even ordered forty-four thousand tion: these were bought during Lufrancs to be advanced for the purpose cien's last visit to Florence.” . - of hastening her repairs, and a Neapoli- At length the family took leave of tan ship of war was sent to escort her Tusculum on the first of August 1810, to Civita Vecchia.

a place in which so many days of tranThis piece of service cost Murat very quillity and happiness had passed ; nor dearly, for the emperor heard of the could any of the party flatter themselves confidential letter, owing perhaps to with the hopes of ever seeing it again, Lucien's having in a moment of exult- so remote were their expectations of reation spoken rather too freely of it: turning to Europe. Arriving at Civita this gave rise to the greatest indignation Vecchia, in the midst of apprehensions on the part of Napoleon, who called it that some new cause of detention might a crime in Joachim to have thus assist- arise, Lucien lost no time in embarking ed a departure, which, notwithstanding his family. Taking advantage of a fair the passport signed by himself, was de- wind that sprung up, the Hercules signated as a flight. The only terms on weighed anchor on the fifth. Lucien's which the King of Naples could obtain suite was very numerous: bis family pardon for this offence, was, by pay- consisted of two daughters by the first ing ten millions of francs to his inexor- marriage, Charlotte, wbose name has able brother-in-law. Such at least is the already often appeared in these Mepositive assertion of Madame Murat. moirs, and Amelia, three years younger

The only difficulty now in the way than her sister. Charles, born in 1803, of emigration, was a safe passport from before the marriage : this was a very the English ; but this was not to be interesting child, capable of great appliobtained.

cation to his studies, and remarkably “ From this unexpected resusal the intelligent. Letitia, born at Milan, senator began to entertain serious alarm and so called after her grandmother; at the idea of being stopped on his voy- a second daughter, named Jane, whom age ; but considering the danger to be Pius VII. had held over the baptismal greatest on his brother's side, he deter- font at Rome, giving her the name of mined to persevere in the voyage. his own mother ; finally, Paul, wbo Anxious to prevent his fine collection was born at Canino. of pictures from being seized by his In addition to the above, Lucien broiber, it was decided that the whole had identified Mademoiselle Anna should be deposited in the hands of Jouberteau, his wife's daughter, with some bankers at Rome, who had ad- his own family. This young lady was

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