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YOL. 4.]

Signs of Inns- Daniel Lambert.

271

At Shisheh they surprised a Russian which rejoiced the King's ministers expost, killed 300, and took 500 prisoners ceedingly; for on no occasion before and two guns. This was swelled into bad their troops been known to apa grand victory, 2000 killed, 5000 proach near enough to the enemy to taken, and 12 guns !

get killed. The death of our sergeants “Upon questioning them why they settled a doubt that existed among the exaggerated so much, when they knew Persians, whether or not Christians how soon the falsehood would be dis- would fight against Christians in favour covered, they very ingenuously said, of Mussulmans, and this occurrence • If we did not koow that your stubborn raised us not a little in their estimation. veracity would have come in our way, “ su one of the first visits which the

we should have said ten times as much. Ambassador paid to the Grand Vizier, ị This is the first time our troops bave he found him directing a letter to the

made any stand at all against the Rus- Governor of Mazanderan, which was • sians; and you would not surely re- to announce the defeat of the Russians.

strict so glorious an event in our bistory When the writer bad got to the catastroi to a few dry facts.'

phe, he asked, “How many killed am We wish all European conquerors I to put ?' • Write 2000 killed, 5000 were equally ingenuous. The Persians made prisoners, and that tbe enemy had about 14,000; the Russians 800 were 10,000 strong. Then turning to men. One of their articles of capitulation the Ambassador, he said, “This letter was, that their heads were not to be cut has got to travel a great distance, and off; an act which in Persian and therefore we add in proportion. When Turkish warfare is a common custom. the King saw the Ambassador, he exDuring this fight ten tomaums were pressed his joy at the event; and said, given for every head of the enemy that that he had a forewarning of it by a was brought to the Prince; and it has dream, in which he saw a ruffian about been known to occur after the combat to plunge a dagger into his breast, but was over, that prisoners have been put that he had been saved by his son to death in cold blood, in order that the Abbas." beads, which are iminediately dispatched Prince Abbas, it should be told, heto the King, and deposited in heaps at haved very nobly to the Russian comthe Palace gate, might make a more mander, when brought wounded be. considerable show. Two of the En- fore him. Observing that he had no glish sergeants (in the Persian service) sword, he took off his own, which was were killed on this occasion, and after of great value, and desired him to put the battle was over, one of their bodies it on and wear it for his sake. It may was found without its bead, which was be gathered, however, from the above, discovered among a heap of Russian that Persia owes its safety neither to heads. It had doubtless been severed the gallantry of the Prince, nor the hy a Persian, who passing it off for a valour of his troops, but to the absoRussian head, had received the price lutely impracticable nature of its fronfixed for such a commodity. The Per- tier, through which no regular invadiog sians lost 100 men, a circumstance army could march.

• REMARKS ON INNS, &c.

From the Gentleman's Magazine.
DANIEL LAMBERT.

Correction at Leicester, where his past A T Leicester, his native place, in the buik excited a curiosity which was very h street called Gallow-tree gate, is a rarely grațified, as he had the greatest public house, the sign-board of which repugnance to being gazed at. He was «xbibits a portrait of this person, by far fond of cocking, horse-racing, and the the fattest and heaviest man ever known. sports of the field; and when prevented He was born March 13, 1770, and was by his size from an active participation for many years Keeper of the liouse of in these pleasures, they formed ibe fa

vourite topics of his discourse. A trav

THE DOG. eller, who gad learned these circumstan- Notwithstanding the almost infinite ces, and was very anxious to see this variety and great dissimilitude in the human prodigy, knocked at his door, appearance, size, and qualities of the and enquired if he were at home. The different species of dogs, yet it is admit. servant replied, “ Yes ;" but added, ted by every naturalist that they all " that Mr. Lambert never saw strang- spring from one parent stock. ers." “ Tell him," said the visitant, "that In “The Sporting Cabinet" there are I called about some cocks." Lambert, 24 beautiful delineations of different who overheard the conversation, sus- kinds of dogs, engraved by Scott from pecting the real motive, immediately the drawings of Reinagle ; but of called aloud to his servant, " Tell the this number 16 will be more convenient. gentleman that I am a shy cock." At ly noticed under other signs ; viz. the another time,a person who was extreme- water-dog and water-spaniel, the spagly importunate to see him, pretending ish and english pointers, the setter and that he had a particular favour to ask, the sprioger, or springing spaniel, 40was after considerable besitation admit- der the “ Dog and Duck, Dog and Pare ted; when he said he merely wished to tridges ;" the fox-bound and the terrier, inquire into the pedigree of a particular under “ The Fox;" the english, irish, mare. Lambert, aware of the true and italian grey-hound, under “ The cause of bis visit, with happy prompti. Greyhound ;" the Southern-hound, the tude replied, “Oh, is that all ?--she was barrier, and the beagle, under the “ Hare got by Impertinence out of Curiosity.” and Hounds;" and the blood-hound Being under pecuniary embarrassment, and the stag.hound, under The Stag." he at length very reluctantly assented to Of the reinaining eight dogs, a public exhibition of himself; and 1. The Shepherd's dog is supposed March 28, 1800, arrived for that pur- by Buffon to be the original Dog of pose at lodgings in Piccadilly, London, Nature, from which every other species where he was visited by crowds of spec- is derived, * tators. He afterwards exhibited him 2. The Bull Dog, the native produc. self at most of the principal towns in tion of Britain, is the most courageous England, and died on his journey at and unrelenting of the canioe' species. Stamford in Lincolnshire, June 21, It is a distinguishing and invariable trait 1809. He had retired to rest in appar- in the true-bred dog, never to atack the ent health, and intended seeing compa- bull but in front, seizing upon the lip, ay the following day, but was found lifeless in his bed in the morning. His Magazine :

His has been taken from the Obituary of the Gentleman's coftin, consisting of 112 superficial feet Edward Bright, Malden, Essex,/died November, 1750,

weight 42 stone 7 lbs.-615 lbs. s Jacob Poweli, Stebbing, Essex, died October 1754,

weight, 40 stune --500 lbs. to the grave back of St. Martin's church, Benjamin Bower, Holt, Dorsetshire, died December where a monument was erected, thus m

1703, weight, 34 stone 4 lbs.-480 ibs.

Mr. Baker, Worcester, died July 1766,“ supposed to inscribed :

be a larger man than Bright," but no weight stated.

Mr. Spooner, Shuttington, Warwickshire, died June “ Jo remembrance of that prodigy in 1775, 40 stone, 9 Ibs-- 509 lbs.

1775, 40 stone, o Ibs-509168. Aature, Daniel Lambert, a native of

f Daniel Lambert, Leicester, died June, 1809, weight,

52 stone 11 lbs.-739 ibs !

About the year 1805 Mr. Henry Hawkes, a farincellent and convivial mind, and in Per- er of Halling in Kent, returning home from Maid.

stone market, after drinking freely, lost his way in a sonal Greatness he had no competitor. deep snow, and overpowered by sleep, the constant

cunovmitant of extreme cold, he laid himseif on his He measured three feet one inch round

back upon the ground. His attendant, a shepherd dog, scratched a way the snow, so as to form a kind of protecting wall around, and then laid hinsel on the bosom of his helpless master. The frost was ertremely severe during the night, and the suos con

tinued falling. Early in the morning a Mr. Finch, 21 of June, 1809, aged 39 years. As a

in the pursuit of wild fowi, was pero ived hy the dog,

who ran to him, and by the most inportunate neected tions attracted bis attention, and conducted him to

the spot ; where upon wiping away the icy incrusby his friends in Leicester."*

tation from the face, be recognized the features of N.B. The stone of 14 lbs.

the farmer, and conveyed him, apparently lifeless, to the nearest house ; but the proper means being speedily applied, animation was again restored.che

waruith of the dog, in covering the most vital part, The following list of persons of remarkable size having prevented A total staguation of we blood

her, and con but the progain restul parts

vol. 4.]

Remarks or Signs of Inns-- The Mastis, &c.

273

the tongue, the eye, or some part of the my so much bis inferior. Another masface, where he hangs in spite of every tiff, belonging to Mr. Wilson of Maxeffort of the buil to disengage himself. welhaugh, on the 21st of October, 1797, Some years ago a savage monster, in seeing a very ligle dog carried away by the North of England, proposed for a the current of the Tweed in spite of all trilling wager, “ that he wouid, at four its efforts to bear up against the stream, distinct intervals, deprive the animal of after watching its motions attentively, one of his feet by amputation ; and that, plunged voluntarily into the river, and, after every individual deprivation be seizing the wearied minutive by the should attack the bull with his previous neck, brought it safely to land in the ferocity; and lastly, that he should con- presence of several spectators. tinue to do so upon his stumps." Shock- · Lord Rambures, in Shakspeare's ing as the recital must prove to the feel- “ Henry V." says, “ th at island of ings of every reader, the experiment England breeds very valiant creatures ; was made, and the result demonstrated their mastiffs are of unmatchable couthe truth of the prediction.

rage.” 3. The Mastiff is supposed by Buf- 4. The Neufoundland Dog in its nafon to have been generated between the tive country is frequently employed in bull dog and the irish greyhound. Man- drawing sledges, loaded with wood, wood derives its name from Muse the- from the interior to the sea-coast. It is fese, being supposed to frighten away extremely docile, sagacious, and affecrobbers by its tremendous voice. Stra- tionate, and from its strength in the wabo tells us that the mastiffs of Britain ter has been the happy instrument in were trained for war, and were used by saving many lives. the Gauls in their battles. The Roman “A gentleman, walking by the side Emperors appointed an officer in this of the river Tyne, and observing on the island with the title of “ Procurator opposite side a child fall into the water, Cyoegii ;” whose sole business was, to gave notice to the dog, which immedibreed, select, and send from hence such ately inmped in, swam over, and catchas promised by size and strength to ing hold of the child with its mouib, become adequate to the combats of the brought it safely to land.” amphitheatre. Stow relates an engage. The fatal duel between Colonel ment between three mastiffs and a lion Montgomery and Captain Macnamara in the Tower of London, in the year originated in a quarrel between their 1427, before James I. Ove of the dogs two dogs, of this description, in Hyde being put into the den was soon disa- Park. bled by the lion, which took it by the 5. The Greenland Dng. These anihead and neck, and dragged it about: mals are used in drawing sludges, the another dog was then let loose, and ser- only method of travelling during the ved in the same manner: but the third winter in Kamschatka. Capt. King rebeing put in, immediately seized the lion lates that, whilst he was there, a courier by the lip, till, being severely torn by with dispatches, drawo by dogs, perhis claws, the dog was obliged to quit forined a journey of 270 miles in less its hold ; and the lion, greatly exhaust. than 4 days. The sledges are generaled in the contest, refused to renew the ly drawn by five dogs, and the driver engagement, but, taking a sudden leap bas a crooked stick, answering the purover the dogs, fled into the interior part pose of both whip and reins; with which, of his den.

by striking on the snow, he regulates A dog of this kind belonging to the the speed of the dogs, or stops them at late M. Ridley, Esq. of Heaton, near his pleasure. When they are inattenNewcastle upon Tyne, being frequent. tive to their duty, he chastizes them by ly teazed by the barking of a mongrel, Growing it at ther, and the regaining at last took it up in his mouth by the of his stick is the most important and back, and, with great composure, drop- dificuit inana 'uvre in his profession ; ped it over the quay into the river, with- for, shunid he happen to lose it, the out doing any further injury to an ene- dogs soon discover the circumstance, and, setting off at full speed, continue 7. The Pug, by some writers, is said to run till their strength is exhausted, to have been introduced into this island or till the carriage is overturned or dash- from Muscovy, of which it was a palive; ed to pieces.

2L MATA EN EUM. Vol. 4.

by others, to have been produced by 6. The Dalmatian or Coach Dog by the commixture of the bull-dog and the some naturalists has been styled “the little Dane. Among all the canine speHarrier of Bengal,” but Buffon says cies there is not one of less utility, or that it was not a native of any part of possessing less the powers of attraction; India. Its origin is generally ascribed applicable to no sport, appropriated to to that part of European Turkey from no useful purpose, susceptible of no which it takes its name ; but it has been predominant passion, and ugly in its apdomesticated in Italy for more than two pearance, he is continued, from age to centuries. Its sole destination in this age, for what alone he might have been country is to contribute, by the beauty originally intended, the patient followof its appearance, to the splendour of er of a ruminating philosopher, or the the stable establishment, constantly at- adulatory and consoling companion of tending the horses and carriage to which an old maid. he belongs.

WITCHCRAFT.

From the European Magazine, September, 1818. S the belief in Witchcraft is one of have been made of late years to confirmu A the most ancient of bumao super- the truth of such circumstances, they stitions, so it is one with which man- have, without any exception, been ulkind seem to have been most reluctant timately proved to be the effects of inito part ; and it was not uotil they had position and fraud ; and the only genbeen divested of nearly all other like erally insisted on proof in the Scriptures, infaluations, that they ceased to credit (I allude to the Witch of Endor) has the possibility of an intercourse being been thought by many to have been an maintained by human beings with the effect beyond the power, and even to evil spirits of another world.

the astonishinent of the Witcb berself, Even at the present day, many en- and rather regarded as a divine interlightened persons will not deny the ex- position than as the result of her incanistence of Witchcraft at remote periods, tations. although in Europe the practice of it is It seems to me that upon the whole, at present universally discredited. Most the proofs of the existence of Witches of these found their belief upon pas- are defective, because, although tales sages of the Scriptures, and upon nare of their powers are numerous, yet there rations which have come down to us does not seem in any of the instances with as much of the semblance of truth related, a sufficient cause for the Alas any other historical relations. mighty Ruler of the World, whose de

All that there is in the shape of testi- crees are perfectly just, and therefore mony on the subject is conflicting; for perfectly wise, to suffer the existence of on the one hand, in all countries and in such crimes as this practice would inall ages, the existence of Witches has troduce into the world, and the placing been acknowledged, apparently well such enormous and almost unlimited attested relations of their powers have power in the hands of persons, who (as been banded down to us, and in most these Witches without exception were,) civilized countries punishments have were unable from their ignorance, povbeen provided for the crime by the le- erty, or infirmity, to use it to proper gal authorities. On the other hand, ends. the whole force of our experience, is,

" I do not love to credit tales of magicit must be consessed, strongly against

Heaven's music which is order seems unstrung. the belief; for, although many attempts And this brave world,

VOL. 4.)
Witchcraft.

275 (The mystery of God) unbeautified,

resteth, or the skin, bope, or other part Disordered, marred, where such strange things are of onu dend norson to be emploved or acted."

used in any manner of Witchcraft, SorIn England no doubt was entertain- cery, Charme, or Enchantment, or ed of the existence of this crime, our shall use, practise, or exercise any earliest laws inflicting punishments for Witchcraft, Enchantment, Charme, or it: and in the reign of Henry the 8th Sorcery, whereby any person shall be an Act was passed declaring all Witch- killed,'destroyed, wasted, consumed, craft to be felony without benefit of piped, or lamed in his or her body, or clergy.

. any part thereof, such offenders duly In the reign of Queen Elizabeth it is and 'lawfully convicted and attainted evident that the belief of Witchcraft shall suffer death.” being practised was much shaken, if it lo consequence of the encouragement had not totally ceased, and from their shewn to this belief in this and the sucbeing introduced on the stage familiar- ceeding reign by the legislature, the ly, and almost ludicrously, it seems superstitions of most people were alarmthat their existence was then considered ed; and as there are at all times peras an old and ridiculous prejudice. It sons ready to make the weaknesses of is true that Judicial Astrology was then others subservient to their own vices, practised with no small succes, and if some men bad the effrontery to pretend it was oot considered lawful, it was so that they possessed some natural and inmuch connived at, that the Queen her- taitive power to discover Witches, and self is said to have consulted Dr. Dee they carried on this trade, receiving reon her future destiny. It is, therefore, wards from the government, and levymost probable, that although an Act of ing contributions on the people. The Parliament was passed in this reign for most notorious of these was one Matinflicting punishments for the practice thew Hopkins, cominonly known by of Witchcraft in Ireland ; yet from the name of the Witchfinder : he lived there being contained in that Act sin- at Manningtree in Essex, and in the gular provisions for the trial of Peers years 1641, 5, and 6, made a tour who should be charged with this crime, through the Eastern counties. This its purpose was rather to keep in check man's arrogance and conceit were so or to remove such of the Irish Nobles great, in consequence of his success, · as were disaffected to the Queen, by a and the countenance afforded him by less odious mode than the violent means the parliament (from whom he held a not uncommonly resorted to, a charge commission for the discovery of of this sort being so much more easily Witches,) that in a letter of his which made than repelled. By an Act passed is preserved, he seems to consider visitin the 1st year of the reign of James Ist, ing the towns as a favour conferred by and supposed to be by the express di- him-but let him speak for himselí : rection of that sagacious Prince, who * * * * * -" I intend to give was himself a most zealous believer in youre towne a visit suddenly. I am every sort of superstition, the various to come to Kimbolton this weeke and species of Witchcraft are enumerated : it shall be tenne to one but I will come this so perfectly illustrates the then pre- to youre towne first; but I would cervalent opinion on the subject, that it tainlye knowe aforehand whether youre may excuse the followiog extract. towne affords many sticklers for such

• Any one that shall use, practise, cattell,* or willing to give and afford as or exercise any invocation or conjura- good welcome and entertainment as tion of any evill or wicked spirit, or otherwhere I have been, else I shall consult, covenant with, entertaine or wave youre shire, (not as yet begiaemploy, feede, or reward any evill or ping in any part of it myself) and bewicked spirit to or for any intent or pur- take me to sucb places where I do and pose, or take up any dead man, woman may persist without controle, but with or child out of his, her, or their grave,

• This is the elegant exprenion by which he desigor any other place where the dead body nates his victims.

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