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VOL. 4.] Modern Relics-Law-England in the 17th Century. 231
the finest water; as, for example, nine From the New Monthly Magazine, Sept. 1818.
of the skulls of the 11,000 virgins, a 'ENGLAND IN THE 17TH CENTURY.
piece of a gown of the Virgin Mary, the Count Oxenstiern. who had been
tuning-hammer belonging to David's three times ambassador from the court
harp, and many other similar treasures ; *

es i of Sweden to that of England in the in comparison with which the French to

nch former part of the seventeenth century, contributions are as nothing."

drew the following sketch of this counFRENCH IDEAS OF ENGLISH COOKERY. try, which some may think not very far

In La Cuisiniere Burgeoise edition froin the truth at the present period. of 1816, we find two dishes denomina. “ England, without dispute, is the ted English, and undoubtedly calculated queen of isles, the empire and arsenal to gratify our countrymen, who trans- of Neptune. She is at the same time port an English appetite to the banks of the Peru of Europe, the kingdom of the Seine : these are,- Rosbif de mou- Bacchus, the school of Epicurus, the w ton à l'Anglaise, and rosbif d'agneau academy of Venus, the country of Mars, à l'Anglaise ; that is to say, roast beef the abode of Minerva, the support of of muiton, and roast beef of lamb, in the Hollaod, the scourge of France, the English manner. We do not feel it purgatory of partisans of opposition, necessary to add the recipes, assured and the paradise of those of liberty. that no English cook would follow The women are handsome, but their them, nor English gourmand discover beauty is attended with something very what was served up to him.

insipid. Bravery there, is, as it were,

natural to the men, but carried to an To him that goes to law nine things excess that approaches to savageness. are requisite:

Wit and judgment reigo there, and perIn the first place a good deal of money. haps more ihan in any other country 2dly. A good deal of patience. whatever; but they produce a certain 3dly. A good cause.

air of pride whicii considerably dimin4thly. A good attorney.

ishes their merit. "Tis there, one may 5thly. Guod counsel.

gay, that sortune distributes her favours 6thly. Good evidence.

abundantly ; but these islanders are ig7thly. A good jury.

norant of the use they ought to make 8thly. A good judge.

of them to strangers, as the courtiers And 9thly. Good luck.

and their taste are the only objects of TEMPORA MUTANTOR.

their liberality. Their language is an In the seventh century, Theodore, odd mixture of almost all the tongues Archbishop of Canterbury, was cele- of Europe : but with this advantage, brated, through all the western church, that it expresses itself the best of all of for writing a penitential, or treatise to them : in short, 'tis a nation where nodirect what penance should be enjoined thing is wanting to its happiness but to for certain crimes. Among other mat- know how to enjoy it. Her natural ters, persons newly married were com- restlessness and extreme jealousy for manded to abstain from entering a liberty and property bave olten plunged church for thirty days, and to repent her into civil wars, which have laid hier for fifteen !- History of Dissenters, by within six inches of her destruction. Bogue and Bennet ; vol. 1. p. 15. The three jonroies I made there having

In the rubric of the Churen of Eng. let me into their manners, I venture 10 land, at the end of the “ Form of So. assert that it is the most delightful counlemnization of Matrimony," as it stands try in the world for young gentlemen to in the Prayer Books of the nineteenth be amused in, provided they are mas. century, is the following directions:-- ters of the language, and able to sup" It is convenient that the new-married port the expence ; and if the high road persons should receive the Holy Com- to hell be sown with delights and picamunion at the time of their marriage, sure, you must necessarily pass through or at the first opportunity after their England 10 go to it.” : marriage.”

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cion, both which are the errors of little la the reiga of James the second, cunning, commended the zeal of the Robert Fergusoo, a Presbyterian min- magistrate with that discreet coolness ister, who had plotted against the gov- which generally accompanies moderaernment, fled from justice to the city of tion and honesty, and then deviated Edinburgh, when perceiving that he imperceptibly to topics best calculated was closely pursued, and that the gates for his own security. The evening were shot to prevent his escape, be had passed away pleasantly, and Ferguson recourse to a device which men of less lay till pretty late in the morning, when cunning would have considered as the he arose confident enough of his being certain means of destruction. Instead safe while in that house, but not so sure of secreting himself in a cellar or garret, of getting out of the town to the sea and putting confidence in strangers, he side. In order to obviate this difficulty, went to the town prison, where he knew he called for breakfast, and again dean old acquaintance was confined, and sired the company of his worship, with there he remained concealed till the whose conversation he affected to be so search being over and curiosity at an much pleased, that he promised if the end, he was enabled to go quietly about Mayor would ride to the next town, bis business. The same man, after the and spend the evening with him, he unfortunate affair in which the Duke of would stop and take dinner. This flatMonmouth perished, with whom he tery won the affection of the host, who acted as secretary, had a still more par. very readily complied, and thus Fergnrow escape, Ferguson knew that a son in the company of the magistrate, proclamation was issusd out against passed safely through that town and the him, and his person was so very re. neighbourhood without being at all susmarkable, that he could hardly entertain pected. He then got a passage to Holthe least hopes of eluding pursuit. Be- land, and returned from thence with the ing, however, a man of great presence Prince of Orange. of mind, he made the best of his way for the coast; but instead of passing Smollett's T'OMB.--Situated on the along bye-roads, or through little vile banks of the Arno, between Leghorn lages, he entered the larges: towns, and and Pisa, in the most romantic spot that fearlessly put up at the best inns. At even the vivid imagination of an Italian one place in Dorsetshire, where his could select, rises the tomb of our coundanger was the greatest, be found that tryman Sinollett, the author of Roderick the principal inn was kept by the mayor, Random, &c. It is of a plain octagowhich circumstance made him choose nal form, about thirty feet in height, and that very house for his quarters. Here six feet in diameter at the base, which he came towards evening, ordered a forms an apartment, to which there are handsome slipper, to which he invited three doors. The English who visit it the company of the landlord and his from the port of Leghorn, bave erected wife. . In the middle of the repast the a plain marble table, surrounded by mayor received a message desiring him stone seats within ; and scarce a vessel to grant a search warrant for the appre- arrives, but the officers and crews pay a hension of one Ferguson. The magis- visit to Smollett's tomb, and do homage trate in consequence being obliged to to his memory in sacrifices of the most retire for the discharge of his official generous “ lachrymæ christi " wine. duty, made an apology to his guest, It is worthy of remark, that the tomb and at the same time acquainted him is covered with laurel, so that scarce a with the reason of his absence. On his stone can be seen, and it is even bound return the conversation sell upon the up to to clear the entrance at the doors. subject of the fugitive and the offences . The laurel grows wild in all parts of with which he stood charged. Fergu- Tuscany, and the homage of friends son, who knew that too much ardour has planted many a slip on the tomb of in condemning frequently hetrays con- departed genius. Four marble slabs are sciousness of guilt, and that an attempt placed inside, with suitable inscriptions to palliate crime is apt to create suspic in the Italian, Latin, Greek, and En

vol. 4.]

Smollett Anecdotes-- Zoology of the Equinoctial Cow-tree.



glish languages. The Italian rups A certain Pope being informed that thus:

some Jews were desirous of an audience,

on said " Jews ! No, how can they exStranger! respect the name of TOBIAS SMOLLETT An Englishman,

pect to be admitted who were the murA man of letters and playful genius; derers of our dear Saviour !" But He died

hearing afterwards they were much afContented in Tuscany.

flicted at his refusal, baving brought a His soul Requires your prayers. J. B.

B. very valuable present for his Holiness

as a mark of their respect, he cried with LATIN.

a seemingly careless air, “ Well, well, He knew every thing he loved every one. Familiar with past

admit them; poor uninformed, ignorant and

wretches, they knew not what they were Present ages,

doing." His works merit a place by the side Vernet and Voltaire. -- When VerBoccaccio.

net, the celebrated painter, visited VolPray for his soul.

s. taire for the first time, the author thus The Greek inscription has been thus

addressed him : “ Welcome, M. Vertranslated ; I am not competent to say

net! you are rising to immortality, for but a better may be given :-

never were colours more brilliant or

more durable than yours !" The Painter Here Smollett rests,

replied, “My colours can never vie with A Citizen of the world,

your ink!' and caught the hand of VolA Xenophon and an Hippocrates, A Terence and a Boccaccio.

taire, which he was going to kiss with If he had

reverential awe, but the Poet snatched it A native country, it was this; away, modestly saying, “ What are you For here

going to do ? Surely if you kiss my He chose to die: I was his friend

hand, I must kiss your feet.” J. PALLIONETTA.

cow TREE.

Mr. Humboldt and his companions, . THE ENGLISH INSCRIPTION.

in the course of their travels, beard an “ Patria cara caricr liberta." The great historian of his day,

account of a tree which grows in the Who rivallid all but HUME below,

valleys of Aragua, the juice of which is Thou tread'st upon his lowly clay;

a nourishing milk, and which, from that Then let thy tears of rapture flow,

circumstance, has received the name of The first of povelists he shone, The first of moralists was he,

the cow tree. The tree is its general Who Nature's pencil waved alone,

aspect resembles the chrysophyllum And painted man as he should be.

cainito : its leaves are oblong, pointed, Duinbarton's vale in life's gay prime

leathery, and alternate, marked with Cherish'd this blossom of the North, Italia's sweet and favoured clime

lateral veins, projecting downwards, Enshrines in death the man of worth. they are parallel, and are ten inches

J. H. B. long. When incisions are made into There is much merit in the latter com- the trunk, it discharges abundantly a position: it has evidently been written glutinous milk, moderately thick, withby a Scotchman, The Factory at Leg- out any acridness, and exbaling an horn know not who placed the slab, agreeable balsamic odour. The travelexcept that it was some person who lers drank considerable quantities of it brought it from Florence ; the initials without experiencing any injurious J. H. B. I have heard interpreted James effects ; its viscidity only rendering it Hay Beattie. I believe the Doctor rather unpleasant. The superintendent never was in Italy ; whether he ever of the plantation assured them that the wrote such an inscription, I cannot pre- negroes acquired flesh during the season tend to say. This little account inay in which the cow-isee yields the greatnot be uninteresting to your readers. est quantity of milk. When this fluid

J. M. is exposed to the air, perhaps, in conseLiterary Gazette, Sept. 1818. quence of the absorption of the oxygen 2F ATHENBUM. Vol. 4.

of the atmosphere, its surface becomes with cold water, the coagulum is formed covered with membranes of a substance in small quantity only ; but the separathat appears to be of a decided animal tion of the viscid membranes occurs Dature, yellowish, thready, and of a when it is placed in contact with nitric cheesy consistence. These membranes, acid. This remarkable tree seems to be when separated from the more aqueous peculiar to the Cordilliere du Littoral, part of the fluid, are almost as elastic as especially from Barbula to the lake of caoutchouc ; but at the same time they Maracaybo. There are likewise some are as much disposed to become putrid traces of it near the village of San Mateo; as gelatine. The natives give the name and according to the account of M. of cheese to the coagulum, which is Bred meyer, in the valley of Caucagua, separated by the contact of the air ; in three days' journey to the east of the the course of five or six days it becomes Caraccas. This naturalist has likewise sour. The milk, kept for some time in described the vegetable milk of the cow. a corked phial, bad deposited a little tree as possessing an agreeable flavour coagulum, and still exhaled its balsamic and an aromatic odour: the natives of odour. If the recent juice be mixed Caucagua call it the milk-tree,

From the European Magazine.


BY ALEXANDER R. C. DALLAS, ESQ. M ADAME DE STAEL, we be- ed, and in which he had participated 11 lieve, was the first writer who for several years. employed fiction as a medium of pour. The fable of the tale is briefly as traying modern national characters : follows: and though Mr. Dallas's Alvarez can Felix Alvarez, the son of a Spanish by no means be placed on a par with noble, learned, accomplished, and pog. ! her admired novel of Corinne ou sessing a susceptible heart, repairs to l'Italie, yet he has produced a work Madrid at the time Napoleon Buonahighly respectable in its execution, and parte had intruded his brother Joseph interesting in its incidents ; which are into the Spanish throne. Here he ensustained to the last, and afford a more ters into all the dissipations of the meclose and interesting view of the Span- tropolis, from which he is aroused by ish character than is to be found in the celebrated insurrection of the 2d of many bulky tomes of voyages and May, 1808. Aniinated by the patritravels.

otic spirit which influenced so large a Mr. Dallas enjoyed peculiar advan- portion of his countrymen on that day, tages for observing the manners and he was actively engaged in the attack characters of the Spaniards. Having on the French, and was dangerously been attached to the British army un- wounded. On bis recovery, being iader General Graham (now Lord Lyne- vited by his friend Mosquera, (a secret doch, to whom this work is inscribed spy of the French) to join the patriotie io a manly dedication), Mr. D. informs army, he repairs to Cadiz. Here he us, that after the raising of the siege of becomes enamoured of Ismena, a fair Cadiz, he accompanied the forces Andalusian, who returns bis affection ; through the whole of Spaio ; and that and, arousing him from the vortex of on the return of peace, he availed bim- dissipation, in wbich she saw him in self of a season of leisure to comply danger of being absorbed, she procures with the request of his family, and him to be attached to the staff of a retrace on paper, for their amusement, British general officer, Thus introthe very active sceges he bad witness- duced jolo the army, Alvarez was

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present at the fording of the Lake of la probability of a vigorous resistance from Jarda, and the memorable battle of them, he went himself with Julian to Barrosa, where General Graham so the town of Marta, and procured a eminently distinguished himself. Of quantity of tobacco, under the pretence these two achievements we have some of selling which, he intended to intro interesting particulars, which we do duce himself into the venta, to be able not remember to have seen in print. to seize the favourable opportunity of

Subsequently betrayed to the French attack. To this end the guerillas by the perfidious Mosquera, Alvarez crossed the Rio Magasca at different is conducted to the head-quarters of times, and concealed themselves in the the general at San Lucar, but effects wood with which the venta is surroundbis escape in disguise. After travers- ed, all however sufficiently dear to it to ing the country, he arrives at his patere be able to hear any signal that might nal mansion in the village of Las be given from it. Alvarez and SanCasas del Puerto ; be finds it plun- chez, with their tobacco, crossed the dered, and beholds the corpse of big river bigher up, and got upon the road father suspended from a beam. A to Cacere which led them to the venta. long and severe illness, accompanied “ As they approached it, they disby derangement, ensued for many covered several soldiers sitting before months. On the return of reason and the door smoking, whilst others were of health, Alvarez formed a band of employed in cleaning their accoutreguerillas from among the surviving ments in a shed which adjoined the peasants, his neighbours, and began house, and where there were ten horsthe ccessful career of vengeance, es ready saddled and prepared for serwhich soon procured for him the appel- vice, with the sabres of their riders lation of El Vengador, or the Aven. hanging at the pummels. Alvarez ger. One of his first exploits was to judged from this ihat half the detachsurprise a French post of communica- ment were kept on duty at one time. tions; and as the narrative of this “ The soldiers accosted them : undertaking will give our readers a s. Ola--what have you got there ?' good idea of the nature of the guerilla «« Tobacco to sell. Will you buy warfare, we extract the following par- any ? ticulars.

«• Let's see it.' “ The Rio Magasca rolls its shallow “ Alvarez produced his packet of toand interrupted course round the base hacco, which one of the soldiers took of a higb bill, which intervenes between from him ; and calling to some of bis its stream and the large village of Marta. companions, they began without corp

" It was on the side of this hill, as it mony to share its contents. -shelved down to the river, that Alvarez “. If you take it all,' said Felix,

first collected together his little troop, you must pay me four dollars for it.' and here it was that they swore io "• Quatro diablos,' cried a soldier, prosecute an interminable war upon · Be off at a trot, and thank your stars the ravagers of their country, and never we don't take your horse from you.' to spare the life of a Frenchman whom “ Alvarez acted his part by grumit was in their power to destroy : bere bling, and pursuing his road, but he too they acknowledged Alvarez as had seen enough to know in what state their chief, and promised an entire he might expect to find the dragoons. obedience to his commands. Thus As soon therefore as he had got out of was formed their bond of union, and sight of the venta, be struck off amongst they prepared to place the sealupon it by the trees that bordered the road on dipping their swords in the blood of either side, and, retracing his steps, was their enemies.

not long in rejoining his companions, “ Alvarez determined not to give the who were in ambush in the rear of it. detachment any time for preparation, “ It had been a fine day, but the but to fall upon them, if possible, en- evening sky had gradually becou.e tirely by surprise. To ascertain the overcast, and the gathering clouds, by

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