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strongest tea he saw in China, called lestial Empire," with its beastly inbabi“ Yu-tien," and used on occasions of lants, is concerned ; but their pastiness ceremony, hardly coloured the water.' in this respect is, so well known, that It consisted of the scarcely expanded we need not say that in the public buds of the plant. He thinks that the market eighteen-pence was equally the plant might be successfully cultivated price of a cat, a pheasant, or four rats! at the Cape of Good-Hope, as all its There, however, remain a few notices known habitats are within the tempe- of Manilla, and a very whimsical acrate zone. It succeeds best on the count of the Orang-Outang, wbich we sides of mountains where there can be shall reserve for our next publication. but little accumulation of soil.

In the interim, our opinion and our Were we to extract the description extracts will, we trust, recommend a of the filthy feeding of the Chinese on production which has had great losses dogs, cats, rats, and offals, in prefer- to overcome, and great difficulties to ence to wholesome meat, we should struggle with ; and which is, nevertheexhaust all that we intend to copy from less, a very pleasing addition to our Mr. Abel's work, in as far as “ the Ce- stock of useful and entertaining Travels.

From the London Time's Telescope, for Nov. 1818.

The wood-path is carpeted over with leaves,

The glories of AUTUMN decay;
The Goddess of Plenty has bound up her sheaves.

And carried the harvest away.
WLOOMY as this month usually is

His dogs no merry circles wheel,

But shivering, follow at his heel; U called, yet there are many inter

A cowering glance they often cast, vals of clear and pleasant weather : the As deeper moans the gathering blast. mornings are, occasionally, sharp, but the hoarfrost is soon dissipated by the

The trees are now stripped of their Sun, and a fine open day follows.

py of foliage.
Of foliage,

The separation of the leaves November scenery, on the other side tro

Corside from their branches is termed the fall; of the Tweed, Walter Scott has drawn and

drawn and, in North America, the season in a pleasing picture ; much of it, however,

which this takes place is universally applies equally to more southern re- Know

known by that name. The falling of

leaves is not always in consequence of gions.

the injuries of autumnal frosts, for some November's sky is chill and drear,

trees have their appropriate period of November's leaf is red and sear :

defoliation, seemingly independent of

external causes. The lime (tilia euroNo longer Autumn's glowing red Upon our forest-hills is shed;

pæa) commonly loses its leaves before No more beneath the evening beam

any frost happens; the ash seems, on Fair Tweed reflects their purple gleam ;

the contrary, to wait for that event; Away hath passed the heather bell

and at whatever period the first rather That bloomed so rich on Needpath fell; Sallow his brow, and russet bare

sharp frost takes place, all its leaves fall Are now the sister-heights of Yare,

at once. The fall of the leaf can be The sheep, before the pinching heaven

considered only as a 'sloughing or To sheltered dale and down are driven, Where yet some faded herbage pines,

casting off diseased or worn-out parts,' And yet a watery sun beam shines ;,

whether the injury to their constitution In meek despondency they eye

may arise from external causes or from The withered sward and wintry sky,

an exhaustion of their vital powers. And far beneath their summer bill Stray sadly by Glenkinnon's rill :

Hence a separation takes place, either The shepherd shifts his mantle's fold,

in the footstalk, or more usually at its And wraps him closer from the cold :

base, and the dying part quits the

e ad

Vol. 4.] Nature's Diary for NovemberForest Scenery. 157 vigorous one, which is promoted by the

Ou va la feuille de rose,

Et la feuille de laurier. weight of the leaf itself, or by the action of autumnal winds upon its expanded To the English reader, the following form. Sometimes, as in the hornbeam, very literal transcript of the original, the beech, and some oaks, the swelling for which we are indebted to a friend of the buds for the ensuing season is necessary to accomplish the total separation of the old stalks from the inser

The LEAF. tions.

Parted from thy parent bough,

Withered leaf, where wanderest thou ? How fall’n the glories of these fading scenes !

Alas! I know not, reck not where : The dusky beech resigns his vernal greens ;

The onk, beneath whose fostering care The yellow maple mourns in sickly hue,

I flourished, tempests have laid low: And russet woodlands crown the dark’ning view,

Since when, th' uncertain winds, that blow

Hither and thither in their sport, Leaves undergo very considerable Have borne me on.--I neither court changes before they fall : ceasing to

Nor heed their faithless breath-but stray grow for a long time previous to their

From the forest's gloomy way,

To the bare and open plain; decay, they become gradually more

Rest there a moment-aud again rigid and less juicy, often parting with From the valley to the hill their pubescence, and always chang

Wander, at their fickle will, ing their healthy green colour to more

I go where all things earthly tend

Where all must have one common end; Of jess or a yellow, someumes å reddisu or less of a yellow, sometimes a reddish

As well the gay and flaunting rose, bue.* One of the first trees that be. As the sad iaurel, weeping o'er its woes. comes naked is the walnut; the mulberry, horse-chesnut, sycamore, lime, The decay and fall of leaves have and ash, follow. The elm preserves its been favourite themes with poets and verdure for some time longer : the philosophers. The first they furnish beech and ash are the latest deciduous with beautiful descriptions; the latter forest trees in dropping their leaves. All with solemn contemplations and pathetic lopped trees, while their heads are young, moral sentiment. There is something, carry their leaves a long while. Apple. indeed, extremely melancholy in that trees and peaches remain green very gradual process by which the trees are late, often till the end of November: stripped of all their beauty, and left so vonng beeches never cast their leaves many monuments of decay and desotill spring, when the new leaves'sprout, lation. Homer, the venerable father and push tbem off': in the autumn, the of poetry, has deduced from this sucheechen leaves turn of a yellow deep cession of springing and falling leaves, chesnut colour.'

a very apposite comparison for the

transitory generations of men :-
De la tige detachee

Like leaves on trees the race of man is found,
Pauvre feuille dessechee

Now green in youth, now withering on the ground.
Ou vas-tu ?--je n'en sais rien;

Another race the following spring supplies,
L'orage a frappe le chene

They fall successive, and successive rise ;
Qui seul etait mon soutien;

So generations in their course decay,
De son inconstante haleine,

So flourish these when those are past away.
Le Zephyr et l'Aquilon,
Depuis ce jour me promene

How does every thing around its
De la furet a la plaine,

bring its lesson to our minds ! Nature De la montagne au vallon ; Je vais ou le vent me mene

is the great book of God. In every Sans me plaindre ou m'effrayer

page is instruction to those who will Je vais ou va toute chose,

read. Morality must claim its due. * American trees and shrobs in general,

1. Death in various shapes hovers round and such European ones as are botanically us. Thus far went the heathen moralrelated to them, are remarkable for the rich ist. He had learned no other knowltints of red, purple, or even blue, wbich their leaves assume before they fall.' Hence the edge from these perisbiog forms of autumnal foliage of the woods of North nature, but that men, like trees, are America is, beyond all imagination, rich and subiect to death. splendid.

The meanest herb we trample in the field

Let no cloudless skies deceive you Or in the garden nurture, when its leaf

Summer gives to Autumn place. In Autumn dies, forebodes another Spring,

Venerable Sires! grown boary, And froin short slumber wakes to life again.

Hither turn th' unwilling eye; Man wakes no more! Man, peerless, valiant, wisr,

Think, anid your falling glory, Once chilled by death, sleeps hopeless in the dust,

Autumn tells a Winter nigh. A long, unbroken, never-ending sleep. Moschus,

* Yearly in our course returning, Better instructed, learn thou a nobler Messengers of shortest stay, lesson. Leurn that the God who, with

Thus we preach this truth unerring,

Heav'n and Earth shall pass away! the blast of winter, shrivels the tree, and with breezes of spring restores it,

On the Tree of Life Eternal

Man! let all thy hopes be staid, offers it to thee us an emblem of thy

Which alone, for ever vernal, hopes! The same God presides over Bears a leaf which ne'er shall fade !" the natural and moral world : His works are uniform. The truth which That highly-esteemed fish, the salnature teaches are the truths of reve- mon, now ascends rivers to deposit its lation also. It is wrilten in both these spawn in their gravelly beds, at a great books, that the power which revives the distance from their mouths. In order tree will revive thee ulso like it, with tò arrive at the spots proper for this increasing excellence and improvement, purpose, there are scarcely any obsta

cles which the fish will not surmount. Happy he,

They will ascend rivers for hundreds Whom what he views of beautiful, or grand,

of miles ; force themselves against the In nature, from the broad majestic oak

momt rapid streams, and spring with . To the green blade the twinkles in the Sun, Prompt with remembrance of a PRESENT GOD. amazing agility over cataracts of seve

ral feet in height. Tbey are taken, The excellent Bishop Horne has a according to Mr. Pendant, in the beautiful little Poem on this subject, Rhine, as high as Basil : they gain which is too interesting to be omitted the sources of the Lapland rivers, in in this place; we can have no better spite of their torrent-like currents : companion in our autumnal walks than they surpass the perpendicular falls of these fine inoral stanzas :-

Leixlip, Kennerth, and Pont Aber

glasslyn. At the latter of these places, See the leaves around us falling,

Mr. Pennant assures us that he has Dry and withered to the ground!

himself witnessed the efforts of the Thus to thoughtless mortals calling With a sad and solemn sound:

salion, and seen scores of fish, some

of which succeeded, while others inis“Sons of Adam-once in Eden,

carried in the attempt, during the time Blighted when like us yon fell, Hear the lecture we are reading,

of observation). Al this time, nets or 'Tis, alas! the truth we tell.

baskets are placed under the fall, and * Virgins! much, too much presuming,

numbers are taken after an upsuscessful In your boasted white and red,

leap.* It may be added, that the View us late in beauty blooining,

salmon, like the swallow, is said to reNumbered now among the dead.

Griping Misers! nightly walking,

See the end of all your care; Fled on wings of our own making,

We have left our owners bare.

di Sorts of Honour ! fed on praises,

: Flutt'ring high on fancied worth, Lo! the fickle air that raises

Brings us down to parent Earth. Learned Sophs! in systeins jaded,

Who for new ones daily call, Cease at length by us persuaded,

Every leaf must have à fall,

* A curious mode of taking this fish, called salmon hunting (as practised at Whitehaven), is mentioned by Mr. Bingley: “ When the tide recerles, what fish are left in the shallows are discovered by the agitation of the water ;---the hunter, with a three-pointed barbed spear, fixed to a shaft fifteen feet long, plunges into these pools at a trot, up to the belly of his horse. He makes ready his spear, and, when he overtakes the salmon, strikes the fish with almost unerring aim : that done, by a turn of the hand, he raises the salmon to the surface, wheels his horse towards the shore, and runs the fish on dry land without dismounting. From furty to fifty fish have been killed in a day ; ten are, howeyer, no despicable booty.

Youths ! though yet no losses grieve you,

Gay in health and manly graee,

vol. 4.]

Wilkie's Picture from Burns, Howard's' Apotheosis.


turn, each season, to the self-same spot destruction arises from the practice of to deposit its spawn.

netting the fords when the water is The value of this article of life has low, by which means the salmon advanced equally with every kind of spawn, deposited upon the sand and food, even in situations where salmon gravel, being loosened by the net, is were most abundant. · The amazing swept away, and becomes food for fish disproportion in the present price of of an inferior quality, such as chub, salınon to that of twenty or thirty years roach, dace, &c. 'l he above, combioago, when it was sold from threepence ed with other causes, such as the to sixpence per lb., is attributed, in a speedy conveyance now afforded, not great degree, to the several weirs upon only to the metropolis, but to all parts the rivers, constructed so as to prevent of the country, have fixed a worth upthe smallest salmon fry from escaping, on the salmon which will not quickly as they proceed towards the sea. It is adınit of reduction. * a known fact, that the fry have been * In February, 1809, a Severn salmon, taken in such quantities, that the cap- weighing nineteen pounds, was sold at Biltors bave been obliged to throw them lingsgate for the immense sum of ONE GUINEA away. Another mode of incalculable

per pound.


LOVE-YAKING ; FROM THE SONG OF “DUN- shape of remonstrance and advice. The CAN GRAY."--D. Wilkie, R. A. popular and excellent productions of the

author of Rob Roy, Waverly, the AntiquaMaggie coost her head fu' heigh,

ry, &c. are of themselves amply attractive, Look'd asklant and unco skeigh

and afford the finest scope for the pencil of Gart poor Duncan stand abeigh,

the artist; but when the writer of such estiHa, ha, the wooing o't.-Burns.

inable works calls personally upon Mr. Wil

kie, and recommends (in the Antiquary) the W E have seen pictures of more scientific interior of Muklebuckit's cottage to the pen

y arrangement, of more concentrated cil of his countryman, it is impossible to peeffect and repose, from the hand of this ad- ruse the de

on of the fisherman's hut inirable artist, but none with more complete and weigh the qualifications of the painter, expression and character. The principal without earnestly wishing that the challenge persoos in this little drama of art are per- should not be thrown out in vain, and that fect; so much so as to produce a desire in Mr. Wilkie would turn bis attention to a suhthe inind of the beholder to follow them into ject to which perhaps he alone can do adeafter-life, and to anticipate, from the disdain quate justice. and coquetry so exquisitely depicted in the contenance of Maggie, and the disappoint- . Drot swelling into anger in that of her

APOTHEOSIS.---H. Howard, R. A. lover, that their marriage state will be cheq

flere et meminisse relictum est.” ered by a few storms, at least (for we are The character, expression, and tone of colainiable critics) will not be allowed to stag- our are in strict union with the subject; and, nate. Of the damsel we may say that er- if we may be allowed thr term, we scarcely pression is carried to her very fingers' ends ; ever recollect to have seen depicted, forns and that Duncan clenches bis hat in a way, more spiritualized. There is a delicacy, a which, without seeing his face, would teach beauty, a thinness, which can belong only to us to divine what his feelings were. The the shadowy beings of another state---a diakindly persuasive attitudes and looks of the pbonous splendour which marks it for the father and mother are also charmingly givea; state of the blessed. The obscurity which and the rustic enjoyment of the joke, of which contrasts this bright and mournful vision apwe catch a glimpse at the half-open door, pertains to that world which the poet comadds humour to the scene, while it tells that pares to there are some friends in the secret of Mag

- a broken reed at best, gie's heart in spite of her coyness and scorn, Upop the whole, the intention of the artist

; And oft a spear, on whose sharp point Peace bleeds, has been fully accomplished in respect to the

be And Hope expires.-emotions be intended to raise; the story is The allegory is exceedingly well imagined. pointed aod sarcastic, with sufficient of hu- The centre figure of the admired princess morons ipcident to correct the spirit of sat re whose loss Britain has so aflectionately dre upon so serious a subject as love-making. The plored, bears a strong resemblance to her tope of colour is well adapted to keep up the mortal beauty, exalted into beatific lovel'. interest ; it is war

vely. The draw- Dess. The maternal feeling is exquisitely ing possesses all Mr. Wilkie's usual correct- expressed. The idea of Hope expiring, with

the wreath prepared for another consommaWe cannot omit the opportunity now offer- tion instead of that dreadful event whico ed, of submitting a word to Mr. w. in the Heaven in its inscrutable wisdom had or.

dained, is finely introduced ; and Britannia THE EVENING STAR.--- Sir W. Beechey, R. A. full of grief personifies the national mourn. This is a very sweet and silvery-toned picing with equal effect, while the retired figure ture, and the light which falls on the grace. of the disconsolate husband claims all our ful female personification of the Evening sympathy for his peculiar sorrows. In short, Star is truly poetical. The wonder is to see we cannot conceive a more interesting effort the charm of the imagination broken by a of the pencil. It has accomplished whatev. little lumpish Cupid sitting on a cloud in one er the sister-art of poesy could attain, and corper. As a single dash of the brush can we bave only to express our wish that it may annihilate this negative to grace, we hope be multiplied throughout the kingdom by Sir William will take our hint and expel this means of the ablest exertions of the burin.

Love. Jn every other respect the composition is pleasing and beautiful.---Lit. Gaz.


From the Literary Gazette.


Letter I.
TT was already fifty days after our when excessively heated on a sultry

I departure from Cadiz, when I as day, went into the ice cellar, and inusual left my cabin before day-break cautiously took so large a quantity of to enjoy the fresh air on deck. I had ice that both of them lost their lives on sat about a quarter of an hour at the the spot. officers' table, when the Lieutenant on In all the towns in New Spain where duty suddenly leaped on deck, crying ice can be had, in the hot seasons, the out Tierra ! Tierra! (Land! Land !) Neveros (ice-sellers) are in the streets The Captain, officers, and passengers from nine o'clock in the morning till left their hammocks in great haste, and late at night, with frozen drioks to sell, came on deck half dressed to look on incessantly crying Tamarinto, Limon this happy discovery. As it was y Leche! Half-frozen milk, lemonade, scarcely twilight, we could see little or &c. a similar beverage, made of sugar nothing; but there soon opened before and tamarinds, are the most common our eyes a great panorama with a long refreshments, which they carry on their chain of high mountains, and a prodig. backs in a tin rail with a close lid, ious conical Giacier in the foreground, divided by partitions, and which is the brilliant icy summit of which de- placed in a wooden vessel, and surlighted us all. It was the Pico of rounded with a mixture of ice and salt; Orizaba, wbich seemed to raise its head and every time that they sell their hail far above the clouds. “ There on the but not quite frozen drink, they turn summit I shall stand to-morrow," said their tin pail about in the ice which surI to myself ; but als! now I must rounds it, to increase the effect of the siy that I did not even attempt to cold. Besides such iced drinks, the ascend it, as a nearer view showed dessert at a good table, or at least on that it was impossible. The Pico entertainments and feast days, consists however delighted me, during my stay partly of frozen fruits, which by parin Vera Cruz, in more ways than one, ticular pressure and innoxious colours, I had chosen my residence so, that by are so admirably imitated, that if one

ineans of the great French windows, sees them at the smallest distance one 13. which are there very common, and lead cannot distinguish them from nature.

to the balcony, I had it constantly be- It is to be supposed that they use for fore my eyes. I was also continually this purpose the juice of the fruit itself refreshed by the ice froin it, with which mixed with more or less sugar. On the I cooled my drink ; a very great lux- voyage from Vera Cruz to Mexico, I ury in the oppressive heat of that coun- was surprised with the agreeable sight try. But great precaution is necessary of two other Glaciers, which lie between in the enjoyinent of this treat, for I Puebla and Mexico, and which give myself once saw Iwo Creolus wlio, the whole country an inexpressibly

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