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strongest tea he saw in China, called lestial Empire,” with its beastly inbabi“ Yu-tien," and used on occasions of tants, is concerned ; but their nastiness ceremony, hardly coloured the water.' in this respect is so well known, that It consisted of the scarcely expanded we need not say that in the public buds of the plant. He thinks that the market eighteen-pence was equally the plant might be successfully cultivated price of a cat, a pheasant, or four rats! at the Cape of Good-Hope, as all its There, however, remain a few notices known habitats are within the tempe- of Manilla, and a very whimsical acrate zone. It succeeds best on the count of the Orang-Outang, which we sides of mountains where there can be shall rezerve for our next publication. but little accumulation of soil.

In the interim, our opinion and our Were we to extract the description extracts will, we trust, recommend a of the filthy feeding of the Chinese on production which has had great losses dogs, cats, rats, and offals, in prefer- to overcome, and great difficulties to ence to wholesome meat, we should struggle with ; and which is, nevertheexhaust all that we intend to copy from less, a very pleasing addition to our Mr. Abel's work, in as far as “ the Ce- stock of useful and entertaining Travels.

From the London Time's Telescope, for Nov. 1818.
THE NATURALIST'S DIARY,

IX NOVEMBER

re

The wood-path is carpeted over with leaves,

The glories of Autumn decay ;
The Goddess of Plenty has bound up her sheaves.

And carried the harvest away.
LOOMY as this month usually is

His dogs no merry circles wheel,

But shivering, follow at his heel ; called, yet there are many inter

A cowering glance they often cast, vals of clear and pleasant weather : the As deeper moans the gathering blast. mornings are, occasionally, sharp, but the hoarfrost is soon dissipated by the

The trees are now stripped of their Sun, and a fine open day follows. of foliage. The separation of the leaves November scenery, on the other side from their branches is termed the fall; of the Tweed, Walter Scott has drawn and, in North America, the season in a pleasing picture ; much of it, however, which this takes place is universally applies equally to more southern

known by that name. The falling of

leaves is not always in consequence of gions.

the injuries of autumnal frosts, for some November's sky is chill and drear,

trees have their appropriate period of defoliation, seemingly independent of

external causes. The lime (tilia euroNo longer Autumn's glowing red Upon our forest-hills is shed;

pæa) commonly loses its leaves before No more beneath the evening beam

any frost happens; the ash seems, on Fair Tweed reflects their purple gleam ; the contrary, to wait for that event; Away hath passed the heather bell That bloomed so rich on Needpath fell ;

and at whatever period the first rather Sallow his brow, and russet bare

sharp frost takes place, all its leaves fall Are now the sister-heights of Yare.

at once. The fall of the leaf can be The sheep, before the pinching heaven considered only as a 'sloughing or To sheltered dale and down are driven, Where yet some faded herbage pines,

casting off diseased or worn-out parts, And yet a watery sun beam shines

whether the injury to their constitution jn meek despondency they eye

may arise from external causes or from The withered sward and wintry sky,

an exhaustion of their vital powers. And far beneath their summer bill Stray sadly by Glenkinnon's rill:

Hence a separation takes place, either The shepherd shifts his mantle's fold,

in the footstalk, or more usually at its And wraps him closer from the cold :

base, and the dying part quits the

November's leaf is red and sear :

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Et la feuille de laurier.

VOL. 4.] Nature's Diary for November - Forest Scenery.

157 vigorous one, which is promoted by the

Ou va la feuille de rose, weight of the leaf itself, or by the action of autumnal winds upon its expanded

To the English reader, the following form. Sometimes, as in the hornbeam, the beech, and some oaks, the swelling for which we are indebted to a friend

very literal transcript of the original, of the buds for the ensuing season is

may prove acceptable : necessary to accomplish the total separation of the old stalks from the inser

The LEAF. tions.

Parted from thy parent bough, How fallin the glories of these fading scenes !

Withered leaf, where wanderest thou ?

Alas! I know not, reck not where : The dusky beech resigns his vernal greens ;

The onk, beneath whose fostering care The yellow maple mourns in sickly hue,

I flourished, tempests have laid low : And russet woodlands crown the dark’ning view.

Since when, th' uncertain winds, that blow

Hither and thither in their sport, Leaves undergo very considerable

Have borne me on.-I neither court changes before they fail : ceasing to Nor heed their faithless breath-but stray grow for a long time previous to their

From the forest's gloomy way,

To the bare and open plain ; decay, they become gradually more Rest there a moment-aud again rigid and less juicy, often parting with From the valley to the hill their pubescence, and always chang

Wander, at their fickle will. ing their healthy green colour to more

I go where all things earthly tend

Where all must have one common end; or less of a yellow, sometimes a reddish

As well the gay and flaunting rose, bue.* •One of the first trees that be- As the sad iaurel, weeping o'er its woes. comes naked is the walnut; the mulberry, horse-chesnut, sycamore, lime,

The decay and fall of leaves have and ash, follow. The elm preserves its been favourite themes with poets and verdure for some time longer : the philosophers. The first they furnish beech and ash are the latest deciduous with beautiful descriptions; the latter forest trees in dropping their leaves. All with solemn contemplations and pathetic lopped trees, while their heads are young, moral sentiment. There is soinething, carry their leaves a long while. Apple. indeed, extremely melancholy in that trees and peaches remain green very gradual process by which the trees are late, often till the end of November: stripped of all their beauty, and lett so young beeches never cast tlièir leaves many monuments of decay and desotill spring, when the new leaves &prout, lation. Homer, the venerable father and push them off: in the autumn, the of poetry, has deduced from this sucheechen leaves turn of a yellow deep cession of springing and falling leaves, chesnut colour.'

a very apposite comparison for the

transitory generations of men :-
La FEUILLE.
De la tige detachee

Like leaves on trees the race of man is found,
Pauvre feuille dessechee

Now green in youth, now withering on the ground.
Ou vas-tu ?--je n'en sais rien;

Another race the following spring supplies,
L'orage a frappe le chene

They fall successive, and successive rise ;
Qui seul etait mon soutien;

So generations in their course decay,
De son inconstante haleine,

So flourish these when those are past away,
Le Zephyr et l'Aquilon,
Depuis ce jour me promene

How does every thing around us
De la furet a la plaine,
De la montagne au vallon ;

bring its lesson to our minds! Nature Je vais ou le vent me mene

is the great book of Gud. Sans me plaindre ou m'effrayer page is instruction to those who will Je vais ou va toute chose,

read. Morality must claim its due. American trees and shrubs in general, Death in various shapes hovers round and such European ones as are botanically us. Thus far went the heathen moralrelated to them, are remarkable for the rich ist. He had learned no other knowltints of red, purple, or even blue, which their leaves assume before they fall. Hence the edge from these perisbing forms of autumnal foliage of the woods of North nature, but that men, like trees, are America is, beyond all imagination, rich and splendid.

subject to death.

In every salmon, like the swallow, is said to reNumbered now among the dead. Griping Misers! nightly walking, See the end of all your care ;

The meanest herb we trample in the field

Let no cloudless skies deceive youOr in the garden nurture, when its leaf

Summer gives to Autumn place. In Autumn dies, forebodes another Spring,

Venerable Sires ! grown hoary, And from short slumber wakes to life again.

Hither turn th' unwilling eye; Man wakes no more! Man, peerless, valiant, wise,

Think, amid your falling glory, Once chilled by death, sleeps hopeless in the dust,

Autumn tells a Winter nigh. A long, unbroken, never-ending sleep. Moschus.

Yearly in our course returning, Better instructed, learn thou a nobler Messengers of shortest stay,

Thus we preach this truth unerring, lesson. Leurn that the God who, wilh

Heav'n and Earth shall pass away! the blast of winter, shrivels the tree, and with breezes of spring restores it,

"On the Tree of Life Eternal

Man! let all thy hopes be staid, offers it to thee us an emblem of thy

Which alone, for ever vernal, hopes ! The same God presides over Bears a leaf which ne'er shall fade !" the natural and moral world : His works are uniform. The truth which That highly-esteemed fish, the salnature teaches are the truths of reve- mon, now ascends rivers to deposit its lation also. It is written in both these spawn in their gravelly beds, at a great books, that the power which revives the distance from their mouths. In order tree will revive thee ulso like it, with tò arrive at the spots proper for this increasing excellence and improvement, purpose, there are scarcely any obsta

cles which the fish will not surmount. Happy he,

They will ascend rivers for hundreds Whom what he views of beautiful, or grand, of miles ; force themselves against the In nature, from the broad majestic oak To the green blade the twinkles in the Sun,

most rapid streams, and spring with Prompt with remembrance of a PRESENT GOD. amazing agility over cataracis of seve

ral feet in height. They are taken, The excellent Bishop Horne has a according to Mr. Pennant, in the beautiful little Poem on this subject, Rhine, as high as Basil : they gain which is too interesting to be omitted the sources of the Lapland rivers, in in this place ; we can have no better spite of their torrent-like currents : companion in our autumnal walks than they surpass the perpendicular falls of these fine moral stanzas :-

Leixlip, Kennerth, and Pont Aber

glasslyn. At the latter of these places, See the leaves around us falling,

Mr. Pennant assures us that he has Dry and withered to the ground!

himself witnessed the efforts of the Thus to thoughtless morta is calling With a sad and solemn sound:

salmon, and seen scores of fish, some

of which succeeded, while others inis•Sons of Adam-once in Eden, Blighted when like us you fell,

carried in the attempt, during the time Hear the lecture we are reading,

of observation. At this time, nets or "Tis, alas! the truth we tell.

baskets are placed under the fall, and Virgins! much, too much presuming,

numbers are taken aster an upsuscessful In your boasted white and red,

leap.* It may be added, that the View us late in beauty blooning,

* A curious mode of taking this fish, call

ed salmon hunting (as practised at Whiteha. Fled on wings of our own making,

ven), is mentioned by Mr. Bingley: When We have left our owners bare.

the tide recedes, what fish are left in the

shallows are discovered by the agitation of • Sorts of Honour ! fed on praises,

the water ;---the hunter, with a three-pointFlutt'ring high on fancied worth,

ed barbed spear, fixed to a shaft fifteen feet Lo! the fickle air that raises

Jong, plunges into these pools at a trot, up to Brings us down to parent Earth.

the belly of his horse. He makes ready his

spear, and, when he overtakes the salmon, Learned Sophe! in systems jaded,

strikes the fish with almost unerring ain); Who for new ones daily call,

that done, by a turn of the hand, he raises Cease at length by us persuaded,

the salmon to the surface, wheels his horse Every leaf must have a fall.

towards the shore, and runs the fish on

dry land without dismounting. From forty Youths ! though yet no losses grieve you, to fifty fish have been killed in a day ; ten Gay in health and manly graee,

are, boweyer, no despicable booty.

Vol. 4.] Wilkie's Piclure from Burns-Hovard's Apotheosis.' 159 turn, each season, to the self-same spot destruction arises from the practice of to deposit its spawn.

netting the fords when the water is The value of this article of life has low, by which means the salmon advanced equally with every kind of spawn, deposited upon the sand and food, even in situations where salmon gravel, being loosened by the net, is were most abundant. · The amazing swept away, and becomes food for fish disproportion in the present price of of an inferior quality, such as chub, salinon to that of twenty or thirty years roach, dace, &c. 'i he above, combioago, when it was sold from threepence ed with other causes, such as the to sixpence per lb., is attributed, in a speedy conveyance now afforded, not great degree, to the several weirs upon only to the metropolis, but to all parts the rivers, constructed so as to prevent of the country, have fixed a worth upthe smallest salmon fry from escaping, on the salmon which will not quickly as they proceed towards the sea. It is admit of reduction.* a known fact, that the fry have been

* To February, 1809, a Severn salmon, taken in such quantities, that the cap- weighing nineteen pounds, was sold at Biltors bave been obliged to throw them lingsgate for the immense sum of one guinea

per pound. away. Another mode of incalculable

FINE ARTS.

WE

LOVE-MAKING ; FROM THE SONG OF “DUN- shape of remonstrance and advice. The CAN GRAY."---D. Wilkie, R. A. popular and excellent productions of the

author of Rob Roy, Waverly, the AntiquaMaggie coost her head fu' heigh,

ry, &c. are of themselves amply attractive, Look'd asklant and unco skeigh

and afford the finest scope for the pencil of Gart poor Duncan stand abeigh,

the artist; but when the writer of such estiHa, ha, the wooing o't.-Burns.

inable works calls personally upon Mr. WilE have seen pictures of more scientific interior of Muklebuckit's cottage to the pen

kie, and recommends in the Antiquary) the arrangement, of more concentrated cil of his countryman, it is impossible to effect and repose, from the hand of this ad- ruse the description of the fisherman's mirable artist, but done with more complete and weigh the qualifications of the painter, expression and character. The principal without earnestly wishing that the challenge persoos in this little drama of art are per- should not be thrown out in vain, and that fect; so much so as to produce a desire in Mr. Wilkie would turn bis attention to a suhthe mind of the beholder to follow them into ject to which perhaps he alone can do adeafter-life, and to anticipate, from the disdain quate justice. and coquetry so exquisitely depicted in the chantenance of Maggie, and the disappointpot swelling into anger in that of ber

APOTHEOSIS.--- H. Howard, R. A. lover, that their marriage state will be cheq- - flere et meminisse relictum est.” dipred by a few storms, at least (for we are The character, expression, and tone of colainiable critics) will not be allowed to stag- our are in strict union with the subject; and, nate. Of the damsel we may say that ex- if we may be allowed the term, we scarcely pression is carried to her very fingers' ends ; ever recolleet to have seen depicted, fornis and that Duncan clenches bis hat in a way, more spiritualiced. There is a delicacy, it which, without seeing his face, would teach beauty, a thinness, which can belong only to us to divine what his feelings were. The the shadowy beings of another state---a diakindly persuasive attitudes and looks of the pbonous splendour which marks it for the father and mother are also charmingly givea; state of the blessed. The obscurity which and the rustic enjoyment of the joke, of which contrasts this bright and mournful vision apwe catch a glimpse at the half-open door, pertains to that world which the poet comadds humour to the scene, while it tells that pares to there are some friends in the secret of Mag

a broken reed at best, gie's heart in spite of her coyness and scorn. Upon the whole, the intention of the artist

And oft a spear, on whose sharp point Peace bleeds, bas been fully accomplished in respect to the

And Hope expires.-einotions be intended to raise ; the story is The allegory is exceedingly well imagined. pointed aod sarcastic, with sufficient of hu- The centre figure of the admired princess mnorons incident to correct the spirit of sat re whose loss Britain has so affectionately deupon so serious a subject as love-making. The plored, bears a strong resemblance to her tope of colour is well adapted to keep up the mortal beauty, exalted into beatific love! interest ; it is warm and lively. The draw. Dess. The maternal feeling is exquisitely ing possesses all Mr. Wilkie's usual correct- expressed. The idea of Hope r xpiring, wild Dess.

the wreath prepared for another consommaWe cannot omit the opportunity now offer- tion instead of that dreadful event which ed, of submitting a word to Mr. W. in the Heaven in its inscrutable wisdom had or.

dained, is finely introduced ; and Britannia THE EVENING STAR.---Sir W. Beechey, R. A. full of grief personifies the national mourn- This is a very sweet and silvery-toned picing with equal effect, while the retired figure ture, and the light which falls on the graceof the disconsolate husband claims all oar ful female personification of the Evening sympathy for his peculiar sorrows. In short, Star is truly poetical. The wonder is to see we cannot conceive a more interesting effort the charm of the imagination broken by a of the pencil. It has accomplished whatev; little lumpish Cupid sitting on a cloud in one er the sister-art of poesy could attain, and

corper. As a single dash of the brush can we bave only to express our wish that it may anpibilate this negative to grace, we hope be multiplied throughout the kingdom by Sir William will take our hint and expel this means of the ablest exertions of the burin.

Love. In every other respect the composition is pleasing and beautiful.---Lit. Gaz.

WONDERS OF THE NEW WORLD.

From the Literary Gazette.

MEXICO, AND ITS GLACIERS.
IN TWO LETTERS FROM A HAMBURGH GENTLEMAN TO HIS FRIEND IN THAT CITY.

Letter I.
IT
T was already fifty days after our when excessively heated on a sultry

departure from Cadiz, when I as day, went into the ice cellar, and inusual left my cabin before day-break cautiously took so large a quantity of to enjoy the fresh air on deck. I had ice that both of them lost their lives on sat about a quarter of an hour at the the spot. officers' table, when the Lieutenant on In all the towns in New Spain where duty suddenly leaped on deck, crying ice can be had, in the hot seasons, the out Tierra ! Tierra! (Land! Land !) Neveros (ice-sellers) are in the streets The Captain, officers, and passengers from nine o'clock in the morning till left their hammocks in great haste, and late at night, with frozeu drioks to sell, came on deck half dressed to look on incessantly crying Tamarinto, Limon this happy discovery. As it was y Leche ! Half-frozen milk, lemonade, scarcely twilight, we could see little or &c. a similar beverage, made of sugar nothing; but there soon opened before and tamarinds, are the most common our eyes a great panorama with a long refreshments, which they carry on their chain of high mountains, and a prodig- backs in a tin pail with a close lid, ious conical G'acier in the foreground, divided by partitions, and which is the brilliant icy summit of which de- placed in a wooden vessel, and surlighted us all. It was the Pico of rounded with a mixture of ice and salt; Orizaba, wbich seemed to raise its head and every time that they sell their halt far above the clouds. “ There on the but not quite frozen drink, they turn summit I shall stand to-inorrow," said their tin pail about in the ice which surI to myself ; but alus! now I must rounds it, to increase the effect of the sly that I did not

even attempt to cold, Besides such iced drinks, the ascend it, as a nearer view showed dessert at a good table, or at least on that it was impossible. The Pico entertainments and feast days, consists however delighted me, during my stay partly of frozen fruits, which by parin Vera Cruz, in more ways than one. ticular pressure and innoxious colours, I had chosen my residence so, that by are so admirably imitated, that if one upeans of the great French windows, sees them at the smallest distance one which are there very common, and lead cannot distinguish them from nature, to the balcony, I had it constantly be- It is to be supposed that they use for fore my eyes.

I was also continually this purpose the juice of the fruit itself refreshed by the ice from it, with which mixed with more or less sugar. On the I cooled my drink; a very great lux- voyage from Vera Cruz to Mexico, I ury in the oppressive heat of that coun- was surprised with the agreeable sight try. Bat great precaution is necessary of two other Glaciers, which lie between in the enjoyinent of this treat, for I Puebla and Mexico, and which give myself once saw (wo Creolus who, the whole country an inexpressibly

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