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VOL. 4.]

Anecdotes of the Battle of Waterloo. in his power should be shown me. I Fathom, came into my mind, though complained of thirst, and he held his no women, I believe, were there ;) brandy-bottle to my lips, directing one several of them came and looked at me, of his men to lay me straight on my and passed on: at length, one stopped side, and place a koapsack under my to examine me. I told him as well as head : he then passed on into the ac- I could, (for I could say but little in tion-and I shall never know to whose German,) that I was a British officer, generosity I was indebted, as I con- and bad been plundered already ; he ceive, for my life of what rank he did not desist, however, and pulled me was, I cannot say, he wore a blue great about roughly, before he left me. About coat. By and by another tirailleur an hour before midnight, I saw a solcame and koelt and fired over me, dier in an English uvisorm coming toloading and firing many times, and con- wards me; he was, I suspect, on the versing with great gaiety all the while; same errand. He came and looked in at last be ran off, saying, Vous serez my face ; I spoke instantly, telling him bien aise d'entendre que nous allons who I was, and assuring him of a redous retirer ; bon jour, mon amii' ward, if he would remain by me. He

“ While the battle continued in that said that he belonged to the 40th regipart, several of the wounded men and ment, but had missed it. He released dead bodies near me, were bit with the me from the dying man ; being urballs which came very thick in that armed, he took up a sword from the place. Towards evening, when the ground, and stood over me, pacing Prussians came, the continued roar of backwards and forwards. Ac eight the cannon along their's and the British o'clock in the morning, some English line, growing louder and louder as they were seen at a distance ; he ran to drew near me, was the finest thing I them, and a messenger was sent off 10 ever heard. It was dark, when iwo Hervey. A cart came for me. I was squadrons of Prussian cavalry, both of placed in it, and carried to a' farm-house, them two deep, passed over me in full about a mile and a half distant, and trot, lifting me from the ground, and laid in the bed from which poor Gortumbling me about cruelly ; the clatter don, (as I understood afterwards,) had of their approach, and the apprehen- been just carried out ; the jolting of sions it excited, may be easily conceive the cart, and the difficulty of breatbing, ed; bad a gun come that way, it would were very painful. I had received have done for me. The battle was seven wounds ; a surgeon slept in my then nearly over, or removed to a dis- room, and I was saved by continual tance—the cries and groans of the bleeding, 120 ounces in two days, bewounded all around me, became every sides the great loss of blood on the field. instant more and more audible, suc- “ The lances, from their lengtb and ceeding to the shouts, imprecations, out. weight, would have struck down my cries of · Vive l’Empereur,' the dis- sword long before I lost it, if it had not charges of musquetry and cannon : been bound to my hand. What benow and then intervals of perfect si- came of my horse I know not ; it was lence, which were worse than the noise-- the best I ever bad. I thought the night would never end. “ The man from the Royals was Much about this time, I found a soldier still breathing when I was removed ia of the Royals lying across my legs, the morning, and was soon after taken who had probably crawled thither in to the hospital. his agony, his weight, convulsive mo- “ Sir Dennis Pack said, the greatest tions, his noises, and the air issuing risk be run the whole day was in stopthrough a wound in his side, distressed ping his men,who were firing on me and me greatly, the latter circumstance my regiment, when we began to charge. most of all, as the case was my own. The French make a great clamour in It was not a dark night, and the Prus- the action, the English only shout. sians were wandering about to plunder; “Much confusion arose, and many (and the scene in Ferdinand, Count mistakes, from similarity of dress. The Belgians, in particular, suffered greatly though there, as we have seen, every from their resemblance to the French, character displays itself. The gay are being still in the very same clothes they still gay, the noble-minded are still had served in under Buonaparte.” generous ; nor bas the Commander, in

Such, probably, is the story of many his proudest triuinpb a better claim to a brave man, yet to me it was new. our admiration, than the meanest of The historian, describing military his soldiers, when relieving a fallen enachievements, passes silently over those emy in the midst of danger and death. who go into the heat of the battle,

W. MUDFORD.

DR. CLARKE ABEL'S NARRATIVE.

From the Literary Gazette, August, 1818. NARRATIVE OF A JOURNEY IN THE INTERIOR OF CHINA, IN 1816, &c. BY CLARKE ABEL,

London, 1818. M HE Literary Gazette has already ities. With regard to the snake, the

I performed the Ko-lou to the various author seems to think that no story of interesting works which have emanated bis powers in swallowing even human from the Chinese Embassy, and in beings and large animals too improbamore than nine of our Numbers will ble for belief. Thus he repeats, withbe found the bowings of our heads out attempting to discredit, the assertion over their pages. We do not regret of Andreus Cleyerus, that “ he bought that we are again called upon to repeat one of these snakes of a hunter, and, on the ceremony, since nothing relative to dissecting it, found in its body an entire China can be otherwise than curious middle-aged stag, covered with its and amusing ; and, though the charm skin ; that he purchased another which of novelty be denied to this volume, it had swallowed a wild goat in spite of possesses many incidents and notices its large hords; and that he drew from which amply reward the task of its pe- the stomach of a third, a porcupine rusal. That it is not infinitely more armed with its quills :" he also menvaluable is to be attributed oot to any tions, that “a pregnant woman was want of ability in the writer, but to two swallowed by one of these animals.” unfortunate circumstances; the first, We suspect that our sceptical readhis illness during part of the journey ; ers will refuse to swallow these tales, and the second, his irreparable loss of but there is far too strong a propensity the collection of Natural History, &c. in fire-side travellers to withhold their by the wreck of the Alceste in the belief from facts stated by more exStraits of Gaspar. Yet, in spite of cursive investigators, merely because these calamities, we find much to ap- they exceed the sphere of their own prove of in this book, which we shall limited experience. The habits of the accordingly, without further preface, snake which died on board the Cæsar, proceed to avalyse for our readers are thus described by Capt. Heyland,

The early portion of the voyage to who had bim several months in Java Madeira, Rio Janeiro, and thence to before he was embarked for England:

Java, occupies no great space, and fur- “ The animal was brought to me · nishes little of novelty. The Java bat early in January 1813, and did not

and great snake are here described : from that time taste food till the July the former with its well-known hideous following. During this period he genpeculiarities, and the latter with its tre. erally drank a quart of water daily, mendous swallow. Mr. Abel shot a and frequently passed a thick yellow male arr's female bat; their bodies excrement. The man who brought covered with long bair, resembling him, stated, that he had been seen to that of a fox in smell, colour, and form, eat a hog-deer the day before he had and that of a full grown rat in size ; been taken. He was allowed to be at the wings, like those of a common bat, liberty in the grounds about my house, measured five feet between the extrem- One evening, early in July, bearing a

VOL. 4.], Dr. Clarke Abel's Narrative. - Varnished Ladies, &c. 153 noise, I went out, and discovered that which covers its tendrils; as this, when the snake bad left his harbour, under applied to the skin, apart from the anithe boards of a stable, where he gene- mal, excites a smarting pain.” erally kept, and having entered a small Having gone so minutely through shed where some fowls were at roost, Mr. Ellis's account of the official had contrived to sweep eleven from the movements of the Embassy in China, perch, which he afterwards destroyed in our review of that gentleman's work, by pressing them between his folds. we shall not travel much over the same Then taking them one by one, head ground with Mr. Abel, who, to do bim foremost into his mouth, swallowed the justice, does not linger upon matters whole in twenty minutes. The largest already sufficiently treated of. His desanimal which he ate, while in my pos- cription of the first visit of the Chinese to session, was a calf, which he killed and the ships, and a few other brief sketches, gorged in two hours and twenty min- will serve to elucidate his manner :utes. He preferred goats to any other “ Chang was a civil, and Yin a animals, but was also fond of calves, military Mandarin, attended by a train sheep, and fowls ; he never attacked of very shabby looking fellows. Yin dogs, cats, or pigs. Of these last, in- was accompanied by several soldiers, deed, he seemed to be in dread, for who did not add to the dignity of bis whenever one was presented to him, cortège. ------ Each man wore by he retired to a corner, and coiled him- his side a variety of accoutrements, self up, with his head undermost. If which, on a first glance, seemed to be regularly fed with animals not larger intended for warlike purposes, but on than a duck, he ate readily every day; a close examination dwindled into very but after the meal of a goat, refused peaceful appendages. A worked silk food for a month !”

sheath, in shape like the blade of a

dagger, inclosed a harmless fan. A Delicate monster ! as Trinculo says small leather bar, studded with brass, of Caliban ; such a pet would not be and resembling a cartouche box, supvery pleasant in an English garden ! plied flint and steel for lighting their While mentioning the strange habits of pipes. These hung sometimes from animals, we may add Mr. Abel's notice ibeir girdles by the side of their chopof a Stinging-fish in the Chinese seas : .sticks, but were frequently in their “ Whilst employed in collecting"

mouths, pouring forth volumes of smoke,

Ś and giving rise to a flow of saliva, some sea-weed floating about the ship,

Pi which was discharged without any atI observed a species of Physalia, so

tention to place.” small and transparent that I at first inistook it for an air-bubble ; but on

Their strong odour of garlick and

'assafætida added to these agreeable catching it in my hand was soon con

accomplishments, and gave zest to the vinced of my error, for, wrapping its long tendrils round one of my fingers,

entertainments ; where, hesides

“ All sorts of dressed meat, slieep it slung like a nettle, but with much

roasted in halves and quarters, pigs more severe effect. Io about five min

and fowis in abundance, there were utes the pain in my finger abated, but

innumerable Chinese made dishes ; ao uneasy sensation extended up the

amongst others, stewed sharks' fins, inside of my arm, which soon terminated in an acbing pain in the arm-pit,

stags' sinews, birds' nests, and seaa accompanied by a sense of restriction in

· slugs—the joints so besineared with a ny chest; withio fifteen minutes all

kind of varnish, as to exhibit a perfect uneasiness ceased. The manner in

in metallic polish.". which the animal produces these effects. This sort of varnish seems uot conis, I believe, unexplained: but it is fined to the dishes, for the author not improbable that they are occasion- caught accidentally a view of some ed by a peculiar poison, secreted by it, women (equally pleased with their and contaioed in a glutinous matter chance of gazing on the “ Horse-fuced

U ATHENEUM. Vol. 4.

men," as they called the English, from notorious on the route ; but Mr. Abel their comparatively long Taces and appears to think that when they got noses,) who

out of this line, the population deserved “ Were of low stature, had faces a more favourable report. He doubts longer in proportion than those of the the prevalence of infanticide, but we men, but so covered with a flesh-col- confess that his reasoning is not strong oured raste, that the tint of their com- enough to overturn authenticated facts; plexion could not be discovered. There the following anecdote, bowever, was a general air of languor about places the social feelings of the Chithem, which was especially marked hy nese in a better, though very peculiar the drooping of their upper eyelids, light. the interval between which and the " Mr. Morrison, in one of his walks, lower ones was so narrow, as scarcely fell in with a family of four generations, to appear sufficient for the purposes of amounting to about twenty persons, in distinct vision. Their internal angles the same house. At the feet of the were more deflexed and lengthened Patriarch, who was only 70 years of than in the eyes of the men. Their age, stood his great grandchild, while hair was black, and neatly rolled up on at one end of the room bis son was the crown of the head, and ornamented working at his father's coffin. The old with flowers. Their dress consisted of man, on being asked, why he now a loose blue cotton robe with long prepared his coffin ? answered, that he sleeves, and a pair of loose trowsers of felt his health declining, and wished to the same material, but of a pinkish bave a resting place prepared for him colour. The robe was fastened before after death. When asked if the sight by several butions from the chin down- of the coffin did not excite mournful wards, and fell below the calf of the ideas, he replied, “ No." A Mandaleg. Its sleeves covered the hands. rin, who was hy, remarked, “ His

The trowsers were fastened about the mouth says no, but it does not speak ancle, and almost covered with their the language of his heart.” folds the small and tight shoe which The houses of the Chinese on the preped from beneath them ”. bank of the river, consisted generally of

The hands of the Europeans had as a large and a small room the former great an advantage over the natives in for general purposes, a reception room longevity as their faces. The ends of for company, a table, eating room and their forefingers, when the hands were bed-room ; the latter, a very simple placed wrist to wrist, scarcely extended kitchen. The most remarkable piece beyond the first joints of Mr. Abel's, of furniture was a miniature teinple, whose hands are not excessively large, like a sliell-work grotto in England,

The villagers are represented as civil with the picture of a fat old man in the and ohliging, and the crowds on the centre, plentifully besmeared with gildriver, and course of the procession, ing and red and wbite paint, &c. only troublesome from their ardent Their gardens and court-yards were curiosity. The country is marshy and ornamented with many flowers, essterile beyond the mere banks of the pecially the Nelumbium Speciosum streams; and the author observes, that (Lien-wha,) so celebrated for its beau“ much as the Chinese may excel in ty by the Chinese poets, and ranked for obtaining abundant products from lands its virtues among the plants which, naturally fertile, they are much bebind according to their theology, enter into other nations in the art of improving the beverage of immortality. that which is naturally barren.”

The Temple at Kuou-yen-chou", The timid jealousy of their Einpe- where the Embassy found iwo or three ror, Kea-King, and his weak and fear- hundred miserable wretches imprisoned ful disposition, account for the restraints from the night before, that they might placed upon the embassy, the edicts not abscond from the laliour of tracking against the women being seen, the the junks, " is dedicated to the Mingvacillation and falsehood every where keen-ship-uang, or ton judges in

vol. 4.]

Dr. Abel's Narrative-China WaresThe Tea Plant. '

155

Hades." It consists of ten apartments, One of the most respectable practitionwith a judge presiding in each, sur- ers in Canton, was entirely destitute of rounded by the mioisters of punish- anatomical knowledge. He was aware ment, in the form of Demons, made of of the existence of such viscera as the clay, variously coloured and distorted heart, lungs, liver, spleen, and kidneys, juto hideous forins. Before the judge but bad no notion of their real situaappear the former inhabitants of this tion, and through some strange perverworld, awaiting their doom.

sily placed them all on the wrong side “Nankin. - In the suburbs of Nan- of the body [like Dr. Last.] He, kin, the cloth which bears its name was however, made a clear distinction beexposed for sale. The raw yellow cot- tween those local diseases, which can ton, from which it is supposed to be be cured by mere topical applications, made, was in vain looked for ; but the and those which can only be acted white was seen dressing [being dres- upon through the medium of the consed] in various places.

stitution. He had some vague notions « Porcelain, &c.—The city of of a humoral pathology ;-talked of Nanchang-foo is famous for shops of ulcers being outlets to noxious matter, Porcelain, and gave us many opportu- and divided both his diseases and nities of examining splendid vases remedies into two classes, the hot and formed of the finest quality of this cel- cold. The only general fact ascerebrated ware. Many of these were tained respecting bis practice was, that four feet high, and two in their largest he depended greatly on purgatives for circumference, of various colours, and driving out “the heat of the body," covered with an immense number of and for producing a favourable change raised figures of plants well executed. on local disorders. Musa, or Actual This iinitation of sculpture was also Cautery, is esteeined one of the most practised on smaller pieces, as cups, effectual remedies for local pain. The basins, and snuff-bottles. On one of Mo.za is prepared by bruising the these, whose surface could not be more stems of a species of artemisia io a than six inches square, the forms of a mortar, and selecting the softest and crowd of Chinese, executed with pre- most downy fibres. In this state it is cision and taste, were beautifully applied in small conical masses upon grouped. I have repeatedly seen on the part affected ; the number being articles of this kind a display of skill proportioned to the extent or severity and accuracy in the delineation of the of the disease. These being set on huinan form, for which it is not usual fire, instantly consume, without, as the to give the Chinese credit. The porce- physician affirmed, producing any selain most valued by the Chinese, was vere pain.” not, in our eyes, the most beautiful, This is a pretty way to cure ner. being covered with lines intersecting vous headachs, and, if introduced each other in all directions, occasioning into our practice, might probably prea cracked appearance on its surface, vent the frequency of ihat disorder This is done perhaps to give it the among refined persons of both sexes : appearance of antiquity, as antique the Chinese, however, endure it, as is porcelain is in the highest degree valued amply witnessed by the round escars in China. Some of the representations on their heads, where these fires have on the cups and other vessels sold in been burnt. It is also employed in Nang-chang-foo give us the lowest liver complaints and internal diseases, opinion of Chinese sen'iments of de when expressed by external uneasicency. Although infinitely too gross ness. Pricking the part first with a to admit of any description, they golden pin, and inflaining the Moxa were not only exposed in the most with a lens of ice, are held to be the open manner on the shelves of the grand improvements ! shops, but were handed about by the Tea.--Mr. Abel is of opinion that salesınen as objects of peculiar interest, the green tea is the leaf of the same

“Medicine. The practice of ined- shrub with the bluck, only dried at a icine in China is entirely empirical. lower degree of beat. By far the

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