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the exquisite cup which he carried on khan, where the goats disputed bis morhis saddle-bow, not choosing to entrust sel of biscuit and cup of milk. Had this his servants with a charge so important. traveller seen a cabin in the Isle of Man, When they bad muffled my hands and he would have been at no loss for a comeyes, I was surprised to find no violence parison. In one of this miserable kind offered to my purse, though they lived a poor Englishman, called Philip, seemed to lead my horse a very con- and his wife, whose misfortunes had siderable distance. In about an hour, driven them to seek a sanctuary from a shrill whistle called away my guards; their creditors. Their poverty was exand after a long pause, during which treme, but not sufficient to subdue that I had leisure enough for sublime reso- decent pride which shuns public comlutions, my face and arms were unbound miseration, and their consequent seby one of my friend's tenants, who in- clusion from busy visitors rendered formed me I was very near the place them unacquainted with the favourite from whence we had set out. Without subject of Manx conversation at this entering into the bistory of the unfortu- period. The woman's name was Genate cup, I told him of the outrage raldine, which implies that her birth offered to his master, and we began had been among a polished class, and a search for him with sufficient as- her countenance had the kind of beauty sistants. We might have spared our which arises not from rosy good-humour; pains. Nothing could be heard of him but from dignified sorrow. Late one till a week had elapsed, when his house- evening, as she sat spinning in her hut, keeper, with great astonishment, found she was alarmed and surprised by her a sack deposited at her hall-door, and husband's long absence, and still more saw her master creep forth in a large by his return loaded with a large basket. red petticoat, a stiff" mob-cap, and a Philip informed her, that he had reblack silk calash. Notwithstanding ceived it from the boatswain of an Ensome melancholy reflections on a simi- glish ship them moored in Ramsey bay, lar event which I have already re- with a present of five dollars for the corded, it was impossible to resist his task of conveying it to the farmer of grotesque countenance, and his com- Kirkmichael. He looked pale, agitated, plaints of the barbarous manner in and thoughtful; and when urged to which his assailants had compelled him execute his commission without delay, to travel on a vile horse, in the still intimated a ball-formed wish to see the viler attire of a nurse, above twenty contents, as he had been requested to leagues vir jously, after robbing him detain the basket till the ship had sailed. of the uscup. Of these assailants His wise heard him with inexpressible I dare bes i no opinion, for my meeting doubts and anguish. During the last with the Gascon in a sailor's garb bad month he had regularly absented himDot escaped my memory, and this last self on certain days, and had returned exploit,' though disrespectful to the pale and languid, but with a supply of good old judge, had certainly rescued silver for which he refused to account. pis both froin a dangerous enquiry. At this moment there were red drops But as popular opinion seldom favours visible on his sleeve, and the deadliest a lawyer or a magistrate, the resent- whiteness covered his lips and forehead. Inent excited by the robbery soon sunk Geraldine hardlydared warn him against in the laughter which followed our ridi- farther guilt, not knowing how far be culous adventure. It is wise to allow had already plunged. He opened the certain outlets and channels to the ma- basket, and displayed a silver cup, lignity of the vulgar. When the wells which his eyes measured with the eagerare seen to flow, there is no danger of ness of desire. His wife silently oba volcano.

served his movements, and saw him M. Chateaubriand, when he visited deposit it in a secret corner of their modern Sparta, told us he had never wretched babitation. He ate his pormet with any but so detestable as his tion of bread and water without venlodging in the granary of a Turkish turing to meet her eyes, and fell asleep

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VOL. 4.]

The Antiquarian.

137

on bis heap of straw. Even bis deep with my own hand, as a mark of my slumber added to his wife's horror, as calling.”—“A plough colter, man! it it seemed a proof of fixed and fearless is an augur's staff-Faustus, the son depravity, but it favoured her purpose. of Sylla, was an augur; and Felix is In the dead hour of night she took the epithet Sylla always preferred, bethe basket from its place of conceal- cause he boasted of having fortune in ment, and wrapping herself in het his pay, as we are told by Pliny, Plucloak, traversed the desolate valley of tarch, and Appian. The word Felix Kirkmichael, and deposited her bur- is here with two E's, according to the den on the farmer's threshold, as she orthography of the ancients, who used believed unseen. She heard only to double the vowels in long syllables. her own faint breathings as she has- We find proofs of this in many inscriptened back to her husband's door, tions.”—Neither the farmer nor myself which she had then begun to open, when could answer these arguments, and the her cloak was seized by the rough hand matter was deferred to a second public of the farmer himself. She rushed in hearing. But whoever might be the with loué shrieks, by which she hoped owner of the vase, the public agreed to awaken Philip, and intimate the io believing Philip the thief, for his necessity of his flight; but the un- poverty would not allow him to pur-, happy man, confused by interrupted chase friends, and his pride made hiin slumber, and conscious of a felonious defy his enemies. purpose, only bid himself under his bed. Tully tells us of a law, or received There he was found in an attitude of custom, which permitted the accusers fear and shame which might have justi- of a man to search out all his former fied the suspicions of a milder judge. defects and errors. As my ill-judged Both were dragged before the north officiousness had increased the perdeemster, who immediately recognized plexity of this case, I thought myself

the antique cup found in his owo man- bound to reverse tbe Lex Accusato. · sion, and claimed it as his property. rium, and enquire into all the good

The matter was referred to the chief points of the prisoner's character. I court of crimninal law, and I was sum- discovered, that to gain a sum suffimoned by both parties to identify the cient to preserve his wise from famine, unfortunate cup. The farmer sturdily Philip had earned by bis midoight appealed to his own inscription on the labours the silver appropriated to the rim—the learned deemster maintained May-Elf of the Isle, and that this was that it was a legend evidently of the the occasion of his mysterious absences Consul Sylla's period, and applied to from home. An explanation so touchme to confirm bis opinion. I endea- ing, and the reluctance with which he voured to satisfy my secret sense of gave it, implied too much tender and justice, and to conciliate both oppo. generous feeling to allow any suspinents by observing, that there were cion in my mind that he had been other marks on the vase which had the colleague of robbers, though a not been noticed when we found it strong temptation might have shaken. in the haunted mansion.-" Why there him for a moment. And he steadily now, bless his honour!” said Farmer persisted to me in the account he had Faustuff, “ his young judgeship is right given his wife of the unknown sailor, --there is my dame's name at short whom I determined to believe the Gason the flaggon top-ELIZ. FAUS- con in disguise. To the great surprise TUFF- but the zed looks ratber of the farmer, the deemster, and the like an X.”_“Man," interrupted the good people of the Isle, I undertook antiquary, in a rage, “thou reversest ibe his cause, and obtained his acquittal. inscription—it is manifestly to be read After it had been pronounced, Pbilip thus--FAUSTUS FEELIX-What and his Geraldine were invited to sup thou mistakest for a second F is an E." with me at the house of my friendly

-"Lord, Sir! but I cannot mistake antiquarian, who still persisted in prothe plough-colter which I figured there secuting his claims to the silver vase

S ATHENEUM. Vol. 4.

with all the spirit of a Manxman in law. Ab! quels hommes!-- what eventments! It was the fifth of the month, and I –Encore I say agaip, Monsieur, under had begun to congratulate myself on this sky-blue, where I can see the thirthe failure of the Virgiliap oracle, teen pear-trees of Homer's old gentlewhich my success on that day had man, (oot more venerables than the falsified, when a large packet was pears of le grand Henri at Ivry) I brought to me, bearing on its inner A cognise my absent friend. There cover the post-mark of Corfu. The letter never was but one dog ingrate here, --but I must copy it all, for no extract and that was a Lancaster puppy: Et or abridgement would do it justice. puis, which I do not know how you say

“A MONSIEUR—MONS.------ with your English tongue, that villain“I pray my very good friend will do dog (which l'histoire calls Math) was me the honour much great of making servant to an English king, and bad l'amende honorable for me to Monseig- never seen le grand nation. Accept, neur le Deemster, for giving him ca- Monsieur, assurances of my high conpriole on mine little black horse, and sideration, putting monself into his chateau with “LE MARQUIS DE GONFLEC@UR. Monsieur Faustuff's coupe d'argent, “I have sent back the silver pipkin.” which I borrowed for one little occasion. Agreèz, Monsieur, to believe it ,

it This letter was accompanied by a was not convenience for me to stay in

av in box containing a rich blue velvet vest, the Man's isle, but I never cappot for- an Albanian shawl and ataghan of get Monsieur's bounty when he help me cur

In ma curious manufacture, and a little of the out of the window. Non. M. I have soft chalk formerly used to seal letters. come to deposit my cinders at this

na at this These articles amply indemnified my Corfou, which they call in antiquity antiquary for

nito antiquary for the loss of bis silver vase, turn-by-turn Drepannum, Macria,Sche. an

and honest Philip's acquittal was comrie, Corcyre, Cassiopée et meme Argos! pre

nel plete. I have since heard that the marUlysees was thrown here without his quis is honourably settled as interpreter coat- Legrand Alexandre when he was to al

e was to a Pacha in the Morea, and I have no baby came to be citizen here-Caton reason to put faith in Virgil's line, rencontred Ciceron in this ile after the “Some days are fortunate-the fifth beware !" kicks of fortune before the Triumvirs.

V.

MANNERS AND CUSTOMS IN MODERN PERSIA.

From the Literary Gazette, Aug. 1818. A SECOND JOURNEY THROUGH PERSIA, ARMENIA, ASIA MINOR, &c. BETWEEN THE YEARS

1810 AND 1816. BY JAMES MORIER, ESQ. &c. &c. LONDON, 1818. THIS is one of the books of travels sive, and performed under circumstan

which no intelligent person can ces bighly favourable to the pursuit of peruse without feelings of entire satis- knowledge ; his liberal education and faction. The countries it describes are great acquirements, especially in orien

replete with interest of every kind, from tal literature, furnished the clue to obè ancient associations, and from modern jects of most importance, and capacity

condition. Our religious persuasions, to weigh their pretensions and decide our classical recollections, our present upon their merits. Thus his Journey curiosity, are all engaged in the inquiry ; is full of valuable matter, and written in and it is a treat of no common occur- that easy unaffected style which be. rence, when we are gratified in all these speaks at once the scholar and the genparticulars by the ability of the author, tleman. That it has afforded us infiwhose pages we fly to consult. Mr. nite pleasure, may be gathered from Morier possessed all the requisitos: his these few remarks ; and we will not station was-eminent, and afforded him delay our readers from partaking witla the means of investigation ; his travels us, though we are sensible that we canthrough Persia were various and exten- not do any thing like justice to the VOL. 4.]

Eastern Astrologers-Aspect of Persia.

139

work by the extracts and observations are greater predestinarians than the Perwhich we shall be able to produce. Se- sians; and, consequently, take less prelection is not easy, where, by opening cautions to avert what futurity might at any page we should be certain of fall- bave in store for them.” ing upon something worthy of notice, in 'Dirtiness, solitude, and heat are the a production in which the fruit of six chief characteristics, not oply of this years is compressed into a single volume, town, but of all the shores of the Per

The British Mission, it will be recol- sian Gulf. Altho' Bushire is the prinlected, left this country in July 1810, cipal Persian seaport, yet it does not with the Persian ambassador, then re- in connection with Bussora employ anturning home from our court, where he pually more than eight ships under Enhad resided nine months. They sailed glish colours, and about six under in the Lion, 64, the ship which carri- Muscat, making about 4500 tons of ed Lord Macartney to China, touched shipping. They have no navy either at Madeira, spent a fortnight at Rio de for war or commerce. Janeiro, landed at Cochin, and on the The Persians are indeed quite timid 6th of January cast anchor in Bombay, and apprehensive in their aquatic moveThence, after some stay, they sailed up ments; and even crossing a river in a the Persian Gult, and arrived safely at boat is reckoned a service of danger. : Bushire on the 1st of March.

The contrast between Persia and “ It was now near two years since England is well painted on the landing the Persian ambassador had quitted his of an European : country ; and, as it was of great impor. “ Accustomed as his eye has been to tance that he should set foot upon it neatness, cleanliness, and a general apunder the most favourable auspices, he pearance of convenience in the exteriors waited until the astrologers had fixed of life, he feels a depression of spirits in upon a lucky moment, which was at beholding the very contrary. Instead three hours after sunrise on the follow- of houses with high roofs, well glazed ing morning, viz. the 3d of March. At and painted, and in peat rows, he finds that hour he quitted the Lion, with all thein low, flat-roofed, without windows, the honours due to his rank; and, when placed io little connexion. Io vain he arrived close to the beach, he evinced a looks for what his idea of a street may feeling that did honour both to his heart be; he makes his way thro' the nare and understanding. Owing to the want rowest lanes, incumbered with filth, of a regular landing place, he was obli- dead animals, and mangy dogs. He ged to be carried out of the boat on hears a language totally new to him, men's shoulders. A number of Pt rsians spoken by a people whose looks and pressed around him, offering their ser- dress are equally extraordinary. Instead vices; but he resused them, and desired of our smooth chins and tight dresses, that the English sailors might bear him he finds rough faces masked with beards on shore, saying, by them he had been and mustachios, in long flapping clothes. brought thus far, and by them he would He sees no active people walking about be landed,-a sort of attention well cal- with an appearance of something to do, culated to gain the bearts of the sailors. but here and there he meets a native

“Almost every town in Persia has its just crawling along in slip-slop shoes. munajem, or astrologer ; and frequent. When he seeks the markets and shops, ly great men bave one attached to their a new and original scene opens upon person, who regulates all the actions of him. Little open sheds in rows, betheir lives. It will be seen, during the tween which is a passage, serving as a course of this narrative, of what univer- street, of about eight feet in breadth, are sal influence this dependence on the to be seen, instead of our closely shut aspect of the heavenly bodies has upon shops,with windows gaily decked. Here the lives of the Persians,—a custom the vender sits surrounded with his which can only be accounted for by wares." antiquity. The belief in astrology is Few robberies are committed nota not so universal with the Turks, who withstanding this apparent insecurity ; but we discover many curious charac. Prophet of God, and Ali is the Lieuteristics, wbich more broadly, and some tenant of God; and in virtue of which of them not so honourably, distinguish the child is received among the ouinber. this people from those of European na- of the true believers. But it is retions. Before proceeding froin Bushire markable that immediately after this to Shiraz, we shall select a few of they performed a ceremony which may them. Customs at a birth very palu- be supposed to bave an indistinct reler-rally take precedence :

ence to Christianity; for in the room “ The Persians look upon a son as a where the child is born, the midwile blessing, and its birth is announced takes a sword, and with the point with great ceremony to the father. Some draws a line upon the four walls of it, confidential servant about the barem is when one of the women in attendance usually the first to get the information, inquires, What are you about? The when he runs in great baste to bis mas- other answers, I am tracing a tower for ter, and says, “ Mujdeh !or, good Mariam and ber child :-whence this news, by which he secures to himself a originates, or why it is retained, I could gift, which generally follows the never learn. ------ The Persians, as Mujdeh. Among the common people, Mahomedaos, profess indeed some rethe man who brings the Mujdeh, fre- spect for the author of Christianity, quently seizes on the cap or shawl, or though Christians are always dogs to any such article belonging to the father, them; and after all, the tower for Mary as a security for the present to which and her son may be intended as a he holds himself entitled. These cir- confinement for them, and to prevent cumstances may help to illustrate the their future influence on the faith of the passage in Jeremiah, xx. 15: “Cursed newborn Shiah. be the man who brought tidings to my “To a boy they give the breast for father, saying, Aman child is born unto two years and two months, and to a thee, making him very glad.When female only for two years complete. it is recollected that there are no re- On the day that the child is to be weaned joicings on the birth of the daughter, they carry it to the Mosque, and alier but that on the contrary, every one is having performed certain acts of devoas backward to inform the father of it, tion, they return home, and collecting as they were forward on the birth of a their friends and relations, they give a son, the whole force of the passage will feast, of which they make the child also be felt; and it will appear they were partake. The coincidence with Scrip. informed of the event by men, as they ture is here also remarkable. “And the are at the present day.

child grew and was weaned, and Abra. “When a woman feels the pains of huin mude a great feust the same day labour, sbe not only calls the mamaché, that Isauc was weaned.” Genesis xxi. 8. or midwife (who is generally an old “The Persian nurses scarcely ever take woman,) but also all her friends and the bandages off their children ; conserelations, who gather round the bed quently they soon become filthy—they until the delivery of the child. They dye their hands and hair with Khena. then wash it, clothe it, and swathe it in What they most carefully guard against a long bandage, called the Kandàk, that is the evil eye, which is as much feared entirely encircles the child from its in Persia as in other parts of Asia. neck downwards, keeping its hands They bang about the child's neck, or pinioned to its sides, so that it can stir sew in its cap, a bangle, the colour of a neither hand nor foot. They then turquoise, which they look upon as the place it under the same bed-clothes most fortunate, and serves to annul the with the mother. The midwife then glance of an evil eye. They also insert pronounces the Kelemeh Islma in the paragraphs of the Koran, into little ear of the child, which is the profession bags, which they sew on the child's of the Mussulman faith. That which cap, or on its sleeves, esteeming them the Shiahs pronounce is, God is God, great pr-servatives against sickness. If there is but one God, Mihomed is the a visitor should praise the looks of a

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