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THE

AMERICAN

ANNUAL REGISTER;

FOR THE YEARS 1826-7,

OR,

THE FIFTY-FIRST YEAR OF AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE,

NEW-YORK:

PUBLISHED BY E. & G. W. BLUNT,

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SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW-YORK, ss.

BE IT REMEMBERED, that on the 27th day of August, A. D. 1828, in the fifty-third year of the Independence of the United States of America, E. & G. W. Blunt, of the said District, have deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof they claim as proprietors, in the words following to wit:

“ The American Annual Register; for the years 1826-7, or, the fifty-first year of American Independence."

In conformity to the Act of Congress of the United States, entitled, “An Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the time therein mentioned;" and also, to ap Act, entitled, “An Act, sup. plemontary to an Act, entitled, an Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints."

FRED. I. BETTS,
Clerk of the Southern District of Nero-York.

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UNITED STATES. Character of American history--Controversies with Great Britain-

North east boundary-Navigation of St. Lawrence-Disputes with Brazil-Panama mission.

Oganization of the opposition-Sectional character-Machinery of party-Exceptions to:first mes-

sage of Mr. Adams--Nomination of general Jackson--His address to the legislature of Tennes-

see-Principles of opposition--Materials of opposition-Charge of corruption against the ad-

ministration-General Jackson's letter to the public-Mr. Clay's answer-General Jackson's

reply-Refutation of charge-Executive patronage-Internal

improvement-Manufactures

Commerce Indian affairs.

Colonial regulations of Great Britain-Condition of States after the revolution-Acts of first con-

gress-Sheffield's pamphlet-Convention of 1815-Acts of congress of 1818-Act of parlia-

ment of 1818-Negotiation-Law of the U. S of 1820—British Act of 1822-Proclamation

of the presideat in 1822_Negotiation continued-Act of U. S. of 1823—Order in Council

of 1823-Acts of Parliament of 1825—Principles of the two parties—British colonial ports

shut-Negotiation-Proceedings in senato--In house-Conclusion of session-Proclamation

of president-Ports of U. S. closed.

Opening of congress-Bankrupt system-Failure of law of 1800—State laws-Postponement of

bankrupt act of last session-Mr. Hayne's proposition-Discussion in senate-Mr. Brunch's

amendment-Proceedings thereon-Defeat of bill-Vice president's appeal-Report of com-

mittee-Publishing the laws-Character of the debate--Creek controversy-Message of the

president thereon-Proceedings in senate-Debate in house-Report-Cession of land by

Creeks; and conclusion of controversy.

Depressed condition of woollen manufactures-Tariff of 1824-Alteration of British tariff

Frauds upon the revenue-Mr. Mallory's report and bill-Discussion in house-Proceedings

in senate-Harrisburg convention-Division of opinion.

Treasury report-Revolutionary pensions--Bill authorizing exchange of stock-Grant to suffer-

ers at Alexandria-Salary of postmaster general-Appropriations for the support of govern-

ment-Army appropriations-Georgia militia claim-Indian appropriations-Appropriations

for internal improvement-Fortifications-Naval appropriations--Bill for the gradual im.

provement of the Navy--Public buildings Correspondence between Mr. Benton and the

Mexican minister.

MEXICO. Congress of 1827_Foreign relations- Ecclesiastical affairs-Persecution of the

Spa-

niards-Laws against them-Plot and execution of Arenas--Arrest of Negrete and Echa-
varri-Disturbances in Durango-Yaquis—Texas-State of parties-Expulsion of Esteva

from Vera Cruz-Attack on Mr. Poinsett-Rincon's proceedings—The navy.

CENTRAL AMERICA. Constitution of the States-Origin of the civil wars--Meeting of an

extraordinary congress-President Asce convokos a convention-Disturbances in Guatamala

--New government organized-Salvador makes war upon Guatamala-The Salvadorenos

beaten and repulsed--Arce marches against Salvador-l'he latter summits—Peace restored-

Canal of Nicaragua.

COLOMBIA. Government in 1827-Santander's message-Foreign relations-Treasury-Army

and navy-Capture of Benevides' party-Bolivar in Bogota–štate of things in Venezuela

Bolivar at Puerto Cabello-Paez submits—Bolivar at Čaraccas-Renounces the presidency

-Mr. Watts and Bolivar-State of things in April and May-Bustamante's return from Peru

- Proceedings at Guayaquil-Third division of the army-Their

views and object-They sub-

mit-Bolivar prepares to march against them-His intentions-Congress meets in May-San-

tander's resignation refused-Speeches in congress, of Soto and Uribe, concerning Bolivar-

His renunciation not accepted--Decree of amnesty-Re-establishment of public order-Grand

convention-Apprehensions entertained of Bolivar-Communication of the city of Panama-

Pretended conspiracy at Bogota-A groundless fabrication-Vindication of Santander-

Falsely accused by the Reform party---Concordat with Leo XII.-Insurrection at Guaya-

quil-Bolivar's message to the senato-Entry of Bolivar into Bogota-Swears to the Consti-

tution-Proceedings of congress-Decrees on the press_Earthquake-Concluding reflections.

PERU. Bolivar in Peru-Departs in September-His council-Congress of 1826–Their ad-

dress—Decrees thereon-Circular of the council-Acts of the province of Lima-Tarapaca

dissents-Other provinces unanimous for the Bolivian code-Supreme court refuses to ratify

their votes --Counted by the municipality of Lima--Decree of the council, that the Bolivian

code is adopted, and Bolivar president for life-He is proclaimed, and the constitution sworn

to-Dissatisfaction-Third division of the Colombian army-Lara perceives their discontent

-Conspiracy of the patriots-Colombian troops declare against Bolivar-Conduct of the

council-Bustamante's proclamation-Citizens of Lima renounce the Bolivian code-Santa

Cruz provisional president-Pando-Old constitution restored_Colombian troops leave Peru

-Congress meets--La Mar chosen president-His character-Proceedings of congress-Con-

clusion.

BOLIVIA. Scanty accounts of Upper Peru-Sucre re-appointed by congress-Colombian

troops-Sucre's address on his election-Bolivian code sworn to-Movement of Fuento on

Puso-Sucre stands neutral as to Peru-His address to the Colombian army-Conspiracy in

Bolivia-Acquisition of Arica--Bolivia not recognised by Buenos Ayres--Sucre intends to

resign.

CHILE. Blanco's resignation Chilian finances--Resignation of president Freire-Of vice pre-

sident Pinto---The latter not accepted-Pinto's installation--War in the southern pro-

vinces--Constitution of Chile-Proceedings of the provincial assemblies-Arguments of the

federal party-- Arguments of the centralists—State of parties-- The present government.

BRAZIL AND LA PLATA. Folly of the war-False policy of the republic-Dissentions-

Bank of Buenos Ayres--Mines-State of the war-Invasion of Rio Grande-Battle of Itu-

zaingo-Consequences-Brown's successes--Both parties desire peace-Garcia's treaty--

Rejected-And justly-Garcia's defence-Rivadavia resigns--Lopez elected--Government of

Buenos Ayres Dissolution of the republic-Cordova and Buenos Ayres unite--State of the

war-- Brazilian ministry-Mr.Raguet's departure from Rio--Paraguay.

085

335

353

GREAT BRITAIN. New Parliament-King's speech-Indemnity to ministers-Joint Stock

Companies-Aid to Portugal-Death of the duke of York-Parliament re-assembles --Mr.

Peel's bills for amending criminal laws--Catholic question-Amendment of the corn laws

Sickness of lord Liverpool-Mr. Canning appointed premier-Resignation of six cabinet mi-

nisters-New appointments. Popularity of Mr. Canning. The cabinet organized. Parlia-

ment in May. Debates in the house of commons on the ministry. And in the house of lords.

Mr. Canning's situation. lition with the whigs. Mr. Canning's budget. Bill for amend-

ing the corn laws. Disfranchisement of Pennryn. Parliament prorogned. Treaty for the

settlement of Greece Death of Mr. Canning. His character. Lord Goderich's ministry.

Conclusion.

FRANCE. Views concerning Spain and Portugal. Opening of the chambers. Montlosier's

petition. Law concerning the press. Dissolution of the National guard Debate on the

budget. Hyde de Neuville. Censorship of the press. Maubreuil's assault on Talleyrand.

Burial of M. Manuel. Relations with Spanish America. War with Algiers. Dissolution of

the chamber of deputies. Elections unfavourable to the ministry. Massacres of November.

Prosperity of France.

PORTUGAL. State of parties. Chaves. Views of Spain. Preparations in Spain for invading

Portugal. Negotiations at Madrid. Rising of the disaffected. Session of the Cortes. - In-

vasion of Portugal by Chaves. Military operations. English troops. Battle of Coruches.

Last effort of the rebels. Feelings of the Portuguese towards the British. Cortes prorogued.

Meeting at Elvas. Portugal in May. Changes of ministry. State of parties in August.

Return of Don Miguel determined. Preparations therefor.

SPAIN. State of parties. Views as to Portugal. Conduct of government. Submits to Great

Britain. Zambrano's circular. Inguanzo's exposition. Seditious Correspondence. Distur-

bances at Malaga, South American states. Colombian bishops confirmed by the pope. Ca-

talonia. Carlists. Their progress. All Catalonia in rebellion. Demands of the insurgents.

Manifesto of the government. Junta of Manreso. Departure of the king for Tarragona.

Operations against the rebels. Insurrection quelled.

GREECE AND TURKEY. Janissaries. Attempts to reform them Resumed by Mahmoud.

The Topschis. The new regulations. Insurrection of the Janissaries. How repressed.

Conflagration of Constantinople. Now troops. State of Greece in 1827. Siege of Messo-

lunghi. Miaulis and the fleet. Events of the siege. Fall of Messolunghi. Summer of 1826.

Assembly of Epidaurus. Commission of government. Third national assembly. New go-

vernment. Capo d'Istria elected president. His character. Sir Richard Church and lord

Cochrane. Greek loans. Enterprises of the Turks. Samos. The Morea. Athens invest-

ed. Karaiskaki. Disturbance at Hydra. Frigate Hellas. Greek army in Attica. Turks

massacred. Karaiskaki's death. Battle of the Acropolis. Offers of capitulation. Surren-

der. Disturbances at Napoli. Cochrane's movements. State of Greece, July, 1827. Greek

piracies. Contributions. Protocol of St. Petersburgh. Negotiations at Constantinople.

Manifesto of the Porte. Treaty of London. Negotiations. Battle of Navarino. Effects on

Jbrahim. Upon the Tnrks. T'he ambassadors leave Constantinople.

Local History, and Domestic Occurrences.

Executive Officers of the United States. 'Diplomatic Corps. Army Promotions. Gover-

nors of the States and Territories. Report on the Sinking Fund. Summary statement

of the Exports of the United States, during the year ending September 30th, 1826. Sta-

tistical View of the Commerce of the United States. Statement of the Commerce of

each State.

393

*435

502-12

(228

LAW CASES.

Root vs. King and Verplanck Libel,

(231

The State, vs. John Brewer.

Perjury.

[270

His Majesty's Advocate, vs. David Landall. Killing his opponent in a duel.

(274

Burckle, Brothers & Co. vs. ship Tapperheten,

282

United States, vs.

Pepe, Mirando and Felix. Piracy and Murder,

289

Rex vs. W. E. Ball National Law,

297

The State, v. Ilayward, et al. Abduction of William Morgan,

307

OBITUARY.

Marquis of Hastings. Malte Brun. Duke of York. Pestalozzi. Christopher Gore. Rufus
king. Marquis de la Place. King of Saxony.

333.-48

220

AMERICAN ANNUAL REGISTER,

FOR

THE YEAR 1826–7.

HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES.

CHAPTER I.

Character of American history-Controversies with Great Britain, North

East boundary-Navigation of St. Lawrence-Disputes with Brazil Panama mission.

In the preliminary chapter of resistance to colonial oppressions ; the last volume, a short account it became the record of discussions was given of the principles and and measures, all having in view pretensions of the European pow. the welfare and essential indeers, that appropriated the Ameri- pendence of this hemisphere, and can continent to their exclusive 'the abrogation of the novel princiuse; and of the manner in which ples of international law, which most of the colonies established grew out of the colonial system. here, assumed the rank of inde. Other questions, too, were presentpendent powers. This change in ed, concerning disputed limits, and the character of those colonies the navigation of boundary rivers; essentially modified the policy of which, during the last year, were all those governments, which in brought under discussion. Such any manner were connected with are the materials of the present his. the destiny of the new world. A

tory of America.

When the indenew era now commenced in its his. pendent states which now occupy tory. Instead of being the relation this portion of the globe, shall have of fruitless remonstrances against existed long enough to give an air partial commercial regulations, and of plausibility to claims founded on

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