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our Requests, which' we now offer up to thee in the name and through the mediation of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ. Amen."
I now proceed to offer some Remarks on the Articles of the Church of England. The Title of the first Article should be altered, and the terms selected chiefly from the Bible.
Of Faith in one God. There is but one living and true God, Everlasting, Spiritual, of infinite Power, Wisdom, and Goodness; the maker and preserver of all things, both visible and invisible. He, our Heavenly Father, sent his Son Jesus Christ for the Redemption of Mankind, and giveth his Holy Spirit, the Holy Ghost the Comforter, to those who believe in the Gospel, and by his Son hath commanded all Nations to be baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 2. Of the Word of God, who was made very Man.
The Word, who in the Beginning was with God, and was God, was made Flesh, and came down from Heaven, and took upon him the form of a Servant, and was made in the likeness of Men, being conceived in the Virgin Mary by the Holy Ghost. He, the only Son of God, the Mediator between God and Men, the Man Christ Jesus, truly 'suffered, was "crucified, dead, and buried, to 'reconcile us to God, and to be a sacrifice, 'not only for original guilt, but also for the actual Sins of Men.
3. Of the going down of Christ into Hell. As Christ died for us, and was buried, so also it is to
be believed that his Soul was not left in Hell, neither did his Flesh see Corruption.
's Of the Resurrection of Christ. Christ did truly rise again from Death, and took again his Body, with Flesh and Bones; and ascended into Heaven; and there sitteth at the right Hand of God'; 'and he will come again to judge all Men at the
5. Of the Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for Salva
tion. Holy Scripture containeth all things necessary to Salvation : so that whatsoever is not read therein, nor may be proved thereby, is not to be required of any Man, that it should be believed as an Article of Faith, or be thought requisite to Salvation. In the name of the Holy Scripture we do understand those Canonical Books of the Old and New Testament, whose authority has been well established in the Church.
Of the Names and Number of the Canonical Books of
the Old Testament. Genesis,
The first Book of Chronicles, Exodus,
of Chronicles Leviticus,
The Book of Ezra, Deuteronomy,
The Book of Nehemiah, Joshud,
The Book of Esther, Judges,
The Book of Jol, Ruth,
The Psalms, The first Book of Samuel, The Proverbs, The second Book of Samuel, Ecclesiastes, or Preacher, The first Book of Kings, Cantica; or Songs of Solomon The second Book of Kings, Four Prophets the Greater,
Twelve Prophets the Less, And the other Books the Church doth read for
example of Life, and instruction of Manners; but yet doth not apply them to establish any Doctrine : such are these following: The first Book of Esdras, Baruch the Prophet, The second Book of Esdras, The Song of thethree Children The Book of Tobias, The Story of Susanna, The Book of Judith, Of Bell and the Dragon, The Rest of the Book of Esther The Prayer of Manasses, The Book of Wisdom, The 1st Book of Maccabees, Jesus the Son of Sirach, The 2d Book of Maccabees,
All the Books of the New Testament, as they are commonly received, we do receive, and count them Canonical.
6. Of the Old Testament. No alteration is requisite in the Article on this subject.
7. Of the two Creeds, The two Creeds, Nicene Creed, and that which is commonly called the Apostle's Creed, ought throughly to be received and believed ; for they may be proved by most certain warrants of Scripture.
8. Of Original or Birth Sin. Original Sin standeth not in the following of Adam; but it is the Fault and Corruption of the Nature of every Man, that naturally is engendered of the offspring of Adam, whereby Man is very far gone from original Righteousness, and is of his own Nature inclined to Evil, so that the Flesh lusteth against the Spirit; and therefore in every
Person born into this World, it deserveth God's Wrath and Damnation. And this Infection of Nature doth remain; yea, in them that are regenerated ; so that the Law in their Members warreth against the Law of their Mind, and bringeth them into captivity to the Law
of Sin, which is in their Members. Although there is no condemnation to them who are in Christ Jesus, who walk after the Spirit ; yet if we live after the Flesh, we shall die,
9. Of Free Will. The Words of this Article need not be altered.
10. Of Faith and Works. Instead of the two Articles on Justification and good Works, I have formed one Article, which comprehends both subjects; and as Faith and Works are generally kept distinct in controversial writings without reason, I have thought it right to join them; since they are intimately connected in Scripture, and both are to be attended to in working out our Salvation.
He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved, but he that believeth not shall be condemned. Without faith it is impossible to please God. By Grace we are saved through Faith; and that not of ourselves; it is the gift of God: not of Works, lest any Man should boast. But wilt thou know, O vain Man, that Faith without Works is dead; for without Holiness no Man shall see God. To do good and to distribute forget not, for with such Sacrifices God is well pleased. Though, says St. Paul, “ I have all Faith, so that I could remove Mountains, and have not Charity, I am nothing."
11. Of Works before Justification. Works done before the Grace of Christ, and the Inspiration of his Spirit, are not pleasant to God, foras much as they spring not of Faith in Jesus Christ; yea, rather, for that they are not done as God hath willed and
conimanded them to be done, we doubt not but they have the Natnre of Sin.
12. Of Works of Supererogation. No correction is wanted in this Article.
13. Of Christ alone without Sin.
14. Of Sin after Baptism. These two Articles may remain unchanged.
15, Of Eternal Life. The Article of Predestination is by some, I believe reckoned rather calvinistical, to take away that charge from our Articles, and to express the Doctrine of the Bible, I have chosen in this place texts of Scriptures only, and have taken a different title.
He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved ; and whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved. Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us, and is the propitiation for our Sins, and not for vurs only, but also for the Sins of the whole world. The Lord hath no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, but willeth that all mer should be saved, and come to the knowledge of the Truth. By the Righteousness of one the Free Gift came upon
all men 'for Justification of Life. He that soweth to the Flesh shall of the Flesh reap corruption, but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap Life Everlasting: for God will render to every man according to his Deeds; to them, who by patient continuance in well doing seek for Glory and Honour and Immortality, Eternal Life: but unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the Truth, but obey Unrighteousness, Indignation and Wrath, Tribulation and An