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Prussian Pastor, the last Hours of a (late W. Leipoldt, M.A.), SERMONS (continued)
ELLIOTT, rev. C. J., Winkfield, Berks (The Judgment Day),
FISHER, rev. R. B., Basildon, Berks (True Christian Bene-
ficence), ccccxciii. 313.
VI. Michaelmas Day, cccclxxxv. 196.
KENNAWAY, rev. C., M.A., Brighton (Every Man the Bearer
VIII. Netley Abbey, cccelxxxiii. 161.
racter of God), cccclxxix. 112.
MCFARQUHAR, rev. W. P., B.A., St. Mary's Episcopal Chapel,
Dumfries (The Danger of resisting the Spirit of God),
PHILLIPS, rev. E., East Tytherley, Hants (The Triumph of
II. Sixth Sunday after Trinity, cccclxxiii. 30.
PRESTON, rev. M. M., M.A., Cheshunt (Walking in Christ),
Ross, rev. A., M.A., Banagher, Londonderry (The Idle
XXIII, ccccxcviii. 383.
Spanish Village Curate, the (Dr. Barrow), cccclxxiv. 35.
No. I. cccclxxxv. 205.
II. cccclxxxix. 251.
Stewkley Church, ccccxci. 281.
Stoke Pogis, cccclxxxiv. 177.
Syria and the Holy Land, cccclxxvi. 67:
No. I. cccclxxxii, 165.
SERMONS, by the following Divines :-
Tasmania, or Van Diemen's Land-
ALEXANDER, right rev. M. s., D.D., bishop of Jerusalem,
No. I. cccclxxxvi. 209.
(The Divine Promise to the Lovers of Zion), cccclxxiv. 41.
II. cccclxxxix. 252.
BEST, rev. T., M.A., Sheffield (Th Absolution and Cure of Tintern, a visit to-
the Paralytic), ccccxcii. 207.
No. I. ccccxcii. 289.
BRAHAM, rev. W. 8. H., M.A., Canterbury (The Transfigura-
II. ccccxcviii. 377.
tion), cccclxxxi. 138,
Tombs, the, of Petra, ccccxcvii. 361:
BROWN, rev. A. W., Pytchley (Universal National Educa- Trees and Shrubs-
No. IV. The Elm, cccclxxiv. 38.
V. The Beech, cccclxxvil. 85.
VI. The Rose, cccclxxix, 116.
VII. The Horse Chestnut, cccclxxxiv. 183.
VIII. The Walnut, cccclxxxvi. 212.
the Dead), ccccxc. 278.
IX. The Hazel, cccclxxxvii. 227.
CLISSOLD, rev. H., M.A., Stockwell (The Earth is the Lord's,
X. The Cocoa Nut, ccccxc. 276.
and the Fulness thereof), d. 416.
XI. The Date Palm, ccccxciv. 333.
DALE, rev. T., M.A., cano residentiary Pai (The
XII. The Cypress, ccccxcviii. 381.
Principle and Practice of Social Prayer), cccclxxv. 66. Virgin, the Well of the (W. H. Bartlett), cccclxxxi. 137.
Danny, rev. R., M.A., Brentham, York (The Sincerity of “What have I gone through !" cccclxxxviii. 221.
Christian Love), ccccxcv. 844.
Windsor, St. George's Chapel, cccclxxyl. 69.
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN VOL. XVII.
Buildings and Viers-
Abbey of Arbroath, di. 425.
Ancient Monuments, cccclxxv. 49.
Bell Rock, the, d. 409.
Canterbury, St. Martin's, ccccxciii. 305.
Cape Pillar, Van Diemen's Land, cccclxxxvi. 209
Chepstow Castle, ccccxci!. 289.
Cirencester, St. John's, ccccxcix, 394.
Corra Linn, ccccxc. 265.
Font of St. Martin's, Canterbury, ccccxciii. 307.
Galilee, Durham Cathedral, and Tomb of Bede, ccccxcix. 400.
Helvelyn and Thirlemere Lake, N.W., cccclxxxviii. 233.
Herne Church, cccclxxii. 4.
Hobart Town, Van Diemen's Land, cccclxxxix, 283.
Jarrow Church, ccccxcix. (899.
Kildare, Cathedral of, cccclxxxvii, 217,
Milan, Cathedral of, ccccxcv. 337.
Naworth Castle, cccclxxvi. 65.
Netley Abbey, cccclxxxiii. 161.
Do. Archway at, ccccxcvii. 361.
Royal Church of Holyrood, cccclxxiii. 17.
Rydalmere, cccclxxvil. 73.
Shrewsbury, the Abbey of the Holy Cross, ccccxiv. 320.
Snowdon from Capel Curig, cccclxxx, 121.
Stewkley Church, Bucks, ccccxci. 281.
duce their effects on very sensitive or very imagiA MONTH AT THE ENGLISH LAKES.
native minds." So writes Mrs. Grant*, on the No. I.
subject of Mr. Wordsworth's excursion—and she
writes truly. But how the remarks can in “O blessed lake, thy sparkling waters roll
degree apply to Mr. Wordsworth, or his book, it Health to my frame and rapture to my soul. is difficult indeed to say. Mr. Wordsworth neve Emblem of peace, of innocence, and love!
does refer the conversion of a sinner's heart to the Sleeping in beauty given thee from above."
scenery of his native hills and vales : all that can
legitimately be inferred from his writings is that, CONISTON WATER AND WINDERMERE*. while he is possionately fond of that scenery him“The corruptions of the human heart require a neficial effects the view of it may produce upon the
self, he wishes to point out the pleasing, nay, bedeeper and more radical cure than can be found minds of others. And, certainly, it is not easy to in contemplating rocks and solitary glens: these point out a greater refreshment, both mental and remedies for the disorders of the heart must pro- bodily, than that afforded to an individual, the
• Much valuable information respecting the lake scenery will greater part of whose year is engrossed in the be found in “The Guide to the Likes,” published by Messrs. duties of office, or the turmoils of business. A and C. Bla, k, of Edinburgh, of which I have made use in the present paper ; and from which I have liberty to quole at Memoir and Correspondence of Mrs. Grant, of Laggan; large.
edited by her son. 3 vols. Vol. ii. p. 59.
“As most travellers,” says Mr. Wordsworth, in with the tourist's arrival at Ulverstone ; although his “. Scenery of the Lakes," " are either stinted the more general plan used to be adopted of proor stint themselves for time, the space between the ceeding first to Kendal, and from thence, crossing middle or last week in May and the middle or the country to Bowness, in Windermere. Of last week of June may be pointed out as affording course reference is here made to tourists from the the best combination of long days, fine weather, south ; those from the north generally proceeding and variety of impressions. Few of the native from Penrith to Ulleswater. trees are then in full leat; but, for whatever may Ulverstone, which formerly was part of the be wanting in depth of shade, more than an equi- parish of Dalton, is a town of considerable trade, valent will be found in the diversity of foliage, in and likely to become much more so. The church, the blossoms of the fruit and berry-bearing trees situated on the south side of a bill, is a very anwhich abound in the woods, and in the golden cient foundation, in a great measure rebuilt in the flowers of the broom and other shrubs, with which time of Henry VIII., and largely repaired some many of the copses are intervened. In those forty years ago. It contains several interesting woods, also, and on those mountain sides which monuments. A new church was consecrated in have a northern aspect, and in the deep dells, 1831. Conishead, a priory, founded by Gamel many of the spring Howers still linger; while thé de Pennington for black canons, is in this parish. open and sunny places are stocked with the flowers It was dismantled ; but some portions of the reof approaching summer. And, besides, is not an mains were discovered in 1823. A modern manexquisite pleasure still untasted by him who has sion is erected on the site. not heard the choir of linnets and thrushes chanting From Ulverstone the tourist may proceed to their love-songs in the copses, woods, and hedge-Coniston, otherwise Thurston, water, proceeding rows of a mountainous country; safe from the by the east side to Waterhead inn. This lake is birds of prey, which build in the inaccessible about six miles and three quarters broad; its crags, and are at all hours seen or heard wheeling depth 162 feet. It stretches through the high and about in the air? The number of these formid-rocky fells of Furness. It abounds with fish*. able creatures is probably the cause why, in the The scenery at the upper part of the lake is magnarrow valleys, there are no skylarks; as the de- nificent. The “Old Man" of Coniston, which stroyer would be enabled to dart upon them from stands to the north-west, is 2,577 feet high. The the near and surrounding crags, betore they could view from it is very extensive. There are some descend to their ground-nests for protection. It valuable copper mines on the mountain, the prois not often that the nightingale resorts to these perty of lady Fleming, of Rydal, to whom the vales, but almost all the other tribes of our Eng-* oid Man” belongs. lish warblers are numerous ; and their notes, when Hawkshead is a small market-town at the head listened to by the side of broad, still waters, or of the valley of Esthwaite. The old hall, where when heard in unison with the murmuring of the abbots of Furness beld their courts, is a farmmountain-brooks, have the compass of their power house, lying about a mile distant. The parish enlarged accordingly. There is also an imagina- was dependent on the abbey until the dissolution. tive influence in the voice of the cuckoo, when St. Michael's church, a structure of great anthat voice has taken possession of a deep mountain- tiquity, is placed on a rocky eminence immediately valley, very different from any thing which can over the town. Judging from the short massy be excited by the same sound in a flat country. columns, the arches, and other remnants of the Nor must a circumstance be omitted, which here church, existing previous to alterations made in renders the close of spring especially interesting, the reign of Elizabeth, there appears reason to I mean the practice of bringing down the ewes suppose that it was built previous to the conquest. from the mountains to yean in the valleys and en- Here is a school, founded in 1585, by archbishop closed grounds. The herbage being thus cropped Sandys, a member of an ancient family still seated as it springs, that first tender emerald green of the in the neighbourhood, and to whose parents there season, which would otherwise have lasted little is a monument in the church. The poet Wordsmore than a fortnight, is prolonged in the pastures worth and his brother, the late master of Trinity and meadows for many weeks; while they are college, Cambridge, were educated here. farther enlivened by the multitude of lambs bleat- From Hawkshead, the tourist may proceed by ing and skipping about. These sportive creatures, Esthwaite lake to the ferry on the west side of as they gather strength, are turned out upon the Winandermere, or Windermere (Gwyn-dur-mere, open mountains; and, with their slender limbs, the bright water lake), by which he may cross to their snow-white colour, and their wild and light Bowness. motions, beautifully accord or contrast with the Esthwaite lake is two miles in length, and onerocks and lawns, upon which they must now begin third of a mile in breadth. A peninsula swells from to seek their food. And last, but not least, at the west shore, and relieves the monotonous reguthis time the traveller will be sure of room and larity of the margin. The stream which issues comfortable accommodation, even in the smaller from it, the Cunsey, enters Windermere a mile inns.” The autumn, however, is usually preferred. “The months of September and October • Coniston is famrus for its char, which is potted and sent to are generally attended with much finer weather ; the south. This fish (salmo alpinus, Pennant; salmo umbla, and the scenery is then, beyond comparison, more
Linn.) is a species of trout, which inhabits deep water, and is only
taken at particular seasons-especially late in the autumn. diversified, more splendid, and beautiful; but, on When Walion published his “Angler," he stated that, as a the other hand, short days prevent long excursions, sritish tish, it was only to be found in Windermere; but this and sharp and chill gales are unfavourable to par- neighbourhood, it is to be met with in Wales, and Loch Inch in ties of pleasure out of doors."
In giving a brief sketch of the lake scenery of Ombre Chevalier of the duke of Genera. It beli onu exceeds the north of England, it is proposed to commence are different species, the red, the silver, the gilt, and tbe case.
and a-half below the ferry. Many handsome Watson, bishop of Llandaff, the author of “ The villas have been erected on the banks. In a pond Apology for the Bible,” and other well known near the head is a small floating island, having works. He was born at Heversham, near Milnon it several small trees.
thorpe, where his father was schoolmaster for upFrom the ferry, the tourist may proceed to wards of forty years. He was interred at this Belle-isle, or Curwen's island, in Windermere, place: the inscription on his tomb is simply “Riwhere strangers are permitted to land. It con- cardi Watson, episcopi Landavensis, cineribus satains about thirty-six acres, surrounded by a crum : obiit Julii 1. A.D. 1816, ætatis 79.” A gravel-walk. The surface is uneven. A small spacious and elegant new school-house, built by ridge runs through the centre. The island is ob- the late Mr. Bolton, of Storrs hall, overlooks long. Its shores retire into bays and creeks. A the village. It is endowed, and so situated as to good house stands on the island, belonging to Mr. command a view of the upper half of the lake. Curwen, surrounded by lofty trees and shrub- Proceeding to Ambleside, Rayrigg house is beries. The variety of scenery presented to the passed, near which is Elleray, still the property, eye, in a walk round this little islet, is exquisite. and at one time the residence, of professor Wilson,
At the ferry a melancholy accident formerly to which he himself refersoccurred in the Saurey family. As still customary
“And sweet that dwelling rests upon the brow in Westmorland, the married couple were attended
(Beneath its sycamore) of Orrest hill, by numerous friends. In conducting the bride
As if it smiled on Windermere below,
Her greeu recesses, and her islands still !" groom homewards, and crossing the ferry, the boat was swamped, either by an eddy of wind or The road lies along the border of the lake : in by too great a pressure on one side, and thus up- some places the waters sometimes wash the side of wards of fifty persons, including the bride and the road. There are trees on its brink, the boughs bridegroom, perished.
of which dip into the water. On one part of the The waters of this lake are often violently agi- road there is a splendid view of the lake, “to tated by the wind, and it is on this account very which,” says professor Wilson, “there was nodangerous for sailing-vessels.
thing to compare in the hanging gardens of BaBelle-isle was formerly the property and resi- / bylon. There is the widest breadth of water, the dence of the Philipsons, an ancient Westmorland richest foreground of wood, the most magnificent family, also owners of Calgarth. During the background of mountains, not only in Westmorcivil war, two brothers of the family espoused land, but, believe me, in the world.” Calgarth, the royal cause. The elder, to whom the island built by the late bishop Watson, his usual place belonged, was a colonel, and the younger a major of residence, and still occupied by some members in the royal army. The latter, from some des- of his family, is passed. At Dovesnest Mrs. perate exploits, had acquired amongst the parlia- Hemans resided for a summer. She thus dementarians the appellation of “ Robin the Devil.” scribes it: “The house was originally meant for When the king's barbarous murder had extin- a small villa, though it has long passed into the guished for a time the ardour of the cavaliers, hands of farmers, and there is, in consequence, an Briggs, an officer in Cromwell's army, resided in air of neglect about the little demesne, which does Kendal. Understanding that major Philipson not at all approach desolation, and yet gives it was secreted in Belle-isle, he went thither to take something of touching interest. You see every him prisoner. The major, on the alert, withstood where traces of love and care beginning to be a siege until his brother came to his relief. The effaced-rose-trees spreading into wildness—lauattack thus repulsed, the major raised a small rels darkening the windows with too luxuriant band of horse, and set off one Sunday morning in branches ; and I cannot help saying to myself, search of his enemy. At Kendal he was informed Perhaps some heart like my own in its feelings that colonel Briggs was at prayers. He instantly and sufferings has here sought refuge and repose. proceeded to the church, and, having posted his The ground is laid out in rather an antiquated men at the entrance, dashed down the principal style; which, now that nature is beginning to reaisle, where colonel Briggs was fortunately not claim it from art, I do not at all dislike. There present. The congregation, seeing an armed man is a little grassy terrace immediately under the enter, was at first much alarmed,
but prepared to window, descending to a small court, with a cirturn him out. Philipson jumped upon bis horse, cular grass plot, on which grows one tall, whitethe girths of which had bern cut, and he was rose tree. You cannot imagine how much I denearly made prisoner ; but not before the man who light in that fair, solitary, neglected-looking had unhorsed him fell by his hand. He leaped tree. I am writing to you from an old-fashioned on his steed without a saddle, and escaped to alcove in the little garden, round which the sweetBelle-isle.
briar and the rose tree have completely run wild ; On another islet on the lake, “ Lady Holme,' and I look down from it upon lovely Winanderthere used to be a chapel, dedicated to the virgin mere, which seems at this moment even like anMary, belonging to Furness, but no traces of it other sky, so truly is every summer clond and remain.
tint of azure pictured in its transparent mirror." Bowness is surrounded on all sides with pic- Two miles from Ambleside is Low Wood inn, turesque scenery and many superior residences. from which there is a magnificent view of the There being excellent accommodation here, it is lake and its diversified scenery. From Low usually crowded with visitors, for whose amuse- Wood the road passes by Water Head, at the ment every means is supplied. The church, de- head of the lake, and from whence to Ambleside dicated to St. Martin, is an ancient structure, with is about a mile. The banks of Windermere bave a square tower, and a finely-painted chancel win- been well described as “ rich and various in dow, removed from Furness abbey. There is a gropes, woods, coppice, and corn-fields." monnment erected to the memory of Richard