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1796.) Original Anecdotes. Lebrun . -- -Marivetz .. Claviere, &c. 559

in No. IV, page 305, col. ii, line 25, for in Question XII, it being intended for a cafe, in 37 (Mn) read 39 (nom.)

which the balloon and two observers are not in the The Elays by 1. W. and PCYONI are de- fume vertical plane. When they are all in fuck ferred for want of room in this No.-PALAMEDES A-plane, ther

. indeed tuo observers are fufficient ; will please to ooferve, that there is no superfluity and this case has been refolved elsewhere.

*

ORIGINAL ANECDOTES AND REMAINS

OF

EMINENT PERSONS.

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[This article is devoted to be reception of Biographical Anecdotes,

Papers, Letters, &c. and we request the Communications of fucb of our Readers as can afif us in obese objects.] ANECDOTES OF PERSONS CONNECTED Capet and his wife, and one who kept WITH THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. up a correspondence with the enemies of

the state."
[Continued from our lafl.]

CLAVIERE
LEBRUN,
ORIGINALLY known by the name

Was a native of Geneva, whence he of Pierre-Marie Tondu, was ad.. was driven into, exile, on the prevalence dicted in his early youth to astronomy, of the party he had opposed.

While and remained at the Royal Observatory, yet a private man, he attained great under Calfini, until 1978. He soon celebrity by his knowledge of the reafter became the editor of a newspaper, sources and revenues of France, and celebrated for its early communication of was constantly consulted by Mirabeau, foreign occurrences, and the diplomatic who was indebted to him for much of talents of its conductor.

his reputation. Being a leading member Shortly after the revolution, he was of the Jacobin Club, he was introduced introduced by the Briffotins into the to Louis XVI, and became minister of adininiftration, and became minister for finance. On the overthrow of the Gi. foreign affairs. In this ficuation, he dif- roudists, he was arrested, and prevented played all the resources of a subtle and his public execution by suicide. He is intelligent mind, and had his agents in said to have been the author of the alligevery court of Europe ; in short, he was nats, a plan which has changed the face deemed the inoft able man, in point of of France, and seems likely to effect a real business, in the whole council. total change in the whole - European

On the triumph of the Jacobins, he systems was obliged to conceal himself; and has

AUBERT DUBAYET, often been known to flip, towards the evening, froin his lurking place, dif. A revolutionist in every sense of the guiled under a black wig, and a shabby word; for, after allisting in the troubles Jartout, in order to procure sustenance. of his native country, he has been boch As he was unprovided with a civic-card, officially and personally zealous to light he was not entitled to purchase bread. up a new flame on the shores of the

This circumstance also subjected him to Archipelago. It is of the utmost im. the interrogatories of every centinel, and portance for France, to induce the Subto imprisonment in every guard house he lime Porte to declare against Russia: the happened to pass by. After living some very probability of this event, has indeed time in constant danger, he was at been eminently serviceable to the re. length seized, confined, and tried. public, as it has hitherto confined the

He was born at Noyon, and decapitated operations of the empress to empty at Paris in the 48th year of his age. threats, and ineffectual brayados. Au.

bert du Bayeț, lately a member of the MARIVETZ,

adıniniftration, has accordingly been A ci-divant courtier and baron, was au, employed by the Directory, in a diplothor of La Physique du Monde, a work matic character, on a million to Conconsisting of 7 vols. in 400, He had been fiantinople, for the express purpose of an officer in the household of Mesdames, effecting a breach between the Greek and 'was executed in the 738 year of his Cross and the Turkish Crescent. This age, " as an accomplice of the tyrant ambassador was furnished with the crown

jewels,

jewels, to bribe the Divan; and with en. account of his victory over the Flemings, gineers and tactitians, to intruct and dis at Rosbecq; 25,000 of whom had been reet iis armies.

left on the field of battle. The annihilation of Poland has not “ The Provost of the merchants, and only destroyed the balance of power, but some others of the chief burgesses, were actually endangered the political existence imprudent enough to repair thither to of the Turks as an European nation. In sarute the victorious king, and to readdition to this, it is the interest of France queft him to enter bis capital. The mon. that there should be, a counterpoise in arch accepted the invitation, and on the that quarter to the three great partitioning next day, marching in at the head of his power,

troops, he overturned the barriers, cut Is Poland, then, to be entirely blotted down the gates, took poffeffion of the prin. out from the map of free states, and lofecital parts of the city, and inftantly seizeven its name / Or thall we behold that ed and imprisoned 300 of the most resepublic which, under John Sobreski, fuf- Spectable inhabitants. rained Europe during the eruption of “A goldsmith and a draper were both a horde of fanatic Muffu mans, arising, hanged ; Nicholas Flamel, apother infur. phænix-like, from its alhes, more vigo gent, was beheaded ; and John Desmarais, sous than before?

a respectable magistrate, ihared the same

fate. On this, several of those who were ÇERUTTI

confined, kilied themselves, to avoid a Was a man of letters, amiable in his man. public execution ; and most of those who ners, gentle in his deportment, and porn neglected to do so. either were privately feffed of the happy faculty of adapting put to death in the prisons, or thrown his talents to the capacimes of the mul. into the river during the nights. titude. This circumstance rendered him · “ This tragedy being ended, the peopeculiarly proper to superintend a popular ple were assembled in the court before the work, and we accordingly find him un palace, and the king having feated him commonly successful in a paper called La self on his throne, the Chancellor repri. Feuille Villagroife, which he coutrived to manded them in a fet speech, for their render tout-ri-tous. This publication ap- frequent revolts and rebellions. On this, peared every Thursday, and had an ex- knowing the bloody disposition of the tensive circul-tion throughout all France, court, they were afraid of being massaand more especially the southern depast cred by the soldiery ; but the dukes of

In Lyons, which abounds with Berry and Burgundy, falling at the momanufacturers, it was much read; and the narchi's feet, his majesty granted to such Revolution is not a little indebted for its of the prisoners as were ftill alive, a free popularity, to the labours of this enlight. pardon. They were accordingly restored ened citizen, who died with an upstained to liberty, but they were tripped of reputation, whiile in the height of his nearly ail their fortune. glory.

“ Charles VI did not stop here; he inOn the demise of Cerutti, the Feuille creased the imposts according to his own Villagecise was consigned to the care of caprice; and robbed the rich merchants, Grouvelle and Guinquené, both of them one time under pretext that they had, exmen of talents.

cited the revolt, and at another, that they As this pap ris now before me, I lhall. had nut op pofed it. But these taxes and exhibit an idea of the manner in which confiscations enriched neither the ftate it was carried on, under their managea: nor the king; for the courtiers, the of. ment, from No. 34, Thursday, 23d May, ficers of the army, &c. (the financiers) 1793:

seized upon the whole. SPECIMEN OF A COUNTER-REVOLUTION. “ Citizens of the French Republic ! ye “ A HINT TO REPUBLICANS.

who have written, acted, and spoken "11th January, 1382. against royalty, and in behalf of liberty; ye 6. The inhabitants of Paris rose on the who have acquired ecclesiastical and baeft of March, 1382, in consequence of the tional property, or any thing appertaining faxes ; this was the third revolt during the to the cmigrants ;. ye who have poffelled seiųn of Charles VI on the same subject. any authority, or exercised any functions

« Charles, who had carefully diffem- during the present Revolution; ye who bled his defire of vengeance, arrived, on may even chance to have a few allignats the 10th of January, 1382, at St. Denis, in your pockets, learn from this authen. where he offered up thanks to God, on tic historical document, what will be your

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1796.] Original Anecdotes.---Lavoisier...Wallot... Laharpe. 561 lot if you should ever cease to employ your a native of the Palatinate, but he had ability and talents in support of the in- settled in France, where he cultivated af. fant Republic !"

tronomy for some years. In 1768, he This newspaper was published at Pa. accompanied Callini to America, in ris, and coft only nine livres a year. order to observe the longitudes of dif

Had Cerutti lived until the monarchy ferent Nations, and try the marine time.
of Maximilian I, he would have been pieces.
then prosecuted on account of his talents He was beheaded on the 27th of July,
and his virtues. It was lucky for him 1794; had his execution been but delayed
perhaps, that he died before he wit a few hours lor.ger, he would have' been
nessed the excesses that disgraced-not inevitably saved, as the guillotine severed
the revolution—but the authors of those the head from the body of his perse-
atrocities. The massacres of the priests cutor, Maximilian Robeipierre, on the
and nobles, in September; the civic bap- succeeding day!
tisms, or drownings in the Loire; and the

LAHARPE.
excess of punishment inflicted on the
wretched iniurgents of Lyons, by means

The little territory extending from the of cannister and grape-shot, attach only

lakes of Yverdun and Morat, to that of to the perpetrators. All kings do not

Geneva, and known by the name of the resemble our Henry VIII; nor do all Pays de Vuud, is governed by the aristoRepublicans emulate the vices of Collot cratical canton of Berne, with a degree D’Herbois and M. Robespierre !

of oppressive insolence that has more than

once excited insurrection. It is there, LAVOISIER.

that a haughry Bailli exercises a plenitude Was one of Robespierre's martyrs—of of authority not always delegated to the that Robespierre in whose presence vir- viceroys of Kings; and that a senate, fortue was a crime, and genius a foundation merly praised by J. J. Rousseau for its for suspicion.

“ wisdom," nor unfrequently brandishes The name of this great man is well the iron rod of unrelenting despotism. known to every one who cultivates the It was in this subsidary itate, that Gene. sciences, as the ablest chymist of his day; ral Laharpe happened to be born, in 1754; and to him the present age is indebted and it was here he retired, after having for many of the new discoveries, parti- acted for some years as an officer in the cularly those respecting air. It is said, army of the States. General, in one of that he asked permission to make a few those regiments whose services, in imi. important experiments before his death, cation of the German despots, are fold but was refused.

by Berne for money, to any country He is less known as an astronomer than whose inhabitants may be deemed unfit as a chymist, but we have Lalande's au- to defend themselves. Agriculture, phithority for afferring, that he was emi- losophy, a good wife, and a numerous fanent also in this branch of knowledge. mily, were at once the enjoyments and From him we learn, that he occupied the recompence of a spotless life, and he much of his time, and expended part of might have lived happily on his little pahis ample fortune, in the construction trimony until now, had not the French and improvement of astronomical inftru. revolution occurred, and led him to be

lieve that individual enjoyment was disLavoisier was a farmer-general, and a honorable, unless connected with public member of the Academy of Sciences : liberty. In short, that great event taught the former circumstance proved fatal to him and his couptrymen, as it has taught him, he having been executed under pre- all Europe to tbınk, and it was impossible tence of taking a larger rate of interest to exercise that faculty, without recollectthan that allowed by the law, with an ing that they were the subjeEls of men, intention, as it was said, of allifting the who arrogated nu higher ritle than that of enemies of his country. His friends, on citizens. the other hand, assert, that he fell a mar On the fight of Louis XVI, the Brr tyr to the avarice and envy of his oppo- nois indulged themselves in a childish

He was executed on the 19th joy ; on his capture, and also on the 1401 Floreal (8th May), 1794.

of July succeeding, the inhabitants of the WALLOT.

Pays de Vaud retaliated with a fête, and Also a man of science, and one of the last celebrated the latter event by means of a vi&tims of the Robespierrean tyranny, was fraternal banquet, at which the cap of MONTHLY MAG. No. VII.

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liberty, the ancient symbol of Swiss free. he was killed by his own troops, who dom, was displayed.

mistook his escort of dragoons, for a body The people of Berne, forgetful of the of Austrian marauders. cause for which their ancestors, under COUNT DE PRECY, OR Percy. William Tell, had fought and conquered, This unfortunate nobleman, by taking and only alive to suspicion, the constant part with the privileged orders, loft both companion of injustice, marched 5000 his property and his life. The first was men into the little territory under their forfeited by emigration; the second endominion, and glutted that vengeance, sued in consequence of the vengeance of by means of fiscal rapacity, which the his countrymen. sword could not attain.

Having left France, and repaired to Laharpe, among others, escaping from Hamburgh, the count de Percy remained the pursuit of the foldiery, was there with many of the ancienne nobleffe, demned in his absence, unheard : the until what they deemed the “ call of sentence was decapitation. Thus pro- honour,” brought them into the field of scribed, not by his native country, but action. This “ cail" is said to have proby foreign rulers, he fied into France, ceeded from the mouth of an English and resuming his original profession, dif- fecretary at war, and, alas! it proved tinguished himself, in 1791, by the de- fatal to a number of gallant men, who in fence of the Cbáltau de Radernack, which his own unfeeling, but emphatic lanbeing afterwards ordered simply to eva- guage, “were killed off!" cuate, on account of the approach of a Yes! it was

at Quiberon, that the superior force, he contrived to carry Sombreuils, the de Percys, and the away the cannon in the face of the enemy, heads of some of the moft ancient families and to accomplish a masterly retreat, of France, found their graves ! Amidst without the loss of a single man.

the neglect of their allies, and the tears Being next invested with the command

even of their enemies, their dead bodies of Bitche, te contrived to inspire the were at length allowed to take poffeffion garrison with a heroic resolution, and of that mother earth, which, when living, actually preserved that important fortress they had sighed after in a foreign country, to the republic. He afterwards affifted and in the last moments of their existence at the recaprure of Toulon, and was had moistened with their blood and eir raised on that occasion to the rank of tears ! Where is the generous breast, general of brigade. In 1795, he was whatever may be the political principles appointed commander-in-chief of the that dwell within, which does not mourn troops destined for Corsica, but was pre- their untimely end, and lament that vented by unforeseen circumstances from such gallant foldiers should have rushed repairing thither.

on their destruction, and brought down In consequence of one of those sudden vengeance on their own heads, by the changes, so incidental to all revolutions, desperate infatuation of choofing rather to and more especially to that of France; conlider themselves as nobles, chan as he was first suspended, and afterwards' men ? dismissed the service. The crimes al.

DoTTEVILLE. leged against him were, that he was To dissolve the munoply of knowledge, a Jacobin,” and had been heard to sing and rescue the ancients from the exclufive ça-ira !!!Accusations like these, of possession of the schoolmen, is a talk, or course came to nothing, and he was ac- rather a duty, which has been fulfiiling cordingly restored, and raised to the rank ever fince the invention of printiog : its of a general of division.

entire completion was, however, reserved On this he repaired to the army of for the present day. The French repubItaly, and shared in its laurels; and it is lic, in particular, holds out rewards, for not a little remarkable, that at the bril. such men of talents as may be inclined liant action at Lodi, he took a regiment to give modern translations of the clafof Swiss prisoners, among whom were fics, and Dorteville has lately received Several of the very Bernois who had pro- three thousand livres, by way of recomscribed him, but he never uttered a re pence for his version of Tacitus and Salproach against them; on the contrary, he luft, which have indeed appeared long treated them as if they had been allies, fince in a French dress, but being put on and addressed them by the endearing title during the time of the monarchy, it was of “countrymen.” After a most brilliant apprehended, that it did not always fit and successful mancuvre, by means of the original authors for whom it was which he achieved the passage of the Po, intended.

[To be continued.]

LETTERS

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THE

1796.] Original Lotters between Doctors Birch and Robertson. 563 LETTERS BETWEEN DR. BIRCH AND ther the Depeches de Fenelon be fill

pre. Dr. W. ROBÈRTSON RELATIVE TO served or not. I fee that Carte has made

HISTORIES OF SCOTLAND, a great use of them in a very busy period AND OF CHARLES V.

from 1563 to 1576. I know the strength

of Carte's prejudices so well that I dare TO DR. BIRCH.

say many things may be found there Reverend fir,

that he could not see, or would not pube

lish. May I beg the favour of you to THOUGH I have not the good fortune let me know whether Fenelon's papers

to be known to you perfonally, I am be yet extant and accessible, and to so happy as to be no ftranger to your give me some general idea of what Dr. writings, to which I have been indebted Forbes's Collections contain with regard for much usefull instruction. And as I to Scotland, and whether the papers they have heard from my friends Sir David conhst of are different from those pub. Dalrymple and Mr. Davidson, that your lished by Havnes, Anderson, &c. I am disposition to oblige was equal to your far from defiring that you should enter knowledge, I now presume to write to into any detail, that would he troubleyou and to ask your assistance without any some to you, but some short hint of the apology.

nature of these Collections would be exI have been engaged for some time in tremely satisfying to my coriofiry, and I writing the history of Scotland from the shall esteem it a great obligation laid upon death of James V to the accession of James me. VI to the throne of England. My I have brought my work almost to a chief object is to adorn (as far as I am conclusion. If you would be so good as capable of adorning) the history of a to fuggest any thing that you thought period, which on account of the greatness useful for me to know, or to examine of the events, and their close connection into I shall receive your directions with with the transactions in England, deserves great respect and gratitude. to be better known. But as elegance of

I am with fincere esteem Composition, even where a Writer can Rev, Sir Yr. m. ob. & m. h. Sr. attain that, is but a trivial merit without Gladsmuir

WM. ROBERTSON. historical truth and accuracy, and as the 19 Sept. 1757 prejudices and rage of factions, both religious and political, have rendered al

To DR. BIRCH. most every fact, in the period which I have chosen, a matter of doubt or of con

Dear Sir, troversy, I have therefore taken all the If I had not considered a letter of mere pains in my power to examine the evi- compliment as impertinent interdence on both sides with exactnefs. You ruption to one who is so busy as you comknow how copious the Materia Historica monly are, I would long before this, in this period is. Besides all the com have made my acknowledgments to you mon Historians and printed collections of for the civilities which you was so good papers, I have consulted several Manu. as to thew me while I was in London. scripts which are to be found in this I had not oniy a proof of your obliging country. I am persuaded that there are disposition but I reaped the good effects fill mauy manuscripts worth my seeing of it. to be met with in England, and for that The papers to which I got access by reason I propose to pass some time in your means, especially those from Lord London this Winter. I am impatient Royston have rendered my work more perhowever to know what discoveries of this fect than it could have otherwise been. My kind I may expect, and what are the trea. History is now ready for publication, and sures before me, and with regard to this I have defired Mr. Millar to send you a I beg leave to consult you.

large paper copy of it in my name, which I was afraid for some time that Dr. I beg you may accept as a testimony of Forbe's Collections had been loft upon my regard and of my gratitude. He will his death, but I am glad to find by your likewise transmit to you another copy Memoirs that they are in the posseffion of which I must intreat you to present to Mr. Yorke. I see likewise that the Dee my Lord. Royston, with such acknowe pecbes de Beaumont are in the hands of the ledgments of his favours towards me, as Tame Gentleman. But I have no oppor. are proper for me to make. I have tunity of consulting your Memoirs at printed a short appendix of original papresent, and I cannot remember whe- pers. You will observe that there are

several

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