Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

.

ZOOLOGY.

infarcti, tumidi. Tibiæ tenellæ, ma

crescentes. Pedes compressie (A Nondescript Animal.)

Fulcra et vestitus. Pileus obconi

cus, truncatus, margine angusto evoDIR EDITOR, Having had occasion the other day lato vel papyro, margine variegato, ad

luto. Collare interius e linteo amy. to pass Merchiston Castle, my eyes malas usque ascendens,-exterius amwere directed to a bundle of open plum, latum, elasticum, sparso rubro papers lying scattered at my feet : these I hastily collected, and continu- duobus sternum tegentibus, superne

aliove colore maculatum, processubus ed my walk : but when I reached

fibula annectis. Interula sæpe nulla, home, conjecturing that they might sed spuria, semper ab medio nexilis have fallen from the pocket of one of the many literati, who, through re- den, et superne dorsaden. • Tunica

thoracis procedens atlantaden, lateraspect to the memory of the great in

elongata ad genua usque descendens, ventor of logarithms, continue to visit that ever hallowed spot, my curiosity arcte cingens, antice superne et infer

corporis partem constrictam nexilem so far prevailed, that I opened one, and understanding sufficient of the tibiæ medium attingentia, granulis

ne aperta.

Femoralia amplissima, Latin language (thanks to my pre- plumbeis marginem inferiorem inserceptors) to perceive that it must be undoubtedly part of a new general valde elongatis semiconicis

, inferne

tis de pressa. Ocreæ breves, calcibus system of natural history, I take the ferro vel ære, postice calcaribus dissiliberty, through the medium of your millimis armatis, plantis arcuatis anmagazine, to publish what I myself

gustisimis. glanced over, that the true author

OBs. Manus altera chirotbeca e may not be ignorant into whose hands his, I do not doubt most valuable, breve vibrans.-Altera nuda, minimo

pelle preparata hædino tecta, bacillum treatise has fallen. Hoping that instant application may be made for digito annulo aureo gemmatoque or

nato, oculo frequentissime applicans them, I remain, Sir, yours, &c.

vitrum ocularium tæniola suspensum B. B.

sericea nigra, aut fortasse variegata, In nova fert animus mutatas dicere formas circa collum applicata. Inguine super Corpora. Di caeptis (non vos mutatis et dextro sigilla varia, annuli aliæque illas)

nugæ, tænia lata variegata suspense Adspirate meis. Primaque ab origine pendebant. Dandi

Fortasse idem 'in 1. 134-143, et Ad mea perpetuum deducite tempora care

266-268, Thesmophoriazousarum, e

tiam I. 1002--1021, Nubium AristoRegnum, Animale. Typus, Ver- phanis, nuperiusque a Plauto, &c. tebrosa. Člassis, Mammalia. Ordo, descriptus fuerat. Romæ, tempore Bimanus. Genus, Homo. Species, Scyllæ dictatoris florebat, remque pubSapiens. Tribus, Europæus. licam prodidit, ne pulchritudine faciei

WAR. Gynnis, pectore tumido, ab- spoliatus esset. In Gallia postquam domine superne sicut annulo constric- Francis occupata, etiam in hunc diem to, natibus femoribusque ut in fæmi- ita abundavit, ut Gallorum Gens næ incrassatis.

Gynnidon officina ab aliis gentibus Desc. Caput retractum, pili erecti semper vocata. In Anglia exstitisse unguentis odoriferis obliniti. Oculi temporibus Henrici IV. memorat Pernisi armati vix prospicientes. Nares ceius potentissimus Hotspur cognopulveribus odoriferis vel sternutato- minatus; nee dehine unquam amissus Tiis clausæ. Os angulis elevatis; men- videtur, nisi forsan temporibus Reitum fere imberbe ; mystaces nulli. publicæ, aut si mavis Rebellii, CromCollum elongatum perrigidum. Hu- wellius horridus eum profligavit,meri elevati retracti, brachiis divere autem vix credibile habeo. Forsan gentibus cubitisque inflexis. Manus tunc sub fanatici specie latitabat. tenellæ, cute nitida. Ungues ellipti- Certe redeunte regno cum Carolo II. ci acuminati colore croceo vel gilvo jocosæ memoriæ tain frequens evenit, tincti. Mammæ fæmineo more pro- ut dixeris Britanniâ fere totâ potitus tuberantes. Truncus e medio constricto in utramque partem dilatatus. Vide Cel. D. Barclaži nomenclatuLumbi perrigidi. Nates femoresque ram novam.

men.

[ocr errors]

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF THE LIFE

OF AUGUSTUS VON KOTZEBUE.

esset, varietates omnes alias aquatores turned, in 1799, to Jena, studied julignatoresque faciens. Hodierno tem, risprudence, without, however, ceaspore (1819) maxime abundat, vix ing to live for the theatre, and to comautem ita insolenter se gerit. Amat pose various pieces. He soon after urbes et oppida, nec rusticat, nisi au- passed his examination, and became tumnali tempore, perdrices, lepores, ån Advocate. He now enjoyed the animaliaque alia imbellia necandi entire friendship of the worthy Mugratiâ. Noctu cum vespertilionibus sæus, and attempted, as he had albubonibusque progreditur, mane ster- ready done, with Wieland, Goethe, tit, solis lucem clariorem abhorrens, Hermes, and Brandes, to imitate Mumensâ ligurit.

sæus, an example of which is his “1, a History in Fragments." At Leipsig he printed a volume of Tales, and went thence in 1781 to St Peters,

burgh, whither he was invited by 1. Tas assassination of M. von Kotze- Count Goerz, Prussian ambassador at bue has excited throughout Germany that court. He became Secretary to an extraordinary sensation of horror the Governor-General Bawr ; and the and indignation. From the particu- latter being charged with the direclars that have hitherto transpired, it tion of the German theatre, Kotzebue is evident that he fell a victim to po was again in his element. His first litical fanaticism; but it seems not to dramatic work, Demetrius Iwanobe so certain whether the murderer witsch, (which is very little, if at all acted from the impulse of his own known,) was performed with great perverted mind, or whether he was applause in the German theatre at St only a member of a league consisting Petersburgh, in 1782. An article, of students who formally resolved on dated St Petersburgh, in No. 120 of this sanguinary mode of vengeance. the Hamburgh newspaper for 1782, The daily prints have acquainted our says, “ This play is not a masterpiece, readers with the contradictory state- but in several parts it is admirable, ments on this point. Awaiting the and promises us that the author, who information that will doubtless be ob- is now but 22 years of age, will be one

tained from the strict inquiries order. day a great acquisition to the theatre ied by the Grand Duke of Baden, we and the dramatic art.” But Bawr

present a short sketch of the lite of died two years after. As he had rethis celebrated writer.

commended Kotzebue to the protecAugustus von Kotzebue was born tion of the Empress, he was made March 8, 1761, at Weimar, where his Titular Counsellor; and in the year father was Secretary of Legation, in 1783, member of the High Court of the service of the Duke, and where Appeal at Revel. In 1785 he was his mother still lives. He was re- mnade President of the Magistracy of markable when quite a child for his the Province of Esthonia, and as such vivacity and sensibility, and was not raised to the rank of nobility. It was yet six years of age when he made his at Revel that his talents were displayfirst attempts at poetry. His love of ed in a series of works, which inade the dramatic art was early excited by him the favourite of the public. His the then very good company of play- “Sufferings of the Ortenberg family," ers at Weimar, in which were the fa- (1785,) and “ The Collection of his milies of Seiler, Brandes, Boeckh, and smaller Essays,” (1787,) first shewed Eckhof. At this period Kotzebue in a brilliant inanner his agreeable attended the Gymnasium, where Mu- and diversified style; but it was espesæus, afterwards his uncle, obtained cially his two plays, “ Misanthropy great influence over him by his in- and Repentance," and “ The Indians structions and example. He was not in England,” which gained the poet quite sixteen years old when he went the highest reputation in all Germany. to the University at Jena, where his His ill health obliged him, in 1790, love for the drama found new encou to make a journey to Pyrmont, where ragerpent in a private theatre. From his ill-famed “ Doctor Bahrdt with attachment to his sister, who married the Iron Forehead,” which he pubin Duisburg, he went for a time to lished under the naine of Knigge, lost the University there ; whence he re- him a great part of the esteem which

- the public had cunceived for himn. * From the Literary Gazette. After the death of his wife, he went

to Paris, and then for a time to Mentz. gel; and as M. Spazier, at that time He then obtained his discharge, and editor of the " Journal for the Fa retired, in 1795, to the country, shionable World," espoused the cause where he built the little country seat of the latter, there arose a very violent of Friedenthal, eight leagues from paper war. A more serious consen Nanva, in Esthonia. The “ Young- quence of the misunderstandings beest Children of my Humour," and tween Kotzebue and Goethe was the above 20 plays, belong to this period. removal of the Literary Journal of He was then invited to Vienna, as Jena to Halle, and the establishment poet to the Court theatre. Here he of a new Literary Journal at Jena. published a great part of his “ New In 1806 he went, for the purpose of Plays,” which fill above 20 volumes. writing the history of Prussia, to KöAs various unpleasant circumstances nigsberg, where he was allowed to disgusted him with his place at Vien- make use of the archives. His work na, he requested his discharge, after on the history of Prussia, published an interval of two years, and obtained at Riga, 1809, in four volumes, is cerit, with an annual pension of 1000 tainly not an historical masterpiece, Horins. He now went to live again but deserves attention, particularly at Weimar, but resolved to return to for the original documents printed in Russia, where his sons were educated it. The year 1806, so unfortunate in the Academy of Cadets, at St for the Prussian monarchy, obliged Petersburgh. Baron von Krudener, him to go to Russia, where he never the Russian Ambassador at Berlin, ceased to combat the French and their gave him the necessary passport ; but Emperor with all the arms which a he was arrested on the Russian fron- writer possessed of so much wit could tiers, (April 1800,) and, without know- command, (particularly in his journał ing for what reason, sent to Siberia. The Bee.") The public in Ger

A happy chance delivered him. A niany were the more eager after his young Russian, of the name of Kras- published works, as the French hardnopulski, had translated into the Rus- ly permitted a free or bold expression sian language Kotzebue's little drama, to be uttered in Germany. As, under “ The Body Coachman of Peter the these circumstances, his political writThird," which is an indirect eulogium ings had excited a very high degree of Paul I. The translation was shewn of attention, he appeared, on the great in MS. to the Emperor Paul, who change in the political affairs of Euwas so delighted with the piece, that rope in 1813, to be peculiarly qualihe immediately gave orders to fetch fied to maintain among the people back the author from his banishment, their hatred of the French. Raised and distinguished him on his return to the rank of Counsellor of State, he with peculiar favour. Among other attended the Russian head-quarters, things he made him a present of the and published at Berlin a Journal, fine domain of the crown, of Worro- called “ The Russian and German küll, in Livonia ; gave him the direc- Journal for the People.” In the year tion of the German theatre, and the 1814 he went to Königsberg, as Rustitle of Aulic Councillor. M. von sian Consul-General in the Prussian Kotzebue has given a romantic ac- dominions, where, besides several pocount of his banishment, well known litical pamphlets, comedies, and little all over Europe under the title of dramas, he wrote a history of the “ The most remarkable Year of my German Empire, which is said to be Life.” After the death of Paul I. very partial. In 1816 he was placed Kotzebue requested his discharge, and as Counsellor of State in the Departobtained it, with a higher title. He ment of Foreign Affairs in St Peterswent to Weimar, where he lived a burgh, and in 1817 receiver the comshort time, and then to Jena, Va- mission to go to Germany, in order to rious misunderstandings which he had · send reports directly to the Emperor with Goethe vexed him so much, Alexander, On the State of Literature that he went in 1802 to Berlin, where and Public Opinion in Germany. He he joined with Merkel to publish the settled, for this purpose, at Weimar, Journal called Der Freymüthige. where he published at the same time Kotzebue and Merkel wrote against a Literary Journal, in which he cons Goethe and his adherents, Augustus, stituted himself judge of all writings William Schlegeland Frederick Schle- in every branch of literature which he

[ocr errors]

thought worthy of notice, and at the committed cannot be contemplated same time delivered his opinions on without the highest detestation. politics and on the spirit of the times in a manner which his opponents ac- Farther Particulars, by an intimate cuse of being in the extreme partial Friend of the Deceased. and illiberal. His Cossack-like tac

Weimar, 29th March 1819. tics, say they, , with which he made

Augustus Von Kotzebue was murwar on all liberal ideas, especially the dered with a dagger, on the 23d of wishes of the people for representa- March, at five in the afternoon, at tive constitutions, freedom of the Manheim, in his study, by a student press, &c. in the name of sound rea

of Jena, named Sand; upon which son, of which he fancied himself the the assassin stabbed himself ineffecrepresentative, gained him great ape tually in several places. The certifiplause with a certain class of readers.

cate found in his pocket shewed that But it drew upon him the indigna- he studied in the University of Jena, tion of no inconsiderable part of the upon which an express was immedia nation, particularly the ardent minds ately dispatched to the Academic Seof the German youth; and in this nate of that place. The papers of the tendency of his latest literary labours, assassin were examined the same evenwe inust doubtless look for the chief ing. Nothing was found which could cause of his violent and tragical death. throw any light on the affair ; only

In the summer of 1818, M. von in a letter to an unnamed friend were Kotzebue left Weimar, with his fa- the words, I go to meet my fate, mily, to recover his health in the the scaffold.Sand, born of a very baths of Pyrmont, passed on this jour- good family at Weinseidel in the ney through Frankfort on the Maine, Margraviate of Baireuth, on the fronand chose afterwards Manheim for tiers of Bohemia, had previously stuhis place of residence. There he con diel at Tubingen and Erlangen, and tinued his literary and diplomatic la was now studying divinity at Jena. bours, violently attacked in his Li- He is described by all his masters as terary Journal, the Gymnastic Exer- a cool, quiet, reflecting, steady, wellcises, The Abuse of the breedom of the informed man. It is known that he Press, The Assemblies of the States, late attended the anatomical lectures jo. and incensed in a high degree the of Mr Fuchs, professor of anatomy at German students, by coneluding his Jena, and inquired very particularly observations on the well known tumul- about the situation of the heart. In his tuous scenes at Gottingen last year, political fanaticism he had imagined with the following words: “ Truly that he should do an immortal service every father who casts an anxious to the country, and to the universities look on his sons, would heartily thank in all Germany, if, with the sacrifice that Government which would set the of his own life, he killed Kotzebue, example of banishing from its Univer- as a supporter of the accusation of the sities the Licence of the Students ; for German 'universities pronounced by in this academical liberty, as it is cal- the Russian counsellor of state Von led, more good heads and hearts are Stourdza, in his Etat actuel de l'Alleruined than formed," &c.

magne, delivered at Aix la Chapelle, Kotzebue possessed a very distin- and as a traitor to the cause of Gerguished physiognomy. His person many. He came on foot from Jena was of the middle size, and extremely to Manheim, where he arrived on the well proportioned. His eye was sharp 20th in the evening, under the asand penetrating, his countenance ex- sumed name of Heinrichs, and was pressive; his whole manner shewed twice refused admittance at Kotzeunderstanding, but also the conscious. bue's door, till he insisted that he had ness of possessing it. In him has letters from Weimar, which he must perished a man remarkable for a ver- deliver in person. At Weimar lives still satility of talent which few have pos- the mother of Kotzebue,82 years of age, sessed in an equal degree. Whatever whom her son always most tenderly may have been the motives of his as- loved ; nay, had even sometimes tra- . sassin, however the ardent mind of velled the long journey from his estate the youth may have been worked of Schwarza, in Esthonia, to Weimar, upon by fanaticisin, the deed he has to keep her birth-day. When the

dreadful event was communicated to where extolled, with ridiculous exher, with the greatest precaution, she aggeration, as an institution for the was so affected, that it is feared the acquisition of German energy, and beshock may be her death. On the same came a link in these efforts of the day when the news of Kotzebue's young German students to unite for murder arrived at Weimar, his third the restoration of Gennan public spirit son, Otto Von Kotzebue, who made and German freedom. The princes, the voyage round the world with assembled at the Congress of Vienna, Krusenstern, set out from Weimar, had promised their people constituwhere he had visited his grandmother, tions, and the abolition of all kinds of for Manheim, to present to his father abuses, because they at that time his young and amiable wife, a Miss wanted the people. Now, when NaManteuffel from Livonia. Kotzebue's poleon no longer alarmed them, they third wife (a Miss Von Essen of Li, forgot their promises ; this especially vonia) was delivered of a son at Man- embittered the young students. RE heim'only six weeks ago, where three quisitions were sent from Jena to all daughters and two sons lived very the German universities, to send dehappily; for even the bitterest enemies puties to celebrate the anniversary of of this man, who has been so furious, the deliverance of Germany from the ly attacked, were always obliged to French, to meet at the Castle of confess that he was an exemplary son, Wartburg, on the 18th of October a tender husband, and a father inde- 1817, where it was proposed to celefatigable in the education of his chil- brate at the same time the third cendren. He always employed the hours tenary of the Reformation. About of the morning in giving instructions 500 students in fact assembled; the to his younger children. He has left festival of the Wartburg was celebrattwelve children, of whom one son ed ; a general union of the students (Moritz) has just published an ac- in all the universities was then formcount of the Russian Embassy to Per- ed under the name of Burchenschaft. sia, to which he was attached; the They took the sacrament, engaging eldest, who was aid-de-camp to a Rus- faithfully to persevere. After this, sian general, fell in the campaign associations with the general Bure against Napoleon.

chenschaft were organised in almost all Though no trace of accomplices in the German universities. Even Leip this crime are found in Jena, it can- sig did not remain free from them; not be denied that it is the result of a the tumult in Gottingen, in the sumspirit of extravagant enthusiasm which mer of 1818, was connected with has seized many German youths in them. Kotzebue, who at this time our universities. The evil is deeply lived in Weimar, and as a diplomatic rooted, and began with the arming acknowledged agent of the Emperor of many

hundred young men in the Alexander, whose counsellor of state German schools and universities, in he was, sent to St Petersburgh half 1813 and 1814. Then was formed a yearly reports on the state of German spirit of independence, incompatible literature, and at the same time pubwith the sedate life of a student, and lished at Weimar a weekly literary a dangerous tendency to take part in journal, declared himself decidedly, politics. The Tugenbund, (Union of both in his reports to the Emperor Virtue,) formed with a noble design and in his Journal, against this poliin the Prussian States, had many tical tendency of the young German members, who, after the war was end- students. One of his bulletins to the ed, became indeed students again, but Emperor was treacherously obtained, could not forget the military life. and printed at Jena. Henceforth Soon the heads of associations, who Kotzebue was looked on as å reneall considered themselves as the re- gade, and a traitor 'to the German storers of German liberty, formed cause ; the hot-headed young men connexions with each other in most of not considering that 'he, as having the German universiti The tour- been for some years in the service of neyings, or gymnastic exercises, which the Emperor, and landholder in Libegan with a Professor Jahn at Ber- vonia, had ceased to be a German cilin, and soon spread, not only through tizen, and had taken upon him duties all the Pruseian schools and universi- towards the Emperor of Russia. Proties, but over all Germany, were every fessor Oken at Jena, editor of a litera:

« ZurückWeiter »