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In taking their seats in the Chamber,
these newly created nobles took an effective FRANCE.-We noticed in our last, that mode of asserting their quality with the noble a proposition had been made in the French families of the old regime. They published, Chamber of Peers, for making an altera- from some old records, an account of the tion in the election law. This proposition origin of what are considered the most diswas adopted by the Peers by a majority of tinguished families of France. The found43; but was, on the 230 March, rejected ers of these appear to have been quite as in the Chamber of Deputies, by a majority humble as the nobles of the Revolution, of 56, there being 94 votes for, and 130 àwith, for the most part, very different tagainst it.
lents. One of the journals has been perIn the mean time, the agitation of this mitted to give a long extract from this cumeasure excited an universal sensition rious table of genealogies. throughout France, and not a little interest By this measure, the King of France has in the other countries of Europe. The shown his determination to be guided in election law, as it stands at present, favours his government by constitutional and mothe revolutionary interest in France. The derate councils. The country can never electors are the landholders, who, having again be brought under a monarchical go. acquired their properties in consequence of vernment, such as existed previous to the the changes produced by the Revolution, Revolution ; and he has, therefore, wisely naturally return to the Chamber of Depu- determined to rule it as a revolutionary ties men whom they know to be firmly at- king, and chooses rather to commit himtached to all that the Revolution has esta self to those who have formerly been his blished. The Royalists, aware of this, wish- opponents, but whom he hopes to secure ed to introduce such a modification of the by favour and indulgence, than rush into law as might procure them an ascendancy civil confusion to gratify his too zealous in the legislative councils of the nation ; friends. and the proposition was easily carried in Another measure is at present under the Chamber of Peers, which is composed consideration, which shows the disposition chiefly of the nobles of tlie old regime. Up- of the government to conciliate the people. on the decision of the Peers on this subject, Three projects of a law, relative to the li. the anxiety of the people of France was ex berty of the press, have been communitreme, and, previous to its discussion in cated to the Chamber of Deputies by the the Chamber of Deputies, no less than 900 ministers; and, should they meet the appetitions were presented against it from all probation of the Legislature, the press will parts of the country. The French minis- undoubtedly obtain a considerable share of try, deterinined to oppose the measure, as freedom ; since, by the proposed law, the dangerous to the established order of things, previous censorship will be removed, and advised the King to create such an addi. the offences charged against writers will be tional number of Peers as should give them determined by a jury. a majority in that House ; and, according An exposition of the expences for the ly, on the 5th March, a royal ordinance current year mukes thein amount to nearappeared, calling 67 individuals to the dig ly the sum of L. 237,000,000 sterling. nity of pecrage, among whom were many This is a greater sum than was required who slocd conspicuous in the history of the for the preceding year, and the members Revolution as opponents of the Bourbons, appear to have espressed considerable disas will be seen by the following list, show- satisfaction when it was announced. To ing the political character of the new appease them, the minister, now that the Peers :
army of occupation was withdrawn, held Marshals of Bonaparte....
6 out the prospect of a progressive diminu. Víembers of the House of Peers of the
tion in the amount of the public burdens. 100 days........
Regnault de St Jcan d'Angely, who had Members of the House of Representa
been permitted to return to Paris, was, it tives of the 100 days.....
appears, so overpowered by his emotions, Ministers of Bonaparte.
on returning to his family, that his frame, Lieutenant-Generals-of Bonaparte ......15 debilitated by previous illness, was unable Chamberlains of Bonaparte
to bear the shock, and he expired on the Apothecaries
2 very night of his return. Unknown Peers......
6 GERMANY. The celebrated German I writer, M. Augustus de Kotzebue, wass
sassinated, in his own house at Manheim, but differently from him ; to express opi. on the 230 March, by a young, student nions which happened to be displeasing to named Sand, a native of Wunsiedel, in this fanatic. The most frightful of terrors Saxony, who immediately after stabbed is a man abandoned to the fanaticism of himself, and was expected to die shortly of his opinions.”
his wounds. A private letter from Man. The French papers, commenting on the · heim gives the following account of this excess to which fanaticism, political as well
horrid transaction, the authenticity of as religious, may be carried, state, that the which, it is said, may be depended upon. assassin of Kotzebue had been excited to The students of Erlangen had a meeting, this crime by the furious declamations of on the 18th of March, at a house of re the German levellers, who could not forCreation out of the city, where they delibe- give to M. Kotzebue the talent with which rated, with closed doors, on the fate to he defended the social institutions of the which M. de Kotzebue ought to be consign- European monarchies. The fact is, that ed, for having attacked the freedom which the German youth are in a state of great reigns in the universities, and combated excitement, and it is reasonable to expect the new doctrines which, since the affairs some results at no very distant time, of a of Wartbourg and Gottingen, have made more serious nature than can be produce such great progress among the German by the insane perturbations of a single youth. The decision was, that he should mind. There seems at present to be a die ; and the meeting immediately pro- strong 'feeling of animosity among the ceeded to determine by lot on whom the young men against the Russians, and task of executing the sentence should fall. Kotzebue's connection with the Emperor Young Sand was the individual to whom Alexander is well known. this atrocious destiny was reserved. * He SWITZERLAND.On the 4th of March set out from Erlangen on the 21st of March, a dreadful conflagration nearly destroyed arrived at Manheim on the 23d, at seven the large village of Azmoos, district of in the morning; took a bath, breakfasted Sargans, canton of St Gall. Nearly the at the Table d'Hote, visited the church whole population of this village and of the and public promenades, and at four o'clock neighbouring communes were at work at called at M. Kotzebue's house. The valet the dykes on the banks of the Rhine; and, told him his master could not be seen. before any help arrived, 113 houses were “ Inform him,” said Sand, “ that a Depu- consumed by the flames, and 313 indivi. ty from the Muses of Erlangen is come to duals, forming 78 families, were reduced visit him.” M. de Kotzebue begged him to the most afflicting misery, by the loss of to wait, and gave orders to serve him with their live stock, furniture, and provisions coffee, &c. and sent him a pipe filled with The church and 25 habitations escaped this Virginia tobacco. Kotzebue, when only disaster, which has been alleviated in some half dressed, caused this pretended Deputy measure by prompt relief from the governof the Muses to be introduced, went to meet ment of St Gall. In 1716, this village es ħim at the door, received him with distinc perienced a similar fate. tion, took from him a paper which he pre NETHERLANDS.--Intelligence from this sented to him, and, whilst he was perusing quarter states, that the Concordat, so long it, fell, pierced with a stiletto. The billet negociating with the Holy See, has been contained the following sentence : “ Sen- concluded ; that, in consequence, several tence of death pronounced on the 18th of bishoprics are about to be established in March, by the University of Erlangen, and different parts of the Netherlands; and that carried into execution on the 23d Marchthe dispute has been arranged with the by the present bearer.” Sand having seen Prince de Broglio, late Bishop of Ghent. his victim fall, went tranquilly out of the Precisely at this particular time, however, house, and scarcely was he in the street, it appears that the bishop's pamphlet in when he stopped, and, lifting up his hands defence of himself has been seized by an to heaven, exclaimed several times, “ Opus order from the Judge of Instruction. It is consummatum est !" and plunged the poig. added, that the bishop had agreed to resign nard twice in his own breast. There was his see, and accept a pension for life infound upon'a large blue ribbon this device, stead of it. “ VITA ET MORS."
The Gazette of Carlsruhe, speaking of this distressing event, remarks : “ Liberty,
ASIA. liberal ideas, and morality, formed the de East INDIES.--Accounts from Ceylon, vice of the assassin ; and he has poignard. by way of America, communicate the in. ed a man because he dared think freely, telligence that the two principal rebel lead.
ers in that island have been taken prisoners Other communications from Gernany by the British troops, which event was concontradict this story, and assert that the as- sidered as the death-blow of the rebellion. sassination, in its conception and execution, They were surprised by a detachment of was the individual act of the maniac Sand. the 83d regimeut, under Lieut. W.O'Neill,
on the 26th of October last, after a fa and in the power of the conquerots.” The tiguing march or' 16 miles. Two inferior report afterwards proceeds to expose the chiefs, who were with them, escaped at the false grounds on which General Jackson time, but were expected to be quickly rests his defence, and its reasonings appear made prisoners, if they did not surrender. to be strong and conclusive. · When this Part of the troops sent from Madras to report, however, comes to be considered, it Ceylon returned to Madras in November, is probable it will share the same fate as
that of the committee of representatives ;
for, although the impartial few may conAFRICA. Letters of the 23d ult. from Gibraltar state
demn, it is clear that the General has a strong that the plague on the coast of Africa, in party among his own countrymen. His
success in the battle of New Orleans, which stead of diminishing with the cold weather,
was the chief action in which the Ameriwas increasing to an alarning extent. The only information with regard to the ra.
can troops were engaged with the British vages committed by it was brought to the during the last war, has made him a sort
of national hero. In this character the British fortress by the vessel appointed by people are proud of hiin; and, however the governor to sail at stated periods, as
criminal his conduct has been, their clano private trading ships were allowed to have any communication with the Barbary antly through. As a prelude to this, we
mour, no doubt, will bear him triumphcoast. According to the latest advices, 100
find him entertained with feastings and or 200 persons died daily of the disease.
shows at New York, and different places
through which he has passed ; and it is AMERICA.
said that he is about to resign his military UNITED STATES.The New York pa for a civil appointment, namely, that of pers of the 28th February communicate Governor of the Floridas, the scene of his the intelligence of the cession of the Flo- recent iniquities. ridas by Spain to the United States. The SPANISH AMERICA.-Letters have been treaty by which this transaction is carried received from Buenos Ayres, dated 2d Jainto effect was laid before the Senate by nuary, which state, that an express from the President on the 22d ult. The con. Chili had brought the news of the arrival troversy between Spain and the United of Lord Cochrane on 4th December at Val. States on this subject is in this manner set- paraiso. His Lordship was received in a tled. The Floridas, according to the said manner the most enthusiastic and flatter. treaty, become the property of the United ing; and, as Admiral, was immediately to States, in consideration, as is expressed, of take the command of the Chili squadron, a sum of money to be paid, not to the Spa- consisting of one seventy gun ship and two nish Government, but to American citizens, fifties, with a proportionate number of friwho have put forth claims against that go- gates, brigs, &c., in all amounting to thirveroment for alleged spoliations on their teen sail, besides gun-boats. This naval property. The sum to be thus paid by the force was destined to escort and co-operate republic to its own citizens is 5,000,000 of with the expedition which General Sah dollars.
Martin is to command in an attack on The resolutions of the committee on mi. Peru, for which every preparation had been litary affairs, disapproving of the proceed- made. It was expected the Viceroy would ings in the case of Arbuthnot and Ambrister, make his final stand within the walls of have been negatived in the House of Re: Lima, a city built of light wooden and presentatives by a majority of 108 to 62; mud houses, in consequence of the frewhile a report to the Senate on the same quency of earthquakes; and for the object subject reprobates the execution of these in view a large quantity of Congreve's individuals in the strongest terms, as con
rockets had been procured, together with trary to every principle of civilized warfare; men dexterous and experienced in their and it farther observes, that the tendency management. of General Jackson's measure was “ to in. THE BRAZILS.Intelligence has reach. Folve the nation in a war without her con ed Lisbon from this country to the end of sent, and for reasons of his (General JackJanuary, which confirms unequivocally, son's) own, unconnected with his military that the King of Portugal continues his functions." In another passage, it is ob Court there, not from his own wish, but served of the individuals thus cruelly put because his presence is absolutely necessary to death, that, “ as prisoners of war, they to prevent revolution, although every place Were entitled to claim from the American has a tranquil appearance. A number of Government that protection which the most persons arrested and contined under the acsavage of our foes have uniformly expe- cusation of having been concerned in the rienced, when disarmed, and in our power. late conspiracy to overturn the government Humanity shudders at the idea of a cool. had made their escape. blooded execution of prisoners disarmed,
HOUSE OF LORDS.
26th, by Lord DARNLEY, for the proChimney Sreeepers' Bill.—On the 15th duction of papers shewing the aettial conMarch, the bill for preventing the employ- dition of our navy, was productire of a ment of children in the sweeping of chim. most satisfactory statement from the Noble neys was again thrown out by the Peers, Lord who presides over the naval departon a division of 37 to 20. The bill was
Lord MELVILLE affirmed, that opposed chiefly by the Earl of LAUDER never before, durirg a period of general DALE, who, in the course of his speech, peace, was the navy equal in power and related the following anecdotes :- The efficiency tv what it was at present. Con. merits of the present bill might, perhaps, sidered with regard to the character of the be illustrated by a story which he would ships, the fact was indisputable, and with take the liberty of telling their Lordships, respect to the number of men, they now though he was himself the subject of it. amounted to 20,000, whereas, in fornier The physician who had attended him in times of peace, they did not exceed 16,000. his late illness had prescribed large doses This statement was received with loud of calomel, so much, indeed, that he thought cheers from all sides of the House. Lord it necessary to ask him the reason of such LIVERPOOL observed, also, that he felt prescriptions. “O! (said the physician,) eqr pride and pleasure in declaring, that, I can casily prove to you the advan- with reference to the number of ships emtage of my practice. The calomel is like ployed, our navy was never before in so the climbing boys, it finds its way into
efficient a condition. He added, that the every corner and cranny of the frame, and country was vastly indebted to his Noble sweeps every deleterious particle clean out;
Friend, Lord Melville, and the Board at whereas the other sort of medicines re
which he presided, for the numerous imsemble the machines, and do the business provements they had introduced, and the very imperfectly. They do not follow all general zcal they had manifested in watchangles and turnings, but pass over many ing over this branch of the public service. important parts untouched, and leave heaps
Windsor Establishment. A short but of matter, which afterwards kindle into
animated debate afterwards took place upon mischief.” (Loud laughter.) If this story
the second reading of the Windsor Estahad any effect in explaining the policy of blishment Bill. Earl Grey objected to the measure, he might relate another, the grant of L. 10,000 a year to the Duke which perhaps would serve to render its of York, upon grounds similar to those humanity more intelligible. In some parts urged on the discussion of the bill in the of Ireland it had been the practice, instead
House of Commons; but in the sequel, of employing climbing boys, to tie a rope
the second reading was carried without a round the neck of a goose, and thus draig division. The bill was read a third time, the bird up the chimney, which was clean
and passed on the 31st, without calling ed by the fluttering of its wings. This
forth a single remark.-Earl GROSVENOR, practice so much interested the feclings of who was actually in his place, but abstractmany persons, that, for the sake of protect- ell in thought, afterwards rose in order to ing the goose, they seemed ready to give deliver his sentiments on the bill; when up all humanity towards other animals. the noble Earl was informed, that it A man in a country village having one
had just been read a third time, and pasday, according to the old custom, availed sed, without his perceiving it. This cirhimself of the aid of a goose, was accused
cumstance caused a laugh at the noble by his neighbour of inhumanity. In an. swer to the remonstrances of his accuser, he observed that he must have his chim
HOUSE OF COMMONS. ney swept. “ Yes, (replied the humane Thanks to the Indian Army. On the friend of the goose,) to be sure you must 4th March, Mr Canying brought forward sweep your chimney ; but you cruel baist a motion for a vote of thanks to the Mar. you, why don't you take two ducks, they quis of Hastings, and the officers and men will do the job as well ?"— Laughing.) employed in the late war in India. The The zealots for this bill had, in their blind speech with which the Right Honourable eagerness to relieve a partial suffering, as Gentleman introduced his motion was completely forgotten the general interest of justly characterized by the opposite side of society, as had the poor Irishman disre- the House, as “ eloquent and luminous." garded the ducks in his anxiety to save It took a rapid but distinct view of the the geese. -Mr Bennet has obtained leave origin, progress, and termination of the in the Commons to bring in another bill campaign, and apportioned, with discrimion this subject.
nating force, the praise which belonged to The Navy. „A motion, made on the the most distinguished individuals for their