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bodies; and the apparent motions of geographical scholars will find in a the sun and stars suggest some natu- great measure new to them, while it ral inquiries, which draw forth an ex is conveyed in a manner so clear, simplanation of the cause of these ap- ple, and methodical, that the youngest pearances. The regular revolutions pupil will be at no loss to comprehend of these heavenly bodies“ serye for it. We have no doubt of the success signs and for seasons, and for days of the plan, if generally adopted ; and and for years.” It becomes necessary, we trust the intelligent author will be therefore, to make the pupil acquaint- induced to complete the benefit which ed with time and its divisions,--the he has conferred on both the learners mode of ascertaining time by the ap- and teachers of this attractive science, pearance of the sun and stars on the by publishing a second book, for the meridian,-and the principles on which use of more advanced students. clocks and chronometers are constructed. As the sun appears to rise at various points of the compass at various
1. Poems and Songs, by the late
RICHARD Gall, with a Memoir seasons, this leads to an explanation of the earth's annual revolution in its
of the Author. Edinburgh, 1819. orbit round the sun.
2. The Lonely Hearth, and other The natural in
Poems. By WILLIAM Knox. . quiry, how we are not sensible of the
North Shields, 1818. motion of the earth while revolving so rapidly round its axis and in its orbit, 3. Odes and other Poems. By Johs leads to an explanation of linear mea
Gibson. Edinburgh, 1818. sures, and of some curious facts con We have brought these three small cerning gravitation and projectile force. volumes together into one article, be
The planets, which, like the earth, cause they appear to possess some revolve round the sun, and compose points of similarity, where our obserthe solar system, next demand atten- yations on one will apply with little tion. Of these the most remarkable variation to the others, and because, to us is the moon, whose phases and from the pressure of other inaterials, motions, therefore, require particular we can afford them but a very limite explanation. The theory of attrac- ed share of our attention. tion and gravitation must be partly We cannot forbear, however, to understood, to enable the pupil to welcome with much cordiality the comprehend how the heavenly bodies pleasing addition that has just been are kept in regular motion, and how made to the treasures of Scottish Poewe are enabled to walk upon the earth. try and Song in the collected reinains He is now ready to understand the of Richard Gall. This ingenious and use of the artificial globe, the cause of amiable young man, who, in the humthe succession of day and night, and ble station of a journeyman printer, of the varieties of season. Some facts became the friend and correspondent relative to light and heat are then ex of Burns, of Macneill, and of Dr A. plained to him. Climate, the various Murray, was cut off at the early age phenomena which the globe presents of 24, before his genius had reached on its surface or in its interior,-the its maturity, or his experience had atmosphere and its phenomena,--the supplied the deficiencies of an imperproperties of the magnet, and its uti- fect education. Vestiges of immature lity in navigation,-and the diversi- taste and want of finish are conseties of the human species in colour, quently apparent in many of the pieces form, and language, successively en now published ;-and a few of them, gage the pupil's attention ;-after where broad humour is attempted, which he is to be made acquainted (such, for example, as « The Tint with the great divisions of the earth, Quey,") appear to us total failures, and the different kingdoms and states which might have been with advanwhich they contain.
tage altogether omitted. But the From this short and imperfect ana- valuable part of the volume makes full lysis of the plan of this little work, amends for any disappointment that our readers may easily judge how su- may be experienced from these less perior it is to that of the usual school successful efforts. The poem, enbooks of geography. It contains a titled “ Arthur Seat," displays in store of physical knowledge, which many passages the fervid feeling and many who consider themseles as good buoyant fancy of a true poet; and of
the Songs it is far higher praise than tation he will certainly not be disapany criticism of ourscan bestow, tomen- pointed. His effusions are charaction, that some of them have been coni terized throughout by a spirit of gemonly mistaken for genuine effusions nuine tenderness, which, in spite of of Burns, and that others have long many great and glaring faults, can ago obtained in Scotland that extensive scarcely fail to gain upon the reader's and settled popularity which forms affections. The great blemishes, on the surest test of the author's adhe- the other hand, of this author's prorence to truth and nature. We sub- ductions, are mannerism and monojoin a single specimen, which, not- tony. He seems to have been bewithstanding some inequality in the trayed by an excessive admiration first stanza, may serve to convince our of the Lake Poets into the adopreaders, that the author may safely be tion of that sing-song strain of proranked as no unworthy compeer of sing morality, babyism, and sickly Macneill and Tannahill.
sentiment, which, like the yerdant
moss that sometimes overruns a seclud“Thy cheek is o' the rose's hue,
ed orchard, is not a sign of exuberance My only jo an' dearie, 0); Thy neck is like the siller dew,
but of weakness,-a fatal disease, which, L'pon the banks sae briery, 0;
if not speedily extirpated from our poThy teeth are o' the ivory,
etry, will finally bury both fruit and O, sweet's the twinkle o' thine ee ! foliage under a blank and barren waste Nae joy, nae pleasure, blinks on me, of unprofitable verbiage. Of this style My only jo an' dearie, 0.
the present volume affords too many The birdie sings upon the thorn
specimens. Yet it must also be ada Its sang o' joy fu' cheerie, 0,
mitted, that our author exhibits some Rejoicing in the simmer morn,
of the peculiar beauties as well as bleNae care to make it eerie, 0;
mishes of his favourite models. Like But little kens the sangster sweet,
them he possesses a genuine love of Ought o' the care I ha'e to meet,
Nature, and power of simple pathos, That gars my restless bosom beat, My only jo an' dearie, 0.
--without any obnoxious admixture Whan we were bairnies on yon brae,
of that mysticism which often so sad.. An' youth was blinking bonny, 0,
ly alloys the fine gold of their poetry. Aft we wad daff the lee-lang day,
The following short passages, taken Our joys fu' sweet an' mony, 0);
almost at random, afford a fair specie Aft I wad chase thee o'er the lea,
men of Mr Knox's general style: An'round about the thorny tree; Or pu' the wild flowers a' for thee,
“ 'Tis eve—the stars are in the sky--the
flowers My only jo an' dearie, 0. I ha'e a wish I canna tine,
Fold up their dewy fringes--the slow rooks,
Still as the motion of a cloud, return 'Mang a'the cares that grieve me, 0; A wish that thou wert ever mine,
Home to the peaceful forest—the small bird An' never mair to leave me, 0;
Is on the wing for its connubial nest Then I wad dawż thee night an' day,
The labourer leaves the fields, and though
borne down Nor ither warldly care wad ha'e, Till life's warm stream forgat to play,
With age and toil, wends merrily along
His homeward path-way-the delighted My only jo an' dearie, 0."
youth The same tender simplicity charac- Steals from the pastime of his brother terizes all his lyrical effusions, though
youths, all of them are certainly not equal to To meet the favourite maiden who awaits this. The collection is printed in a
His happy coming,” &c. commodious and elegant form, and
I lift my tearful
to heavenand, lo, accompanied by a well written and The moon and her one star,--the beau
teous star interesting memoir of the author.
That cheers the lover's heart, and oft hatla Mr Knox's volunie is introduced by
cheered a short preface, in which the author, The heart of him whonow, on fancy's wing, wbile he acknowledges that his pro- Revisits once again the flowery mead, ductions are deficient“ in that splen- The crystal fountain, the o'ershadowing dour of diction and variety of incident thorn, which tend to give popularity to works And other objects of endearing power of the present day,” modestly avows
That are entwined with every sympathy a hope, “ that a few natural hearts of this unhappy breast,” &c. will find in them something like the This, we think, flows very sweetly. language of feeling.” In this expec« But there are also in the volume
several pieces of a more animated do- life than for sporting with the visionscription, which, though often imper- ary forms and bold personifications of fectly finished, afford sufficient proof the Pindarie ode. The following lines that the author may, if he choose, are in the author's favourite style: reach something much finer than he « Four hungry crows arise from a rock, has yet attained or rightly attempted. With rap and with croak, with flap and We can only afford room for a few with croak, detached stanzas from a poem, entitled For they are allured by a noble scent; $« The Daughter,”-a 'tale of sin and Their rapid course through the air is bent sorrow, such as has often before Most straight to the site of the pillag'a afforded a theme for poetry, though, They have ended their course, they have perhaps, not often treated with more
lighted down.feeling and effect.
Four beaks haye div'd in four green yel. * • And many a weary weary night
low eyes, My eyes I could not close,
And four empty sockets mine eye espies. But trembled till the morning light Each picks a breast, and it picks, I weợn, Chased off the phantoms of affright Till four black wither'd hearts are seen ; That in my anguish rose ;
Each prks a face," &c. &c.
What follows is too absurd to be quotą And woke me with a scream ;
ed. The author, in short, mistaking Till days of want, and nights of dread, coarseness for energy, and abruptness Made me I knew not what I did,
for freedom, has distigured a volume And life, to my bewildered head,
of some merit with numerous speci. Seemed even itself a dream.
mens of bad taste, vulgarity, and ba,
thos. But, while we are constrained * 6 0 'twas a lovely summer's night, to state this in salutary warning, we The starry skies were clear,
feel sincere pleasure in saying, that The waning moon shone cold and bright,
there are also in the volume things of And gilded, with her yellow light,
better omen, and that it occasionalThe stream that murmured near; The blooming hawthorn waved its head,
ly exhibits scattered gems of such And glow-worms on a Rowery bed
brilliancy, as to indicate a Beneath their vigils kept;
richer vein of poetry than the auAnd sweetly sung the nightingale, thor has yet displayed in any sustainAnd sweetly rung the answering vale ed or continuous effort. And then my heart began to fail,
In concluding this hasty notice, we And down 1 sate and wept.'
would earnestly recommend to these 666 Now, strangers, now I needs must wave two youthful candidates for poetic The sequel I could tell,
honours to cultivate their taste, by It makes me mad, it makes me rave, following safer models than Collins or And I must hide it in my grave
Wordsworth, -and, above all, assidus When they shall ring my knell. ously to study distinctness of thought, O God! I hear the infant's wail
and simplicity and condensation of That turned a trembling mother pale
expression, before they again venture Whom never husband blessed ;
before the public. In the meanwhile, And now I see the funeral meet,
we cordially recommend these unpre. And bear that child of shame, though sweet, To where the boys with wantun feet
tending volumes to our readers,—not, Dance on its tender breast,' &c. indeed, as fruit of mellow maturi: Of Mr Gibson's volume we can on
ty, but as possessing, on the whole, ly say a few words, and these in no
a degree of raciness that affords a unqualified strain of commendation, pleasing promise of better things
hereafter. It is evidently the ambition of this writer to tread in the arduous path of Collins and of Campbell ; and it is an Memorialls ; or, the Memorable ambition not less noble than bold, had
Things that fell out within this Isa he been properly prepared to follow
land of Brittain from 1638 to 1684. up the high attempt. But it appears By the Reverend Mr ROBERT Law. to us that he has utterly mistaken Edited from the MS. by CHARLES his own talents,—which, if we may KIRKPATRICK SHARPE, Esq. Ejudge from the present specimen, lie dinburgh, 1818. more in the line of Crabbe than of Collins,--and seem much better adapt
This, we think, is a very curious ed for depicting the gross realities of and faithful record of the opinions at
the middling classes at least, of the persecuted hiinself in 1662 for refuspeople of Scotland, in the 17th cen- ing to submit to the ecclesiastical intury, regarding the agency of spirits, novations of Charles II., he seems to good and bad, in the common affairs have rea lily availed himself of the Inof life ; and we are therefore grateful dulgence that was afterwards granted, to the editor for having transferred it The MS. from which the Memorialls from the shelves of the Advocates' have been printed is not in the hand, Library, to a handsome quarto, pos- writi: g of the author, as the editor sessing all the necessary recommenda- informs us, but “ transcribed with tions of fine paper, broad margins, extreme inaccuracy by some blunderand elegant typography. It has come ing amanuensis, it has been corrected out a little too late, indeed, to be of by Wodrow himself, and forms a part much utility, and would have been of the voluminous collections of MSS. more generally acceptable, perhaps, if made by that reverend minister as it had appeared among Wodrow's in- materials for his account of the suftended “ History or Collection of Au- ferings of the Scottish Church,” and thentic Narratives respecting the ap- for another work which we have als paritions and witchcraft of his native ready mentioned. country,” before the middle of last These Memorialls, which extend century. It is even possible that over 46 years of civil and religious some fastidious persons may declare, struggles, the most important in our with a sneer, that it should never history, embrace a great variety of tohave appeared at all, and that, to rake pics, no otherwise connected than by up the foolish notions and misguided their dates, and are interesting, not only actions of our ancestors, is only to ex as a register of facts and events, but as pose onr country to the reproach of exhibiting a picture of the author's superstition and barbarism from our mind, and probably also the sentimore refined neighbours. But there ments of the venerable body to which were just as credulous people south of he belonged. The artlessness and the Tweed 150 years ago; and the simplicity of his reflections,—even his disciples of Joanna Southcote, and a credulity, we should think,--and cercrowd of other impostors and fana- tainly his constant reference of every ties, prove that the race is not extinct thing that was new or strange to su, there even in our days. As to those pernatural agency, while they may cui bono people again who would keep attract the lovers of light reading, us for ever chained to the oar of ac must reward those more serious per tual existence, or those profound sons who wish to look into the human dealers in cant and mysticism who breast, as it is here offered to their prescribe rules for the same purpose, view, unveiled and unadorned. We namely, to regard nothing but how to cannot pretend to give them even a be rich, we can only say that there is general idea of the contents of the no disputing about tastes; and that, book, but we shall transcribe one or for our own part, we look upon a good two passages as a specimen of the style story of ghosts and witches, and other and manner of the author; and of his diablerie, as no bad resource from the sentiments respecting the active maleeraui with which their speculations volence of Satan. It is a fortunate bave often oppressedl us.
circumstance, by the by, that this last Of Mr Robert Law, the author of personage, in all our narratives of this work, very little seems to be witchery, as well as in Mr Law's, has known. He was minister of the pa- been content to deal in small matters, rish of East Kilpatrick during the and with people of the least influence Usurpation, and notwithstanding the in society, if he had got possession of vicissitudes of the times, from which the rulers of church and state in these he did not altogether escape, he ap- sad times, there is no saying what pears to have held the same charge in mischief he might have done. 1674, and perhaps till his death, It is, we believe, at least within which is supposed to have happened these 40 years, it was a common opia soon after the Revolution. He was a nion among the lower classes of the much less rigid person than many of rural inhabitants of Scotland, that the his brethren, of whom he does not devil personally assisted in cases of hesitate to speak in terms of the suicide. A poor old woman, while strongest disapprobation; and though we were at school in a small town),
hung herself in a rope of many pieces in the house of Major-General Montgo. and different materials knotted to- merie fold Eggletoun's son) at Irvine, gether, and when she was found, there being some things of silver work though quite dead, the devil was obé stolen in that house from his lady, there served by more than one credible wit- is a servant woman of their own they ness still watching the body, to be blame for them; the lass being innocent, sure that life was extinguished. It raise the devil, she should know who took
takes it ill, and tells them, if she should was strongly suspected, too, that he these things that were missed, which they must have had a hand in the manu- let pass lightly as a rash word; but she facture of the rope.
The truth of this being resoluté, was as good as her word, is fully confirmed a priori by similar and on a day goes down to a laich cellar, occurrences in the seventeenth centu- takes the Bible with her, and draws a cir ry, reported by Mr Law. Another cle about her, and turns a ridle on end prevalent opinion is, that Providence twice from south to north, or from the often interposes to inflict signal and right to the left hand, having in her hand speedy punishment on the perpetra- nine feathers, which she pulled out of the tors of atrocious crimes, particularly tail of a black cock, and having read the blasphemy and perjury. The popu- ward chap. 9. ver. 19. of the Book of the
5lst (Psalın?) forward, she reads back. lar notion regarding suicide may be Revelation ; he appears in a seaman's harmless, if not rather useful in de- clothing, with a blew cape, and asks her terring from its commission, as this what she would ; she puts one question to also might be if it were confined to him, and he answers it; and she casts the crime of murder and a few others. three of the feathers at him, charging him But what shall we think of the know- to his place again, then he disappears at ledge of the age, when a well educat- this time. He seemed to her to rise out of ed clergyman believed that the laws the earth to the midle body. She reads of nature were interrupted to punish again the same verse backward the second the unmeaning ebullitions of intoxi- time, and he appears the second time rising eation ?
out of the ground with one leg above the
ground ; she asks a second question, and “ Some years before this,'}(1676,) says she casts other three feathers at him, chargLaw, “ there were three gentlemen drinking him to his place; he again disappears ing and carrousing, and as the abominable
She reads again the third time the same custome of the tymes is, they were drink.
verse backward, and he appears the third ing healthe to make their drink goe away time, with his whole body above ground, with, and having drunk so many healths, (the last two times in the shape of a black not knowing whose health next to drink, grim man in black cloathing, and the last one of them drinks the devill's health, and time with a long tail ;) she asks a third the rest pledges him. Their cursed names
question at him, and casts the last three are the Earle of Kellie, the Lord Kerr, and feathers at him, charging him to his place, David Sandilans, Abercrumbie's brother, and he disappears. The major-general and with other two. Sandilans that same night his lady being above stairs, though not going down the stairs, fell and brake his knowing what was a-working, were sore neck; Kellie and Kerr, within a few days afraid, and could give no reason of it; the both of them sickened of a great fever and dogs in the city making a hideous barking died; the fourth also dyed shortly ; and round about. "This done, the woman in a the fifth being under some remorse, lived gast, and pale as death, comes and tells some time."
her lady who had stollen her things she If any one should venture to doubt missed, and that they were in such a chest that the howling of dogs betokens in her house, belonging to some of the death, or that dumb people are en- servants, which being searched, was found dowed with supernatural knowledge, accordingly.” he will find'in these Memorialls proofs This extraordinary perforinance is sufficient to remove the most obdurate enriched by a great number of cases scepticism. It is well known, too, of a similar description, supplied by that there are charms of such sove the learning and industry of the Edireign power, that the devil himself tor, both in the form of notes, and in may be called up by them at pleasure, a very amusing Prefatory Notice of and even compelled to tell the truth, no less than 114 pages. Taking the it would appear. There may be va book altogether, nothing so good of rious ways of operating in this case, the kind has appeared since the time but those who know no better may of Glanville. As its motto bears, try the following process.
it is quite a treasure of “ elrische ou About the same time, February 1682, fantasyis."