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of youthful fancy, and an amiable and prospect of an alliance, (the sequel of uncorrupted heart. *
which he probably did not live to James had six daughters, who were hear,) that he becomes quite enthuall honourably married, as the mar- siastic, and forgets the reverence due riages of Princesses are commonly es to the scripture, which he is so fond timated ; " the first, (says Hollin- of quoting : “ Hic non qualiscunque shed,) named Margaret, to the Dol- vir, sed CHRISTANISSIMI Regis Pria phin of France: the second, Eleanor, MOGENITUS, qui ad hoc, ut creditur, et [Elisabeth or Isabella, j to the Duke scriptum est, natus est homo princeps of Britaine: the third, to the Lord of fratrum, firmamentum gentis, et poTreveer in Zealand : the fourth, puli stabilimentum: de quo dicta do(Eleonora, ] to the Duke of Austrich: mina, quanquam infans et juvencula, the fift, [Annabella, ] to the Earle of admiran-lo dicere potest : Unde hoc Huntlie: and the sixt, to the Earle of mihi, ut veniat Regnum Franciæ ad Morton.” Most of these matches, me?” Lib. xvi. c. xi. however splendid, seem to have been Of
poor MARGARET we have learnt unfortunate :- but this subject is in little more, than that she was very much abler hands, and, it is to be unhappy, very ill-used, and died of a hoped, will soon be illustrated, so far broken heart about her twentieth as it now admits of illustration. year; which may be easily accounted
Of the Lady Margaret, Grafton, for, without supposing any demerit on with the patriotic spleen which was her part; as the treachery, violence, natural enough in his day, says, she low profligacy, and " base conditions' "was of such nasty complexion, and of her reprobate husband, Louis the evil savoured breath, that he (the Eleventh, are well known. Dolphin) abhorred her company, as Of ELISABETH or ISABELLA, † who a cleane creature doth a caryon; was married to the Duke of Britanny, whereupon she conceyved such an in- (ther Comte de Montfort, and a wiwarde griefe, that within short time dower,) all that we know is, that she after she ended her dayes." John inherited at least the personal attracMajor calls her, with much more pro- tions of her father and mother. On bability, virginem formosam et the return of the ambassadors whom honestam ;" + and the continuator of the old Duke had sent into Scotland, Fordun is so transported with the to treat of the alliance, he asked them,
“ de ce qu'ils pensoient de cette prin• The same fatality attended her that cesse; ils lui répondirent, qu'elle seems to have attended most of our Queen estoit assez belle, qu'elle avoit le corps Dowagers ; and her second marriage with droit et bien formé, et paroissoit proJames Stuart, “ the Black Knight of
a avoir des enfans ; mais que du Lorn,” has generally been spoken of with reste, elle parloit peu, ce qui sembloit an uncharitable harshness, which we can partir, moins de discretion, que
d'une more easily account for than excuse ; as grande simplicité. Sur quoi le Duc ance of merit, not of ambition. The little repondit : Chers amis, je vous prie, that we know of him,-his marriage, the retournez en Escosse, et me l'anenez; nature of his offence, his exile, and death, elle est telle que je la desire. Ces (See Leslie, Lib. viii.) are all greatly in his grandes subtilitez en une femme nuifavour ; and let it ever be remembered, to sent plus qu'elles ne servent ; je n'en his eternal honour and hers, that she, (“ SO veux point d'autre.-Par Saint Nicovery womanly !") who had received two las ! j'estime une femme assez sage, wounds in attempting to save her first huse band from his butcherly assassins, died of gricf for the loss of her second. The Prin. • The insinuations thrown out to justi. CESSES, Eleonora and Elizabeth, were still fy the brutalities of her husband, were in Flanders, on their way to Paris, in 1446, such as might have been expected from when they received the melancholy tidings the wretches of both sexes whom Louis that their mother and sister (the Dauphin- commonly kept about him. ess) were both dead of broken hearts; the t Few names have undergone greater one, from having been married to a good changes than that of Elisabeth. The gentleman, and the other to a bad prince. French, characteristically enough, con
+ The long residence of Major, who was verted Elisa-betha into Etisa-bella, which a Doctor of the Sorbonne, in Paris, gave they afterwards shortened into ..isa-bella ; bim every opportunity of information, and and we have Lizzie, Isie, Betsie, Bettie, his honest simplicity is sufficient warrant Bett, Bess, and Bessie, with Isobel, Isbely for his veracity.
Bella, Bell, Ibbie, Tib, Tibs, and Tibbie.
quand elle sait mettre difference entre first page of the first leaf, prefaced by la chemise et le pourpoint de son muri. the following notice: The illustri-Il ne vécut pas assez pour voir par ous and high-born lady, the Lady lui-mesine si le portrait qu'on lui a Heleonora, of Scotland born Queen, voit fait de la Princesse d'Escosse ese Archduchess of Austria, made this toit fidelle.” Hist. de Bretagne, par laudable translation from the French Lobineau, Tom. I. p. 618 and 621.) into German, for the love and con
ANNABELLA, whatever she was tentment of her Spouse, the Lord in other respects, at least Sigmund, Archduke of Austria."unfortunate in her marriage, al. (See Panzer's Annalen, I. 313, and though without any stain upon her Bibl. Panzer. P. I. n. 1120.) The good name; but a more happy fate third edition, in folio, is dated' Strasseems to have attended the Princess burz, 1539, and the fourth, also folio, ELEONORA ; and it is with pecu- 1548. It appeared afterwards in liar pride and pleasure that we Das Buch der Liebe,” (the Book of learn, that the daughter of such a Love,) Fol. Frankfurt, 1687; and in king, (who seems to have anticipated 1809 was inserted by Buesching and and identified in himself the perfec- Von der Hagen in the first volume of tions of a better age, which is, per “ the Book of Love," printed at Berhaps, yet to come) enjoyed in an lin, which now lies before us. It has eminent degree the talents and ami- been very extensively read in Gerable qualities of her father, and was many, and always was, and is, admiras great an ornament to society and ed, as an elegant specimen of classical good letters in Germany, as he had German of its day. been in Britain.
To be able to translate with eles In 1418 she was married to Sieg, gance and purity from one FOREIGN mund, Archduke of Austria, and language into another, is no vulgar acKing of the Romans, who was born in complishment in any age ; and such a 1427, and reigned till 1496. Her task, executed in such a manner, by a husband, who had been well instruct- lady, in the middle of the fifteenth ed in his youth, cultivated the arts of century, may well be regarded as a peace, and was an encourager of learn- proof of talent and refinement every ing, science, and virtue ; and she has way worthy of the daughter of the left behind her ample testimony of Author and Subject of the “ King's the singular good fortune he enjoyed, Quair.” No part of its popularity in being united to a princess whose seems to have been owing to court inage, taste, and acquirements, so well fluence, or respect for its illustrious oaccorded with his own. She trans- rigin ; nor did it stand in need of such lated from French into German the patronage, being itself one of the most beautiful Romance, entituled, “ The beautiful, rich, and interesting tales of Ilistory of the Knight Pontus, son of the kind that we have met with, -a the King of Gallicia, and the beauti- perfect Mirror of Knightly Virtues, inful Sidonia, Queen of Brittany.” Of tended, (as it professes to have been,) this translation, the authenticity of and well calculated, for the instrucwhich is unquestionable, there is still tion of youth in whatever is noble, ge
extant in Gothæ a folio MS. of 100 nerous, courtecus, just, humane, and - leaves, distinctly written upon paper, praise-worthy. A MS. copy of the and in good preservation. It was first French original is preserved in the printed at Augsburg, by Hans Schen- University Library of Goettingen; but sperger, in 1498, in folio, with wood- the Princess has introduced many pasen cuts, and at Strasburg by Martin sages of her own, particularly such as Flach, in 1509, in 4to, with a wooden were dedicated to the honour of the cut before each chapter. In this se Archduke of Austria, and the King of cond edition, the story begins on the Scotland.
• The Archduchess died on the 20th of November 1488.
Pontus and Sidonia gave rise to the + This transcript was made by Nicolas metrical legend of THEUERDANK, which Iluber, a Presbyter of the diocese of Brix the Emperor Maximilian has been accused en, in 1464, sixteen years before the death of being the author of; and which is cerof Eleonora ; and may, therefore, be regard- tainly the dullest and most tedious and ed as the best authority for the purity and tasteless allegory that ever was printed in integrity of the text.
black letter, in folio, with block prints.
mould and vigorous idea of the sware
thy general. Our great dramatist has seldom been Though we are far from thinking more successful in the developement that actors, in general, afford the best of the more secret and refined work- elucidation of Shakespeare, and though ings of human nature, than in pour- we are very loath to have our own traying the character, and pursuing conceptions of his characters distorted the fortunes and passions of the Moor and destroyed by the raving absurdiof Venice. On other occasions he ties of every buskined fool that ata may have lavished more profusely tempts to personate them; et we around him the treasures of an exube- find that Kean is so interwoven or rant fancy, he may have decorated his rather identified with our conceptions theme with more of the marvellous, of Othello, that we should find it vain and conjured into light more of the to attempt a separation. He has disunseen world: but never has he lodged all other pretensions, and has plunged deeper into the human mind, taken full and entire possession of it never has he explored with more pe- for himself. All other acting of the netrating scrutiny its lurking mo- part is mere mimicry. He is Othello tives, or more distinctly revealed its himself. We mean, therefore, to follatent principles. These seem to have low his guidance in contemplating the been his objects, and these he has at- character. And though by thus astained; and he who looks for other sociating the actor with the poet, our beauties, and will not be content with- paper may become a very unreadable out a superabundance of common- article to those who have not actually place ornaments, deserves his disap- seen the character moulded into sympointment in not understanding the metry, and animated into life, by scope and spirit of this fine drama. Kean himself, we flatter curselves that
But the genius which is displayed it will at least serve to recall to the in the original invention of Othello, remembrance of those who have some we own, is, in our minds, greatly en- of those powerful strokes which rehanced by the successful efforts of a quire only to be hinted at to start up living genius. We know not a more in the mind with all their original inunequivocal proof of Mr Kean's great terest and vividness. And though this talents, than his deep and delicate is, no doubt, the severest test of the fiperception of this part; his fine evo- delity and consistency of acting, yet lution of its most recondite sentiments, we think Mr Kean can stand it. and its most exquisite and evanescent The discourse of his subalterns, touches, as well as the character of whether mixed with fear or imbittertruth and unity with which he per- ed with hate, prepares us to expect in vades the whole: and we confess our Othello a character highly energeselves not less indebted to him for im- tic, prompt in decision, somewhat pressing us with a vigorous and con- haughty and steru; and when the sistent idea of Othello's character, dusky personage actually appears, we than for those deeply-marked absorb- find all our conceptions realized and ing pictures of passion with which he embodied in the firm, awe-inspiring occasionally astonishes and overpowers composure of his presence. His bearus. He comes so fully possessed of the ing is entirely characteristic, and all conception of the character, that the the language he employs seems just words which Shakespeare has left on the spontaneous emanation of such a record for his use, seem but the dim mind. He has come abroad with contraces of that crowd of thoughts that fidence to meet his pursuers, and the is labouring within. You cannot by first utterance we hear from him is a any effort conceive them to have been laconic sentence in the tone ot' authopreviously prepared ; so much do they rity, to repress the officiousness of seem the spontaneous and inevitable lago, who regrets he had allowed the overflowings of a mind wrapt up in its old blood-hound to escape. own deep sufferings. The fire and ener
Oth. 'Tis better as it is. gy of his personal character have a fine vehicle for their exhibition in the cha When the exasperated father of his racter and fortunes of the Moor; and Desdemona comes raging upon liim, his person, though perhaps not quite le lisays a polite anxiety to treat portly enough, is not far from the the worthy Signior with due rever
ence and kindness, but at the same forth with a rapidity that almost time the spirit of the soldier issues chokes his utterance. in that voice of calm, commanding self
I do beseech you, possession; and his defenceless arm Send for the lady to the Sagittary, rises with an air of supreme contempt And let her speak of me before her father. among the menacing weapons that are
And when permission is given, his glittering around him.
eager spirit seems to burst away in a Keep up your bright swords, for the dew glance to the Sagittary, and throw itwill rust them.
self with perfect confidence on the The sarcastic power of this line, in honour of the lady. This happy the mouth of Mr Kean, is indescrib- stroke is due rather to the actor than able. It is one of those happy, but to the poet. evanescent triumphs of acting, which Ancient, conduct them, you best know the can never be conveyed on paper, ex, place. piring with the voice which breathed it into being. It is an intonation im- That one glance, and the sudden ferplying supreme despight for the un
vour of those tones, more powerfully
reveal their mutual attachment and warlike effeminacy of his assailants, superciliously condescending to take confidence, than a thousand gentle concern in the lustre of their holi- have done. All this is quite natural,
looks and sickening embraces could day blades. Yet he approaches Brabantio with the most conciliatory re
and is crowned by the manly and yet
delicate tenderness of mien and eye spect.
with which he welcomes his fair adGood Signior, you shall more command
vocate. Than with your weapons.
llere comes the lady, let her witness it. And though the enraged father pours
The same "noble loving disposia torrent of abuse upon him, bis un- tion” is brought out, when, as he bears moved, commanding air, so stuns and off his well-earned prize with the apparalyses the wondering train of vassals, proval of all, bis father-in-law goads that we catch an instantaneous respect him with an insidious caution at partfor a character of so much energy. ing. Kean realizes before our eyes the Brab. Look to her, Moor, have a quick august conception of a man who can
eye to see, smile internally at this puny tumult, She has deceived her father, and may thee. at the passions which rave and gnash A smile of delighted confidence, in impotence around him, held in check so easily by his high character. mingled with scorn at the base idea o Nor do we dreain it could possibly faithful, plays about his lips.
his gentle Desdemona proving un. be otherwise than that they should fall back as they do, trembling and
Oth. My life upon her faith. abashed, when the haughty veteran The commanding dignity, the contemptuously cries out
prompt decision, the energy of the Were it my cue to fight, I should have general's character, are again strikknown it
ingly displayed in the night-brawl, Without a prompter.
when suddenly appearing, he interHe obeys the summons of the Duke poses his arm among the bacchanalian with alacrity, and appears in the se- combatants, and bids them “hold for nate upon the business of the state ; their lives.” And the fire, which had and when Brabantio furiously accuses hitherto only added a graceful glow him of having beguiled away his to his actions, soon kindles into fury, daughter by sorcery, he promptly when passion breaks in upon the someets the charge, and conducts his ber sway of reason. It is, indeed, in exculpation in a plain, direct, and the whirlwind of passion that Kean confident manner. His eye is light- is supreme. He warms more and ed up with vexation and contempt by more into the spirit of the character. the cool question of the senator, whe Oth. ther he had used indirect courses to My blood begins my safer guides to rule ;
Now, by heaven, “ subdue and poison the young maid's Add passion, having my best judgment affections, and his ardour breaks collied,
Assays to lead the way; if I once stir, and more dispassionately, before he alOr do but lift this arm, the best of you lows even his thoughts to criminate Shall sink in my rebuke.
the woman he loved. Quite in unison with this temper is Not now, sweet Desdemona, some other his immediate dismissal, half in anger,
time. half in regret, of his offending lieu- Her pressing urgency doubles his tenant.
confusion and distress. Oth. Cassio, I love thee,
Desd. But shalt be shortly? But never more be officer of mine.
Shalt be to-night at supper? When he turns his looks upon Cas- The poison works; he seems sickensio, his anger almost relents into af- ed into stupefaction. fection, but in an instant his firm Oth. No, not to-night. sense of duty freezes that affection in- But the emotions that are boiling at to the coldness of rebuke and judicial his heart almost suffocate his utterdecision.
ance. He wraps himself upin thought, We come at length to that and the stream of feeling pours from portentous scene in which the first his rigid and slow-moving features. dawnings of jealousy throw their The exigency of the moment distracts baleful light upon the mind of the and oppresses him. He endeavours to Moor. • He is not easily jealous." relieve himself by grasping at all evaAnd here the acuteness and sound sions, and the few words that escape judgment of our actor more particular- from his lips afford but a distant ly displays itself. He does not break glimpse of that gulf of emotion that is out all at once into the madness of the raging within. The unsuspecting passion, nor foolishly attempt to give Desdemona doubles her urgency, and from the outset a violent personifica- the spell of Iago is too successful. tion of extreme jealousy. He has
Desd. Why then, to-morrow night op magnanimity enough to disappoint
Tuesday morn; the fool who should expect so unsea- Or Tuesday noon, or night; or Wednessonable an exhibition, and seems even day morn : to avoid the distraction that is in trea- I pry'thee name the time, but let it not sure for him, and waits, as any man Exceed three days :-In faith he's peni. in real life would do, till many suspicions have thickened into con- One touch more, and his governed viction. The suspicious circum- soul gives way. stances in which he finds his wife,
Desd. What, Michael Cassio, that came when, upon his appearance, Cassio, as
a wooing with you? if conscience-struck, suddenly breaks away from a close intercourse with He falls at once into Iago's snare, her, throws him into disorder, but the miserable victim of jealousy. not into the ravings of agony. His Every word he hears drops fiercer looks indicate that his mind has been fire upon his heart. The torture is tainted with suspicion, and when the extreme, and artful lago whispers in his ear,
Pry'thee no moreHa! I like not that, you see him astonished, and eager to bursts from him as if without his will : learn the meaning of the insinuation, and now quite unmanned and over
whelmed, he unconsciously raises his What dost thou say ?
look-a look of tond and farewell reHe is disconcerted at the very idea gret on the fair traitor, whom, though of Desdemona's unfaithfulness; and he strives to hate, he yet loves most when she comes to him in confiding ardently :-and then at once, with simplicity to press her suit for the the quickness of thought, when his poor lieutenant, confused and vexed tortured soul meets that
open, at the unlucky and suspicicus coinci- reposing confidence, he is melted dences, he does not trust bimself to into unexpected joy and tenderness. glance his eye of distrust upon her, His features had exhibited the most but looks like one desirous to retire heart-rending picture of mental agony and ponder,-to compare what he has His mouth had assumed the mould ot' heard with what he has seen, and to a tormented spirit vomiting forth its ' weigh circumstances more at leisure torture, and gasping in vain for one