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of December. They were then sent to FRANCE.-On the 28th January the prison, and put to the torture, and on the project of a law for deckaring the responsi- following morning brought into the Sulbility of ministers, and for fixing the man tan's presence, and beheaded. Their boner in which that responsibility shall be dies were afterwards exposed for three made effectual, was submitted to the Cham- days, and finally delivered up to be torn ber of Deputies by M. de Serre. This in pieces by the populace. Such horrors plan, say the private letters, appears to have are scarcely to be conceived, but in a gained the present Cabinet the highest fa- country which is inaccessible to the protour with their countrymen.
gress of civilization. The rise in the French funds, since the change of ministry, has been remarkable;
ASIA. they are now quoted at 71 francs 70 cents. Advices have been received from Cey. It is asserted, however, in many of the lon, by the way of Madras, communicatprivate letters, that this rise is the effect of ing the intelligence of the capture of the management on the part of Baron Louis, Malabar Chief, pretender to the Crown of the new minister of finance, in order to Candy, who is supposed to have been the conceal the really low state of public credit. chief cause of the insurrection which has so He has for this purpose, it is said, employ- long prevailed in that island. Together ed extensively in buying stock the funds with him was made prisoner his Prime destined to different branches of the public Minister, Kappitipola. service; that thus the government has become both seller and buyer, and that every
AMERICA. shilling which it was possible to obtain has UNITED STATES.—The most importbeen drawn from the Receiver-Gencral, and ant intelligence received from this quarappropriated to the execution of this notable ter, is to be found in the documents laid operation of state policy. Private letters before Congress, relating to the trial and also speak with exultation of fresh sacrifices execution of two British subjects, Alexanwhich the King has recently made to pub- der Arbuthnot, and Robert C. Ambrister, lie opinion, by replacing many of the offi- under the direction of General Jackson. cers of the old army on the General Staff. These gentlemen were residing among the
SWEDEN AND NORWAY. - Accounts Creek Indians, and, on the invasion of from these countries state a fact almost, if these nations by the Americans, were made not entirely, unexampled. Down to the prisoners. Arbuthnot was a mercantile beginning of the last month, there had man, and Ambrister, formerly an officer of been no signs of winter ; no cold, snow, or the British colonial marines, had become ice, but mild spring weather, such as is a member of the Indian society, acquired usually experienced in the month of May. property among them, and, when they were Primroses were in bloom, and gooseberry invaded, went out with them in defence of trees green at Christmas under the 59th his adopted country, his property, and degree of north latitude. In England, the his life. The charges brought against Arseason has been remarkably favourable; buthnot, before à court-martial, were for and we have hailed it as a blessing ; whilst stirring up the Creek Indians to war ain these northern countries, the mildness of gainst the United States, and for acting as the weather is complained of as interrupt. a spy, and aiding, abetting, and comforting the common course of business. In ing the enemy, by supplying them with the Sweden, the iron cannot be conveyed to the means of war. The charge of being a spy forges, and in Russia, the want of snow was abandoned by the Court, but of the retards the carriage of merchandise from others he was found guilty, and sentenced the interior of the empire to the capital. to be hanged, which sentence was carried
TURKEY.-The long war carried on by into execution on the morning after the the Turks against the rebellious Wecha trial, that of the 29th April 1818. bites, was terminated recently by the cap It appeared by the evidence, that Mr ture of Abdallah, their chief, and his Imaun; Arbuthnot was a man of virtue and humaand accounts from Constantinople, of the nity. . Connected with the Indians by trade, 24th Decembar, inform us, that these im. and residing among them, he took a deep portant prisoners had been brought to that interest in their fate, and felt for them à tapital in chains, and led through the rcal regard. He wished to preserve them streets in barbarous triumph on the 16th from destruction; he exhorted them to
peace and amity with one another ;-he remarks: “ In every criminal process there wrote in behalf of them to General are, we conceive, three essential points, Mitchell, the American Indian Agent, and which, if they are neglected, it is clear that he applied to our Ambassador in America, the accused has no security for his life, and and to Governor Cameron, Colonel Nicholl, that he holds it merely during the Judge's &c. claiming their interposition in behalf pleasure. These are, 1st, That he should of the Indians. There is evidence that he be tried by sonre known rule of law. 2d, wished to preserve the Indians from de- That the breaking of this law should be struction, but not the smallest that he in- brought home to him in distinct and specistigated them to active hostilities against fic acts. And, 3d, That the evidence the Americans. One person, indeed, is brought forward should have a direct relabrought to prove the allegations against tion to these specific acts, and should not him, trom a letter said to have been writ at the same time be of such a nature as enten by him (Mr A.) to an Indian chief; tirely to exclude credibility. In the case but the witness could not swear that the we are now considering, all those sacred letter was addressed to the Indian chief, rules have been grossly violated.” nor was a copy of it produced, but simply The opinion and feelings on this case on the evidence of this person, who stated its the other side of the Atlantic appear, from contents from memory. One Hambly, the following remarks of the editor of a who appears to have been a personal ene Baltimore paper, to be no less strong. Afmy of Arbuthnot, was allowed to state in ter commending the military talents of Geevidence, that a certain Indian chief in- neral Jackson, he observes, “ We are senformed him that he was instigated to war sibly pained that he should do any thing by Arbuthnot. This evidence was ob- to tarnish the glory he has so nobly earnjected to by a member of the Court, on the ed. We should be among the last to reground, that the Indian, if present, could probate his conduct in any case, if duty did not, by their laws, be admitted a witness ; not require it; but we cannot, and will and that, therefore, his evidence was still not, draw a veil over the arbitrary exermore objectionable upon the hearsay testi- cising power of a villain. This we must mony of another. This was, however, call him." overruled by the Court. With respect to It appears, from the answer of Lord supplying the Indians with munitions of Liverpool to some question that was put war, it was proved that Arbuthnot, in the in the House of Lords on this subject, prosecution of his commercial pursuits, that the whole transactions took place with had sold ten kegs of gunpowder ; but the out the knowledge of the American governtrade with the Indians is almost confined ment, and it is not likely we should imato the supplying them with this article, for ginc that they will attempt to defend them. the purpose of hunting.
EMIGRANTS TO AMERICA.--A bill Ambrister was also charged with aiding, was brought into the House of Represen. abetting, and comforting the enemy, sup- tatives on the 10th December, the observaplying them with the means of war, and tions on which afford a melancholy picture with leading and commanding the Lower of the sufferings of the emigrants from Creeks in carrying on war against the Unit- Europe in their passage to the United ed States. To the second part of the States. They are not exceeded by the pricharge the prisoner pleaded guilty, with vations of the blacks in the Middle Pasjustification, having acted on the defensive sage, nor attended with less mortality. Of in saving his property trom danger. The 5000 who sailed from Antwerp, &c. in Court found him guilty, and in the first the year 1817, 1000 died on the passage. instance, condemned hiin to death ; but this in one instance, a captain sailed from a sentence they reconsidered, and their final Dutch port with 1287 passengers in a and official judgment was, that he should be single ship; he shortly after put into the whipped, and confined with a chain for 12 Texel; in the interval 400 had died, and months. General Jackson, however, dis- 300 more died before the vessel reached approved of this latter sentence, and ac- Philadelphia. A bill has accordingly been tually ordered the iniserable man to be shot, brought into the House of Representatives which was accordingly carried into instant to restrict the number of passengers to two execution. Upon tis point at least, there for every five tons burden. can be but one sentiment.
WEST INDIES.-Jamaica papers of the These transactions seem to have excited 28th November contain some distressing only one general feeling of indignation and accounts of the ravages committed by a horror both in this country and in Ameri- hurricane. The plantain walks in many
In an able review of the trial in the districts had been nearly all destroyed, Caledonian Mercury of the 17th January, and great loss sustained upon the cofthe editor, after observing on the manner fee trees, which, in many instances, were of preferring the charges, and the nature of nearly stripped of their fruit and leaves. the evidence brought in support of them, The canes, particularly the young plants, makes the following judicious and pointed had suffered very matcrially, and some
properties had their buildings, negro- entirely lost. At Savanna-la-Mar, the houses, &c. &c. entirely destroyed, or con wharf was entirely swept away, stores were siderably injured. The places where the unroofed, trees and fences torn up by the storm appears to have raged with the most roots, and the whole country looked as if a destructive violence, were Black River, Sa- fire hed gone over it. The hurricane is dovanna-la-Mar, Montego Bay, and Port scribed as having been more severe than Maria. Many vessels were driven on shore, any that had occurred in that island since and otherwise much damaged. Some were the year 1780.
The new Parliament was opened on servation of the peace and tranquillity of Thursday, the 14th January, by royal Europe. The Prince Regent has comcommission, Sir Richard Richards, Chief manded us farther to acquaint you, that a Baron of the Exchequer, presiding on the treaty has been concluded between his woolsack, to which he had been appointed, Royal Highness and the Government of by letters patent of the Prince Regent, the the United States of America, for the reLord Chancellor being confined by a tit of newal, for a further term of years, of the tåle gout. The same day the Commons commercial convention now subsisting beproceeded to the election of a Speaker, tween the two nations, and for the ami. when Mr Manners Sutton, Speaker of the cable adjustment of several points of mu. House during the latter period of the old ' tual importance to the interests of both Parliament, was unanimously rechosen to countries; and, as soon as the ratificaa that dignified office.
tions shall have been exchanged, his Royal During the period between the 14th and Highness will give directions that a copy 21st, both Houses were occupied in swear of these treaties shall be laid before you. ing in the members, as they took their “ Gentlemen of the House of Commons, seats; and, on the latter day, the Sessions - The Prince Regert has directed that the of Parliament commenced, by the follow- estimates for the current year shall be laid ing speech from the throne, delivered, in before you.--His Royal Highness feels as- , Dame of the Prince Regent, by the Lord' sured, that you will learn with satisfaction Chancellor :
the extent of reduction which the present My Lords and Gentlemen,-We are situation of Europe, and the circumstances commanded by his Royal Highness the of the British empire, have enabled his Prince Regent to express to you the deep Royal Highness to effect in the naval and regret which he feels in the continuance of military establishments of the country. his Majesty's lamented indisposition. In - His Royal Highness has also the gratiannouncing to you the severe calamity fication of announcing to you a considerwith which it has pleased Divine Providence able and progressive improvement of the to visit the Prince Regent, the royal fami revenue in its most important branches. ly, and the nation, by the death of her Ma " My Lords and Gentlemen,--The jesty the Queen of the United Kingdom, his Prince Regent has directed to be laid beRoyal Highness has commanded us to di- fore you such papers as are necessary to rect your attention to he consideration of shew the origin and result of the war in the such measures as this melancholy event has East Indies. His Royal Highness comrendered necessary and expedient with re mands us to inform you, that the operaspect to the care of his Majesty's sacred tions undertaken by the Governor-General person.-- We are directed to inform yon, in Council against the Pindarries, were that the negociations which have taken dictated hy the strictest principles of selfplace at Aix-la-Chapelle have led to the defence; and that, in the extended hostilievacuation of the French territory by the ties which followed upon those operations, allied armies.--The Prince Regent has the Mahrattah Princes were in every ingiven orders that the convention concluded stance the aggressors. Under the provident for this purpose, as well as the other do- and skilful superintendence of the Marcuments connected with this arrangement, quis of Hastings, the campaign was markshall be laid before you ; and he is per. ed in every point hy brilliant achievements suaded, that you will view, with peculiar and successes; and his Majesty's forces, satisfaction, the intimate union which so and those of the East India Company, (nahappily subsists amongst the powers who tive as well as European,) rivalled each were parties to these transactions, and the other in sustaining the reputation of the unvaried disposition which has been mani. British arms.–The Prince Regent has the fested in all their proceedings for the pre- greatest pleasure in being able to inform
you, that the trade, commerce, and manu- consequence of some communication made factures of the country are in a most flou- to Government by a committee of Bank Di. rishing condition,—the favourable change rectors, they now intended previously to which has so rapidly taken place in the in- propose that a secret committee shall be ap. ternal circumstances of the united king- pointed to inquire into the affairs of the dom, affords the strongest proof of the soli- Bank, with reference to the expediency of dity of its resources. To cultivate and im- the intended continuation of the restricprove the advantages of our present situa- tion. This subject accordingly came to tion, will be the object of your delibera. be discussed in both Houses on the 2d tions; and his Royal Highness has com- instant. In the House of Lords, the Earl manded us to assure you of his disposition of Liverpool's motion for a secret commit. to concur and co-operate in whatever may tee was acceded to without any debate. In be best calculated to secure to his Majes- the House of Commons, Mí TIERNEY, ty's subjects the full benefits of that state after taking a review of the subject, in a of peace, which, by the blessings of Provi. speech of some length, concluded by mov. dence, has been so happily re-established ing,—“That a committee be appointed to throughout Europe.”
inquire into the effects produced on the exThe address, in answer to the speech, changes in foreign countries, and the state was moved in the House of Peers by the of the circulating medium, by the restricEarl of Warwick, and seconded by Lord tion on cash payments; and to report wheSaltoun. In the House of Commons, it ther any and what reasons exist for contiwas moved by Mr Brownlow, and seconded nuing it beyond the period now fixed by by Mr W. Peel. In both Houses the ad- law for its termination.” This motion was dress was carried without opposition. met by an amendment of the CHANCEL-.
In the House of Lords, on the 25th, a LOR of the ExchEQUER, limiting the inbill was brought in for the safe custody of quiry to the present state of the Bank with his Majesty's person ; which was read a reference to the expediency of the rethird time, and sent to the Commons on the sumption of cash payments, at the period 29th. By this bill, rendered necessary by fixed by law, and into other matters con. the death of the Queen, the care of his Ma- nected with it. After a discussion of conjesty's person, and the charge of the Windsiderable length, involving, however, no sor establislıment, are vested in his Royal new views of this frequently debated quesHighness the Duke of York; the Council tion, a division took place, when the origi. remaining as before, -- only the blank oc- nal motion was lost by a majority of 109; casioned by the death of Lord Ellenborough the numbers being 277 to 168. The to be filled up.
amendment was then carried without a diCORN J.aws.-In the House of Com- vision, and it was decided that the commitmons, on the 22d, Sir GERARD Noel pre- tee should be secret, and formed by ballot. sented one of an intended series of petitions The following members were appointed on from the country, on the subject of the corn the subsequent evening to form the comlaws, the object of which was to obtain an mittee, viz. Lord Castlereagh, the Chan. increase in the importation price: and, in cellor of the Exchequer, Mt Tierney, Mr answer to a question by the honourable Canning, Mr W. Pole, Mr Lamb, Mr F. member, Mr F. ROBINSON stated, that Robinson, Mr Grenfell, Mr Abercromby, his Majesty's Ministers were “ decidedly Mr Banks, Sir J. Mackintosh, Mr Huskisof opinion, not only that it would be un son, Mr Peel, Mr Lyttleton, Mr Wilson, advisable to agitate such a question, but Mr F. Lewis, ir J. Newport, Mr S. Wortin case of any substantive proposition be- ley, Mr Ashurst, Sir J. Nichol, and Me ing brought forward, would meet it with Manning. Of these, 13 voted with Mitheir most determined resistance. They nisters on the division, and the remaining looked upon the last measure as one of eight with the opposition. The following sound legislative policy, and that had pro. Peers compose the committee appointed in duced all the benefits which were expected the upper House, viz.— The Earl of Har. to be derived from it to the agricultural rowby, the Duke of Wellington, the Mar. interests of the country. But they would quis of Lansdowne, the Duke of Montrose, consider it to be the height of imprudence, Earl Bathurst, Earl of Liverpool, Earl of amounting almost to insanity, to introduce Aberdeen, Earl of St Gern.ains, Lord Redany new measure ; or to revive discussions desdale, Lord Grenville, Lord King, Earl which could have no other effect than that of Lauderdale, and Viscount Granville. of exciting differences and animosities from With regard to the crime of forging one end of the kingdom to the other.” Bank potes, an assurance is held out that
BANK RESTRICTION.-Mr TIERNEY it will shortly be one of more rare occur. having given notice of a motion on this rence ; the Directors of the Bank of Engsubject, Ministers stated it to be their in- land having availed themselves of one of tertion to propose a continuance of the re- the many ingenious plans submitted to striction act till the 20th March 1820; them for rendering the forgery of their but they subsequently gave notice, that in notes a matter of some difficulty.