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c. 53.

c. 19.

book or

15 G. III. VI. “ And whereas in and by an Act of Parliament

made in the eighth year of the reign of her late Majesty 8 Anne,

Queen Anne, intituled An Act for the Encouragement of
Learning by vesting the Copies of printed Books in the
Authors or Purchasers of such Copies during the times
therein mentioned, it is enacted, That nine copies of each

books
upon
the best

paper

that from and after the tenth day of April one thousand seven hundred and ten should be printed and published as therein mentioned, or reprinted and published with additions, shall by the printer or printers thereof be delivered to the warehouse-keeper of the said Company of Stationers for the time being at the hall of the said Company before such publication made, for the use of the royal library the libraries of the universities of Oxford and Cambridge the libraries of the four universities in Scotland the library of Sion College in London and the library commonly called The Library belonging to the Faculty of Advocates in Edinburgh respectively; which such warehouse-keeper was thereby required within ten days after demand by the keepers of the respective libraries, or any person or persons by them or any of them authorized to demand the said copy, to deliver the same for the use of the aforesaid libraries; and if any proprietor bookseller or printer or the said warehouse-keeper of the said Company of Stationers should not observe the direction of the said Act therein, that then he and they so making default in not delivering the said printed copies as aforesaid should forfeit as therein mentioned : And whereas the said provision has not proved effectual but the same hath been eluded by the entry only of the title to a single volume or

of some part of such book or books so printed and pubNo person

lished or reprinted and republished as aforesaid;" Be it subject to enacted by the authority aforesaid, That no person or penalties in the said act persons whatsoever shall be subject to the penalties in the title to the said Act mentioned for or by reason of the printing or copy of the reprinting importing or exposing to sale any book or entered, &c. books without the consent mentioned in the said Act,

unless the title to the copy of the whole of such book and every volume thereof be entered in manner directed by 15 G. III. the said Act in the register book of the Company of Sta. c. 53. tioners, and unless nine such copies of the whole of such book or books and every volume thereof printed and published or reprinted or republished as therein mentioned shall be actually delivered to the warehouse-keeper of the said Company as therein directed for the several uses of the several libraries in the said Act mentioned.

VII. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- Limitation said, That if any action or suit shall be commenced or of actions. brought against any person or persons whatsoever for doing or causing to be done any thing in pursuance of this Act, the defendants in such action may plead the general General issue and give the special matter in evidence ; and if issue. upon such action a verdict, or if the same shall be brought in the Court of Session in Scotland a judgment be given for the defendant, or the plaintiff become nonsuited and discontinue his action, then the defendant shall have and recover his full costs, for which he shall have the same remedy as a defendant in any case by law hath.

VIII. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- Public act. said, That this Act shall be adjudged deemed and taken to be a public Act; and shall be judicially taken notice of as such by all judges justices and other persons whatsoever without specially pleading the same.

8 Geo. II.

17 George III. c. 57. - An Act for more effectually

securing the Property of Prints to Inventors and Engravers, by enabling them to sue for and re

cover Penalties in certain Cases. 17G. III. “Whereas an Act of Parliament passed in the eighth c. 57.

year of the reign of his late Majesty King George the

Second, intituled An Act for the Encouragement of the 7 Geo. III. Arts of Designing, Engraving, and Etching Historical

and other Prints, by vesting the Properties thereof in the Inventors and Engravers during the time therein mentioned : And whereas by an Act of Parliament passed in the seventh year of the reign of his present Majesty, for amending and rendering more effectual the aforesaid Act, and for other purposes therein mentioned, it was (among other things) enacted, That from and after the first day of January one thousand seven hundred and sixty-seven all and every person or persons who should engrave etch or work in mezzotinto or chiaro oscuro, or cause to be engraved etched or worked any print taken from any picture drawing model or sculpture either ancient or modern, should have and were thereby declared to have the benefit and protection of the said former Act and that Act for the term therein-after mentioned, in like manner as if such print had been graved or drawn from the original design of such graver etcher or draughtsman: And whereas the said acts have not effectually answered the purposes for which they were intended, and it is necessary for the encouragement of artists and for securing to them the property of and in their works and for the advancement and improvement of the aforesaid arts that such further pro

visions should be made as are herein-after mentioned and If any en- contained ;” May it therefore please your Majesty that it

may

be enacted; and be it enacted by the King's most grave, &c. excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of without the the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Commons in this the proprie- present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the tor, he shall be liable to damages and double costs.

graver, &c.

shall en

c. 57.

same, That from and after the twenty-fourth day of June 17 G. III. one thousand seven hundred and seventy-seven if any engraver etcher printseller or other person shall within the time limited by the aforesaid Acts, or either of them, engrave etch or work or cause or procure to be engraved etched or worked in mezzotinto or chiaro oscuro, or otherwise or in any other manner copy in the whole or in part by varying adding to or diminishing from the main design, or shall print reprint or import for sale or cause or procure to be printed reprinted or imported for sale, or shall publish sell or otherwise dispose of or cause or procure to be published sold or otherwise disposed of any copy or copies of any historical print or prints or any print or prints of any portrait conversation landscape or architecture map chart or plan, or any other print or prints whatsoever which hath or have been or shall be engraved etched drawn or designed in any part of Great Britain without the express consent of the proprietor or proprietors thereof first had and obtained in writing signed by him or her or them respectively with his her or their own hand or hands in the presence of and attested by two or more credible witnesses, then every such proprietor or proprietors shall and may, by and in a special action upon the case to be brought against the person or persons so offending recover such damages as a jury on the trial of such action or on the execution of a writ of inquiry thereon shall give or assess together with double costs of suit.

с

38 George III. c. 71. - An Act for encouraging the

Art of making new Models and Casts of Busts, and other things therein mentioned. - (21st June

1798.] 38 G.III. “WHEREAS divers persons have by their own genius c. 71. industry pains and expence improved and brought the art

of making new models and casts of busts and of statues of luman figures and of animals to great perfection, in hopes to have reaped the sole benefit of their labours; but divers persons have (without the consent of the proprietors thereof) copied and made moulds from the said models and casts and sold base copies and casts of such new models and casts to the great prejudice and detriment of the original proprietors and to the discouragement of the art of making such new models and casts as aforesaid : " For remedy whereof and for preventing such practices for the future, may it please your Majesty that it may be enacted; and be it enacted by the King's most excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Commons in this

present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the The sole same, That from and after the passing of this Act every right and property of person who shall make or cause to be made any new making mo- model or copy or cast made from such new model of any dels or casts shall be bust or any part of the human figure or any statue of the vested in the original

human figure or the head of any animal or any part of any proprietor' animal or the statue of any animal; or shall make or cause for 14 years. to be made any new model copy or cast from such new

model in alto or basso relievo or any work in which the representation of any human figure or figures or the representation of any animal or animals shall be introduced, or shall make or cause to be made any new cast from nature of any part or parts of the human figure or of any part or parts of any animal, shall have the sole right and property in every such new model copy or cast, and also in every such new model copy or cast in alto or basso relievo or any work as aforesaid, and also in every such

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