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VIII. And be it further enacted by the authority afore- 7 G. III. said, That if any action or suit shall be commenced or c. 38. brought against any person or persons whatsoever for doi ing or causing to be done any thing in pursuance of this of actions. Act, the same shall be brought within the space of six calendar months after the fact committed ; and the defendant or defendants in any of such action or suit shall or may plead the general issue and give the special mat- General ter in evidence; and if upon such action or suit a verdict shall be given for the defendant or defendants, or if the plaintiff or plaintiffs become non-suited or discontinue his her or their action or actions, then the defendant or defendants shall have and recover full costs; for the re- Full costs. covery whereof he shall have the same remedy as any other defendant or defendants in any other case hath or have by law.

mitation

Issue

15 George III. c. 53. — An Act for enabling the

two Universities in England, the four Universities in Scotland, and the several Colleges of Eton, Westminster, and Winchester, to hold in perpetuity their Copyright in Books, given or bequeathed to the said Universities and Colleges for the Advancement of useful Learning and other purposes of Education : and for amending so much of an Act of the Eighth Year of the Reign of Queen Anne, as relates to the Delivery of Books to the Warehouse-keeper of the Stationers' Company, for the Use of the several Libraries therein men

tioned. 15G. III. “WHEREAS authors have heretofore bequeathed or given c. 53. and may hereafter bequeath or give the copies of books

composed by them to or in trust for one of the two universities in that part of Great Britain called England, or to or in trust for some of the colleges or houses of learning within the same, or to or in trust for the four universities in Scotland, or to or in trust for the several colleges of Eton Westminster and Winchester, and in and by their several wills or other instruments of donation have directed or may direct that the profits arising from the printing and reprinting such books shall be applied or appropriated as a fund for the advancement of learning and other beneficial purposes of education within the said universities and colleges aforesaid : And whereas such useful purposes will frequently be frustrated unless the sole printing and reprinting of such books, the copies of which have been or shall be so bequeathed or given as aforesaid, be preserved and secured to the said universities colleges and houses of learning respectively in perpetuity :" May it therefore please your Majesty that it may be enacted; and be it enacted by the King's most excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Commons in this pre

have for

sent Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the 15 G. III. same, That the said universities and colleges respectively C. 53. shall at their respective presses have for ever the sole lib- un erty of printing and reprinting all such books as shall at ties, &c. to any time hereafter have been or (having not been hereto- ever the fore published or assigned) shall at any time hereafter be sole right

of printing, bequeathed or otherwise given by the author or authors &c. of the same respectively or the representatives of such author or authors to or in trust for the said universities, or to or in trust for any college or house of learning within the same, or to or in trust for the said four universities in Scotland, or to or in trust for the said colleges of Eton Westminster and Winchester or any of them for the purposes aforesaid, unless the same shall have been bequeathed or given or shall hereafter be bequeathed or given for any term of years or other limited term; any law or usage to the contrary hereof in any wise notwithstanding. II. And it is hereby further enacted, That if any book- Persous

printing or seller printer or other person whatsoever from and after selling such the twenty-fourth day of June one thousand seven hun- books shall dred and seventy-five shall print reprint or import or same, and

also id. for cause to be printed reprinted or imported any such book every or books; or knowing the same to be so printed or re- sheet ; printed shall sell publish or expose to sale or cause to be sold published or exposed to sale any such book or books; then such offender or offenders shall forfeit such book or books and all and every sheet or sheets being part of such book or books to the university college or house of learning respectively to whom the copy of such book or books shall have been bequeathed or given as aforesaid, who shall forthwith damask and make waste paper of them; and further that such offender or offenders shall forfeit one penny for every sheet which shall be found in his her or their custody either printed or printing published or exposed to sale contrary to the true intent and meaning of this Act; one moiety thereof to the King's most excel- one moiety lent Majesty his heirs and successors, and the other moi- !o his Ma

jesty and ety thereof to any person or persons who shall sue for the the other to same; to be recovered in any of his Majesty's courts of

forfeit the

shi Motors

we the prose

cutor.

15 G. III. record at Westminster or in the Court of Sessions in c. 53. Scotland by action of debt bill plaint or information, in

which no wager of law essoign privilege or protection or more than one imparlance shall be allowed.

III. Provided nevertheless, That nothing in this Act shall extend to grant any exclusive right otherwise than so long as the books or copies belonging to the said universities or colleges are printed only at their own printing presses within the said universities or colleges respectively and for their sole benefit and advantage; and that if any university or college shall delegate grant lease or sell their copy rights or exclusive rights of printing the books hereby granted or any part thereof, or shall allow permit or authorize any person or persons or bodies corporate to print or reprint the same, that then the privileges hereby granted are to become void and of no effect in the same inanner as if this Act had not been made; but the said universities and colleges as aforesaid shall nevertheless have a right to sell such copies so bequeathed or given as aforesaid in like manner as any author or authors now may do under the provisions of the statute of

the eighth year of her Majesty Queen Anne. No person IV. “And whereas inany persons may through ignosubject to penalties rance offend against this Act unless some provision be unless

in made whereby the property of every such book as is inentered before, &c. tended by this Act to be secured to the said universities

colleges and houses of learning within the same and to the said universities in Scotland and to the respective colleges of Eton Westminster and Winchester may be ascertained and known ;” Be it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid, That nothing in this Act contained shall be construed to extend to subject any bookseller printer or other person whatsoever to the forfeitures or penalties herein mentioned for or by reason of the printing or reprinting importing or exposing to sale any book or books unless the title to the copy of such book or books which has or have been already bequeathed or given to any of the said universities or colleges aforesaid be entered in the register book of the Company of Stationers kept

months
after

for that purpose in such manner as hath been usual on or 15 G. III. before the twenty-fourth day of June one thousand seven c. 53. hundred and seventy-five; and of all and every such book or books as may or shall hereafter be bequeathed or given Books must

be entered as aforesaid be entered in such register within the space within two of two months after any such bequest or gift shall have " come to the knowledge of the vice-chancellors of the said bequest. universities or heads of houses and colleges of learning or of the principal of any of the said four universities respectively; for every of which entries so to be made as aforesaid the sum of six pence shall be paid and no more; which said register book shall and may at all seasonable and convenient times be referred to and inspected by any bookseller printer or other person without any fee or reward; and the clerk of the said Company of Stationers shall when and as often as thereunto required give a certificate under his hand of such entry or entries, and for every such certificate may take a fee not exceeding six pence.

V. And be it further enacted, That if the clerk of the If clerk said Company of Stationers for the time being shall refuse make en. or neglect to register or make such entry or entries or to try, &c.

proprietor give such certificate, being thereunto required by the to have like agent of either of the said universities or colleges afore- be said lawfully authorized for that purpose, then either of the said universities or colleges aforesaid, being the proprietor of such copyright or copyrights as aforesaid (notice being first given of such refusal by advertisement in the Gazette) shall have the like benefit as if such entry or entries certificate or certificates had been duly made and given ; and the clerk so refusing shall for every such offence forfeit twenty pounds to the proprietor or proprietors of every such copyright; to be recovered in any of his Majesty's courts of record at Westminster or in the court of Session in Scotland by action of debt bill plaint or information, in which no wager of law essoign privilege protection or more than one imparlance shall be allowed.

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