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lend ■ return the moment I can collect the reports. 1 bave the honour to be, &c.
To Lkut.-Grn. S!r J. Mure, K.B.
1 have forwarded the prisoners to Baniza. On the other side of the river the enemy • formed again, and at this instant three guns of Capt. Donovan's troop arrived) which did considerable execution.
On the 24th of January, the Honourable Captain Hope arrived in Downiuz-street with a dispatch from Lieutenant General Sir David Linird to Lord Viscount Castlcren^li, one of his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, of which the following is a copy:—
His Majiityi Sh':[- Villi Hi Par:!, at Srtrt Jtmirjry 18, 1809. Mr I.or:j—By the much lamented death of Lieutenant General Sir John Moore, who fell inaction with the enemy on the 16th inscant, it has become my duty to acquaint your Lordship, tli.it the French army attacked the Uritish troops in the position they occupied in front of Corunna, at about two o'clock in the * afternoon of that day.
A severe wound, which compelled me to quit the field a short time previous to the fail of Sir John Moore, obliges me to refer your Lordship lor the particulars of the action, which was long and obstinately contested, to the inclosed report of Lieutenant General Hope who succeeded ro the Command of the army, and to whose ability and exertions in direction of the ardent xeal and unconquerable valour of his Majesty's troops, is tobe attributed, under Providence, the success of the day, which terminated in the complete and entire repulse ami defeat of the enemy at every point of stuck.
The Kon. Captain Gordon, my aid-de ramp, will have the honour of delivering this dispatch, and will be able to give your Lordship any further information which may be requited.
I have the honour to be, fcc.
1). Baiic, Lieut. Gen. H[bi Him. Lc'd Viscount Cmi/i/ijg».
Jhi Sdaj:uy's shift jfutfaiiuus, off Cstiniia, Sm, '■janturi 18, 1809.
In compliance with the Jesiic contained in your communication of yesterday, 1 avail myself of the Ciat moment I have been able to commaod, to detail to you the occurrences of the action which took place in front of Corunna on the 16th instant.
lc will be in your recollection, that about one in the afternoon of that day the enemy, who had in the morning-received reinforcements, and who had placed some guns in front of the right and left of the line, was observed to be moving troops towards his left flank, and forming various columns of attack at thut extremity of the strong and commanding position which on the morning of the loth hff had taken in our immediate ftonu
This indication of his intention was immediately succeedtd by the rapid and determined attack which he made upon your division which occupied the right of your position. The events which occurred during that period of the action you arc fully acquainted with. The first effort of the enemy was met by the Commander of the forces, and by yourself, at the head of the 4,'d regiment, and the brigade under Majot-General I,ord William Bcntiuck. The village on your right became an object of obstinate contest.
I lament to say, that soon after the sever* wound which deprived the army of your services, Lieut.-General Sir John Moore, who had just directed the most able disposition, fell by a cannon-shot. The troops, though not unacquainted with the irreparable loss they had Sustained, were not dismayed; but by the most determined br.ivery not only repelled •very attempt of the enemy to gain ground, but actually forced him to retire, although lie had brought up fresh troops in support of those originally engaged.
The enemy, finding himself foiled in every attempt to force the right of the position, endeavoured by numbers to turn it. A judicious and well-timed movement, which Wk made by Major General Parget, with the reserve, which corps had moved out of its cantonments to support the right of the army, by a vigorous attack, defeated this intention. The MajorGrneral, having pushed forward the 95th (rifle ■ 'i i is) and 1st battalion 6£d regiment, drove the enemy before him, and in his rapid and judicious advance, threatened the left of the enemy's position. T,his circumstance, with the position of lieutenant General Fraser*» division,(calculated to give still further security to the right of the line) induced the enemy to relax his etfurtsin that quarter.
They were, however, more forcibly directed towards the centre, where they were again successfully resisted by the brigade under Major-general Manningham, forming the left of j our division, and a part of that under Major-general Leith, forming the right of the division under my orders. Upon the left, the enemy at first contented himself with aa attack upon our picquets, which, however, in general maintained their ground. Finding, however, his efforts unavailing on the right and centre, he seemed determined to render the attack upon the left more serious, aud had succeeded in obtaining possession of the village through which the great road to Madrid passes, and which was situated in front of that part of the line. From this post, however, he was soon expelled, with considerable loss, by a gallant attack of some companies of the second battalion of the 14th regiment, under Lieutenant-colonel Nkholls, before five in the evening, we hid not only successfully repelled every attack made upon the position, but had gained ground in almost all points, and occupied a more forward line than at tin. commencement of the action,
whilst whilit the enemy confined his operations to • cannonade, and the Are of hii light troops, with ■ T«» to in* oft' his other corps. At in the firing entirely ceased. The different brigades were re-assembled on the ground tttrjr occupied in the morning, and the picquets artd advanced posts resumed their original lurioni
Notwithstanding the decided and marked aaperiority which at this moment the gallantry of the troops had given them over an cEemy, who, from their numbers and the comaaneing advantages of his position, no doubt expected an easy victory, I did not, on reviewing all circumstances, conceive that I should be warranted in departing from what t knew was the fixed and previous determination of the late commander -of the forces to Withdraw the army on the evening of the 16th, for the purpose of embarkation, llie previous arrangements for which had already been made by his order, and were in fact far advanced at the commencement of the action. The troops quitted their position about ten >t night, with a degree of order that did them credit. The whole of the artillery that remained unerabarlced, having been withdrawn, the troops followed in the, order prescribed, and marched to their respective points of embarkation in the town and neighbourhood it Corunna. The picquets remained at their pons until live on the morning of the 17th, when they were also withdrawn with similar orders, and without the enemy having discovered the movement.
By the unremitted exertion of Captains the !. Curaoo, Cosselin, Boys, Rainier, Stmt, Hawkins, Dig6y, Carden, and Mac■a the Royal Navy, who, in pursuance of the orders of Rear Admiral de Courcy, •ere entrusted with the service of embarking the army ; and in consequence of the arrangements made by Commissioner Bowen, Captains Bowea and Shepherd, and the other Agents /or Transports, ihe whole of the army •as embarked, with an expedition which has seldom been equalled. With the exception of the brigades under Major-General Hill and Berafbrd, which were destined to remain on share, until the movements of the enemy •"wold become manifest, the whole was afloat before day-light.
The Brigade of Major-General Beresford, which was alternately to form our rear guard, I the hud front of the town of Coraauj: that tinder Major-General 11,11 was Rationed in reserve oa the promontory in rear town, '•enjv pushed Ills light troops towards . i-jgn after eight o'clock in the , and shortly alter oc■tiof St. Lucia, which corns'*'' the harbour. But notwithstanding this 0 manifold defects of the •iaerj t' ->o apprehension that the
•f*ura could be forced, and the disposition ,mg to be goad, the em
barkation of Major-General Hill's brigade was commenced and completed by three in the afternoon; Majur-General Beresford, with the zeal and ability which is so well known to yourself and the whole army, having fully explained, to the satisfaction of the Spanish Governor, the nature of our movement, and having made every previous arrangement, withdrew his corps from the land front of the town soon after dark, and was, with all the wounded that had not been previously moved, embarked before one this morning.
Circumstances forbid us to indulge the hope, that the victory with which it fi38 pleased Providenee to crown the efforts of the army, can be attended with any very brilliant consequences to Great Britain. It is clouded by the loss of one of her best soldiers. It has been atthicved at the termination of a long and harrassing service. The superior numbers, and advantageous position of the enemy, not less than the actual situation of this army, did not admit of any advantage being reaped from success. It mjst be, however, to you, to the army, and to our country, the sweetest reflection, that the lustre of the British arms has been maintained, amidst many disadvantageous circumstances. The army which had entered Spain, amidst the fairest prospects, had no sooner completed its junction, than, owing to the multiplied disasters that dispersed the native armies around us, it was left to its own resources. The advance of the British troops from the Duero, afforded the best hope that.the south of Spain might be relieved, but this generous effort to save the unfoitunate people, alio afforded the enciny the opportunity of directing every effort of his numerous troops, and concentrating all his principal resources, for the destruction of the only regular force in thenorth of Spain.
You are well aware with what diligence this system has been pursued.
These circnmstanccs produced the necessity of rapid and harassing marches, which had diminished the numbers, exhausted the strength, and imprireU theequipmeot of thearmy. Notwithstanding all these disadvantages, and those more immediately attached to a defensive position, which the imperious necessity of covering the harbour of Corunna for 3 time had rendered indispensable to assume, the native and undaunted valour of British troops was novel more conspicuous, and must have exceeded what even your own experience of that invaluable quality, so inherent in trum, may have taught you to expect. When every one that had an opportunity seemed to vie in improving it, it is difficult for me, in making chis repoit, to select particular instances for your approbation. The corps chiefly engaged were the brigades under Major Generals Lord William Bentinck, and lUanmngham and Leith; and the brigade of guards, under Major General Warde.
Xo these officers, and the troopa under their ia»- .
immediate orders, the greatest prsise is due. M^jor General Hill and Colonel Catlin Crinford, with their brigade! on the left of the position, ably supported their advanced posts. Thr brunt of the action fell upon the 4t h, 42d, 60:1), inu 8lst regiments, with parts of the brigade of guards, and the 26th regiment. Fro.n Lieut.-Colonel Murray, Quarter Master General, and the officers of the General Staff", 1 received the moat marked assistance. I had reason to regret, that the illness of Brigadier General CI nton, Adjutant General, deprived rr.cof hisaid. I was. indebted to Brigadier General Slade during the action, for a zealous offer of hit personal services, although the cavalry were embarked.
The greater^iart of the fleet having gone to sea yesterday evening, the whole being under weigh, and the corpa in the embarkation necessarily much mixed on board, it ia impossible at present to lay be.ore you a return of our casualties. 1 hope the loss ia numbers is net so considerable as might have been expected. If J was obliged to form an estimate I should say, that I believe it did not exceed in killed and wounded from seven to eight hundred ; that of the enemy must remain unknown, but many circumstances induce me to rate it at nearly double the above number. We have some prisoners, but I have not been able to obtain an account of the number; it is not, however, considerable. Several Officers of rank have fallen or been wounded, among whom I am only at present enabled to state the names of Lieutenant-Colonel Napier, 9-ii regiment, Majors Napier and Stanhope, 50th regiment, killed; Lieutenant-Colonel Winch, 4th regiment, Lieutenutkt-Coluriel Maxwell, 36th regiment, Lieulenant-C'olonel Fane, 59th reyi-ment, Lieutenant-Colonel Griffith, Guards, Mijors Miller and Williams, 81st regiment, wounded.
To you, whn arc well acquainted with the excellent qualities of Licutenant-General Sir John Moore, 1 need not expatiate on the loss the arn-y and his country have sustained by bis death. His fall has deprived me of a valuable friend, to whom long experience of his worth had sincerely attached me. But it is chielly on public grounds that I must lament the blow. It will be the consolation of every one who loved or respected his manly character, that, afrer conducting the army through an arduous retreat with consummate firmness, be has terminated a career of distinguished honour by a death that has given the enemy additional reason to respect the name of a Hntish soldier. Like the immortal Wolfe, he is snatched im his country at an early period of a life nt in her service; like Woife, his last mo. s were gilded by tha piorpect of success, cheared by the acclamation of victory i te Wolfe, alto, his memory will'fcl tier re"r» tared In thai country which hti suet rely laved, and vrtifch ha had Up faithfully aemd.
that you will speedily be restored to (he service of your country, and to lament the unfortunate circumstance that removed you from your station in the field, and threw the momentary command Into far le^s able hands. I have the honour to bo, &c.
John Hotz. Lieut. Gen. To Lieutenant- Central Sir David Baird, &c.
The following copy of a letter from, the Hon. Michael De Courcy, Hear-Admiral of the White, to the firm. William Welleslcy Pole, dated on hoard his Majesty's ship the Tonnant, at Corunna, the 17th and 18th instant, was received at the Admiralty-office, Jan. 24,1809.
January 17, 1809. Sra—H-ving it in design to detach the Cossack to England as soon as her boats shall cease to be essential to the embarkation of troops, I seise a moment to acquaint you, for the information of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, that the ships of war, as per margin*, and transports, under the orders of Rear Admiral Sir Samuel Hood and Commissioner Bowen, arrived at this anchorage from Vigo on the 14th and 15th inst. The Alfred und Hindostan, with some transports, were left at Vigo to receive a brigade pf three thousand five hundred men, that had taken that route under the Generals Alten and Crawford. a/if"
In the vicinity of Corunna the enemy have pressed upon the British in great force. The embarkation of the sick, the cavalry, and the stores went On. The night of the 16th was appointed for the generjl embarkation o£ the infantry; and*, mean time, the enemy prepared for attack. At thiec P M an action commenced; the enemy, which had been posted on a lofty hill, endeavouring to fence the British on another hill of inferior height, and nearer the town.
The enemy were driven back with great •laughter; but very sorry am I to add, that the British though triumphant, hare suffered severe losses. 1 am unable to communicate further particulars, than that Sir John. Moore received a mortal wound, of which he died at night; that Sir David Baud lost an arm; that sescT.il officers and many men have been killed anJ wounded; and that the shir, war have received all such of the latter as could accommodate, the remainder bei to. transports..
Tha weather is now tempestuoua; difficulties of ernbukation are great. AU«*» •ept the rear guard' are embarked j Trrsakrlsig perhaps at the present moraeat o* tare dstjti*aaod six handled, tnttv The awr*wyJb**laa»brought camoq-tor. a hits-ev«*Tlsu)jfasr. ,tjt^. my tor th« purpose of destroying the commerce and resources, of hi-. Kingdom, the public revenue has continued" in a coursx ot progressive improvement.
Afy Lords and Gentlemen,
We ;'.rc directed to inform you that the measure adopted by Parliament in the list Session, for establishing a Local iWilitia, has been alleady attende<l*with the happiest success, and promises to be extensively and permanently beneficial to the Country.
We have received his Majesty's commands roost especially to recommend to you, that, duly weighing the immense interests which are at stake in the war now carrying on, you should proceed with as little delay as possible to consider of the most effectual measures ftir the augmentation of the regular army, in order that his Majesty may be better enabled, without impairing the means of defence at home, to avail himself of the roilitarytjpower of his dominions in the great contest in which he is engaged ; and to conduct that contest, under the blessing of Divine Providence, to a conclusion compatible with the honour of hii Majesty's Crown, and with the interest of his Allies, of Europe, and of the world.
equality which ought to prevail between all great nations.
Count Nicolas De Ro.v.am or .".
Ctrrespcndencc bctiveen the British, Russian, and Ftcneh Governments; in consequence oj the Overturn received from Erfurth; presented by his Majesty's command to both Houses of Parliament.
Letter from Count Nicolas Hi RomanZokf, to Mr. Secretary Canning, dated Erfurth, 30th September (12th October), j8oS. Received October 21. Sit—I send to your Excellency a letter which the Empcrois of Russia and France wrote to his Majesty Hhe King of England. The Emperor of Russia flatters himself that England will feel the grandeur and the sincerity of this step. She will there find the most natural and the most simple answer to the overture which has been made by Admiral Saumarez. The union of the two empires is bc\ond the reach of all change, and the two Emperors have formed it for peace 39 well as for war.
His rrnjesty has comxandrd me to make known to ynur excellency that he has nominated plenipotentiaries, who will repair to Paris, where they will await the answer which your excellency may be pleased to make to me. 1 request you to address it to the Russian ambassador at Paris. The Plenipotentiaries named by the limperor of Russia will repair to that city on the continent, to which the plenipotentiaries of his Britannic majesty and hii allirshave been sent.
In respect to the bases of the negotiation, their Itnpeiial majesty's see uo difficulty in adopting all . those formerly proposed by England, namely, the uti ftssidetis, and every Other basis fcundeJ apon tbc reciprocity and
Letter from his Majesty the Emperor of all the Rcssias, and Bona!Art*-, to his Majxsty, dated Erfurth, nth October, J8d8. Received October 21. Smr.—Les circonstanecs actaellea de l'Europe nous ont rcunis a Erfurt. Notre premiere penxce est de ceder au vceu e: aua besoins de tous les peuples, et dechercher par lane proinpte pacification avee votre majestcj le reoiede le plus eliicaie aux, rnalheurs qui pcicnt sur toutes les nations. Nous era faisons connoitre notre sincere desir a votre majeste: par cettc presence lettre.—La guerre longue et sanghntc qui a dechire le Continent est termince, sar.s qu'elle puisse sc renoureller. Bcaucoup dc changemens ont eu liru en Europe; beaucoups d'etats ont etc boulevenes. Le cause en est dans l'etat d'agiration et de malheur oti la cessation du, commerce maritime a place fes plus grands peuples. De plus grands changemens encore peuvent avoir lieu, et tous contraircs a- U politique dt la nation Angluise. La paix est done a la*ois dans 1'inteiec des peuples da Continent, comme dans l'inic;ict des peuples de la Grande Bretagne.—Nous nous reunissons pnur prier votre majest£ d'ecouter la voix de rhumanite, en faisant taire cclle des passions, de chercher avec l'intention d'y parvenir, a concjlier tous les intercts, et par la garantir toutes les puissances qui existent, et assurer le bonheur de l'Europe et de cctte generation a la tete de laquelle la Providence nous a place.
Sib 1—The present circumstances of Europe have brooght us together at Erfurth. Our first thought is to yield to the wish and the wants of every people, and to seek, in a, speedy pacification with your majesty, the most et&cic'oiu remedy for the miseries which oppress all nations. We make known to your majesty our sincere desire in this respect by the present letter.
The long and bloody war which has torn the Continent is at an end, without the possibility of being renewed. Many changes have taken place in Europe; many states have been overthrown. The cause is to be found in the state of agitation and-misery in which the stagnation of maritime commerce has placed the greatest nations. Still greater changes may yet take place, and >" of them, contrary to the policy of the English nation. Peace, then, is'at once the interest of the Continent, as it is the interest of the people of Great Britain.
We unite in entreating your majesty to listen to the voice of humanity, silencing that of the passions: to seek, with the intention of inmeg at that object, to conc;» i" Wie