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of Reserve, were on the 3d within three Inguci of Madrid; but being charged by a F'ljuct of Dragoous, thejr fled, abandoning 46 pieces of cannon, and 60 caissons.
A merit .rious trait cited—An old General retired from the service, and aged eighty years, was in his riouse at Madrid, near the street of Atcala—a French Officer entered, and took o? his quarters there, witU his party. This respectable old man appeared before him, holdis S a young girl by the hand, and said, " I am an old soldier—I know the rights and litrnriousness of war—there is my daughter— ague her 900,000 livres for her portion—save her honour, and be her husband.'' The young Officer took the old man,'his family, and his house, under his protection. How culpable are they who expose so many t>eaceful citizens, so many unfortunate inhabitants of a great capital, to so many misfortunes.
The Duke of Dantzic arrived at Segovia on the 3d. The Duke of Isrria is gone in pursuit ol the division of P=na, which having escaped Irons the battle of Tudcla, took the route of l/uadihiara Florida Blanca.and the Junta, had (ird to Toledo. They did not think themselves in safety in that town neither, and have gime to take refuge with the English
Ibe conduct of the English is shameful. Oathe 20th November they were at the Eseu: number of 60'X} men. They pasays there. They pretended they 7 nothing less than pass tire Pyrenees, and come to the Garonne. Their troops are »ery nnc and well disciplined. The confidence with which they had inspired the Spaniards is inconceivable. Some hoped that this division wosrld go to Samosierra , others, that it snmid cone to defend the capital of so dear sm atty. Scarcely were they informed that the Emperor was at Samosicrra, when the EegliiS troops beat a retreat on the Escurial. From thence, combining their march with the ^vision which was at Stlamanca, they have ta&ea their coarse rewards the sea. "Arms, powder, and clothing they have given to us," fid a Spaniard, ■' but their soldiers came only to excite us, to le<d us astray, and toahandon Wiethe critical moment," "But are you
Sou," answered the French Officer, "of lost recent facts of oor h*cory? What they done for theStadtholdcr, for Sardisv3%-iht Austria? What harte they done reCvafa%dsa*a«*nt> Whnt have they done still swat mtmt&f/lm Svscden r They every wtwHnlsviyajUfswr} ttte; ditcribute arms like |mfe>4ttfviMjr wMd their blood orrly for
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about to complete its submission, what is to become of Portugal? It is not at Lisbon that the English ought to defend themselves, tliey ought to have done so at Espinosa, at Burgos; at Tudcla, at Samusierta, and before Madrid." No. 1—To the Commandant of tbc Tjtvn of Madrid.
"Before Madrid, Dec S, 1808.— The circumstances of war having conducted the French army to the gates of Madrid, and all the dispositions being made to take possession of the town by storm, I hold it right, and conformable to the usage ef all nations, to jumr moil you, Monsieur General, not to expose a town so important to all the honors of an assault, nor lo render so many peace ul inhabitants victims of the evils of war. Wishing to omit nothing Co inform you of your real situation, X send you the present summons by oue of your Officers who has been made prisoner, and who has had an opportunity of seeing all the means that the army has to reduce the town. Receive, Monsieur Central, the assurances of my high consideration.
"Major Gen. Allx. iUaTHiEa.''
No. 8—To bis Higtncu the Prime ofNeufcbatef. ■ "It is indispensably incumbent upon mc, most Serene Signior, to consult, previous to my giving a categorical answer to your Highness, the constituted authorities of my Court, and, moreover, toasstrtain the dispositions of the people as impressed by the circumstances of the day. For these purposes I intreat your Highness to granr, ror this d»y, a suspension of arms, in order that I may comply with those duties; assuring you that early in the morning, or this night, I will send a General Officer with my answer to your Highness and that I profess to )«u ali the consideration due to your
"Madrid, 3d December 1808." No. 3—To the General commanding in Madrid. "Imperial Camp before Madrid.—Monsieur General Castelar—To defend Madrid is contrary to the principles of war, and inhuman towards the inhabitants. His Majesty authorises me to send you a sccund. summons Immense batteries are mounted; minc»,are prepared to blow up your principal buildings; colums of troops are at the entrances of the town.of which some companies of sharp-shooters have made themselves masters; but the Emperor, always generous in the course of hie victories, suspends the attack till two o'clock. The town of Madrid ought to look for protection and security fonts peaceable inhabitants j for its Ministers ; in fine, the oblivion or the past Hoist a white flag before two o'clock, and send Commissioners to treat for the surrender of the town. Accept, Mens. Gen*. ral, Itiu Major-Gen. Alii. Ukthih •
Dee. », 11 A.M. -*c«
fifteenth Bulletin. >l>ui>
Madrid, Dot. 7.—This Uniterm contain* particislanj of sereral Officer* who haw dot**!
guished themselves, with their several promotions. Itthenstates,thatGen.Lubienski had, oit the iM, reconnoitred the remains of thearmy of Castanos, near Guarialaxara, under the command of Gen Pena. Castanos was said to have ocen deposed by the Centnl JuntaThen follow! (long tiraide against the Duke Del Ini'antado, which ends with staling, that «' he will lo'e his titles, his property valued at 2,100,000 livrt-'S a-ycar, and he will go to London, to sc;k the contempt and ingratitude with which England has always rewarded the tpen who Sacrifice their honour andtheircountry to the injustice of their cause."
The Bulletin continues: "As soon as the report of Count I.ubienski was known, the Duke of Istria put himself in motion with 1C squadrons, to observe the enemy. The Duke of Belluna followed with the infantry. The Duke of Isrria arrived at Guadalaxara, and foundtherethe rear-guardof the enemy, which was filing towards Andalusia, dispersed it, and made 500 prisoners. The General of Division Ruffin, and the brigade of dragoons of Bortlcsault, informed that the enemy were moving towards Aranjuez, proceeded tothat place. The The enemy were put to flight, and these troops were immediately sent in pursuit of all those that are flying towards Andalusia. The General of Division Lahoussaye entered the Eecurial on the 3d. Five or sii hundred peasants wished to defend the Convent, but were dri«noutby a brisk attaek."—-Then follows further particulars of ihetranquilstateof Madrid, ind the orderly manner in which that city wis taken possession or", dec. A French soldier found guilty of plundering a number of watches, was shot in the principal square.—* The disarming was carried on without difficulty. The "King of Spain" (Joseph) bad foimcd two regiments of foreign troops, from the Spanish army; one the Royal Foreigners, and the other thatot Reding the younger.aSwiss General of« very different characterfromthat of the Spanish General of the same name. The ,">tli and B'h corps of the French armies were but passing the Bidossa, very far from the line of the French army,and all the victories recountad were already obtained, and the business almost completely settled.
Madrid, Dec. 8.—This Bulletin begins with the praises and rewards of distinguished Officers. The Generated Division, Rumn, having passed the Tagus ac Aranjuea, advanced towards Ocara, and cut off the retreat of the remains of the Army of Andalusia, which wiafted to retire to their own province, and throw themselves towards Cuenca The divisions of cavalry of Generals Lasalle and Milhaud were directed lo march on Portugal by Zaiavera de U Reyna. His Majesty wished to (pare Saragossa till Madrid had lutieodered; but if that town would be obstinate enough to make reiistince, mines and bombs should being it la lectin. The English fly cm every
side. The division of Lasalle has, howevrr^ fallen in with 16 men of them, who have been put to the sword. They were stragglers, or such who had gone astray.
Then follow some particu'ars of the siege or Rosas, in Catalonia, which had not surrendered; but it is supposed the inhabitants were thinking to evacuate it. About MA) End shmen, w>ho had landed, were killed 01 diivcn into the sea by an Italian regiment. An attack made by the Spaniards on the Huora, was repulsed with loss.
Madrid, Dec. 10.—His Majesty reviewed yesterday on the Prado the Dike of Dantzic's corps, which arrived the day before yesterday at Madrid. He expressed his Jti,taction at these brave troops. To-day he reviewed the troops o: the Confederationor the Rhine, forming the division commanded by Gen. Leva!. The regiments of Nassau and Baden behaved well. The regiment of Hes6e Darmstadt did net sustain the reputation 01 the troops of that country. The Colonel and Major appear lo be men of moderate talents.
The Duke of Istria set aft' on the 5th (or Guadalaxera. He scoured the whole roadfrom Saragossa and Valencia, made 500 prisoners, and took a great deal of baggage. At Baston a battalion of 500 men, summoned by the cava).
ry, were broken in upon The enemy's army,
beaten at Tudela and Catalayud, abandonee by Us Generals and a great numberof soldiers, was reduced to 6000 men.—On the 8th, at midnight,the Duke of Istria attacked at Santa Cruz, a corps which covered the flight of the enemy's army. That corps was closely pursued and a thousand prisoners taken. It wished to throw i tie. I into Andalusia by Mad ride go. It appears to have been forced to disperse in the mountains of Cuenca.
Madrid, Dee. it—The Central Junta of Spain had but little power; the greater part of the provinces paid it little submission, and ail of them deprived it ot' the administration of the finances. It was under the influence of that lowest class of the people ; it was governed b v the minority. Florida Blanca was without any/ credit. The Junta was under the controul of two men, the one named Lorenzo Cairo, a grocer of Saragossa, wlto had in a few mouths obtained the title ot Excellency : he is one of those violent men who appear in revolutions: his honesty was mone than suspected. The other is called Tilly, formerly condemned to the gallows as a thief, the younger brother of a man of the name of Gasman, who formerly played a pait under Robespierre during the reiga of terror. As soon as any of the Mem* beisof the junta opposed trie violent measures that were proposed, these two wretches immediately called out" Treason." and isturtcdiate\j a mob was collected under the windows ot Araoyuez. The extravagance and wicked nesa of these dangerous men manifested itself upon ail uccaaioui. As soon as the; learnt that the
Emperor was at Burgas, and he would toon be at Madrid, they published a declaration of viar against Prana, replete with insults and full . gn the 11th, when the General of Division Lasalle, who was pursuing the enemy, arrived at Talavera de ln Reyna, where the English had triumplmntly passed ten dnyl before; saying they were going to relieve the i:a;\|t.\l, ci frightful spectacle met the eyes or the French A body elochrd in the uniform of a Spanish General, wat mspended from a gallows, and pierced with a thousand bullets. It was General Banitu San ]ean, whom his soldiers in their terror, and as an excuse for their cowardite, cruelly sacrificed -The Bishops of Leon and Anna-ga, and a great number of Ecclesilad, distinguished themselves by their good Conduct and their apo~tolic virtues. The gcleral pardon offered by the Emperor lm pro(auda great effect. The abolition ofthe daeiq guru; tg the people, and contrary to r*-e pmaperiry ofthe state, and the mmurrs wh»t|. hee the numerous clan of Monka no l~»l.5:r gh, uncertainty rcsjkiting their lot, pruuueei |. gaod elfect. , Tue pggl mimadvetilll is against the inglhrg “llhfgaaants say' heir language, teazu Qjpih ofthe : English vent* __ " "f\i|\|nL“"” h°“¢' I >\J' 54 , '| |¢h'||
unta are all of a most ridiculous hu already beall Europe
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like the beginning of Spring. The Empernr
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7'au¢ng-~ ¢r0m1Bu:»....,.. Znrevme, Dre. il.-The headquarters nf the l-‘x-eneh were here uteruay. l`he Mar. ~ Beaaierea pasted through Benn-ante on the 30th, atvnight, and pursued the enemy to Puenlei The Bight ofthelnglish ia so qqiiclt, ~ have their :ici and vvaunded iq the hospitals, and sbéot their horses tha., were
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AM the Germans in the service of the English desert. The French irmy will be this evening at Astoiga, and near the confines of Gal, licia.
Twei:'.y Third Bullet':*.
Btnewnte, Jin. 1.—Marshal Soult arriyed at Mantilla on the 30th, which was occupied by the enemy's left wing under Roman a. ,
General France^chi overthrew1 them with a single charge—killed many j they lost one Colonel, two Lieutenant-Colonels, 50 Otiicers and 1500 men.
On the .ll»t, Marshal Soult entered Inson.
Marshal Bessicres, with 900 cavalry, is pursting the English—we have taken '200 waggons of baggage left on the road ro Astorga. —Romanes remains have thrown themselves into Astorga.
General St- Cyr has joined General Dujic'smc. That junction has raised his army to 40,000. The King of Spain has gone to Aranjuez, in order to review the first corps, Commanded by the Duke of Belluria. Twenty Fourth Bulletin.
jiitorfca, J..n 2.—The Emperor arrived hereon the 1st. The road from Kenevente to Astorga is coveted with dead English horses, waggons, and caissons.
On the road irum Astorga to Villafranca, General Colbert, commanding the advanced guard, made £000 prisoners.
The Emperor has charged the Dolce of Dalmatia with the glorious mission of pursuing the English to their point of embarkation, and of throwing them into the sea.
General St. C\r has entcied Barcelona j the Dukes of Cornegliano and T rcviso have invested Sarugo^sa, and taken possession of Monte Terreio with little loss.
General Sebastiani, having passed the Tagus on the 24th, at Arzobispo, has attacked and routed the remains of the Estremaduran army. General Valence h^ passed the Tagus over the bridge of Almaraz.
Corurnii, 'Jan 6.—The retreat of the Erglish army is confirmed. At twelve o'clock yesterday, the army had assembled at Lu^o, with the exception of Central Fntzer's division, which had made a considerable advance towards Vigo, but was oidercd to fall back to the assistance of the main body, a battle being hourly expected. Eti;cvcnte has been burnt, and the French threaten Astorgi with the same fate. At both these places Engliili prisoners have been murdered by Bonaparte,
Previous to the assembling of ihe English at Lugo, the cavalry which Covered the retreat, assisted by the rlying artillery, had thrice repulsed a column of the enemy, confisting of yOOO cavalry, and rendered it completely incompetent to act again by itself.
Jan. 9—Ihe staft'equipage of the Engliih arrived here on the 7th, but the head quarters of the army are still at Lugo. On the atternoan of the 6th, the cr.eny made a partial attack os the Englitti position, but wife re
pulsed with the loss of about 500 men, that of the English being but trirtinij.
The sea-batteries here have been dismantled, in order that they might not furnish the. enemy with means of annoyance. The enemy have two columns on their march to Portugal, one for Lisbon by Estrcmadura and Elvas, the other had reached Zaruora on the loth, on its way to Oporto.
Jan. 13 The whole of the English army
elYccied a retreat to this place and its vicinity on the 11th in the evening. Gen. Bcrcsford, however, ooupies the heights near Brtanzos, with a corps of about 5000 men, who are busily employed in fortifying that position.
Whilst at Lugo, Sir J.Moore drew up his army in order of battle, inviting the attack of the enemy, which was, however, declined by him.
The Governor of Lugo has reported, under date of the 7th inst. that on the 6th inst. at three o'clock in the afternoon, at a league's distance from that town, the English troops were engaged with the advanced parties of tlie enemy ; but the Infer were repulsed, and the former shew no inclination of maintaining themselves in that position.
Dispatches, from which the following arc extracts, were, on the 8th of Jan. received at the Ortice of Lord Viscount Castlereagh, one of his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, from Lieut.-Gen. Sir J. Moore, K. B. Commander in Chief of Ins Majesty's Forces employed in Spain.
Berevir.te, Dec. 58,'IROS. Since I had the honour to address you upon the 16:h, from Toro, the army has been almost constantly marching tlnough snow, and with cold that has been very intense. The weather, within these few days, has turn-d to rain, which is much more uncomfortable than the cold, and has rendered the roads almost impassable. On the Cist the army reached Sahagun; it was necessary to halt there in order to refresh the men, and on account of provisions. The information that I received was, that Mirsh.il Soult was at Saldana, with about 16,000 men, with post* alctig the river from (iuarda to Carrion.
The army was ordered to march in two to* lumns at eight o'clock on the night of the i.id, to 'orce the t.riJgeat Cairion, and from thecce proceed to Saldana. At six o'clock that evening, I received information that considerable reinforcements had arrived at Carrion from, Pakncia, and a letler from the Marquis de U Remana informed me that the French were: advancing from Madrid either to Valladolid or Salamanca. It was evident that it vrn too lale to prosecute the attempt upon Soult, that 1 must be satisfied with the diversion 1 kad occasioned, and that I had no time to lose to secure my retreat.
The next morning Lieut.-Gen. Hope, with his own division and that of Lieut.-Gen.
Fraser, Inter, mirched te M'jorga. I sent Sir D. Biitd with hi* division to pass the ri»et Valmita and followed Lleut.-Gen. Hops on the f3:h with the reserve and the Light Brigades, by Mijorga, Valderas, to Benevente. The cavalry under Lord Paget followed the reserve eathe »8th} both the latter corps entered this »1kc yesterday. We continued our march on Aitorja. Generals Hope and Fraser are almdr gone on; Sir D. Baird proceeds to-morrow from Valencia} and 1 shall leave this with the rcaerve at the same time ; Lord Paget will >e*uin with the cavalry to give us notice of the itproadi of the enemy} hitherto their infantry have not come up ; but they ire near, ami the cavalry is round us in great numbers; tfcey are cbecfeed by our cavalry, which have attained by their spirit and enterprise an ascendancy over that of the French, which no|B»t treat superiority of numbers en trt will get the better of. diversion made by our march to Sahagus, though at great risk to ourselves, has beta complete; it remains, to be seen what ad. vsatag* toe Spaniards in the South will be salt to take Of it 5 but the march 01" the French e* Badajaat was stopped when Its advanced jusrt had reached Talaveira de la Reine, and every tbiag disposable i> now turned in this atactica. 2e Jt\£
The anty part of the army which his hitherto Ijeen engaged with the enemy, hits been valry, and is It impossible lor me to say lis their praise. 1 mentioned to trip Jn my letter of the 16th, the sVigseter-Gerteral Stewart had met villi ra defeating a detachment of cavalry at Kacda. Since that, few days have passed trithoai his IciUing or taking diffetent parties •f the French, generally superior in roice to tVau Ifchluli ■ 1 h 1 I them. On the march to *Mffikj> IisM Paget had information of six "Miti cavalry bring in that town. t«sr -th* trlght of the SOth from 1 posted in front of litfatbc 19th and 15th 1 snatched straight to the lcHgalwilb, tb* lStheodea. "' ttmtteiy he/ell in with j Ctcaocd and gave the •UK Rrenth hid time to l^plMit^ttwii bafcre Lord Bfttt«t<toatftTtateiy charged B, bod toqj^/liito.\p to 130 whom weraf-esjssj laHsO* r ajtd elefiMKBIva' with, the i*HM twrHtt **"*.» oreMftottliSs* fci.
kMiMMMBM Tt+tMwItfe* Ukets by the cavalry tmHtfrHMH* %eJt*N»a unutterable 1 -we'btfsa l?^ >l» rater** frcia Sahaguti, i vrtfttw squadrons OtmiDt of cavaji Slowjt abova li ^.tsiacriorln
quality to any the French hare; and the right spirit has been infused into them by the ee» ample and instruction of their two leaders: Lord Paget and Brigadier-Gen. Stewart.
jiiterga, Da. 31.
I arrived here yesterday. Major Gen. Fraser, with hil division, will be at Villa Franca this day, and will proceed on Lugo. Lieut.Gen. Hope, with his division, stoppeH yesterday two leagues from this, and proceeds this morning, followed by Sir U. Baird. The two flank brigades go by the road of Pcnferada., I shall follow, with the reserve and cavalry, to Villa Franca, either this night or to-morrow morning, according as I hear the appruach of the French. The morning 1 marched from Benevente, seven squadrons pf Bonaparte's Guards passed the river at a ford above the bridge. They were attacked by BrigadierGen. Stewart, at the head of the piquets of the 18th and 3d German light dragoons, arid drrven across the ford. Their Colonel, a General of Division, Lefebvre, was taken, together with about 70 officers and men.
The affair was well contested. The numbers with which Brigadier-Gen. Stewart attacked were inferior to the French; it is the corps of the greatest character in the arniyj but the superiority of the British was, I am told, very conspicuous. I enclose, for your Lordship's satisfaction, Lord Paget's Report of
Bencvcite, Dec. t9. Sin—I have the honour to iniarmyon, that about nine o'clock this morning I received a report that the enemy's cavalry was in the act of crossing the river near the bridge. 1 immediately sent down the piquets of the night, under Lieut.-Colonel Otway, of the 18th. Having left orders that the cavalry should repair to their alarm posts. 1 went forward to reconnoitre, and found four squadrons of Imperial Guards formed and skirmishing with tha picquets and other cavalry in the act of passing. I sent for the 10!h hussars, who having arrived, Brigadier-Gen. Stewart immediately placed himself at the head of the picquets, and with the utmost gallantry attacked. The 10th hussars supported in the most perfect or
The resolt of the affair, to far as I hate yet been able to collect, is about SO killed, and *5 wounded, TO prisoners, and about the same number of horses.
It is impossible for me to avoid speaking in the highest terms of all those engaged Lieat.Culonel Otway and Major'-Bagwell headed the respective nirffet picquets. The lector ii slightly wounded. The utmost zeal was conspicuous in the whole of my staff; and 1 had sttaay volunteers from Head qdasto«e» sad other officers of your armj prisoners is the General uf 1!
Our loa* i wonotkd.